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30/40 FourStroke Electronic Fuel Injection Starting Model Year 2002 Starting Serial Number 0T409000 Starting Model Year 2002 30/40 FourStroke EFI 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Notice Throughout this publication, “Dangers”, “Warnings” and “Cautions” (accompanied by the International HAZARD Symbol ) are used to alert the mechanic to special instructions concerning a particular service or operation that may be hazardous if performed incorrectly or carelessly. OBSERVE THEM CAREFULLY! These “Safety Alerts” alone cannot eliminate the hazards that they signal. Strict compliance to these special instructions when performing the service, plus “Common Sense” operation, are major accident prevention measures. DANGER DANGER - Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or death. WARNING WARNING -Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal injury or death. CAUTION Hazards or unsafe practices which could result in minor personal injury or product or property damage. Notice to Users of This Manual This service manual has been written and published by the Service Department of Mercury Marine to aid our dealers’ mechanics and company service personnel when servicing the products described herein. It is assumed that these personnel are familiar with the servicing procedures of these products, or like or similar products manufactured and marketed by Mercury Marine, that they have been trained in the recommended servicing procedures of these products which includes the use of mechanics’ common hand tools and the special Mercury Marine or recommended tools from other suppliers. We could not possibly know of and advise the service trade of all conceivable procedures by which a service might be performed and of the possible hazards and/or results of each method. We have not undertaken any such wide evaluation. Therefore, anyone who uses a service procedure and/or tool, which is not recommended by the manufacturer, first must completely satisfy himself that neither his nor the products safety will be endangered by the service procedure selected. All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. As required, revisions to this manual will be sent to all dealers contracted by us to sell and/or service these products. It should be kept in mind, while working on the product, that the electrical system and ignition system are capable of violent and damaging short circuits or severe electrical shocks. When performing any work where electrical terminals could possibly be grounded or touched by the mechanic, the battery cables should be disconnected at the battery. Any time the intake or exhaust openings are exposed during service they should be covered to protect against accidental entrance of foreign material which could enter the cylinders and cause extensive internal damage when the engine is started. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page i It is important to note, during any maintenance procedure replacement fasteners must have the same measurements and strength as those removed. Numbers on the heads of the metric bolts and on the surfaces of metric nuts indicate their strength. American bolts use radial lines for this purpose, while most American nuts do not have strength markings. Mismatched or incorrect fasteners can result in damage or malfunction, or possibly personal injury. Therefore, fasteners removed should be saved for reuse in the same locations whenever possible. Where the fasteners are not satisfactory for re-use, care should be taken to select a replacement that matches the original. Cleanliness and Care of Outboard Motor A marine power product is a combination of many machined, honed, polished and lapped surfaces with tolerances that are measured in the ten thousands of an inch/mm. When any product component is serviced, care and cleanliness are important. Throughout this manual, it should be understood that proper cleaning, and protection of machined surfaces and friction areas is a part of the repair procedure. This is considered standard shop practice even if not specifically stated. Whenever components are removed for service, they should be retained in order. At the time of installation, they should be installed in the same locations and with the same mating surfaces as when removed. Personnel should not work on or under an outboard which is suspended. Outboards should be attached to work stands, or lowered to ground as soon as possible. We reserve the right to make changes to this manual without prior notification. Refer to dealer service bulletins for other pertinent information concerning the products described in this manual. EXAMPLE: 90-826148R1 JANUARY 1996 PAGE 6A-7 Revision No. 1 Month of Printing Year of Printing Section Number Part of Section Letter Page Number Page ii 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Service Manual Outline Section 1 - Important Information A - Specifications B - Maintenance C - General Information D - Outboard Motor Installation Section 2 - Electrical A - Ignition B - Charging & Starting System C - Timing,Synchronizing & Adjusting Section 3 - Electronic Fuel Injection A - Theory of Operation B - Troubleshooting and Diagnostics C - Service Procedures D - Emissions Section 4 - Powerhead A - Cylinder Head B - Cylinder Block/Crankcase C - Lubrication Section 5 - Mid-Section A - Clamp/Swivel Brackets & Drive Shaft Housing B - Power Trim C - Manual Tilt Assist Section 6 - Lower Unit A - Non-Bigfoot Gear Housing B - Bigfoot Gear Housing Section 7 - Attachments/Control Linkage A - Throttle/Shift Linkage B - Tiller Handle Section 8 - Color Diagrams Important Information Electrical Electronic Fuel Injection Powerhead Mid-Section Lower Unit Attachments/ Control Linkage Color Diagrams 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page iii SPECIFICATIONS IMPORTANT INFORMATION Section 1A - Specifications Table of Contents 1 A Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A-1 Mercury/Quicksilver Lubricants and Sealants 1A-11 Propeller Information Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A-8 Torque Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A-13 Specifications Models 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) HORSEPOWER (kW) Model 30 Model 40 30 hp (22.4 Kw) @ 5750 rpm 40 hp (29.8 Kw) @ 5750 rpm OUTBOARD WEIGHT Electric 30/40 ELPT 224 lb (112.7 kg) FUEL RECOMMENDED GASOLINE Automotive Unleaded with a Minimum Pump Posted Octane Rating of 87 OIL FILTER OIL FILTER WRENCH ENGINE OIL CAPACITY ENGINE OIL F° C° SAE 10W-30 SAE 25W-40 p/n 35-822626A2 p/n 91-802653Q1 Either 3 Quarts or 3 Liters SAE 10W-30 viscosity oil is recommended for use in all temperatures. SAE 25W-40 viscosity oil may be used at temperatures above 40° F (4° C). OIL +20 +40 +60 +80 0 +100 –7 +4 +16 +27 –18 +38Use Quicksilver 4-Cycle Marine Oil with the proper viscosity for the expected temperature in your area (see range thermometer on left). If not available, use a premium quality 4-cycle engine oil, certified to meet or exceed anyone of the following American Petroleum Institute (API) service classifications SH, SG, SF, CF-4, CE, CD, CDll. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-1 SPECIFICATIONS IGNITION SYSTEM Readings taken @ 68°F (20°C). Type Spark Plug: Type Gap Hex Size Torque Hole Size Firing Order Ignition Timing: @Idle @1800-2000 @ WOT (6000 rpm) Stator Resistance Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Resistance Ignition Coil Resistance: Internal Shielding Electronic Spark Trigger (EST) Secondary High Tension Lead/Boot Resistance ECM Engine Speed Limiter Fuel/Spark Cut-out on Cylinder #2 Fuel/Spark Cut-out on All Cylinders ECM Overheat Speed Control ECM Low Oil Pressure Speed Control MAT/ECT Temperature Sensor Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Resistance Fuel Injector Resistance Main Power Relay Idle Air Control (IAC) Throttle Position Sensor Typical Range Output Voltage @Idle Output Voltage @WOT (6000) Capacitor Discharge Ignition Champion RA8HC 0.040 in. (1.0 mm) 5/8 in. (16 mm) 150 lb-in. (17 Nm) 12 mm 1-2-3 Controlled by ECM 17° B.T.D.C 28° B.T.D.C 0.20 - 0.30 W (YEL-YEL) 300 - 350 W (RED - WHT) 0 - 10.0 KW (Pin A - Mounting Bracket) 8.5 - 12KW (Pin B - Pin C) 3.0 - 7.0 kW (Pin A - Coil Tower) 0.600 - 1.100 KW 6225 rpm 6350 rpm Guardian System is activated. Power limit will vary with level of overheat. Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 10% of maximum (Approximately 2000 RPM) See Graph Section 3B - EFI See Table Section 3B - EFI 10.0 - 13.5W 81-99 W (Pin 85 - Pin 86) 24-30 W (Between Pins) 0.39-1.00 Volts 3.66-4.80 Volts CHARGING SYSTEM Readings taken @ 68°F (20°C). Alternator Type: 20 Amp. Electric Alternator Output Stator Resistance Quicksilver Tachometer Setting Single Phase (12 Pole) 12.6 V-20 Amps. (252 Watts) (Rectified/Regulated) 0.20 - 0.30 Ohms (YEL-YEL) “6P” or “4” STARTING SYSTEM Electric Start: Starter Type Output Ampere Draw Under: (Load) (No Load) Bendix 1.1 kW 174.0 Amps 23.7 Amps Page 1A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS BATTERY Battery Rating Minimum Requirement For operation below 32° F (0° C) Ampere-Hours (Ah) Minimum For operation above 32° F (0° C) For operation below 32° F (0° C) 465 Marine Cranking Amps (MCA) or 350 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) 1000 Marine Cranking Amps (MCA) or 775 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) 70 105 FUEL SYSTEM Fuel Pump Type Fuel Pump: Pressure Fuel Tank Capacity Mechanical Water Cooled (Plunger/Diaphragm) 3-6 psi Accessory FUEL INJECTION Fuel Injector System Idle rpm (Out Of Gear) Idle rpm (In Forward Gear) Wide Open Throttle rpm (WOT) Range Fuel Pump Pressure - Electric Batch 775 ± 25 rpm 775 ± 25 rpm 5500–6000 42-44 psi (290-303 kPa) CYLINDER BLOCK Type Displacement Number of Cylinders 4 Stroke Cycle – Over Head Camshaft 45.6 cu. in. (747 cc) 3 STROKE Length 2.953 in. (75 mm) CYLINDER BORE Diameter Standard Oversize-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) Oversize-0.020 in. (0.50 mm) Taper/Out of Round Maximum Bore Type 2.5591 in. (65 mm) 2.5689 in. (65.25 mm) 2.5787 in. (65.5 mm) 0.003 in. (0.08 mm) Cast Iron PISTON Piston Type O.D. at Skirt Standard Oversize-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) Oversize-0.020 in. (0.50 mm) Aluminum 2.5570 - 2.5578 in. (64.950 - 64.965 mm) 2.5669 - 2.5675 in. (65.2 - 65.215 mm) 2.5768 - 2.5774 in. (65.450 - 65.465 mm) PISTON CLEARANCE Piston to Cylinder Clearance 0.0014 - .0026 in. (0.035 - 0.065 mm) RINGS Ring End Gap (Installed) Top Middle Bottom (Oil Ring) Side Clearance: Top Middle 0.006 - 0.012 in. (0.15 - 0.03 mm) 0.012 - 0.020 in. (0.30 - 0.50 mm) 0.008 - 0.028 in. (0.20 - 0.70 mm) 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) COMPRESSION RATIO Compression Ratio Cylinder Compression* (Electric Models Only, Cold Engine @ W.O.T.) 9.7:1 180 - 210 psi (Peak) PISTON PIN Piston Pin Diameter 0.6285 - 0.6287 in. (15.965 - 15.970 mm) CONNECTING ROD Oil Clearance (Big End) Small End Inside Diameter 0.0008 - 0.0020 in. (0.020 - 0.052 mm) 0.6293 - 0.6298 in. (15.985 - 15.998 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-3 SPECIFICATIONS CRANKSHAFT Main Bearing Clearance Crankshaft Run-out 0.0005 - 0.0017 in. (0.012 - 0.044 mm) 0.0018 in. (0.046 mm) CAMSHAFT Camshaft Dimensions Intake “A” Exhaust “A” Intake “B” Exhaust “B” Run-out Limit Camshaft Bearing Diameter “b” A B bb b b 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 - 26.10 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 - 26.10 mm) 0.0039 in. (0.1 mm) 1.4541 - 1.4549 in. (36.935 - 36.955 mm) VALVE SPRING Free Length “a” Tilt Limit “b” Compressed Pressure (Installed) Intake Exhaust Tilt Limit (Intake & Exhaust) Dir. of Winding (Intake & Exhaust) a b 1.491-1.569 in. (37.85-39.85 mm) Less than 0.060 in. (1.7 mm) 19.8 - 22.0 lbs. (9.0 - 10.0 kg) 19.8 - 22.0 lbs. (9.0 - 10.0 kg) 0.043 in. (1.1 mm) Left Hand Page 1A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-5 CYLINDER HEAD Warp Limit * Lines indicate straight edge measurement Camshaft Bore Inside Diameter “a” 56900 56899 a a a a 0.004 in. (0.1 mm) 1.4567 - 1.4577 in. (37.000 - 37.025 mm) VALVES Valve/Valve Seat/Valve Guides: Valve Clearance (cold) Intake Exhaust Valve Dimensions: “A” Head Diameter Intake Exhaust “B” Face Width Intake Exhaust “C” Seat Width Intake Exhaust “D” Margin Thickness Intake Exhaust Stem Outside Diameter Intake Exhaust Guide Inside Diameter Intake Exhaust Stem To Guide Clearance Intake Exhaust Stem Run-out Limit (max.) 0.006 - 0.010 in. (0.15 - 0.25 mm) 0.010 - 0.014 in. (0.25 - 0.35 mm) 1.256 - 1.264 in. (31.9 - 32.1 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.9 - 26.1 mm) 0.079 - 0.124 in. (2.00 - 3.14 mm) 0.079 - 0.124 in. (2.00 - 3.14 mm) 0.035 - 0.043 in. (0.9 - 1.1 mm) 0.035 - 0.043 in. (0.9 - 1.1 mm) 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) 0.2156 - 0.2161 in. (5.475 - 5.490 mm) 0.2150 - 0.2156 in. (5.460 - 5.475 mm) 0.2165 - 0.2170 in. (5.500 - 5.512 mm) 0.2165 - 0.2170 in. (5.500 - 5.512 mm) 0.0004 - 0.0015 in. (0.010 - 0.037 mm) 0.0010 - 0.0020 in. (0.025 - 0.052 mm) 0.0006 in. (0.016 mm) SPECIFICATIONS “A” “B” “C” “D” Valve Dimensions Head Diameter Face Width Seat Width Margin Thickness ROCKER SHAFT Outside Diameter 0.6288 - 0.6296 in. (15.971 - 15.991 mm) ROCKER ARM Inside Diameter of Bore 0.6299 - 0.6306 in. (16.000 - 16.018 mm) THERMOSTAT Valve Opening Temperature Full Open Temperature 118° F - 123° F (48° C - 51° C) 145° F (63° C) LUBRICATION SYSTEM Pump Type Engine Oil Pressure (Warm Engine) @ 3000 rpm Engine Oil Pan Capacity Oil Pump: Outer Rotor to Housing “a” Inner Rotor to Outer Rotor “b” Rotor to Housing “c” b a b Trochoid 30-40 psi (207-278 kPa) Either 3 Qts. or 3 Liters 0.0045 - 0.009 in. (0.11 - 0.23 mm) 0.005 in. (0.12 mm) 0.0015 - 0.003 in. (0.04 - 0.08 mm) c Transom Height: Long Shaft Steering Pivot Range: 20 in. (51 cm) MID-SECTION Tiller Remote 90° 60° Tilt Pin Positions 5 + Shallow Water Full Tilt Up Angle 69° Allowable Transom Thickness 2-3/4 in. (69.8 mm) Page 1A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS GEAR HOUSING (2.00:1) Gear Ratio Gearcase Capacity Lubricant Type Forward Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Height Forward Gear Backlash Water Pressure (Warm Engine) @ 800 rpm @ 6000 rpm (WOT) Leak Test Pressure 2.00:1 14.9 fl oz (440 mL) Quicksilver Gear Lube-Premium Blend 26 Spiral/Bevel 13 Spiral/Bevel 0.025 in. (0.64 mm) No Adjustment 2–4 psi (14-28 kPa) 12-17 psi (69-103 kPa) 10-12 psi (68-83 kPa) for 5 Minutes GEAR HOUSING BIGFOOT (2.3:1) Gear Ratio Gearcase Capacity Lubricant Type Forward Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Height Pinion Gear Locating Tool Flat Number Disc Number Forward Gear Backlash Backlash Indicating Tool Mark Number Water Pressure @ 800 rpm (Idle) @ 6000 rpm (WOT) Leak Test Pressure 2.31:1 24 fl oz (710 mL) Quicksilver Gear Lube-Premium Blend 30 Spiral/Bevel 13 Spiral/Bevel 0.025 in. (0.64 mm) 91-12349A2 #8 #3 0.012-0.019 in. (0.30-0.48 mm) 91-78473 #4 2-6 psi (14-41 kPa) 12-25 psi (83-172 kPa) 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) for 5 Minutes 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-7 SPECIFICATIONS Propeller Information Charts Mercury/Mariner 30 EFI (4-Stroke) 2.00:1 Non-Bigfoot Wide Open Throttle RPM : 5500-6000 Recommended Transom Heights : 15”, 20”, 22.5” Right Hand Rotation Standard Gear Reduction : 2.00:1 Diameter Pitch No. of Blades Material Approx. Gross Boat Wgt. (lbs) Approx. Boat Length Speed Range (mph) Propeller Part Number 10” 19” 3 Alum Up to 600 Up to 14’ 45-53 48-73146A40 10” 17” 3 Alum Up to 700 Up to 14’ 39-46 48-73144A40 10” 16” 3 Steel 600-800 Up to 14’ 36-42 48-91818A5 10” 16” 3 Alum 600-800 Up to 14’ 36-42 48-73142A40 10-1/8” 15” 3 Steel 700-900 13-14’ 33-39 48-76232A5 10-1/8” 15” 3 Alum 700-900 13-14’ 33-39 48-73140A40 10-1/4” 14” 3 Steel 800-1000 14-15’ 30-36 48-76230A5 10-1/4” 14” 3 Alum 800-1000 14-15’ 30-36 48-73138A40 10-3/8” 13” 3 Steel 900-1100 14-16’ 27-33 48-76228A5 10-3/8” 13” 3 Alum 900-1100 14-16’ 27-33 48-73136A40 10-5/8” 12” 3 Steel 1000-1200 15-17’ 24-29 48-79792A5 10-5/8” 12” 3 Alum 1000-1200 15-17’ 24-29 48-73134A40 11-5/8” 11” 3 Steel 1100-1400 15-17’ 21-26 48-823478A5 10-7/8” 11” 3 Alum 1100-1400 15-17’ 21-26 48-85632A40 11-5/8” 10-1/2” 3 Alum 1300-1700 15-18’ 19-24 48-827312A10 11-1/4” 10” 3 Alum 1400-1900 16’ + 18-22 48-73132A40 12-1/4” 9” 3 Steel 2000+ pontoon 15-19 48-97868A10 12-1/4” 9” 3 Alum 2000+ pontoon 15-19 48-87818A10 12-1/2” 8” 3 Alum 2400+ pontoon/ houseboat 1-17 48-42738A10 12-1/2” 8” Cup 3 Alum pontoon 48-42738A12 Page 1A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS Mercury/Mariner 40 EFI (4-Stroke) 2.00:1 Non-Bigfoot Wide Open Throttle RPM : 5500-6000 Recommended Transom Heights : 15”, 20”, 22.5” Right Hand Rotation Standard Gear Reduction : 2.00:1 Diameter Pitch No. of Blades Material Approx. Gross Boat Wgt. (lbs) Approx. Boat Length Speed Range (mph) Propeller Part Number 10” 19” 3 Alum Up to 800 Up to 14’ 45-53 48-73146A40 10” 17” 3 Alum Up to 1000 Up to 15’ 39-46 48-73144A40 10” 16” 3 Steel 900-1100 Up to 15’ 36-42 48-91818A5 10” 16” 3 Alum 900-1100 Up to 15’ 36-42 48-73142A40 10-1/8” 15” 3 Steel 1000-1200 13-15’ 33-39 48-76232A5 10-1/8” 15” 3 Alum 1000-1200 13-15’ 33-39 48-73140A40 10-1/4” 14” 3 Steel 1100-1300 14-16’ 30-36 48-76230A5 10-1/4” 14” 3 Alum 1100-1300 14-16’ 30-36 48-73138A40 10-3/8” 13” 3 Steel 1200-1500 14-17’ 27-33 48-76228A5 10-3/8” 13” 3 Alum 1200-1500 14-17’ 27-33 48-73136A40 10-5/8” 12” 3 Steel 1400-1700 15-17’ 24-29 48-79792A5 10-5/8” 12” 3 Alum 1400-1700 15-17’ 24-29 48-73134A40 11-5/8” 11” 3 Steel 1600-2000 16-18’ 21-26 48-823478A5 10-7/8” 11” 3 Alum 1600-2000 16-18’ 21-26 48-85632A40 11-5/8” 10-1/2” 3 Alum 1800-2400 16’ + 19-24 48-827312A10 11-1/4” 10” 3 Alum 2000-2600 17’ + 18-22 48-73132A40 12-1/4” 9” 3 Steel 2300+ pontoon 15-19 48-97868A10 12-1/4” 9” 3 Alum 2300+ pontoon 15-19 48-87818A10 12-1/2” 8” 3 Alum 2700+ Pontoon/ houseboat 1-17 48-42738A10 12-1/2” 8” Cup 3 Alum pontoon 48-42738A12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-9 SPECIFICATIONS Mercury/Mariner 40 EFI (4-Stroke) 2.3:1 Bigfoot Special soft rubber hub propellers designed to reduce clutch rattle Wide Open Throttle rpm: 5500-6000 Recommended Transom Heights : 20”, 25” Right Hand Rotation Standard Gear Reduction : 2.31:1 IMPORTANT: These specially designed rubber hub propellers are rated for 60 horsepower MAXIMUM. Diameter Pitch No. of Blades Material Approx. Gross Boat Wgt. (lbs) Approx. Boat Length Speed Range (mph) Propeller Part Number 13-3/4” 15” 3 Alum 1200-1500 14-16’ 27-32 48-77342A33 14” 13” 3 Alum 1500-2000 16-18’ 22-27 48-77340A33 14” 11” 3 Alum 2000-3000 pontoon 17-21 48-77338A33 14” 10” 3 Alum 2500+ pontoon/work 14-19 48-854342A33 14” 9” 3 Alum 3500+ houseboat/ work 1-15 48-854340A33 Page 1A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS Mercury/Quicksilver Lubricants and Sealants Description Mercury Part Number Quicksilver Part Number Needle Bearing Assy. Lubricant [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] tube 92-802868A1 N/A Dielectric Grease [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] can 92-823506-1 92-823506-1 Loctite 271 – Thread Locker (10 ml) tube 92-809819 92-809819 Loctite 567 PST Pipe Sealant (50 ml) tube 92-809822 92-809822 Loctite Master Gasket Kit 92-12564-2 92-12564-2 2 Cycle Premium Outboard Oil [1 Gallon (3.7 liter)] 92-802815A1 92-802815Q1 Perfect Seal [16 oz. (0.45 kg)] can 92-34227-1 92-34227-1 Liquid Neoprene [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] can 92-25711-3 92-25711-3 Cyanacrylate Adhesive Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Bellows Adhesive N/A 92-86166Q1 Loctite 680 Retaining Compound (10 ml) tube 92-809833 92-809833 Loctite 222 Thread Locker (10 ml) tube 92-809818 92-809818 3M Permabond #3M08155 Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Loctite 242 Thread Locker (10 ml) tube 92-809821 92-809821 Loctite 609 Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Loctite 405 Obtain Locally Obtain Locally 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-11 SPECIFICATIONS Description Mercury Part Number Quicksilver Part Number RTV 587 Silicone Sealer [3 oz. (85.05 grams)] 92-809825 92-809825 Loctite 262 Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Premium Gear Lubricant [1 Quart (0.94 liter)] 92-802846A1 92-802846Q1 Loctite 7649 Primer [4.5 oz (127.57 grams)] 92-809824 92-809824 Anti-Corrosion Grease [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] tube 92-802867A1 92-802867Q1 2-4-C with Teflon [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] tube 92-802859A1 92-802859Q1 Loctite Quick Tite Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Isopropyl Alcohol Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Hot Glue Obtain Locally Obtain Locally Special Lubricant 101 [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] tube 92-802865A1 92-802865Q1 4 Stroke 10W30 Outboard Oil [1 Quart (0.94 liter)] 92-802833A1 92-802833Q1 4 Cycle 25W40 Engine Oil [1 Quart (0.94 liter)] 92-802837A1 92-802837Q1 Power Trim & Steering Fluid [8 oz. (226.8 grams)] 92-802880A1 92-802880Q1 Engine Coupler Spline Grease [14 oz. (0.39 kg)] cartridge 92-802869A1 92-802869Q1 Page 1A-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS Torque Chart Fastener Location Diameter x Length (mm) Torque lb-in. lb-ft.. Nm Ignition Coil Mounting Nuts M5 30 3.5 Coil Mount Plate Screw (Rear) M6 x 25 60 7 Coil Mount Plate Screw M6 x 30 75 8.5 Coil Plate Ground Screw M6 x 10 60 7 Spark Plug 12 mm 150 17 Charging & Starting System Flywheel Cover Screws M6 x 25 75 8.5 Flywheel Nut N/A 116 157 Stator Screws M5 x 30 85 9.5 Voltage Regulator Screws M6 x 40 75 8.5 Starter Motor Mount Bolts M8 x 45 21.5 29.5 Starter Cable Nut 1/4-20 60 7 Starter Motor Thru Bolts N/A 70 8 Battery Cable (+) Nut M6 60 7 Solenoid Plate Screw M6 x 14 45 5 Harness Retainer Screws M6 x 14 45 5 Wire Clamp Screw (Top of Block) M5 x 12 45 5 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-13 SPECIFICATIONS Fastener Location Diameter x Length (mm) Torque lb-in. lb-ft. Nm Electronic Fuel Injection Intake Manifold Screws M6 x 25 75 8.5 Intake Manifold Screws M6 x 30 75 8.5 IAC Mount Screw N/A Drive Tight IAC Nut M6 75 8.5 Fuel Distribution Manifold Screws N/A 31 3.5 Fuel Injector Screws N/A 31 3.5 Throttle Body Screws N/A 31 3.5 TPI Screws N/A 18 2 MAT Sensor N/A 12.5 1.5 MAP Sensor Mount Screw 10-16 x 5/8 in. Drive Tight ECT Sensor N/A 15 1.5 ECM Mount Screws M6 x 25 45 5 Ground Screw (ECM Plate) M6 x 14 45 5 Brace Screw (ECM Plate) M6 x 16 75 8.5 CPS Mount Screws M5 x 16 45 5 VST Mounting Screws M6 x 25 45 5 VST Cover Screws M4 x 20 32 3.5 VST Drain Screw N/A 32 3.5 Fuel Pressure Regulator Screws M4 x 6 22 2.5 Fuel Baffle Screw M4 x 6 22 2.5 Float Shaft Screw M4 x 6 22 2.5 Fuel Cooler Screw M6 x 25 140 16 Fuel Filter Mount Screws M6 x 20 70 8 Fuel Filter Nut M6 45 5 Fuel Pump Mounting Screws M6 x 30 75 8.5 Fuel Pump Cover Screws M5 x 40 30 3.5 Cylinder Head Cylinder Head Bolts M9 x 95 34.5 47 Cylinder Head Bolts M6 x 25 106 12 Baffle Plate Screws M4 x 10 Drive Tight Valve Cover Screws M6 x 20 70 8 Valve Adjusting Nuts M6 120 13.5 Rocker Arm Shaft Screws M8 x 23 160 13 18 Driven Gear Screw M10 x 40 28 38 Page 1A-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS Fastener Location Diameter x Length (mm) Torque lb-in. lb-ft. Nm Cylinder Block/Crankcase Crankcase Cover Bolts - Center (*) M8 x 82 22 30 Crankcase Cover Bolts - Outer (*) M6 x 35 106 12 Exhaust Cover Screws M6 x 35 106 12 Connecting Rod Bolts (*) Special 150 17 Oil Filter N/A 70 8 Oil Filter Nipple N/A 29.5 40 Powerhead Mounting Bolts M8 x 110 33 44.5 Lifting Eye Screw M8 x 35 29 39.5 Oil Pressure Switch N/A 75 8.5 Oil Galley Plug 1/8-27 Pipe Plug 80 9 Oil Galley Plug 3/4-14 Pipe Plug 30 40.5 Oil Galley Plug 1/2-14 Pipe Plug 30 40.5 Lubrication Oil Pump Mounting Screws M6 x 40 70 8 Oil Pump Cover Screws M6 x 16 70 8 Mid-Section Top Cowl Latch Screw/Nut M4 x 14 Drive Tight Top Rear Cowl Latch Screw/Nut M6 x 16 90 10 Bottom Cowl Screws M6 x 30 60 7 Bottom Cowl Screws M6 x 60 60 7 Rear Cowl Latch Screw (Bottom) M6 x 16 60 7 Oil Drain Plug N/A 17.5 23.5 Gear Housing Mounting Stud M10 144 12 16 Adaptor Plate Mounting Screw M8 x 45 33 44.5 Co-Pilot Plate Bolt (Shoulder) 1/4-20 x 0.68 70 8 Steering Bracket Bolts M10 x 30 32.5 44 Steering Link Rod Bolt Special 20 27 Steering Link Rod Nut 3/8-24 Torque to 120 lb-in. then back off 1/4 turn. Upper Mount Bolts M6 x 20 130 14.5 Upper Mount Bolts M12 x 154 24 32.5 Upper Mount Nuts M12 24 32.5 Lower Mount Bolts M10 x 105 32.5 44 Lower Mount Nuts M12 32.5 44 Ground Screws 10-16 x 0.38 Drive Tight Tilt Lever Bolt (Shoulder) 3/8-16 x 0.62 18 25 Tilt Stop Bolt M10 x 40 Tilt Tube Nut 3/414 Torque to 32 lb-ft., then back off 1/4 turn. Anchor Bracket Screws M8 x 30 25 34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-15 SPECIFICATIONS Fastener Location Diameter x Length (mm) Torque lb-in. lb-ft. Nm Mid-Section - Continued Anchor Bracket Screws M8 x 35 25 34 Anode Screws M6 x 25 60 7 Adaptor Plate (Socket Head) Screw M6 x 55 150 17 Oil Pressure Relief Valve N/A 34 46 Oil Pickup/Gasket Screw M6 x 20 75 8.5 Oil Gallery Plug 1/214 Pipe Plug 24 33 Power Trim Shock Rod Piston N/A 90 122 Piston Spring Plate Screws N/A 35 4 Cylinder End Cap N/A 45 61 Trim Cylinder/Reservoir Screws N/A 100 11 Pump to Manifold Screws N/A 70 8 Check Valve Plug N/A 120 13 Reservoir Screws N/A 80 9 Manual Tilt Assist Plug, Velocity Valve N/A 75 8.5 Plug, Plunger (2) N/A 75 8.5 Shock Rod Piston N/A 90 122 Piston Spring Plate Screws N/A 35 4 Cylinder End Cap N/A 45 61 Tilt Cylinder/Reservoir Screws N/A 100 11 Accumulator N/A 35 47 Non-Bigfoot Gear Housing Pinion Nut N/A 50 68 Bearing Carrier Screws M8 x 25 19 25.5 Vent, Fill/Drain Screw NA 60 7 Water Pump Cover Screws M6 x 16 60 7 Gear Housing Mounting Screws M10 x 45 40 54 Gear Housing Mounting Nut M10 40 54 Trim Tab Screw M8 x 20 23 31.5 Propeller Nut N/A 55 74.5 Page 1A-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SPECIFICATIONS Fastener Location Diameter x Length (mm) Torque lb-in. lb-ft.. Nm Bigfoot Gear Housing Bearing Carrier Nut M8 25 34 Water Pump Base Screws M6 x 25 60 7 Water Pump Cover Screws M6 x 30 60 7 Vent, Fill/Drain, Oil Level Screw N/A 60 7 Gear Housing Mounting Bolts M10 x 45 40 54 Gear Housing Mounting Nut M10 40 54 Trim Tab Screw 7/16 x 1-1/4 in 22 30 Anode Screw M6 x 40 60 7 Propeller Nut Throttle/Shift Linkage Throttle/Shift Lever Screw M8 x 70 100 11.5 Throttle Cam Mounting Screw M6 x 40 75 8.5 Throttle Cam Screw 10-16 x 5/8 in. Drive Tight Remote Control Cable Anchor Bracket Screws M6 x 16 75 8.5 Shift Spring Screw M5 x 16 45 5 Neutral Start Switch Screws M3 x 20 20 2.5 Shift Link Nut (Bigfoot) M6 Tiller Handle Tiller Mounting Bracket Screws M10 x 90 35 47.5 Shift Handle Screw M8 x 150 100 11 Tiller Tube Retainer Screw M5 x 16 35 4 Tiller Mount Cover Screws M8 x 25 135 15 Pulley Case Screws Self Tapping 10-16 x 1/2 20 2.5 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1A-17 MAINTENANCE 1 B IMPORTANT INFORMATION Section 1B - Maintenance Table of Contents Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-2 Mercury/Quicksilver Lubricant/Sealant . . . . . . . 1B-2 Inspection And Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . 1B-3 Before Each Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-4 After Each Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-4 Every 100 Hours of Use or Once yearly, Whichever occurs first . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-4 Every 300 Hours of Use or Three Years . . . 1B-5 Before Periods of Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5 Flushing the Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5 Steering Link Rod Fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5 Corrosion Control Anode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-6 Spark Plug Inspection and Replacement . . . . . 1B-6 Battery Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-7 Fuse Replacement – Electric Start Models . . . . 1B-7 Timing Belt Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-8 Lubrication Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-8 Checking Power Trim Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-10 Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-11 Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-11 Fuel Line Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-11 Changing Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12 Oil Changing Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12 Changing Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13 Checking and Adding Engine Oil . . . . . . . . 1B-13 Changing Gear Case Lubricant . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-14 3-1/4 In. (83mm) Diameter Gear Case . . . 1B-14 4-1/4 In. (108mm) Diameter Gear Case . . 1B-15 Storage Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-17 Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-17 Protecting External Outboard Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-17 Protecting Internal Engine Components . . 1B-17 Gear Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-17 Positioning Outboard for Storage . . . . . . . . 1B-18 Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-1 MAINTENANCE Special Tools 1. Crankcase Oil Pump P/N 90265A5 2. Oil Filter Wrench P/N 91-802653Q1 3. Flushing Attachment P/N 44357A2 Mercury/Quicksilver Lubricants and Sealants NOTE:See section 1A for lubricants and sealants chart. Page 1B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE Inspection And Maintenance Schedule To keep your outboard in the best operating condition, it is important that your outboard receive the periodic inspections and maintenance listed in the Inspection and Maintenance Schedule. We urge you to keep it maintained properly to ensure the safety of you and your passengers and retain its dependability. WARNING Neglected inspection and maintenance service of your outboard or attempting to perform maintenance or repair on your outboard if you are not familiar with the correct service and safety procedures could cause personal injury, death, or product failure. Before Each Use 1. Check engine oil level. 2. Check that lanyard stop switch stops the engine. 3. Visually inspect the fuel system for deterioration or leaks. 4. Check outboard for tightness on transom. 5. Check steering system for binding or loose components. 6. Visually check steering link rod fasteners for proper tightness. 7. Check propeller blades for damage. After Each Use 1. Flush out the outboard cooling system if operating in salt or polluted water. 2. If operating in salt water, wash off all salt deposits and flush out the exhaust outlet of the propeller and gear case with fresh water. Every 100 Hours of Use or Once yearly, Whichever occurs first 1. Lubricate all lubrication points. Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water. 2. Change engine oil and replace the oil filter. The oil should be changed more often when the engine is operated under adverse conditions such as extended trolling. 3. Inspect thermostat visually for corrosion, broken spring, and to determine that the valve is completely closed at room temperature. If questionable, inspect thermostat as outlined in Section 4B “Thermostat”. 4. Inspect and clean spark plugs. 5. Check engine fuel filter for contaminants. 6. Check engine timing setup. 7. Check corrosion control anodes. Check more frequently when used in salt water. 8. Drain and replace gear case lubricant. 9. Lubricate splines on the drive shaft. 10. Check and adjust valve clearance, if necessary. 11. Check power trim fluid. 12. Inspect battery. 13. Check control cable adjustments. 14. Inspect timing belt. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-3 MAINTENANCE 15. Remove engine deposits with Quicksilver Power Tune Engine Cleaner. 16. Check tightness of bolts, nuts, and other fasteners. Every 300 Hours of Use or Three Years 1. Replace water pump impeller (more often if overheating occurs or reduced water pressure is noted). Before Periods of Storage 1. Refer to Storage procedure (this section). Flushing the Cooling System Flush the internal water passages of the outboard with fresh water after each use in salt, polluted or muddy water. This will help prevent a buildup of deposits from clogging the internal water passages. IMPORTANT: The engine must be run during flushing in order to open the thermostat and circulate water through the water passages. NOTE:You can have the outboard tilted or in the vertical operating position during flushing. WARNING To avoid possible injury when flushing, remove the propeller. Refer to Propeller Replacement. 1. Place the outboard in either the operating position (vertical) or in a tilted position. 2. Remove propeller (refer to Propeller Replacement). 3. Thread a water hose into the rear fitting. Partially open the water tap (1/2 maximum). Do not open the water tap all the way, as this allows a high pressure flow of water. a a-Water Hose Threaded into Rear Fitting IMPORTANT: Do not run engine above idle when flushing. 4. Shift outboard into neutral. Start the engine and flush the cooling system for at least 5 minutes. Keep engine speed at idle. 5. Stop the engine. Turn off the water and remove hose. Reinstall the propeller. Page 1B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE Steering Link Rod Fasteners WARNING Disengagement of a steering link rod can result in the boat taking a full, sudden, sharp turn. This potentially violent action can cause occupants to be thrown overboard exposing them to serious injury or death. IMPORTANT: The steering link rod that connects the steering cable to the engine must be fastened using special washer head bolt (“a” – Part Number 10-823919) and self locking nylon insert locknuts (“b” & “c” – Part Number 11-826709113). These locknuts must never be replaced with common nuts (non locking) as they will work loose and vibrate off, freeing the link rod to disengage. a c b d e f a-Special Washer Head Bolt (10-823919) b-Nylon Insert Locknut (11-826709113) c-Nylon Insert Locknut (11-826709113) d-Flat Washers e-Spacer (12-71970) f-Link Rod Mount Hole 1. Assemble steering link rod to steering cable with two flat washers (d) and nylon insert locknut (“b” – Part Number 11-826709113). Tighten locknut (c) until it seats, then back nut off 1/4 turn. 2. Assemble steering link rod to engine with special washer head bolt (“a” – Part Number 10-823919), locknut (“b” – Part Number 11-826709113) and spacer (“e” – 12-71970). First torque bolt (a) to 20 lb. ft. (27 Nm), then torque locknut (b) to 20 lb. ft. (27 Nm). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-5 MAINTENANCE Corrosion Control Anode Your outboard has control anodes at different locations. An anode helps protect the outboard against galvanic corrosion by sacrificing its metal to be slowly eroded instead of the outboard metals. Each anode requires periodic inspection especially in salt water which will accelerate the erosion. To maintain this corrosion protection, always replace the anode before it is completely eroded. Never paint or apply a protective coating on the anode as this will reduce effectiveness of the anode. 1. The gear case has two corrosion control anodes. Another anode is installed on the bottom of the transom bracket assembly. b c a a-Bottom Anode b-Trim Tab c-Side Anodes (Big Foot Models Only) Spark Plug Inspection and Replacement Inspect spark plugs at the recommended intervals. WARNING Avoid serious injury or death from fire or explosion caused by damaged spark plug boots. Damaged spark plug boots can emit sparks. Sparks can ignite fuel vapors under the engine cowl. To avoid damaging spark plug boots, do not use any sharp object or metal tool such as pliers, screwdriver, etc. to remove spark plug boots. 1. Remove the spark plug leads by twisting the rubber boots slightly and pulling off. 2. Remove the spark plugs to inspect and clean. Replace spark plug if electrode is worn or the insulator is rough, cracked, broken, blistered or fouled. 3. Set the spark plug gap. See Specification Chart. 4. Before reinstalling spark plugs, clean away dirt on the spark plug seats. Install plugs finger tight, and tighten 1/4 turn or torque to 12.5 lb-ft (17 Nm). Page 1B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-7 Battery Inspection The battery should be inspected at periodic intervals to ensure proper engine starting capability. IMPORTANT: Read the safety and maintenance instructions which accompany your battery. 1. Turn off the engine before servicing the battery. 2. Add water as necessary to keep the battery full. 3. Make sure the battery is secure against movement. 4. Battery cable terminals should be clean, tight, and correctly installed. Positive to positive and negative to negative. 5. Make sure the battery is equipped with a nonconductive shield to prevent accidental shorting of battery terminals. Fuse Replacement – Electric Start Models IMPORTANT: Always carry spare 20 AMP Fuses. The electrical wiring circuits on the outboard are protected from overload by fuses in the wiring. If the fuse is blown, try to locate and correct the cause of the overload. If the cause is not found, the fuse may blow again. 1. Open the fuse holder and look at the silver colored band inside the fuse. If band is broken replace the fuse. Replace fuse with a new fuse with the same amperage rating. 15 1 2 3 4 58858 a b c d e f a - SmartCraft Data Bus Circuit - 15 AMP Fuse b - Fuel Pump/Idle Air Control/Fuel Injector Circuits - 20 AMP Fuse c - Main Relay/Accessories - 20 AMP Fuse d - Ignition Coil Circuit - 20 AMP Fuse e - Spare 20 AMP Fuse f - Broken Fuse Band MAINTENANCE Timing Belt Inspection 1. Inspect the timing belt and replace if any of the following conditions are found. a. Cracks in the back of the belt or in the base of the belt teeth. b. Excessive wear at the roots of the cogs. c. Rubber portion swollen by oil. d. Belt surfaces roughened. e. Signs of wear on edges or outer surfaces of belt. a a-Timing Belt Lubrication Points Lubricate Point 1 with Quicksilver or Mercury Precision Lubricants Anti-Corrosion Grease or 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon. 1. Propeller Shaft – Refer to Propeller Replacement for removal and installation of the propeller. Coat the entire propeller shaft with lubricant to prevent the propeller hub from corroding and seizing to the shaft. 1 Page 1B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-9 Lubricate Points 2 thru 6 with Quicksilver or Mercury Precision Lubricants 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon or Special Lubricant 101. 2. Swivel Bracket – Lubricate through fitting. 3. Tilt Support Lever – Lubricate through fitting. 4. Tilt Tube – Lubricate through fitting. 2 3 4 5. Steering Cable Grease Fitting (If equipped) – Rotate steering wheel to fully retract the steering cable end into the outboard tilt tube. Lubricate through fitting. Lubricate Pivot Points with light weight oil. 6. This grease fitting is for lubricating the threaded rod for the co-pilot. a b 5 6 a - Steering Cable End b - Pivot Points WARNING The end of the steering cable must be fully retracted into the outboard tilt tube before adding lubricant. Adding lubricant to steering cable when fully extended could cause steering cable to become hydraulically locked. An hydraulically locked steering cable will cause loss of steering control, possibly resulting in serious injury or death. MAINTENANCE Checking Power Trim Fluid 1. Tilt outboard to the full up position and engage the tilt support lock. a a-Tilt Support Lock 2. Remove fill cap and check fluid level. The fluid level should be even with the bottom of the fill hole. Add Quicksilver Power Trim & Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. a a-Fill Cap Page 1B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-11 Fuel System WARNING Avoid serious injury or death from gasoline fire or explosion. Carefully follow all fuel system service instructions. Always stop the engine and DO NOT smoke or allow open flames or sparks in the area while servicing any part of the fuel system. Before servicing any part of the fuel system, stop engine and disconnect the battery. Drain the fuel system completely. Use an approved container to collect and store fuel. Wipe up any spillage immediately. Material used to contain spillage must be disposed of in an approved receptacle. Any fuel system service must be performed in a well ventilated area. Inspect any completed service work for signs of fuel leakage. Fuel Filter IMPORTANT: Visually inspect for fuel leakage from the filter by squeezing the primer bulb until firm, forcing fuel into the filter. Check the fuel filter for water accumulation or sediment. If water is in the fuel, remove the sight bowl and drain the water. If the filter appears to be contaminated, remove and replace. a b c d 58859 a - Cover b - Sight Bowl c - Filter Element d - O-Ring REMOVAL 1. Read Fuel System servicing information and Warning (previously stated). 2. Pull out the filter assembly from mount. Hold onto the cover to prevent it from turning and remove the sight bowl. Empty contents into an approved container. 3. Pull out the filter element and replace it if necessary. INSTALLATION 4. Push the filter element into the cover. 5. Place the O-Ring seal into it’s proper position on the sight bowl and screw the sight bowl hand tight into the cover. 6. Push filter assembly back into mount. Fuel Line Inspection Visually inspect the fuel line and primer bulb for cracks, swelling, leaks, hardness, or other signs of deterioration or damage. If any of these conditions are found, the fuel line or primer bulb must be replaced. MAINTENANCE Changing Engine Oil Oil Changing Procedure Pump Method 1. Place the outboard in an vertical upright position. 2. Remove dipstick and slide adaptor tube/pump down dipstick tube. Pump out the engine oil into an appropriate container. a 90265A5 a-Crankcase Oil Pump Drain Plug Method 1. Tilt the outboard up to the trailer position. 2. Turn the steering on the outboard so that the drain hole is facing downward. Remove drain plug and drain engine oil into an appropriate container. Lubricate the seal on the drain plug with oil and reinstall. a a-Drain Hole Page 1B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-13 Changing Oil Filter 1. Place a rag or towel below the oil filter to absorb any spilled oil. 2. Unscrew old filter by turning the filter counterclockwise. 3. Clean the mounting base. Apply film of clean oil to filter gasket. Do not use grease. Screw new filter on until gasket contacts base, then tighten 3/4 to 1 turn. 91-802653Q1 a a - Oil Filter Checking and Adding Engine Oil IMPORTANT: Do not overfill. Be sure that the outboard is upright (not tilted) when checking oil. 1. Remove the oil fill cap and add oil to to proper operating level. 2. Idle engine for five minutes and check for leaks. Stop engine and check oil level on dipstick. Oil must be between full mark and add mark. Add oil if necessary. b a c d a - Dipstick b - Oil Fill Cap c - Full Mark d - Add Mark Engine Oil Capacity 3 U.S. Quarts or (3.0 Liters) MAINTENANCE Changing Gear Case Lubricant 3-1/4 In. (83mm) Diameter Gear Case When adding or changing gear case lubricant, visually check for the presence of water in the lubricant. If water is present, it may have settled to the bottom and will drain out prior to the lubricant, or it may be mixed with the lubricant, giving it a milky colored appearance. If water is noticed, have the gear case checked by your dealer. Water in the lubricant may result in premature bearing failure or, in freezing temperatures, will turn to ice and damage the gear case. Examine the drained gear case lubricant for metal particles. A small amount of fine metal particles indicates normal gear wear. An excessive amount of metal filings or larger particles (chips) may indicate abnormal gear wear and should be checked by an authorized dealer. DRAINING GEAR CASE 1. Place outboard in a vertical operating position. 2. Place a drain pan below outboard. 3. Remove vent plugs and fill/drain plug and drain lubricant. a b a-Fill/drain Plug b-Vent Plug CHECKING GEAR CASE LUBRICANT LEVEL AND REFILLING GEAR CASE Gear Case Lubricant Capacity 14.9 fl oz (440 ml) a b c d 1. Place outboard in a vertical operating position. 2. Remove vent plug (a). 3. Place lubricant tube (b) into the fill hole and add lubricant until it appears at the vent hole (c). IMPORTANT: Replace sealing washers if damaged. 4. Stop adding lubricant. Install the vent plug and sealing washer (a) before removing the lubricant tube. 5. Remove lubricant tube and reinstall cleaned fill/drain plug and sealing washer (d). Page 1B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE 4-1/4 In. (108mm) Diameter Gear Case When adding or changing gear case lubricant, visually check for the presence of water in the lubricant. If water is present, it may have settled to the bottom and will drain out prior to the lubricant, or it may be mixed with the lubricant, giving it a milky colored appearance. If water is noticed, have the gear case checked by your dealer. Water in the lubricant may result in premature bearing failure or, in freezing temperatures, will turn to ice and damage the gear case. Whenever you remove the fill/drain plug, examine the magnetic end for metal particles. A small amount of metal filings or fine metal particles indicates normal gear wear. An excessive amount of metal filings or larger particles (chips) may indicate abnormal gear wear and should be checked by an authorized dealer. DRAINING GEAR CASE 1. Place outboard in a vertical operating position. 2. Place a drain pan below outboard. 3. Remove vent plugs and fill/drain plug and drain lubricant. a b c a-Fill/drain Plug b-Rear Vent Plug c-Front Vent Plug 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-15 MAINTENANCE CHECKING LUBRICANT LEVEL AND FILLING GEAR CASE Gear Case Lubricant Capacity 24 fl oz (710 ml) 1. Place outboard in a vertical operating position. 2. Remove the front vent plug and rear vent plug. 3. Place lubricant tube into the fill hole and add lubricant until it appears at the front vent hole. At this time install the front vent plug and sealing washer. 4. Continue adding lubricant until it appears at the rear vent hole. 5. Stop adding lubricant. Install the rear vent plug and sealing washer before removing lubricant tube. 6. Remove lubricant tube and reinstall cleaned fill/drain plug and sealing washer. a c d e b a-Front Vent Plug b-Rear Vent Plug c-Front Vent Hole d-Rear Vent Hole e-Fill/Drain Plug and Sealing Washer Page 1B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MAINTENANCE Storage Preparation The major consideration in preparing your outboard for storage is to protect it from rust, corrosion, and damage caused by freezing of trapped water. The following storage procedures should be followed to prepare your outboard for out-ofseason storage or prolonged storage (two months or longer). CAUTION Never start or run your outboard (even momentarily) without water circulating through the cooling water intake in the gear case to prevent damage to the water pump (running dry) or overheating of the engine. Fuel System IMPORTANT: Gasoline containing alcohol (ethanol or methanol) can cause a formation of acid during storage and can damage the fuel system. If the gasoline being used contains alcohol, it is advisable to drain as much of the remaining gasoline as possible from the fuel tank, remote fuel line, and engine fuel system. Fill the fuel tank and engine fuel system with treated (stabilized) fuel to help prevent formation of varnish and gum. Proceed with following instructions. 1. Portable Fuel Tank – Pour the required amount of Quicksilver Gasoline Stabilizer (follow instructions on container) into fuel tank. Tip fuel tank back and forth to mix stabilizer with the fuel. 2. Permanently Installed Fuel Tank – Pour the required amount of Quicksilver Gasoline Stabilizer (follow instructions on container) into a separate container and mix with approximately one quart (one liter) of gasoline. Pour this mixture into fuel tank. 3. Remove the fuel filter sight bowl (see “Fuel Filter” above) and empty contents in a suitable container. Add 3 cc (1/2 teaspoon) of gasoline stabilizer into the fuel filter sight bowl and reinstall. 4. Place the outboard in water or connect flushing attachment for circulating cooling water. Run the engine for 15 minutes to allow treated fuel to fill the engine fuel system. Protecting External Outboard Components 1. Lubricate all outboard components listed in the Inspection and Maintenance Schedule. 2. Touch up any paint nicks. 3. Spray Quicksilver or Mercury Precision Lubricants Corrosion Guard on external metal surfaces (except corrosion control anodes). Protecting Internal Engine Components 1. Remove the spark plugs and inject a small amount of engine oil inside of each cylinder. 2. Rotate the flywheel manually several times to distribute the oil in the cylinders. Reinstall spark plugs. 3. Change the engine oil. Gear Case 1. Drain and refill the gear case lubricant (refer to maintenance procedure). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1B-17 MAINTENANCE Positioning Outboard for Storage Store outboard in an upright (vertical) position to allow water to drain out of outboard. CAUTION If outboard is stored tilted up in freezing temperature, trapped cooling water or rain water that may have entered the propeller exhaust outlet in the gear case could freeze and cause damage to the outboard. Battery Storage 1. Follow the battery manufacturer’s instructions for storage and recharging. 2. Remove the battery from the boat and check water level. Recharge if necessary. 3. Store the battery in a cool, dry place. 4. Periodically check the water level and recharge the battery during storage. Page 1B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION IMPORTANT INFORMATION Section 1C - GENERAL INFORMATION Table of Contents 1 C Serial Number Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-2 Power Trim System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-16 Conditions Affecting Performance . . . . . . . . . 1C-2 General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-16 Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-2 Power Trim Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-16 Boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-3 Trim “In” Angle Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-17 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-5 Trim Tab Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-18 Following Complete Submersion . . . . . . . . . . 1C-6 Compression Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-19 Submerged While Running 1C-6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cylinder Leakage Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-20 Salt Water Submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-6 Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-20 Fresh Water Submersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-6 Water Pressure Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-21 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Views Painting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-22 Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-8 Cleaning & Painting AluminumStarboard View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-9 Propellers & Gear Housings . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-22 Port View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10 Decal Removal/Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-23 Top View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-23 Aft View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-12 Instructions for “Wet” Application . . . . . . . 1C-23 Propeller Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-13 Propeller Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-14 3-1/4 In. (83mm) Diameter Gear Case . . 1C-14 4-1/4 In. (108mm) Diameter Gear Case . 1C-15 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Serial Number Location The Outboard serial number is located on the lower starboard side of the engine block. A serial number is also located on the top side of the swivel bracket. 19XX OGXXXXXX XXXX XX a e d c b a-Serial Number b-Model Year c-Model Description d-Year Manufactured e-Certified Europe Insignia Conditions Affecting Performance Weather Rated hp Summer hp Horsepower Loss Due to Atmosphere Conditions Secondary Loss Due to Propeller Becoming To Large for Summer Horsepower RPM Drop Due to Weather ENGINE RPM Rated RPM It is a known fact that weather conditions exert a profound effect on power output of internal combustion engines. Therefore, established horsepower ratings refer to the power that the engine will produce at its rated rpm under a specific combination of weather conditions. Corporations internationally have settled on adoption of I.S.O. (International Standards Organization) engine test standards, as set forth in I.S.O. 3046 standardizing the computation of horsepower from data obtained on the dynamometer. All values are corrected to the power that the engine will produce at sea level, at 30% relative humidity, at a temperature of 77° F (25° C) and a barometric pressure of 29.61 inches of mercury. Page 1C-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION Summer conditions of high temperature, low barometric pressure and high humidity all combine to reduce the engine power. This, in turn, is reflected in decreased boat speeds--as much as 2 or 3 miles-per-hour (3 or 5 Km per-hour) in some cases. (Refer to previous chart.) Nothing will regain this speed for the boater, but the coming of cool, dry weather. In pointing out the practical consequences of weather effects, an engine--running on a hot, humid summer day--may encounter a loss of as much as 14% of the horsepower it would produce on a dry, brisk spring or fall day. The horsepower that any internal combustion engine produces, depends upon the density of the air that it consumes, and in turn, this density is dependent upon the temperature of the air, its barometric pressure, and water vapor (or humidity) content. Accompanying this weather-inspired loss of power is a second but more subtle loss. At rigging time in early spring, the engine was equipped with a propeller that allowed the engine to turn within its recommended rpm range at full throttle. With the coming of the summer weather and the consequent drop in available horsepower, this propeller will, in effect, become too large. Consequently, the engine operates at less than its recommended rpm. Due to the horsepower/rpm characteristics of an engine, this will result in further loss of horsepower at the propeller with another decrease in boat speed. This secondary loss, however, can be regained by switching to a smaller pitch propeller that allows the engine to again run at recommended rpm. For boaters to realize optimum engine performance under changing weather conditions, it is essential that the engine have the proper propeller, to allow it to operate at or near the top end of the recommended maximum rpm range at wide-open-throttle with a normal boat load. Not only does this allow the engine to develop full power, but equally important, is the fact that the engine also will be operating in an rpm range that discourages damaging detonation. This, of course, enhances overall reliability and durability of the engine. Boat WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION 1. Proper positioning of the weight inside the boat (persons and gear) has a significant effect on the boat’s performance, for example: a. Shifting weight to the rear (stern). (1.) Generally increases top speed. (2.) If in excess, can cause the boat to porpoise. (3.) Can make the bow bounce excessively in choppy water. (4.) Will increase the danger of the following - wave splashing into the boat when coming off plane. b. Shifting weight to the front (bow). and/or c. Adjusting tilt pin to achieve best performance and handling. (1.) Improves ease of planing off. (2.) Generally improves rough water ride. (3.) If excessive, can make the boat veer left and right (bow steer). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-3 GENERAL INFORMATION BOTTOM For maximum speed, a boat bottom should be nearly a flat plane where it contacts the water and particularly straight and smooth in fore-and-aft direction. 1. Hook: Exists when bottom is concave in fore-and-aft direction when viewed from the side. When boat is planing, “hook” causes more lift on bottom near transom and allows bow to drop, thus greatly increasing wetted surface and reducing boat speed. “Hook” frequently is caused by supporting boat too far ahead of transom while hauling on a trailer or during storage. 2. Rocker: The reverse of hook and much less common. “Rocker” exists if bottom is convex in fore-and-aft direction when viewed from the side, and boat has strong tendency to porpoise. 3. Surface Roughness: Moss, barnacles, etc., on boat or corrosion of outboard’s gear housing increase skin friction and cause speed loss. Clean surfaces when necessary. WATER ABSORPTION It is imperative that all through hull fasteners be coated with a quality marine sealer at time of installation. Water intrusion into the transom core and/or inner hull will result in additional boat weight (reduced boat performance), hull decay and eventual structural failure. CAVITATION Cavitation is caused by water vapor bubbles forming either from a sharp edge or angle on the gear case, from an irregularity in the propeller blade itself or from improper engine installation (too high). These vapor bubbles flow back and collapse when striking the surface of the propeller blade resulting in the erosion of the propeller blade surface. If allowed to continue, eventual blade failure (breakage) will occur. Page 1C-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION Engine DETONATION Detonation in a 4-cycle engine resembles the “pinging” heard in an automobile engine. It can be otherwise described as a tin-like “rattling” or “plinking” sound. Detonation is an explosion of an unburned portion of the fuel/air charge after the spark plug has fired. Detonation creates severe shock waves in the engine, and these shock waves often find or create a weakness: The dome of a piston, cylinder head/gasket, piston rings or piston ring lands, piston pin and bearings. A few of the most common causes of detonation in a marine 4-cycle application are as follows: • Over-advanced ignition timing. • Use of low octane gasoline. • Propeller pitch too high (engine rpm below recommended maximum range). • Lean fuel mixture at or near wide-open-throttle. • Spark plugs (heat range too hot - incorrect reach - cross-firing). • Inadequate engine cooling (deteriorated cooling system). • Combustion chamber/piston deposits (result in higher compression ratio). Detonation usually can be prevented if: 1. The engine is correctly set up. 2. Diligent maintenance is applied to combat the detonation causes. 51115 Damaged Piston Resulting from Detonation 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-5 GENERAL INFORMATION Following Complete Submersion Submerged While Running (Special Instructions) When an engine is submerged while running, the possibility of internal engine damage is greatly increased. If, after engine is recovered and with spark plugs removed, engine fails to turn over freely when turning flywheel, the possibility of internal damage (bent connecting rod and/or bent crankshaft) exists. If this is the case, the powerhead must be disassembled. Salt Water Submersion (Special Instructions) Due to the corrosive effect of salt water on internal engine components, complete disassembly is necessary before any attempt is made to start the engine. Fresh Water Submersion (Special Instructions) 1. Recover engine as quickly as possible. 2. Remove cowling. 3. Flush exterior of outboard with fresh water to remove mud, weeds, etc. DO NOT attempt to start engine if sand has entered powerhead, as powerhead will be severely damaged. Disassemble powerhead if necessary to clean components. 4. Remove spark plugs and get as much water as possible out of powerhead. Most water can be eliminated by placing engine in a horizontal position (with spark plug holes down) and rotating flywheel. 5. Drain water from fuel system as follows: a. Disconnect remote fuel hose from engine. b. Loosen drain screw of vapor separator and drain fuel/water into a suitable container. Tighten drain screw after draining. WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. c. Release fuel pressure. Refer to Section 3C - Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High Pressure Fuel Line. Remove high-pressure fuel line from bottom of vapor separator fuel cooler and drain fuel/water into suitable container. Replace in-line fuel filter of high-pressure fuel line and reconnect fuel line to connection on fuel cooler. d. Remove fuel distribution manifold and empty contents into suitable container. Inspect and clean fuel injectors. Reinstall fuel injectors/fuel distribution manifold. e. Empty contents of water separating fuel filter into suitable container. 6. Change engine oil and filter as outlined in Section 1B - Changing Engine Oil. Run outboard for short time and check for presence of water in oil. If water is present (milky appearance) drain and refill as previously mentioned. 7. Pour alcohol into engine through throttle body (alcohol will absorb water). Again rotate flywheel. 8. Turn engine over and pour alcohol into spark plug openings and rotate flywheel. 9. Turn engine over (place spark plug openings down) and pour engine oil into intake manifold plug holes (plugs removed) while rotating flywheel to distribute oil throughout crankcase. Page 1C-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION 10. Again turn engine over and pour approximately one teaspoon of engine oil into each spark plug opening. Again rotate flywheel to distribute oil in cylinders. 11. Remove and clean intake manifold assembly and fuel pump assembly. 12. Dry all wiring and electrical components using compressed air. 13. Disassemble the engine starter motor and dry the brush contacts, armature and other corrodible parts. 14. Reinstall spark plugs, intake manifold and fuel pump. 15. Attempt to start engine, using a fresh fuel source. If engine starts, it should be run for at least one hour to eliminate any water in engine. 16. If engine fails to start, determine cause (fuel, electrical or mechanical). Engine should be run within 2 hours after recovery of outboard from water, or serious internal damage may occur. If unable to start engine in this period, disassemble engine and clean all parts. Apply oil as soon as possible. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-7 GENERAL INFORMATION Page 1C-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Front View a b d i f 58858 c k l e g h j m a - Remote Control and Engine Harness Connection b - DDT Test Port c - Fuses – 3-20 Amp. , 1-15 Amp. d - Positive 12 Volt Battery Connection e - Fuel Connection f - Battery Cables g - Throttle and Shift Cables h - Remote Control Harness i - ECM j - Throttle Air By-Pass Hose k - Intake Manifold l - Engine Harness Connections to ECM m - 10 Pin SmartCraft Connection GENERAL INFORMATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-9 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Starboard View b c f g h j l m o 58982 k n a d e i a - High Pressure Fuel Line from VST b - Lifting Eye c - Fuel Distribution Manifold d - Engine Harness Connection to Remote Control Harness e - 10 Pin SmartCraft Connection f - Intake Manifold g - Throttle Air By-Pass Hose h - Idle Air Control (IAC) i - Fuel Injectors j - Shift Arm k - Shift Linkage l - Throttle Linkage m - Throttle Lever n - Throttle Cam o - Fuel Filter GENERAL INFORMATION Page 1C-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Port View k l m a b 58979 f e f f j h d i g c a - Starter Motor b - Negative Battery Connection c - Access Port, Water Pressure/ Temperature Sender Accessory d - Thermostat Housing e - Voltage Regulator f - Ignition Coils g - Oil Dip Stick h - Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sender i - Oil Filter j - Oil Pressure Port k - Vapor Separator Tank (VST) l - Fuel Cooler m - Schrader Test Valve GENERAL INFORMATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-11 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Top View f a 58976 b c d e a - Cam Shaft Timing Gear b - Timing Belt c - Crank Position Sensor d - Flywheel e - Remote Control and Engine Harness Connection f - 10 Pin SmartCraft Connection GENERAL INFORMATION Page 1C-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Model 50/60 EFI (4-Stroke) Powerhead Aft View b c e f g 58974 a h d a - Lifting Eye b - Valve Cover c - Crankcase Breather Hose d - Oil Fill Plug e - Fuel Pump (Water Cooled) f - Main Power Relay g - Trim Down Relay h - Trim Up Relay GENERAL INFORMATION Propeller Selection For in-depth information on marine propellers and boat performance - written by marine engineers - see your Authorized Dealer for the illustrated “What You Should Know About Quicksilver Propellers and Boat Performance Information” (Part No. 90-86144). For best all around performance from your outboard/boat combination, select a propeller that allows the engine to operate in the upper half of the recommended full throttle rpm range with the boat normally loaded (refer to Specifications). This rpm range allows for better acceleration while maintaining maximum boat speed. If changing conditions cause the rpm to drop below the recommended range (such as warmer, more humid weather, operation at higher elevations, increased boat load or a dirty boat bottom/gear case) a propeller change or cleaning may be required to maintain performance and ensure the outboard’s durability. Check full-throttle rpm using an accurate tachometer with the engine trimmed out to a balanced- steering condition (steering effort equal in both directions) without causing the propeller to “break loose”. Refer to “Quicksilver Accessory Guide” for a complete list of available propellers. 1. Select a propeller that will allow the engine to operate at or near the top of the recommended full throttle rpm range (listed in “Specifications,” preceding) with a normal load. Maximum engine speed (rpm) for propeller selection exists when boat speed is maximum and trim is minimum for that speed. (High rpm, caused by an excessive trim angle, should not be used in determining correct propeller.) Normally, there is a 150-350 rpm change between propeller pitches. 2. If full throttle operation is below the recommended range, the propeller MUST BE changed to one with a lower pitch to prevent loss of performance and possible engine damage. 3. After initial propeller installation, the following common conditions may require that the propeller be changed to a lower pitch: a. Warmer weather and great humidity will cause an rpm loss. b. Operating in a higher elevation causes an rpm loss. c. Operating with a damaged propeller or a dirty boat bottom or gear housing will cause an rpm loss. d. Operation with an increased load (additional passengers, equipment, pulling skiers, etc.). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-13 GENERAL INFORMATION Propeller Removal/Installation 3-1/4 In. (83mm) Diameter Gear Case WARNING If the propeller shaft is rotated while the engine is in gear, there is the possibility that the engine will crank over and start. To prevent this type of accidental engine starting and possible serious injury caused from being struck by a rotating propeller, always shift outboard to neutral position and remove spark plug leads when you are servicing the propeller. 1. Shift outboard to neutral (N) position. 2. Remove the spark plug leads to prevent engine from starting. a 3. Straighten the bent tabs (a) on the propeller nut retainer. 4. Place a block of wood between gear case and propeller to hold propeller and remove propeller nut. Pull propeller straight off shaft. 5. Coat the propeller shaft with Quicksilver or Mercury Precision Lubricants Anti-Corrosion Grease or 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon. IMPORTANT: To prevent the propeller hub from corroding and seizing to the propeller shaft, especially in salt water, always apply a coat of the recommended lubricant to the entire propeller shaft at the recommended maintenance intervals and also each time the propeller is removed. a b c d a bc def Flo-Torque I Drive Hub Propellers Flo-Torque II Drive Hub Propellers 6. Flo-Torque I Drive Hub Propellers – Install forward thrust hub (a), propeller (b), propeller nut retainer (c) and propeller nut (d) onto the shaft. 7. Flo-Torque II Drive Hub Propellers – Install forward thrust hub (a), propeller (b), replaceable drive sleeve (c), rear thrust hub (d), propeller nut retainer (e) and propeller nut (f) onto the shaft. 8. Place propeller nut retainer over pins. Place a block of wood between gear case and propeller and tighten propeller nut to 55 lb. ft. (75 N·m), aligning flat sides of the propeller nut with tabs on the propeller nut retainer. 9. Secure propeller nut by bending tabs up and against the flats on the propeller nut. 10. Reinstall spark plug leads. Page 1C-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION 4-1/4 In. (108mm) Diameter Gear Case WARNING If the propeller shaft is rotated while the engine is in gear, there is the possibility that the engine will crank over and start. To prevent this type of accidental engine starting and possible serious injury caused from being struck by a rotating propeller, always shift outboard to neutral position and remove spark plug leads when you are servicing the propeller. 1. Shift outboard to neutral (N) position. 2. Remove the spark plug leads to prevent engine from starting. a 3. Straighten the bent tabs (a) on the propeller nut retainer. 4. Place a block of wood between gear case and propeller to hold propeller and remove propeller nut. Pull propeller straight off shaft. 5. Coat the propeller shaft with Quicksilver or Mercury Precision Lubricants Anti-Corrosion Grease or 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon. IMPORTANT: To prevent the propeller hub from corroding and seizing to the propeller shaft, especially in salt water, always apply a coat of the recommended lubricant to the entire propeller shaft at the recommended maintenance intervals, and also each time the propeller is removed. a b ab c d e f c d e f Flo-Torque I Drive Hub Propellers Flo-Torque II Drive Hub Propellers 6. Flo-Torq I Drive Hub Propellers – Install thrust washer (a), propeller (b), continuity washer (c), thrust hub (d), propeller nut retainer (e), and propeller nut (f) onto the shaft. 7. Flo-Torq II Drive Hub Propellers – Install forward thrust hub (a), replaceable drive sleeve (b), propeller (c), thrust hub (d), propeller nut retainer (e) and propeller nut (f) onto the shaft. 8. Place a block of wood between gear case and propeller and torque propeller nut to 55 lb. ft. (75 N·m). 9. Secure propeller nut by bending three of the tabs into the thrust hub grooves. 10. Reinstall spark plug leads. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-15 GENERAL INFORMATION Power Trim System General Information The power trim system is filled at the manufacturer and is ready for use. Trim outboard through entire trim and tilt range several times to remove any air from the system. The trim system is pressurized and is not externally vented. Power Trim Operation With most boats, operating around the middle of the “trim” range will give satisfactory results. However, to take full advantage of the trimming capability there may be times when you choose to trim your outboard all the way in or out. Along with an improvement in some performance aspects comes a greater responsibility for the operator, and this is being aware of some potential control hazards. The most significant control hazard is a pull or “torque” that can be felt on the steering wheel or tiller handle. This steering torque results from the outboard being trimmed so that the propeller shaft is not parallel to the water surface. WARNING Avoid possible serious injury or death. When the outboard is trimmed in or out beyond a neutral steering condition, a pull on the steering wheel or tiller handle in either direction may result. Failure to keep a continuous firm grip on the steering wheel or tiller handle when this condition exists can result in loss of boat control as the outboard can turn freely. The boat can now “spin out” or go into a very tight maximum turn which, if unexpected, can result in occupants being thrown within the boat or out of the boat. Consider the following lists carefully: TRIMMING IN OR DOWN CAN: 1. Lower the bow. 2. Result in quicker planing off, especially with a heavy load or a stern heavy boat. 3. Generally improve the ride in choppy water. 4. Increase steering torque or pull to the right (with the normal right hand rotation propeller). 5. In excess, lower the bow of some boats to a point where they begin to plow with their bow in the water while on plane. This can result in an unexpected turn in either direction called “bow steering” or “over steering” if any turn is attempted or if a significant wave is encountered. WARNING Avoid possible serious injury or death. Adjust outboard to an intermediate trim position as soon as boat is on plane to avoid possible ejection due to boat spin-out. Do not attempt to turn boat when on plane if outboard is trimmed extremely in or down and there is a pull on the steering wheel or tiller handle. TRIMMING OUT OR UP CAN: 1. Lift the bow higher out of the water. 2. Generally increase top speed. 3. Increase clearance over submerged objects or a shallow bottom. Page 1C-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION 4. Increase steering torque or pull to the left at a normal installation height (with the normal right hand rotation propeller). 5. In excess, cause boat “porpoising” (bouncing) or propeller ventilation. 6. Cause engine overheating if any water intake holes are above the water line. Trim “In” Angle Adjustment Some outboard boats, particularly some bass boats, are built with a greater than normal transom angle which will allow the outboard to be trimmed further “in” or “under”. This greater trim “under” capability is desirable to improve acceleration, reduce the angle and time spent in a bow high boat during planing off, and in some cases, may be necessary to plane off a boat with aft live wells, given the variety of available propellers and height range of engine installations. However, once on plane, the engine should be trimmed to a more intermediate position to a avoid a bow-down planing condition called “plowing”. Plowing can cause “bow steering” or “over steering” and inefficiently consumes horsepower. In this condition, if attempting a turn or encountering a diagonal, moderate wake, a more abrupt turn than intended may result. In rare circumstances, the owner may decide to limit the trim in. This can be accomplished by repositioning the tilt stop pins into whatever adjustment holes in the transom brackets is desired. WARNING Avoid possible serious injury or death. Adjust outboard to an intermediate trim position as soon as boat is on plane to avoid possible ejection due to boat spin-out. Do not attempt to turn boat when on plane if outboard is trimmed extremely in or down and there is a pull on the steering wheel or tiller handle. If an adjustment is required, purchase a stainless steel tilt pin (P/N 17-49930A1) and insert it through whatever pin hole is desired. The non-stainless steel shipping bolt should not be used in this application other than on a temporary basis. a a-Optional Tilt Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-17 GENERAL INFORMATION Trim Tab Adjustment Propeller steering torque will cause your boat to pull in one direction. This steering torque is a normal thing that results from your outboard not being trimmed so the propeller shaft is parallel to the water surface. The trim tab can help to compensate for this steering torque in many cases and can be adjusted within limits to reduce any unequal steering effort. NOTE:Trim tab adjustment will have little effect reducing steering torque if the outboard is installed with the anti-ventilation plate approximately 2 inches (50mm) or more above the boat bottom. Operate your boat at normal cruising speed, trimmed to desired position. Turn your boat left and right and note the direction the boat turns more easily. If adjustment is necessary, loosen trim tab bolt and make small adjustments at a time. If the boat turns more easily to the left, move the trailing edge of trim tab to the left. If the boat turns more easily to the right move the trailing edge of trim tab to the right. Retighten bolt and retest. a a-Trim Tab Page 1C-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-19 Compression Check CAUTION Compression/Cylinder Leakage Tests Must be performed with the ignition/injection system disabled. To do this, the lanyard stop switch MUST BE placed to the “OFF” position. IMPORTANT: Compression check should be done with throttle in WOT position. 1. Check valve clearance (refer to “Valve Clearance Adjustment” in section 4A), adjust if out of specification. 2. Warm up the engine. Remove all spark plugs. 3. Lubricate threads in cylinder head and on compression gauge. Install compression gauge in spark plug hole. 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 a P/N EEPV303A / MT26-18 b a - Compression Gauge (EEPV303A - Snap-on) b - Adaptor (MT26-18 - Snap-on) 4. Hold throttle plate at W.O.T. and crank the engine over until the compression reading peaks on the gauge. Record the reading. 5. Check and record compression of each cylinder. The highest and lowest reading recorded should not differ by more than 15% (see example chart below). A reading below 120 psi might indicate a total engine wear problem. Compression Pressure (Minimum) 135 psi (950 Kpa, 9.5 kg/cm2) Example of compression test differences: Maximum (psi) Minimum (psi) 180 162 150 127.5 6. Remove compression gauge. Install spark plugs. NOTE: Compression check is important because an engine with low or uneven compression cannot be tuned successfully to give peak performance. It is essential, therefore, that improper compression be corrected before proceeding with an engine tuneup. GENERAL INFORMATION Cylinder Leakage Testing CAUTION Compression/Cylinder Leakage Tests Must be performed with the ignition/injection system disabled. To do this, the lanyard stop switch MUST BE placed to the “OFF” position. NOTE:Cylinder leakage testing*, along with compression testing, can help the mechanic pinpoint the source of a mechanical failure by gauging the amount of leakage in an engine cylinder. Refer to the manufactures tester instructions for proper testing procedures. * Courtesy of Snap-On-Tools Cylinder Leakage Tester (Snap-On-Tools EEPV309A) NOTE: Spark plug hole is a 12 mm diameter. Use Snap-On Tool MT26-18 adapter with valve core removed. Analysis Due to standard engine tolerances and engine wear, no cylinder will maintain a 0% of leakage. It is important only that cylinders have somewhat consistent reading between them. Differences of 15 to 30% indicate excessive leakage. Larger engines tend to have a larger percentage of cylinder leakage than smaller engines. If excessive leakage is present, first check that the piston is at top dead center of it’s compression stroke. Leakage will naturally occur if the exhaust or intake valve is open. To determine the cause of high percentage leaks, you must locate where the air is escaping from. Listen for air escaping through the intake manifold, adjacent spark plug holes, exhaust pipe, crankcase fill plug. Use the following table to aid in locating the source of cylinder leakage: Air Escaping From: Indicates Possible Defective: Intake Manifold Intake Valve Exhaust System Exhaust Valve Crankcase Fill Plug Piston or Rings Cylinder Head Gasket Page 1C-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION Water Pressure Measurement 1. Warm up engine. 2. Remove plug. 3. Attach hose fitting and water pressure gauge to cylinder block. NOTE:Water pressure measurements should be done on a warm engine with thermostat operating 140°F (60°C). Pump Pressure (psi)91-79250A2 22-89772 a Water Pump Pressure 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 012345 rpm x 1000 a-Plug 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-21 GENERAL INFORMATION Painting Procedures Cleaning & Painting Aluminum Propellers & Gear Housings WARNING Avoid serious injury from flying debris. Avoid serious injury from airborne particles. Use eye and breathing protection with proper ventilation. PROPELLERS 1. Sand the entire area to be painted with 3M 120 Regalite Polycut or coarse Scotch-Brite, disc or belts. 2. Feather edges of all broken paint edges. Try not to sand through the primer. 3. Clean the surface to be painted using PPG Industries DX330 Wax and Grease Remover or equivalent (Xylene or M.E.K.). 4. If bare metal has been exposed, use Quicksilver’s Light Gray Primer. 5. Allow a minimum of 1 hour dry time and no more than 1 week before applying the finish coat. 6. Apply the finish coat using Quicksilver’s EDP Propeller Black. GEAR HOUSINGS The following procedures should be used in refinishing gear housings. This procedure will provide the most durable paint system available in the field. The materials recommended are of high quality and approximate marine requirements. The following procedure will provide a repaint job that compares with a properly applied factory paint finish. It is recommended that the listed materials be purchased from a local Ditzler Automotive Finish Supply Outlet. The minimum package quantity of each material shown following is sufficient to refinish several gear housings. Procedure: 1. Wash gear housing with a muriatic acid base cleaner to remove any type of marine growth, and rinse with water, if necessary. 2. Wash gear housing with soap and water, then rinse. 3. Sand blistered area with 3M 180 grit sandpaper or P180 Gold Film Disc to remove paint blisters only. Feather edge all broken paint edges. 4. Clean gear housing thoroughly with (DX-330) wax and grease remover. 5. Spot repair surfaces where bare metal is exposed with (DX-503) alodine treatment. IMPORTANT: Do not use any type of aerosol spray paints as the paint will not properly adhere to the surface nor will the coating be sufficiently thick to resist future paint blistering. 6. Mix epoxy chromate primer (DP-40) with equal part catalyst (DP-401) per manufacturers instructions, allowing proper induction period for permeation of the epoxy primer and catalyst. 7. Allow a minimum of one hour drying time and no more than one week before top coating assemblies. 8. Use Ditzler Urethane DU9000 for Mercury Black, DU34334 for Mariner Grey, and DU35466 for Force Charcoal, and DU33414M for Sea Ray White. Catalyze all four colors with Ditzler DU5 catalyst mixed 1:1 ratio. Reduce with solvents per Ditzler label. Page 1C-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 GENERAL INFORMATION CAUTION Be sure to comply with instructions on the label for ventilation and respirators. Using a spray gun, apply one half to one mil even film thickness. Let dry, flash off for five minutes and apply another even coat of one half to one mil film thickness. This urethane paint will dry to the touch in a matter of hours, but will remain sensitive to scratches and abrasions for a few days. 9. The type of spray gun used will determine the proper reduction ratio of the paint. IMPORTANT: Do not paint sacrificial zinc trim tab or zinc anode. 10. Cut out a cardboard “plug” for trim tab pocket to keep paint off of mating surface to maintain good continuity circuitry between trim tab and gear housing. Decal Removal/Application Removal 1. Mark decal location before removal to assure proper alignment of new decal. 2. Carefully soften decal and decal adhesive with a heat gun or heat blower while removing old decal. 3. Clean decal contact area with a 1:1 mixture of isopropyl alcohol and water. 4. Thoroughly dry decal contact area and check for a completely cleaned surface. Instructions for “Wet” Application NOTE: The following decal installation instructions are provided for a “Wet” installation. All decals should be applied wet. TOOLS REQUIRED 1. Plastic Squeegee* 2. Stick Pin 3. Dish Washing Liquid/Detergent without ammonia.** * Automotive Body Filler Squeegee ** Do not use a soap that contains petroleum based solvents. SERVICE TIP: Placement of decals using the “Wet” application will allow time to position decal. Read entire installation instructions on this technique before proceeding. TEMPERATURE IMPORTANT: Installation of vinyl decals should not be attempted while in direct sunlight. Air and surface temperature should be between 60°F (15°C) and 100°F (38°C) for best application. SURFACE PREPARATION IMPORTANT: Do not use a soap or any petroleum based solvents to clean application surface. Clean entire application surface with mild dish washing liquid and water. Rinse surface thoroughly with clean water. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1C-23 GENERAL INFORMATION DECAL APPLICATION 1. Mix 1/2 ounce (16 ml) of dish washing liquid in one gallon (4 l) of cool water to use as wetting solution. NOTE:Leave protective masking, if present, on the face of decal until final steps of decal installation. This will ensure that the vinyl decal keeps it’s shape during installation. 2. Place the decal face down on a clean work surface and remove the paper backing from “adhesive side” of decal. 3. Using a spray bottle, flood the entire “adhesive side” of the decal with the pre-mixed wetting solution. 4. Flood area where the decal will be positioned with wetting solution. 5. Position pre-wetted decal on wetted surface and slide into position. 6. Starting at the center of the decal, “lightly” squeegee out the air bubbles and wetting solution with overlapping strokes to the outer edge of the decal. Continue going over the decal surface until all wrinkles are gone and adhesive bonds to the cowl surface. 7. Wipe decal surface with soft paper towel or cloth. 8. Wait 10 - 15 minutes. 9. Starting at one corner, “carefully and slowly” pull the masking off the decal surface at a 180° angle. NOTE: To remove any remaining bubbles, pierce the decal at one end of the bubble with stick pin and press out the entrapped air or wetting solution with your thumb (moving toward the puncture). Page 1C-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION IMPORTANT INFORMATION Section 1D - Outboard Motor Installation Table of Contents 1 D Electric Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-1 Wiring Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-7 Boat Horsepower Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-1 Battery Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-8 Start in Gear Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-2 Shift and Throttle Cable Installation . . . . . . . . 1D-9 Selecting Accessories For The Outboard . . . 1D-2 Trim-In Stop AdjustmentInstallation Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-2 Power Trim Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-13 Lifting Outboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-3 Trim Tab Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-13 Steering Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-3 Wiring for SmartCraft Gauges (EFI Models) . 1D-14 Steering Cable Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-4 Typical SmartCraft InstallationSteering Link Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-4 Configurations (EFI Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-15 Installing Outboard Instrument/Lanyard Stop SwitchThumb Screw Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-5 Wiring Diagram (Dual Outboard) . . . . . . . . . 1D-16 Non Thumb Screw Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1D-6 Electric Fuel Pump If an electric fuel pump is used, the fuel pressure must not exceed 4 psi at the engine. If necessary, install a pressure regulator to regulate the pressure. Boat Horsepower Capacity U.S. COAST GUARD CAPACITY MAXIMUM HORSEPOWER XXX MAXIMUM PERSON CAPACITY (POUNDS) XXX MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY XXX Do not overpower or overload the boat. Most boats will carry a required capacity plate indicating the maximum acceptable power and load as determined by the manufacturer following certain federal guidelines. If in doubt, contact your dealer or the boat manufacturer. WARNING Using an outboard that exceeds the maximum horsepower limit of a boat can: 1. Cause loss of boat control 2. Place too much weight at the transom, altering the designed flotation characteristics of the boat or, 3. Cause the boat to break apart, particularly around the transom area. Overpowering a boat can result in serious injury, death, or boat damage. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-1 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Start in Gear Protection The remote control connected to the outboard must be equipped with a start-in-gear protection device. This prevents the engine from starting in gear. WARNING Avoid serious injury or death from a sudden unexpected acceleration when starting your engine. The design of this outboard requires that the remote control used with it must have a built in start-in-gear protection device. Selecting Accessories For The Outboard Genuine Quicksilver Parts and Accessories have been specifically designed and tested for this outboard. Some accessories not manufactured or sold by Quicksilver are not designed to be safely used with this outboard or outboard operating system. Acquire and read the Installation, Operation, and Maintenance manuals for all selected accessories. Installation Specifications a b a Transom Opening “A” (Minimum) Single Engine (Remote) 19 in. (483 mm) Single Engine (Tiller) 30 in. (762 mm) Dual Engines 40 in. (1016 mm) Engine Center Line For Dual Engines “B” (Minimum) 26 in. (660mm) Page 1D-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-3 Lifting Outboard Use lifting eye on engine. Steering Cable STARBOARD SIDE ROUTED CABLE 1. Lubricate the entire cable end. 95 95 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon 2. Insert steering cable into tilt tube. 3. Torque nut to 35 lb. ft. (47.5 Nm). OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Steering Cable Seal 1. Mark tilt tube 1/4 in. (6.4 mm) from end. Install seal components. 2. Thread cap to the mark. 1/4 in. (6.4mm) b da c a-1/4 in. (6.4 mm) Mark b-Plastic Spacer c-O-Ring Seal d-Cap Steering Link Rod 1. Install steering link rod per illustration. a b c d e f a-Special Bolt (10-823919) Torque to 20 lb. ft. (27.1 N·m) b-Nylon Insert Locknut (11-826709113) Torque to 20 lb. ft. (27.1 N·m) c-Spacer (12-71970) d-Flat Washer (2) e-Nylon Insert Locknut (11-826709113) Tighten Locknut Until it Seats, Then Back Nut Off 1/4 Turn f-Use Middle Hole – Steer Outboard to the Side to Gain Hole Access IMPORTANT: The steering link rod that connects the steering cable to the engine must be fastened using special bolt (“a” - Part Number 10-823919) and self locking nuts (“b” & “e” - Part Number 11-826709113). These locknuts must never be replaced with common nuts (non locking) as they will work loose and vibrate off, freeing the link rod to disengage. WARNING Disengagement of a steering link rod can result in the boat taking a full, sudden, sharp turn. This potentially violent action can cause occupants to be thrown overboard exposing them to serious injury or death. Page 1D-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Installing Outboard – Thumb Screw Models WARNING Outboard must be fastened to boat transom one of two ways: 1. permanently fastened to transom with thumb screws, and mounting bolts (provided), or 2. secured to the transom using the optional outboard mounting kit (shown below). Should the outboard strike an underwater object or be steered into a sharp turn, failure to fasten outboard correctly to the boat transom with mounting bolts or optional mounting kit could result in outboard ejecting suddenly off boat transom causing serious injury, death, boat damage, or loss of outboard. IMPORTANT: Optional outboard mounting kits shown, must be used if outboard will not be permanently fastened to the transom with mounting bolts. a a-Outboard Mounting Kit Part No. 812432A4 1. Center outboard on the transom. Install the outboard so that the anti-ventilation plate is in line or within 1 in. (25 mm) below the bottom of the boat. 0 - 1 in. (0 - 25mm) a a-Anti-Ventilation Plate 2. Fasten outboard with provided mounting hardware shown. ab c d e a-1/2 in. Diameter Bolts (2) d-Marine Sealer - Apply to Shanks of b-Flat Washers Bolts, Not Threads c-Locknuts e-Thumb Screws - Tighten Securely 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-5 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Installing Outboard – Non Thumb Screw Models 1. Attach (tape) engine mounting template to boat transom. 2. Mark and drill four 17/32 in. (13.5mm) mounting holes. 3. Install the outboard so that the anti-ventilation plate is in-line or within 1 in. (25 mm) below the bottom of the boat. 0 - 1 in. (0 - 25mm) a a-Anti-Ventilation Plate 4. Fasten outboard with provided mounting hardware shown. a b c d c b a d a-1/2 in. Diameter Bolts (2) b-Flat Washers c-Locknuts d-Marine Sealer - Apply to Shanks of Bolts, Not Threads Page 1D-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-7 Wiring Harness IMPORTANT: Warning Horn Requirement – The remote control or key switch assembly must be wired with a warning horn. This warning horn is used with the engine warning system. 1. Route wiring harness into bottom cowl. a a - Wiring Harness 2. Connect wiring. Push the wiring harness connectors together inside the rubber sleeve. Push the retainer over the exposed ends of the connectors. This will hold the connectors together. BLU/WHT GRN/WHT BRN/WHT BLU/WHT GRN/WHT TAN c b a a- Power Trim Connections b- Rubber Sleeve – Place Harness Connectors Inside c- Retainer – Push Over Connector Ends OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Page 1D-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Battery Cable Connections SINGLE OUTBOARD (+) (–) a b c a- Red Sleeve (Positive) b- Black Sleeve (Negative) c- Starting Battery DUAL OUTBOARDS Connect a common ground cable (wire size same as engine battery cables) between negative (–) terminals on starting batteries. (–) (–) d d- Ground Cable (Same Wire Size As Engine Battery Cable) – Connect Between Negative (–) Terminals OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-9 Shift and Throttle Cable Installation Install cables into the remote control following the instructions provided with the remote control. NOTE: Install the shift cable to the engine first. The shift cable is the first cable to move when the remote control handle is moved out of neutral. Shift Cable Installation 1. Position remote control into neutral. 2. Remove access cover from side of bottom cowl. N a a - Access Cover 3. Shift outboard into neutral. 4. Measure the distance (a) between pin and center of lower hole. a b c a- Distance Between Pin And Center of Lower Hole b- Pin c- Lower Hole 5. Fit shift cable through rubber grommet. OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION 6. Push in on the cable end until resistance is felt. 7. While pushing in on the cable end, adjust the cable barrel (b) to attain the measured distance (a) taken in Step 3. a b a-Adjust Cable Barrel To Attain The Measured Distance Taken In Step 3 b-Cable Barrel 8. Place cable barrel into the barrel holder. Fasten cable with retainer. b a a-Place Barrel Into Barrel Holder b-Retainer 9. Check shift cable adjustments as follows: a. Shift remote control into forward. The propeller shaft should be locked in gear. If not, adjust the barrel closer to the cable end. b. Shift remote control into neutral. The propeller shaft should turn freely without drag. If not, adjust the barrel away from the cable end. Repeat steps a and b. c. Shift remote control into reverse while turning propeller. The propeller shaft should be locked in gear. If not, adjust the barrel away from the cable end. Repeat steps a thru c. d. Shift remote control back to neutral. The propeller shaft should turn freely without drag. If not, adjust the barrel closer to the cable end. Repeat steps a thru d. Page 1D-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-11 Throttle Cable Installation 1. Position remote control into neutral. N 2. Fit throttle cable through rubber grommet. 3. Install throttle cable with retainer pin. Lock retainer pin in place. 4. Place throttle cable onto the throttle lever pin. Lock in place with retainer. a b a - Throttle Cable b - Retainer OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Page 1D-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 5. Adjust cable barrel until the center of the roller lines up with the alignment mark on the cam. a b c a - Cable Barrel b - Alignment Mark c - Roller 6. Fasten control cables with the cable latch. 7. Install the access cover. OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Trim-In Stop Adjustment – Power Trim Models If an adjustment is required, purchase a stainless steel tilt pin (P/N 17-49930A1) and insert it through whatever pin hole is desired. The non-stainless steel shipping bolt should not be used in this application other than on a temporary basis. aa a-Tilt Pin Trim Tab Adjustment The trim tab can be adjusted within limits to help compensate for steering torque. Adjust trim tab as follows: 1. If boat tends to pull to the right, move the rear edge of the trim tab to the right. 2. If boat tends to pull to the left, move the rear edge of the trim tab to the left. NOTE:Trim tab adjustment will have little effect reducing steering torque if the anti-ventilation plate is raised 2 inches (50mm) or more above the boat bottom. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-13 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Page 1D-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Wiring for SmartCraft Gauges – EFI Models SmartCraft Wiring Harness Connection to the Engine 1. Cutout the harness opening in the front rubber grommet. 2. Route the SmartCraft wiring harness into the bottom cowl and connect as shown. b c a a - Front Rubber Grommet - Cutout Harness Opening b - SmartCraft Harness c - Connection for SmartCraft Harness OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Typical SmartCraft Installation Configurations – EFI Models Single Engine Applications System System Monitor Tachometer Engine System Link Gauge Connection Wiring Harness SC1000 2RSL (20, 30 ft.) Dual Engine Applications System System Monitor Tachometer Engine Engine Wiring Harness SC1000 2RSL (20, 30 ft.) Wiring Harness SC1000 2RSL (20, 30 ft.) System Monitor System Tachometer System Link Gauge Connection System Link Gauge Connection 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-15 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION Instrument/Lanyard Stop Switch Wiring Diagram (Dual Outboard) BLK = BLU = BRN = GRY = GRN = ORN = PNK = PUR = RED = TAN = WHT = YEL = LIT = DRK = a-Ignition/Choke Switch f-Trim Indicator Gauge b-Lanyard Stop Switch g-Temperature Gauge c-Lead Not Used on Outboard Installations h-Remote Control d-Retainer i-Synchronizer Gauge e-Tachometer j-Synchronizer Box BATT GND SENDER 52716 Black Blue Brown Gray Green Orange Pink Purple Red Tan White Yellow Light Dark g d k d e l c b d f a o h n n PORT INSTALLATION Page 1D-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLATION IMPORTANT: On installations where gauge options will not be used, tape back and isolate any unused wiring harness leads. BATT GND SENDER STARBOARD INSTALLATION j i a g m f e o k-Lanyard/Diode l-“Y” Harness m-Power Trim Harness Connector 52654 n-Connect Wires Together with Screw and Hex Nut (4 Places);Apply Quicksilver Liquid Neoprene to Connections and Slide Rubber Sleeve over Each Connection. o-Lead to Visual Warning Kit 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 1D-17 IGNITION ELECTRICAL Section 2A - Ignition Table of Contents 2 A Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-2 Ignition Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-8 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-3 Ignition Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-8 Ignition Coil Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-4 Testing Ignition Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-9 Ignition Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-6 Resistance Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-9 Ignition Component Description . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-6 High Tension Lead Removal/Installation . 2A-9 Ignition Coils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-6 High Tension Lead Resistance . . . . . . . . . 2A-10 Ignition Test Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-7 Ignition Coil Removal and Installation . . . . . . 2A-11 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-1 IGNITION Specifications Type Capacitor Discharge Ignition Spark Plug: Type Champion RA8HC Gap 0.040 in. (1.0 mm) Hex Size 5/8 in. (16 mm) Torque 150 lb-in. (17 Nm) Hole Size 12 mm Firing Order 1-2-3 Ignition Timing: @Idle Controlled by ECM @1800-2000 17° B.T.D.C @ WOT (6000 rpm) 28° B.T.D.C Stator Resistance 0.20 - 0.30 W (YEL-YEL) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Resistance 300 - 350 W (RED - WHT) Ignition Coil Resistance: Internal Shielding 0 - 10.0 KW (Pin A - Mounting Bracket) Electronic Spark Trigger (EST) 8.5 - 12KW (Pin B - Pin C) IGNITION Secondary High Tension Lead/Boot 3.0 - 7.0 kW (Pin A - Coil Tower) SYSTEM Readings taken @ Resistance ECM Engine Speed Limiter 0.600 - 1.100 KW 68°F (20°C). Fuel/Spark Cut-out on Cylinder #2 6225 rpmFuel/Spark Cut-out on All Cylinders 6350 rpmECM Overheat Speed Control Guardian System is activated. Power limit will vary with level of overheat. ECM Low Oil Pressure Speed Control Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 10% of maximum (Approximately 2000 RPM) MAT/ECT Temperature Sensor See Graph Section 3B - EFI Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Resistance See Table Section 3B - EFI Fuel Injector Resistance 10.0 - 13.5W Main Power Relay 81-99 W (Pin 85 - Pin 86) Idle Air Control (IAC) 24-30 W (Between Pins) Throttle Position Sensor Typical Range Output Voltage @Idle 0.39-1.00 Volts Output Voltage @WOT (6000) 3.66-4.80 Volts IMPORTANT: Use resistive spark plugs only. Page 2A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION Special Tools 1. DMT 2000 Digital Tachometer Multi-meter P/N 91-854009A1 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-3 IGNITION IGNITION COIL MOUNTING 13 1 151611 17 1418 19 3 5 4 6 10 11 12 6 9 8 7 10 2 Liquid Neoprene 25 66 66 25 Loctite 242 Page 2A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION IGNITION COIL MOUNTING REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 COIL PLATE 2 3 IGNITION COIL 3 3 HIGH TENSION CABLE 4 6 SPACER 5 6 NUT 30 3.4 6 3 TRIM RELAY 7 3 BRACKET 8 3 GROMMET 9 3 BUSHING 10 3 SCREW (M6 X 25) 60 6.8 11 2 J CLIP 12 1 TRIM HARNESS 13 3 BUSHING 14 3 GROMMET 15 1 CABLE 16 1 WASHER 17 1 SCREW (M6 X 10) 45 5.1 18 3 SCREW (M6 X 30) 75 8.5 19 3 WASHER 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-5 IGNITION Ignition Description When the ignition key switch is turned to the “RUN” position battery voltage is applied to both the Electronic Control Module (ECM) through the purple wire, and the main power relay through the red/purple wire. As the ECM receives the “RUN” signal it internally completes the ground circuit of the main relay for a period of two seconds, energizing the ignition/injection systems for start-up. As the engine is cranked with the starter motor, the ECM receives the run signal from the Crank Position Sensor (CPS) and completes the ground circuit to the main relay for engine operation. With the main relay closed (completed circuit) D.C. current from the battery/charging system is transferred through the 20 ampere main relay fuse to the positive terminal of all ignition coil primary windings. The negative terminals of the ignition coil primaries are connected to the engine ground through the coils internal driver, which is triggered by the ECM. With the coil drivers closed, an electric magnetic field is allowed to build up within the ignition coil. As the flywheel rotates, the CPS senses the location of the 54 teeth on the flywheel and supplies the trigger signal information to the ECM. The ECM utilizes the CPS information and determines when to remove the trigger signal from the coil driver of each ignition coil. The coil driver then opens the coil primary ground circuit which allows it’s magnetic field to rapidly collapse across the coil secondary winding which induces a high voltage charge (50,000 volts) that fires the spark plug. Ignition Component Description Ignition Coils (EST) The negative terminals of the ignition coil primaries are connected to the engine ground through the coils internal driver, which is triggered by the ECM. With the coil drivers closed, an electric magnetic field is allowed to build up within the ignition coil. As the flywheel rotates, the CPS senses the location of the 54 teeth on the flywheel and supplies the trigger signal information to the ECM. The ECM utilizes the CPS information and determines when to remove the trigger signal from the coil driver of each ignition coil. The coil driver then opens the coil primary ground circuit which allows it’s magnetic field to rapidly collapse across the coil secondary winding which induces a high voltage charge (50,000 volts) that fires the spark plug. Page 2A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION Ignition Test Procedures WARNING DANGER – HIGH VOLTAGE/SHOCK HAZARD! Do not touch ignition components and/or metal test probes while engine is running and/or being “cranked”. STAY CLEAR OF SPARK PLUG LEADS. To assure personal safety, each individual spark plug lead should be grounded to engine. WARNING When testing or servicing the ignition system, high voltage is present. DO NOT TOUCH OR DISCONNECT any ignition parts while engine is running, while key switch is on or while battery cables are connected. CAUTION Failure to comply with the following items may result in damage to the ignition system. 1. DO NOT reverse battery cable connections. The battery negative cable is (–) ground. 2. DO NOT “spark” battery terminals with battery cable connections to check polarity. 3. DO NOT disconnect battery cables while engine is running. 4. DO NOT crank engine with Ignition Coils/Coil Mounting Plate not grounded. CAUTION To protect against meter and/or component damage, observe the following precautions: • ALL COMPONENTS MUST BE GROUNDED during tests. Running or “cranking” engine with Ignition Coils/Coil Mounting Plate ungrounded may damage components. IMPORTANT: The metal housing of the ECM is isolation mounted and MUST NOT be externally grounded. Should the housing become externally grounded, the engine will not run until the ground is removed and battery cables are momentarily disconnected from the battery to reset the ECM. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-7 IGNITION Ignition Troubleshooting Refer to Section 3B “Electronic Fuel Injection” -“Troubleshooting and Diagnostics” for complete system troubleshooting/diagnostics procedures. Ignition Diagnostic Procedures TROUBLESHOOTING TIP: With engine running, use inductive timing light to check spark advance of each cylinder as throttle is opened and closed. If timing advances and retards on each cylinder, ignition system is MOST LIKELY functioning properly. IMPORTANT: If outboard appears to have an ignition system failure, it is recommended that before beginning in-depth troubleshooting: a. Ensure that the engine is mechanically sound condition. (Fuel System, Cylinder Compression etc.). b. Check all engine ground leads for loose or corroded connections. c. Disconnect and reconnect ignition harness connectors to verify proper continuity. Page 2A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION Testing Ignition Coil Resistance Tests Readings may very slightly due to temperature changes. Readings listed taken at 68 ° F(20 ° C). NOTE:If using DMT 2000 turn the selector switch to . Allow the meter to auto-range. ELECTRONIC SPARK TRIGGER (EST) TO EST GROUND ABCD ab a-Red Meter Test Lead b-Black Meter Test Lead METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1KRX1K 8 5 12 0K 8.5 - 12.0KPIN B PIN C NOTE:Ohm readings may not be in range specified because of sensitivity of your multi-meter. Meter should show almost full continuity or near zero resistance condition. High Tension Lead Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Slightly twist high tension lead while removing. INSTALLATION 1. Push high tension lead on until it snaps in place. NOTE: High tension leads must be removed before testing. Leads contain 5k ohm resistor. a a-High Tension Lead 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-9 IGNITION High Tension Lead Resistance a b a-Coil End b-Spark Plug End METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX100RX100 0 600 1 100K0.600 - -- 1.100KCOIL END PLUG END IGNITION COIL (SECONDARY) ABCD a b a-Pin A b-Coil Tower METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1KRX1K 30 703.0 - 7.0COIL TOWER PIN A Page 2A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2A-11 Ignition Coil Removal and Installation WARNING Avoid serious injury or death from fire or explosion caused by damaged spark plug boots. Damaged spark plug boots can emit sparks. Sparks can ignite fuel vapors under the engine cowl. To avoid damaging spark plug boots, do not use any sharp object or metal tool such as pliers, screwdriver, etc. to remove spark plug boots. 1. Disconnect spark plug leads from spark plugs. 2. Disconnect ignition coil harness connectors. 3. Remove ignition coil mounting screws. 4. Reverse steps for installation. 58980 c d a b a - Spark Plug Lead (3) b - Ignition Coil Harness Connector (3) c - Ignition Coil Mounting Nut (6) d - Ignition Coil (3) Ignition Coil Mounting Nut Torque 30 lb. in. (3.4 Nm) CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL Section 2B - Charging & Starting System Table of Contents 2 B Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-2 Flywheel Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-18 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-3 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-18 Flywheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-4 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-20 Electrical Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-6 Stator Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-21 Starter Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-10 Voltage Regulator/RectifierBattery Charging System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-11 Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-22 Description (20 Ampere) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-11 Starting System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-23 Wiring Diagram (20 Ampere) . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-11 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-23 Charging System Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-12 Troubleshooting the Starting Circuit . . . . . . . . 2B-23 Flywheel Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-12 Starter Solenoid Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-24 Stator Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-12 Starter Motor Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-27 Voltage Regulator/Rectifier Assembly . . . 2B-12 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-27 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-13 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-27 Battery Charging System Troubleshooting . . 2B-13 Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-29 Alternator System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-14 Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-30 Stator Resistance Test - 20 Amp. Stator . 2B-15 Brush Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-32 Suppression Diode Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-15 Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-33 Regulator/Rectifier (P/N 854514-1)Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-36 Diode Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-1 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Specifications CHARGING SYSTEM Readings taken @ 68°F (20°C). Alternator Type: 20 Amp. Electric Alternator Output Stator Resistance Quicksilver Tachometer Setting Single Phase (12 Pole) 12.6 V-20 Amps. (252 Watts) (Rectified/Regulated) 0.20 - 0.30 Ohms (YEL-YEL) “6P” or “4” STARTING SYSTEM Electric Start: Starter Type Output Ampere Draw Under: (Load) (No Load) Bendix 1.1 kW 174.0 Amps 23.7 Amps Battery Rating Minimum Requirement 465 Marine Cranking Amps (MCA) or 350 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) For operation below 32° F (0° C) 1000 Marine Cranking Amps (MCA) or BATTERY Ampere-Hours (Ah) Minimum 775 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) For operation above 32° F (0° C) 70 For operation below 32° F (0° C) 105 Page 2B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Special Tools 1. Flywheel Holder P/N 91-83163M 2. Flywheel Puller P/N 91-83164M 3. DMT 2000 Digital Tachometer Multi-meter P/N 91-854009A1 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-3 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 FLYWHEEL 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 4 7 8 10 9 2 13 12 11 6 1 5 3 110 15 16 14 17 18 19 20 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM FLYWHEEL REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 FLYWHEEL COVER 2 4 SCREW (M6 X 25) 75 8.5 3 1 DECAL - EPA INFORMATION (SEE NOTE) 4 1 FLYWHEEL 5 1 DRIVEN GEAR 6 1 DECAL - WARNING SPINNING FLYWHEEL 7 1 DECAL - TIMING MARKS 8 1 DECAL - WARNING-NEUTRAL 9 1 NUT 115 155.9 10 1 WASHER 11 3 SCREW (M5 X 30) 85 9.6 12 1 STATOR 13 1 LOAD RING 14 1 DRIVE GEAR 15 1 SCREW (M10 X 40) 28 38 16 1 WASHER 17 1 KEY 18 1 KEY 19 1 TIMING BELT 20 1 STA-STRAP NOTE:THEEPALABEL HAS IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING EPA EMISSION REGULATIONS. REPLACE ANY MISSING OR UNREADABLE EPA LABEL. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-5 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS Dielectric Grease 6 9 Loctite PST Pipe Sealant9 Liquid Neoprene 66 Loctite 242 66 66 25 25 25 Page 2B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 3 SCREW (M6 X 25) 45 5.1 2 1 PLATE 3 3 WASHER 4 3 GROMMET 5 1 ECM (30) 1 ECM (40) 1 ECM (40 Bodensee) 6 3 BUSHING 7 2 SCREW (M6 x 14) 45 5.1 8 1 BRACKET 9 1 RETAINER 10 1 RETAINER 11 1 PLATE 12 3 SCREW (M6 X 16) 75 8.5 13 1 DIODE ADAPTOR CABLE 14 1 BRACE 15 2 SCREW (M6 X 14) 45 5.1 16 1 SOLENOID PLATE 17 1 SCREW (M6 X 14) 45 5.1 18 1 BRACKET 19 1 SOLENOID 20 1 CABLE (8-1/2 in) 21 2 NUT 60 6.8 22 1 BATTERY CABLE (POSITIVE) 23 1 BOOT (RED) 24 1 ENGINE WIRING HARNESS 2525 4 FUSE (20 AMP) 1 FUSE (15 AMP) 26 1 COVER 27 AR STA-STRAP 28 1 PLUG (MALE) 29 1 CRANK POSITION SENSOR 30 2 SCREW (M5 X 16) 45 5.1 31 1 VOLTAGE REGULATOR 32 1 BRACKET 33 1 FOAM PAD 34 2 SCREW (M6 X 40) 75 8.5 35 1 PRESSURE SWITCH 75 8.5 36 1 STARTER MOTOR (SEE BREAKDOWN ON STARTER MOTOR) 37 1 NUT (1/4-20) 60 6.8 38 1 BATTERY CABLE (NEGATIVE) 39 1 J CLIP 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-7 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS Dielectric Grease 6 9 Loctite PST Pipe Sealant9 Liquid Neoprene 66 Loctite 242 66 66 25 25 25 Page 2B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 40 3 SCREW (M8 X 45) 21.7 29.4 41 4 SPARK PLUG (RA8HC) 20 21.1 42 1 EXTENSION HARNESS (HANDLE) 43 1 J CLAMP 44 1 SCREW (M5 X 12) 45 5.1 45 1 CABLE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-9 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM STARTER MOTOR 1 2 3 5 6 4 7 8 9 10 11 8 REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 STARTER MOTOR 2 2 THRU BOLT 70 8.0 3 1 DRIVE KIT 4 1 ARMATURE 5 1 PINION 6 1 DRIVE CAP 7 1 COMMUTATOR CAP 8 1 BRUSH & SPRING KIT 9 1 BRUSH HOLDER 10 2 SCREW 11 1 DECAL-Warning-High voltage Page 2B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Battery Charging System Description (20 Ampere) The battery charging system components are the flywheel, stator, regulator/rectifier, and battery. Alternating current (generated in battery charge coils) flows to the regulator/rectifier, which changes the alternating current to a regulated direct current for charging the battery. Wiring Diagram (20 Ampere) BLK = Black GRY = Gray RED = Red YEL = Yellow e c b a YELYEL YEL YEL GRY RED RED BLK BLK RED RED f d a-Stator b-Voltage Regulator/Rectifier c-Connector d-To Engine Ground e-To Battery Positive (Red) Terminal f-To Battery Negative (Black) Terminal 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-11 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Charging System Description Flywheel Assembly The flywheel assembly contains six permanently charged magnet segments which are bonded and retained to the inner wall of the flywheel. Each magnet contains a north and a south pole providing a 12 pole system. Stator Assembly 58489 The stator assembly located under the flywheel contains the battery charge coils. As the flywheel permanent magnets pass the respective stator coil windings, an AC pulse current is produced at each coil winding when magnet polarity changes. (South to North), (North to South) etc. Voltage Regulator/Rectifier Assembly The voltage regulator converts the alternating current from the stator to direct current that can be stored in the battery. CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Battery A 12 volt battery with a minimum rating of 465 marine cranking amps (MCA) or 350 cold cranking amps (CCA). For operation below 32° F (0° C) a rating of 1000 Marine Cranking Amps (MCA) or 775 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) is recommended. Battery Charging System Troubleshooting CAUTION The charging system may be damaged by: 1) reversed battery cables, 2) an open circuit, such as a broken wire or loose connection. A fault in the battery charging system usually will cause the battery to become undercharged. Check battery electrolyte level, and charge battery. If battery will NOT accept a satisfactory charge, replace battery. If battery accepts a satisfactory charge, determine the cause of the charging system problem as follows. 1. Check for correct battery polarity [RED cable to POSITIVE (+) battery terminal]. If polarity was incorrect, check for damaged regulator/rectifier. See “REGULATOR/RECTIFIER DIODE TEST”. 2. Check for loose or corroded battery connections. 3. Visually inspect wiring between stator and battery for cuts, chafing, and a disconnected, loose or corroded connection. 4. Excessive electrical load (from too many accessories) will cause battery to run down. If visual inspection determines that battery connections and wiring are OK, perform the following stator and regulator/rectifier tests. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-13 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Alternator System Test 20 AMPERE STATOR 1. Check battery voltage at battery with engine running. 2. If battery voltage is above 15.0 volts, replace voltage regulator/rectifier. Check condition of battery as overcharging may have damaged battery. 3. If battery voltage is below 12.5 volts, charge battery. If battery can NOT be satisfactorily charged, replace battery. 4. If battery accepts a satisfactory charge, check battery voltage while cranking engine. If cranking voltage is not acceptable, replace battery. 5. If cranking voltage is acceptable, disconnect the RED (voltage regulator) connector. 6. Connect RED (+) ammeter lead to RED voltage regulator wire, and the BLACK (–) ammeter lead to the RED wiring harness wire. 7. Secure stator wires away from flywheel. 8. With engine running at the indicated RPM’s, the ammeter should indicate the following appropriate amperes: Alternator current (Amps) 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0123456 RPM x 1000 9. A reading of 19.5 amperes at 5000 RPM indicates the charging system is functioning properly. 10. If ammeter reads less than required amperes @ 5000 RPM, test the stator (refer to “Stator Resistance Test”). If stator tests OK, replace rectifier/regulator. Page 2B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Stator Resistance Test - 20 Amp. Stator METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1RX1 020 030 0.20 - 0.30YEL YEL NOTE:If using DMT 2000 turn the selector switch to. Allow the meter to auto-range. Suppression Diode Tests The suppression diode is located between the brown start solenoid lead, the yellow/red key switch lead (within the engine harness) and connects to engine ground. The purpose of the suppression diode is to eliminate the inductive spike created as the start solenoid is deenergized (key switch turned from START to RUN). Symptoms of a failed suppression diode: 1. Open circuit - Longer crank times during engine start-up (3 seconds warm engine). 2. Short circuit - Blown fuse #3 (Main Power Relay/Accessory). BLK BRN YEL/RED DIODE TEST BLK RED YEL/RED BRN BLK YEL/RED X 0V or SHORT 0.4 - 0.8V BRN 0V or SHORT X 0.4 - 0.8V BLK OUCH, OL, 8 OUCH, OL, 8 X RESISTANCE TEST BLK RED YEL/RED BRN BLK YEL/RED X < 0.5Q 1 - 3MQ BRN < 0.5Q X 1 - 3MQ BLK OUCH, OL, 8 OUCH, OL, 8 X 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-15 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Regulator/Rectifier (P/N 854514-1) Diode Test ANALOG METER NOTE:Voltage regulator/rectifier specifications are given for informational purposes only. Use the appropriate troubleshooting techniques previously mentioned to find the faulty component in the charging system. BLK = Black GRY = Gray RED = Red YEL = Yellow YEL GRY YEL RED BLK DIODE TEST: 1. Set Ohm meter to R X 10 scale. 2. Connect Red (+) meter lead to RED regulator lead. 3. Connect Black (–) meter lead to either YELLOW regulator lead. TEST RESULTS: 100 - 400 OHMS DIODE TEST: 1. Set Ohm meter to R X 1k scale. 2. Connect Black (–) meter lead to RED regulator lead. 3. Connect Red (+) meter lead to YELLOW regulator lead. Test. Then change Red (+) meter lead to the other YELLOW regulator lead for 2ND test reading. TEST RESULTS (1ST READING): 20,000 to 8 OHMS TEST RESULTS (2ND READING): 8 OHMS (No needle movement) SCR TEST: 1. Set Ohm meter to R X 1k scale. 2. Connect Red (+) meter lead to regulator case. 3. Connect Black (–) meter lead to one YELLOW regulator lead. Test. Connect Black (–) meter lead to the other YELLOW lead. TEST RESULTS (BOTH TESTS): 8,000 - 15,000 OHMS (8k - 15K) Page 2B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM TACHOMETER CIRCUIT TEST: 1. Set Ohm meter to R X 1k scale. 2. Connect Red (+) meter lead to GREY regulator lead. 3. Connect Black (–) meter lead to regulator case. TEST RESULTS: 10,000 - 50,000 OHMS (10k - 50k) DIGITAL METER NOTE:Voltage regulator/rectifier specifications are given for informational purposes only. Use the appropriate troubleshooting techniques previously mentioned to find the faulty component in the charging system. BLK = Black GRY = Gray RED = Red YEL = Yellow YEL GRY YEL RED BLK DIODE TEST: 1. Set meter to . 2. Connect Black (–) meter lead to RED regulator lead. 3. Connect Red (+) meter lead to either YELLOW regulator lead. TEST RESULTS: 0.4-0.8 V DIODE TEST: 1. Set meter to . 2. Connect Red (+) meter lead to RED regulator lead. 3. Connect Black (–) meter lead to either YELLOW regulator lead. TEST RESULTS (1ST READING): 8 or OUCH or OL SCR TEST: 1. Set meter to . 2. Connect Black (–) meter lead to regulator case. 3. Connect Red (+) meter lead to either YELLOW regulator lead. TEST RESULTS (BOTH TESTS): 1.5 V -8 or OUCH or OL 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-17 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Flywheel Removal/Installation WARNING Engine could possibly start when turning flywheel during removal and installation. To prevent this type of accidental engine starting and possible serious injury, always remove spark plug leads from spark plugs. Removal 1. Remove flywheel cover. a b a - Flywheel Cover b - Screw (4) M6 x 25 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-19 2. Loosen flywheel nut. Hold flywheel using flywheel holder (91-83163M). 3. Remove nut and washer. NOTE: Removal of the nut may require the use of an impact tool. c d 91-83163M a b a - Flywheel Holder (91-83163M) b - Breaker Bar with 30 mm Socket c - Nut d - Washer 4. Loosen flywheel using puller (91-83164M). Remove flywheel and key. NOTE: Apply a small amount of grease to the end of the crankshaft before installing puller. b c 58227 91-83164M 58815 a a - Flywheel Puller (91-83164M) b - Flywheel c - Key CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Installation 1. Place flywheel key into slot. 2. Install flywheel. Apply oil to threads on crankshaft. 3. Install washer and nut. 4. Hold flywheel using flywheel holder (91-83163M) and tighten nut to the specified torque. b a 91-83163M c d e f 58227 110 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil a - Key b - Flywheel c - Washer d - Nut e - Torque Wrench with 30mm socket f - Flywheel Holder (91-83163M) Flywheel Nut Torque 115 lb. ft. (155.9 Nm) CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-21 Stator Removal/Installation 1. Remove flywheel. Refer to flywheel removal as previously outlined. 2. Disconnect stator wires. The 2 pin connector disconnects from voltage regulator. 3. Remove stator mounting screws. 4. Reverse steps for installation (refer to wiring diagram in Section 8 for correct stator wire connections). NOTE: Apply Loctite 222 to threads of stator mounting screws. 51 51 Loctite 222 b c a b a - Stator b - Screw (3) M5 x 30 c - 2 Pin Connector Stator Screw Torque 85 lb. in. (9.6 Nm) CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Voltage Regulator/Rectifier Removal/Installation 1. Disconnect voltage regulator/rectifier wire connectors. 2. Remove mounting screws and remove voltage regulator/rectifier. 3. Reverse steps for installation (refer to wiring diagram section 8 for correct wire connections). b a c 58979 a - Voltage Regulator/Rectifier b - Screw (2) M6 x 40 c - Connectors Voltage Regulator/Rectifier Mounting Screw Torque 75 lb. in. (8.5 Nm) CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Starting System Components Description The function of the starting system is to crank the engine. The battery supplies electrical energy to crank the starter motor. When the ignition switch is turned to “START” position, the starter solenoid is activated and completes the starting circuit between the battery and starter. The neutral start switch opens the start circuit when the shift control lever is not in neutral. This prevents accidental starting when engine is in gear. The starting system consists of the following components. 1. Battery 2. Starter Solenoid 3. Neutral Safety Switch 4. Starter Motor 5. Ignition Switch CAUTION The starter motor may be damaged if operated continuously. DO NOT operate continuously for more than 30 seconds. Allow a 2 minute cooling period between starting attempts. Troubleshooting the Starting Circuit Before beginning the starting circuit troubleshooting flow chart, following, check first for the following conditions: 1. Make sure that battery is fully charged. 2. Check that control lever is in “NEUTRAL” position. 3. Check battery terminals for corrosion and loose connections. 4. Check start solenoid and starter for corrosion and loose connections. 5. Check cables and wiring for frayed and worn insulation. 6. Check 20 Amp fuse. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-23 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Starter Solenoid Test 1. Inspect starter solenoid for cracks, loose terminals or loose terminal lead connections. 2. Connect ohm meter between terminals of starter solenoid. 3. Connect the BLACK lead from solenoid to battery negative (–) terminal and momentarily connect the BROWN lead to the positive (+) terminal of battery. 4. Verify continuity between the starter solenoid terminals when 12 volts are applied. a b c d a-BROWN Lead b-Starter Solenoid c-BLACK Lead d-Battery The following “STARTING CIRCUIT TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHART” is designed as an aid to troubleshooting the starting circuit. This flow chart will accurately locate any existing malfunction. Location of “TEST POINTS” (called out in the chart) are numbered in diagram below. Page 2B-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM + NEUTRAL START SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH STARTER STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY FUSE HOLDER ASSEMBLY – BLK = Black BLU = Blue BRN = Brown GRY = GrayGRN = Green ORN = OrangePNK = Pink RED/PUR RED YEL/RED BLK BLK1 2 3 4 5 6 BLK (with YEL SLEEVES) BLK (with RED SLEEVES) BLKBLK BRN YEL/RED 71 RED/PUR YEL/REDBRN DIODE 15 PUR = PurpleRED = Red TAN = Tan WHT = White YEL = Yellow Starting Circuit Troubleshooting Flow Chart Starter Motor Does Not Turn SAFETY WARNING: Disconnect BLACK (with Yellow Sleeve) (starter motor) cable from starter solenoid test point 1 BEFORE making tests 1-thru-7 to prevent unex- pected engine cranking. TEST 1 Use an ohmmeter (R x 1 scale) and connect meter leads be- tween NEGATIVE (-) battery post and common powerhead ground. No continuity indicated; there is an open circuit in the BLACK NEGATIVE (-) battery cable between the NEGATIVE (-) battery post and the powerhead. • Check cable for loose or corroded connections. • Check cable for open circuit. Continuity Indicated Proceed to TEST 2, on next page. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-25 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM a. Disconnect BLACK ground wire(s) from Test Point 2. b. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 2. c. Turn ignition key to “Start” position. * Battery Voltage TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4 TEST 5 TEST 6 TEST 7 TEST 8 12 Volt Reading* 12 Volt Reading 12 Volt Reading* 12 Volt Reading* 12 Volt Reading* 12 Volt Reading* 12 Volt Reading* No voltage reading; proceed to TEST 3. No voltage reading; proceed to TEST 4. No voltage reading; proceed to TEST 5. No voltage reading; proceed to TEST 6. a. Reconnect BLACK ground wire(s). b. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 3. c. Turn ignition key to “Start” position. Check BLACK ground wire for poor connection or open circuit. Reconnect ground wire to start- er solenoid; proceed to TEST 7. Neutral start switch is open, or BROWN, or YEL/RED, or BLACK wire is open between Test Points 4 and 3. Check diode adaptor if equipped. a. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 4. b. Turn ignition key to “Start” position. Defective starter solenoid. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 5. Defective ignition switch. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 6. No voltage reading; check BLACK (with RED sleeve) wire between battery (+) positive termi- nal and Test Point 6. Check fuse in RED wire between test points 5 and 6. Check for open RED or RED/PUR wire between test points 5 and 6. a. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 1. b. Turn ignition key to “Start” position. No voltage reading; De- fective starter solenoid. Should hear solenoid click; proceed to TEST 8. a. Reconnect BLACK (with YELLOW sleeve) (starter motor) cable to starter solenoid Test Point 1. b. Connect voltmeter between common engine ground and Test Point 7 c. Turn ignition key to “Start” position. No voltage reading; check BLACK (with YELLOW sleeve) cable for poor connec- tion or open circuit. Check BLACK (with YELLOW sleeve) cable at starter for loose or corroded connection, or open circuit. If cable is O.K., check starter mo- tor. Electric Start Tiller Handle Model Neutral start switch is open or BLACK leads are disconnected or damaged. Page 2B-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-27 Starter Motor Servicing Removal WARNING Always disconnect the battery and remove spark plug leads from spark plugs before working on motor. 1. Disconnect battery leads from battery and black starter motor lead from starter solenoid. 2. Remove upper mounting screws and loosen bottom screw. Lift starter motor in an upward direction and remove. b a a 58980 a - Starter Mounting Screw (3) M8 x 45 b - Starter Motor Lead Disassembly 1. Remove 2 thru bolts and commutator end cap, taking care not to lose brush springs. a a c c b a - Thru Bolts b - Commutator End Cap c - Brush Springs CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 2. Remove the nut, washer, spring, pinion stopper and pinion drive assembly. You may need to lightly clamp the armature in a vise while removing the nut. NOTE:DISPOSE OF NUT AFTER REMOVING IT AND USE A NEW ONE FOR REASSEMBLY. d a b c e c a-Nut b-Washer c-Pinion Stopper 58223 d-Spring e-Pinion 3. Pull armature from starter frame. a b f d e g h c d a-Nut e-Pinion b-Washer f-Drive End Cap c-Spring g-Armature Shaft d-Pinion Stopper (2) h-Washer Page 2B-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Cleaning and Inspection 1. Clean all motor parts. 2. Check pinion teeth for chips, cracks or excessive wear. 3. Replace the drive clutch spring and/or collar, if tension is not adequate, or if wear is excessive. 4. Check that the brush holder is not damaged or is not holding the brushes against the commutator. 5. Replace brushes that are pitted or worn to less than 1/4 in. (6.4mm) in length. Refer to “BRUSH REPLACEMENT”, following. 6. Replace a damaged or excessively worn bushing in the end cap. 7. Check the armature conductor (commutator bar junction) for a firm connection. A poor connection usually results in a burned commutator bar. 8. Re-surface and undercut a rough commutator, as follows: CAUTION Do not turn down the commutator excessively. a. Re-surface the commutator and undercut the insulation between the commutator bars 1/3 in. (0.8mm) to the full width of the insulation, make sure that the undercut is flat. b. Clean the commutator slots after undercutting. c. De-burr the commutator lightly with No. 00 sandpaper, then clean the commutator. d. Check the armature on a growler for shorts. See “TESTING”, following. 9. Open-circuited armatures often can be saved where an open circuit is obvious and repairable. The most likely place for an open circuit is at the commutator bars. Long cranking periods overheat the starter motor so that solder in the connections melts. The poor connections cause arcing and burning of the commutator bars. 10. Repair bars, that are not too badly burned, by re-soldering the leads in bars (using rosin flux solder) and turning down the commutator in a lathe to remove burned material, then undercut the mica. 11. Clean out the copper or brush dust from slots between the commutator bars. 12. Check the armature for shorts and ground. See “TESTING”. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-29 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Testing ARMATURE TEST FOR SHORTS Check armature for short circuits by placing on growler and holding hack saw blade over armature core while armature is rotated. If saw blade vibrates, armature is shorted. Recheck after cleaning between commutator bars. If saw blade still vibrates, replace armature. ARMATURE TEST FOR GROUND 1. Set ohmmeter to (R x 1 scale). Place one lead of ohmmeter on armature core (or shaft) and other lead on commutator, as shown. 2. If meter indicates continuity, armature is grounded and must be replaced. Page 2B-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM CHECKING POSITIVE BRUSHES AND TERMINALS 1. Connect ohmmeter (R x 1 scale) leads between positive brushes. 2. Ohmmeter must indicate full continuity (zero resistance). If resistance is indicated, check lead to positive terminal solder connection. If connection cannot be repaired, brushes must be replaced. Refer to “BRUSH REPLACEMENT”. a 11673 a-Positive Brushes TESTING NEGATIVE BRUSHES FOR GROUND Set ohmmeter to (R x 1 scale). Place one lead of ohmmeter on the negative brush and the other lead on the end cap (bare metal). If the meter indicates NO continuity, replace the negative brush. Repeat this procedure on the other negative brush. b a a-Negative (–) Brushes b-End Cap 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-31 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Brush Replacement IMPORTANT: Replace brushes that are pitted or worn to less than 1/4 in. (6.4mm) in length. a b c d e f g a-Positive (+) Terminal b-Long Brush Lead c-Push Lead Into Slot d-Insulating Washer e-Flat Washer f-Lock Washer g-Nut a bc d a b d a-Positive (+) Brushes b-Negative (–) Brushes c-Brush Holder d-Bolts (Fasten Negative Brushes and Holder) Page 2B-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Reassembly 1. Lubricate helix threads and drive end cap bushing with SAE 10W oil. 2. Install the pinion, pinion stopper, spring, second pinion stopper, washer, and NEW nut onto armature shaft. 3. Lightly clamp the armature in a vise and torque nut to specified torque. a b c f d e g h d a-Nut b-Washer c-Spring d-Pinion Stopper (2) e-Pinion f-Drive End Cap g-Armature Shaft h-Washer Starter Shaft Nut Torque 22.5 lb.-ft. (30.5 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-33 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 4. Construct a brush retainer tool as shown. Brush Retainer Tool Layout (Full Size) 18-Gauge Sheet Metal METRIC SCALE 3” = 76.2mm 2” = 50.8mm 1-3/4” = 44.5mm 1-11/16” = 42.9mm 3/4” = 19.1mm 1/2” = 12.7mm Brush Retainer Tool Side View (Full Size) Page 2B-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM 5. Place springs and brushes into brush holder and hold in place with brush retainer tool. 6. Lubricate bushing with one drop of SAE 10W oil. DO NOT over-lubricate. a b a-Brush Retainer Tool b-Bushing 7. Position armature into starter frame so that commutator end of armature is at end of starter frame where permanent magnets are recessed 1 in. (25.4mm). Align marks (a) as shown. 8. Install commutator end cap onto starter frame; align marks (b) as shown, and remove brush retainer tool. 9. Install thru bolts (c) and torque to 70 lbs. in. (7.9 Nm). a b c c 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2B-35 CHARGING & STARTING SYSTEM Page 2B-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Installation 1. Secure starter to block with (3) mounting screws. Tighten screws to specified torque. Secure starter motor lead as shown. b a a 58980 a - Starter Mounting Screw (3) M8 x 45 b - Starter Motor Lead Starter Motor Mounting Screw Torque 22 lb. ft. (29 Nm) TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING ELECTRICAL Section 2C - Timing, Synchronizing, & Adjusting Table of Contents Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-2 Maximum Throttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-6 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-3 Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-7 Throttle Link Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-5 Idle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-8 Idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-5 Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-8 2 C 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2C-1 TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING Specifications IGNITION SYSTEM Readings taken @ 68°F (20°C). Type Spark Plug: Type Gap Hex Size Torque Hole Size Firing Order Ignition Timing: @Idle @1800-2000 @ WOT (6000 rpm) Stator Resistance Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Resistance Ignition Coil Resistance: Internal Shielding Electronic Spark Trigger (EST) Secondary High Tension Lead/Boot Resistance ECM Engine Speed Limiter Fuel/Spark Cut-out on Cylinder #2 Fuel/Spark Cut-out on All Cylinders ECM Overheat Speed Control ECM Low Oil Pressure Speed Control MAT/ECT Temperature Sensor Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Resistance Fuel Injector Resistance Main Power Relay Idle Air Control (IAC) Throttle Position Sensor Typical Range Output Voltage @Idle Output Voltage @WOT (6000) Capacitor Discharge Ignition Champion RA8HC 0.040 in. (1.0 mm) 5/8 in. (16 mm) 150 lb-in. (17 Nm) 12 mm 1-2-3 Controlled by ECM 17° B.T.D.C 28° B.T.D.C 0.20 - 0.30 W (YEL-YEL) 300 - 350 W (RED - WHT) 0 - 10.0 KW (Pin A - Mounting Bracket) 8.5 - 12KW (Pin B - Pin C) 3.0 - 7.0 kW (Pin A - Coil Tower) 0.600 - 1.100 KW 6225 rpm 6350 rpm Guardian System is activated. Power limit will vary with level of overheat. Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 10% of maximum (Approximately 2000 RPM) See Graph Section 3B - EFI See Table Section 3B - EFI 10.0 - 13.5W 81-99 W (Pin 85 - Pin 86) 24-30 W (Between Pins) 0.39-1.00 Volts 3.66-4.80 Volts NOTE:The 30/40 EFI (4-stroke) ECM unit electronically controls the ignition timing, therefore making the ignition timing non–adjustable. When initially running the outboard,useatiming light to verify that the ignition timing falls within the timing windows (as outlined in this section). Page 2C-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING Special Tools 1. DMT 2000 Digital Tachometer Multi-meter P/N 91-854009A1 2. Timing Light P/N 91-99379 3. Digital Diagnostic Tester 91-823686A2 4. DDT Cartridge 91-880118--2 and DDT Reference Manual 90-881204--2. 91-880118--2 90-881204--2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2C-3 TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING 5. DDT Cable 10’ (3.05m) Extension 84-825003A1 6. DDT Test Harness 84-822560A5 Page 2C-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2C-5 Throttle Link Setting Idle NOTE: For remote control models, remove remote control throttle cable during throttle link adjustment. For tiller handle models, throttle cables remain attached and throttle twist grip should be used to advance throttle during throttle link adjustment. 1. Lightly hold throttle body arm against idle stop. 2. Slowly push throttle lever forward until you feel the throttle body arm start to move. The center of throttle arm roller should line up with the throttle cam alignment mark. Tolerance may range from mark to 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) after mark. 3. If adjustment is needed refer to Throttle Link Adjustment section 7A . a b d c f g h e f g a - Throttle Body Arm b - Throttle Lever c - Throttle Arm Roller d - Throttle Cam Alignment Mark e - Correct f - Shorten Link Rod g - Lengthen Link Rod h - Alignment Tolerance - 1/8 inch (3.2mm) TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING Page 2C-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Maximum Throttle 1. With throttle cable(s) attached, advance throttle (remote control handle or throttle twist grip) to wide open throttle position. 2. Throttle stop should lightly contact adjoining surface. To ensure the throttle shutter is fully open, back the throttle stop screw out until there is a gap between the throttle stop screw and adjoining surface (at WOT position). Keep turning the throttle stop screw “in” until the throttle stop lightly contacts the adjoining surface. a b c a - Throttle Lever b - Throttle Stop Screw c - Throttle Stop TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 2C-7 Timing WARNING To prevent personal injury or possible death, from loss of balance or stability while servicing the motor, DO NOT attempt to check timing while boat is in motion. Failure to follow one of the recommended servicing procedures may result in the person falling overboard or causing personal injury from fall in boat. WARNING To prevent personal injury from spinning flywheel, Do Not attempt to remove flywheel cover or place hands on top of cover when checking ignition timing. Ignition timing is not adjustable. The Electronic Control Module unit electronically controls the ignition timing. When initially running the outboard, use a timing light to verify that the ignition timing falls within the timing windows as described within the following tests. IMPORTANT: When checking the timing with the engine running, one of the following test procedures must be followed. Check maximum timing per specification while running the outboard: •IN A TEST TANK •ON A DYNAMOMETER •ON A BOAT SECURED ON A TRAILER “Backed in Water” 1. Attach timing light to #1 spark plug lead. c 58985 a b a - Timing Light Clamp b - #1 Spark Plug Lead c - Timing Window-Electric Start Models TIMING, SYNCHRONIZING, & ADJUSTING NOTE:Idle timing is controlled by the ECM and will vary for idle speed control. Checking the ignition timing marks using a timing light will not be stable until 1800-2000 rpm. 2. Start the engine and place the outboard in “Forward” gear. Check timing at 1800 - 2000 rpm, timing should be 17° BTDC. If timing is not within specification refer to section 3B EFI Troubleshooting and Diagnostics. a a 17 BTDC 15 a-Timing Mark (1800-2000 rpm) 3. Slowly increase the engine RPM while watching the ignition timing marks. The timing should increase to the maximum timing specification “Full Advance” at approximately 6000 RPM. If not within specification window, refer to section 3B - EFI Troubleshooting and Diagnostics. a a 28°BTDC a-Timing Mark (Full Advance) Idle Speed Engine idle speed is maintained by the ECM and is therefore not adjustable. The parameters affecting idle speed can be checked and monitored using the Digital Diagnostic Terminal (DDT). Refer to section 3B - EFI Troubleshooting and Diagnostics. Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) The Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) is not adjustable. TPS voltage reading can be monitored with the DDT through the ECM. If readings are not within specifications, refer to section 3B EFI Troubleshooting and Diagnostics. Page 2C-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THEORY OF OPERATION ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION Section 3A - Theory of Operation Table of Contents Electronic Fuel Injection System . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2 Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor . 3A-7 Air Induction System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2 Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) . . . . . . . . . 3A-8 Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-3 Oil Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-8 Fuel System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-4 Actuators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-9 Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-4 Idle Air Control (IAC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-9 Vapor Separator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-5 Fuel Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-9 Fuel Pressure Regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-6 Main Power Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10 Fuel Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-6 Fuse Holder Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10 Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7 Suppression Diode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11 Crank Position Sensor (CPS) . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7 Electronic Control Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11 Engine Coolant Temperature Electronic Control Module Functions . . . . 3A-12 (ECT) Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7 Outline of Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-13 Manifold Absolute Pressure Control and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-14 (MAP) Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7 3 A 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-1 THEORY OF OPERATION Electronic Fuel Injection System Air Induction System The air induction system consists of an intake manifold (an intake runner for each cylinder joined to a common air box), a single throttle body/shutter with attached Throttle Position Sensor (TPS), an Idle Air Control (IAC), a Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor, and a Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) sensor. The intake manifold also mounts the fuel distribution manifold and the fuel injectors. a b c d e f a-Intake Manifold b-Throttle Body/Shutter c-Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) d-Idle Air Control (IAC) e-Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor f-Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Page 3A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THEORY OF OPERATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-3 Fuel System The fuel system consists of a fuel line connector, a water separating fuel filter, a low-pressure mechanical fuel pump, a high-pressure electric fuel pump, a fuel distribution manifold, fuel injectors, a fuel cooler and a fuel pressure regulator. The low-pressure mechanical fuel pump draws fuel from the fuel tank, through the fuel line connector and fuel filter, then delivers it to the high-pressure fuel pump within the vapor separator tank. High-pressure fuel is circulated through the fuel cooler and supplied to the fuel distribution manifold and fuel injectors to be sprayed into the intake manifold. Fuel not used by the fuel injectors (fuel not entering the high-pressure fuel line to the fuel distribution manifold) circulates through the fuel cooler, then flows through pressure regulator, and returns to the vapor separator tank. a b d e g h f i c a - Fuel Line Connector b - Water Separating Fuel Filter c - Low-Pressure Mechanical Fuel Pump d - Vapor Separator Tank/High Pressure Electric Fuel Pump e - Fuel Cooler f - Fuel Distribution Manifold g - Fuel Injectors (3) h - Pressure Regulator i - High Pressure Fuel Filter THEORY OF OPERATION Page 3A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Fuel System Components Fuel Pump The fuel pump is a diaphragm pump which is mechanically driven off of the rocker arm. The pump base insulates the fuel pump from the heat of the engine block. The fuel pump is water cooled to help prevent vapor lock by cooling the fuel. If the engine runs out of fuel, or has a restriction (on the inlet side of the pump) preventing adequate fuel flow, the pump will make a “clicking” noise. a b c d a - Fuel From Filter/Tank b - Fuel Outlet to VST c - Water Inlet From VST Fuel Cooler d - Water Outlet to Tell-tale THEORY OF OPERATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-5 Vapor Separator The vapor separator maintains a liquid fuel supply for the high pressure fuel pump located in the vapor separator tank. Fuel delivered from the mechanical low-pressure fuel pump is supplied to the top of the vapor separator and is controlled by the inlet needle/float assembly. Pressurized fuel from the high-pressure pump circulates through the fuel cooler, to the fuel distribution manifold and injectors. Excess fuel flows through the pressure regulator back to the vapor separator tank. c d b e d e a f f a a - Fuel From Mechanical Fuel Pump b - Inlet Needle and Float Valve c - High Pressure Electric Fuel Pump d - Fuel Cooler e - Pressure Regulator f - Fuel Outlet to Fuel Distribution Manifold THEORY OF OPERATION Page 3A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Fuel Pressure Regulator The fuel pressure regulator mounted on top of the vapor separator maintains a stable fuel pressure between the high-pressure fuel pump and the fuel injectors. The pressure regulator consists of a spring-loaded diaphragm which actuates a valve/seat assembly. Excess fuel pressure unseats the valve returning fuel to the vapor separator tank. The excess fuel is channeled below the fuel level in the vapor separator tank through an internal pipe to prevent fuel vaporization. The spring side of the diaphragm is vented to atmosphere allowing barometric conditions to act on the diaphragm in addition to spring pressure. a b c a - Vent to Atmosphere b - High Pressure Fuel From Fuel Cooler c - Excess Fuel Flows to VST Fuel Cooler A fuel cooler (heat exchanger) is attached to the vapor separator, and uses engine cooling water to cool the high-pressure fuel supply to the fuel injectors as well as a return circuit to the VST. Removing heat from the circulating high-pressure fuel prevents the formation of fuel vapors. THEORY OF OPERATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-7 Sensors Sensors send input signals to the ECM regarding engine operating conditions. Crank Position Sensor (CPS) As the flywheel rotates, the CPS senses the location of the 54 teeth on the flywheel and supplies the trigger signal information to the ECM. The ECM utilizes the CPS information and determines when to trigger each ignition coil and fuel injector. The CPS provides the ECM with crank angle position and engine speed information, which the ECM uses in determining fuel delivery and spark timing. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor The ECT sensor is located on the engine’s exhaust cover and protrudes into the return water passage. The sensor monitors the temperature of the cooling water that has passed through the engine as controlled by the thermostat and sends signals to the ECM for processing. Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor The MAP sensor is mounted into the intake manifold, and measures the absolute pressure within the intake manifold. This information is then used to calculate fuel delivery and spark timing. Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor The MAT sensor is mounted into the intake manifold and measures the charge air temperature. This information is then conducted to the ECM for processing. THEORY OF OPERATION Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) The TPS sensor is located on the throttle body and connected to the throttle shaft. It provides the ECM with throttle angle information. Oil Pressure Switch The oil pressure switch is located port side of the engine and protrudes into the pressurized oil galley between the oil pump and the oil filter. The sensor sends a low oil pressure signal to the ECM, which activates ignition/injection cut-off/warning horn. Page 3A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THEORY OF OPERATION Actuators Actuators receive input signals from the ECM and perform functions, which control air-fuel ratios, spark advance, and idle rpm. Idle Air Control (IAC) The Idle Air Control (IAC) is an electrically operated spring-loaded solenoid valve, which controls the amount of intake air that bypasses the closed throttle shutter. Signals from the ECM regulate the duty cycle that the IAC valve remains open, or (spring-loaded) closed. Duty cycle of the IAC valve ranges from 0% to 100% open. The IAC controls three operating functions: 1. Provides additional intake air (bypass) for engine start-up and allows increased idle rpm during engine warm-up. 2. Controls idle speed according to varying engine loads and running conditions. 3. Functions as an electronic dashpot by providing additional bypass air as the throttle quickly closes during a rapid deceleration, preventing engine stalling. Fuel Injector The fuel injector is an electrically operated spring-loaded solenoid, which delivers a metered amount of fuel into the intake manifold runner, just ahead of the intake valve. The injectors are electrically charged as the key switch is set to the “RUN” position. The ECM controls the injection by completing the ground circuit, lifting the solenoid, which allows high-pressure fuel to flow. The ECM then opens the ground circuit allowing the spring to close the injector and stop the fuel flow. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-9 THEORY OF OPERATION Page 3A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Main Power Relay The main power relay is controlled by the ECM. It provides power to the ignition coils, idle air control, injectors, and high pressure fuel pump. Fuse Holder Assembly The fuse holder hold four function fuses and one spare fuse. 1. Fuse number one protects the SmartCraft wiring. 2. Fuse number two is powered by the main relay. It protects red/blue leads on the engine. This fuse provides power to the injectors, idle air control, and electric fuel pump. 3. Fuse number three protects red/purple leads on the engine, the main power relay, and key switch. When the key switch is on, the purple leads on the engine, key switch and dash gauges are also powered/protected through this fuse. 4. Fuse number four is powered by the main relay. It protects red/yellow leads on the engine. This fuse provides power to the ignition coils. 5. Fuse number 5 is a spare 20 AMP fuse. 15 1 2 3 4 5 58858 THEORY OF OPERATION 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-11 Suppression Diode The suppression diode is located between the brown start solenoid lead and the yellow/red key switch lead (within the engine harness), and connects to the engine ground. The purpose of the suppression diode is to eliminate the inductive spike created as the start solenoid is de-energized (key switch turned from START to RUN). Electronic Control Module The ECM requires 6 volts DC to operate. If the ECM should fail, the engine will stop running. The inputs to the ECM can be monitored and tested by the Digital Diagnostic Terminal P/N 91-823686A2 and adapter harness 84-822560A5. The ECM performs the following functions: 1. Calculates the precise fuel and ignition timing requirements based on engine speed, throttle position, manifold pressure, manifold air temperature and engine coolant temperature 2. Directly controls the ground circuit of fuel injectors, ignition coils, and idle air control 3. Indirectly controls the positive circuit of fuel injectors, ignition coils, and idle air control through the main relay 4. Controls alarm horn and warning functions 5. Controls RPM limit function 6. Records engine running information THEORY OF OPERATION Electronic Control Module Functions Idle Air Control (IAC) ECM (Electronic Control Module) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Fuel pump Tachometer Crank Position Sensor Oil Pressure Switch Ignition Key Switch Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Warning Horn Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Fuel Injectors Ignition coils SmartCraft Output Digital Diagnostic Terminal (DDT) (CPS) Page 3A-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THEORY OF OPERATION Outline of Control System ECM Sensors Ignition Timing Control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Engine load / Engine speed map Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine temperature correction Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Starting correction Ignition cutoff for decreased engine speed Oil Pressure Switch Over-revolution prevention Engine cutoff Ignition Key Switch Stop Switch Idling stabilizer Safety control Sensors and Switches Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Crank Position Sensor (CPS) ECM Sensors Fuel system Engine load / Engine speed map Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Engine temperature correction Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Starting correction Rapid acceleration correction Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Rapid deceleration correction Fuel cutoff for decreased engine speed Oil Pressure Switch Safety control Sensors and Switches 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Battery Voltage Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Over-revolution prevention 0 Crank Position Sensor (CPS) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3A-13 THEORY OF OPERATION ECM Sensors IAC Control Starting correction Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Engine temperature correction Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Rapid deceleration correction Idling speed feedback Variable idling speed control Starting preparation Safety control Sensors and Switches 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Engine speed Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Control and Function Ignition Fuel IAC Function Crank Position Sensor (CPS) 0 0 0 Detects the crankshaft position and engine speed Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) 0 0 0 Detects the open degree of the throttle valve Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor 0 0 0 Detects engine temperature Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor 0 0 Detects intake air pressure of the intake manifold Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor 0 0 Detects intake air temperature Oil Pressure Switch 0 0 Detects Oil Pressure Page 3A-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION Section 3B - Troubleshooting and Diagnostics Table of Contents Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-1 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2 EFI System Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . 3B-4 Pressure Regulator Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-4 Mechanical Fuel Pump Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-5 Checking for Restricted Fuel Flow Caused by Anti-Siphon Valves . . . . . . . . . 3B-5 Vacuum (Lift) Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-5 Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-8 EFI System Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-10 Using the Digital Diagnostical Terminal (DDT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-10 DDT Functions Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-11 Specifications Troubleshooting Without the Digital Diagnostic Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-13 Guardian Protection System . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-13 EFI System Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . 3B-15 Component Resistance Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-19 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor . 3B-19 Fuel Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-20 Main Power Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-20 Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-21 Crank Position Sensor (CPS) . . . . . . . . . . 3B-21 3 B FUEL SYSTEM Fuel Pump Type Fuel Pump: Pressure Fuel Tank Capacity Mechanical Water Cooled (Plunger/Diaphragm) 3-6 psi Accessory FUEL INJECTION Fuel Injector System Idle rpm (Out Of Gear) Idle rpm (In Forward Gear) Wide Open Throttle rpm (WOT) Range Fuel Pump Pressure - Electric Batch 775 ± 25 rpm 775 ± 25 rpm 5500–6000 42-44 psi (290-303 kPa) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-1 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Special Tools 1. Fuel Pressure Gauge 91-16850A7 or Fuel Pressure Gauge 91-852087A3. 91-16850A7 2. DMT 2000 Digital Tachometer Multi-meter P/N 91-854009A1 3. Cartridge 91-880118--2 Page 3B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS 4. Digital Diagnostic Tester 91-823686A2 5. DDT Reference Manual 90-881204--2 6. DDT Cable 10’ (3.05m) Extension 84-825003A1 7. DDT Test Harness 84-822560A5 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-3 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Page 3B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 EFI System Diagnostic Procedures Pressure Regulator Test 1. Install the fuel pressure gauge onto the pressure check valve (located on the VST). 2. Start the engine. Fuel pressure should be within specification. 91-16850A7 b c a a - Fuel Pressure Gauge b - Pressure Relief Button c - Drain Hose TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Mechanical Fuel Pump Test Checking for Restricted Fuel Flow Caused by Anti-Siphon Valves While anti-siphon valves may be helpful from a safety stand-point, they clog with debris, they may be too small, or they may have too heavy a spring. Summarizing, the pressure drop across these valves can, and often does, create operational problems and/or powerhead damage by restricting fuel to the fuel pump and VST. Some symptoms of restricted (lean) fuel flow, which could be caused by use of an anti-siphon valve, are: 1 - Loss of fuel pump pressure 2 - Loss of power 3 - High speed surging 4 - Preignition/detonation (piston dome erosion) 5 - Outboard cuts out or hesitates upon acceleration 6 - Outboard runs rough 7 - Outboard quits and cannot be restarted 8 - Outboard will not start 9 - Vapor lock Since any type of anti-siphon device must be located between the outboard fuel inlet and fuel tank outlet, a simple method of checking [if such a device (or bad fuel) is a problem source] is to operate the outboard with a separate fuel supply which is known to be good, such as a remote fuel tank. If, after using a separate fuel supply, it is found that the anti-siphon valve is the cause of the problem, there are 2 solutions to the problem; either 1) replace the anti-siphon valve with one that has lighter spring tension or 2) replace it with a solenoid-operated fuel shut off valve. Vacuum (Lift) Test Fuel system vacuum can be checked using a short piece of extra fuel hose, vacuum gauge, and a “TEE” fitting. 1. Conduct test with water to the engine cooling system using one of the following methods: • In a test tank. • With boat/outboard lower unit in water 2. Disconnect fuel hose from inlet fitting of mechanical fuel pump. 3. Connect extra fuel hose onto the inlet fitting of pump. 4. Install “TEE” fitting into extra hose making connection as close to pump as possible. 5. Connect vacuum gauge and fuel inlet hose onto “TEE” fitting. 6. Start engine and run at 1000 RPM, normal fuel system vacuum (lift) should be to specifications. NOTE:The system vacuum test is normally performed at 1000 RPM. As engine RPM is increased there will be a slight increase in vacuum; this increase should not exceed normal readings. Normal Fuel System Vacuum (Lift) @ 1000 RPM 1 – 2 in. Hg (25 – 50 mm Hg) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-5 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS 7. To isolate the mechanical fuel pump from the rest of the fuel system: a. Pinch off/restrict the fuel supply hose between the vacuum gauge and the fuel tank. b. The mechanical fuel pump vacuum (lift) should be to specifications. c. If vacuum reading for the pump is below specifications, the pump needs rebuilding. Mechanical Fuel Pump Vacuum (Lift) @ 1000 RPM 4 in. Hg (101.6 mm Hg) 8. If vacuum reading is not within specifications, refer to “Vacuum (Lift) Troubleshooting” table. 9. Stop engine, remove gauge, and reconnect fuel line to inlet fitting of fuel pump. The fuel pump is designed to lift fuel (vertically) about 60 in. (1524 mm) if there are no other restrictions in the system using a fuel hose that is 5/16 in. (7.9 mm) minimum diameter. As restrictions are added, such as filters, fittings, valves etc., the amount of fuel pump lift decreases. a b c 57859 d a-Extra Hose - To Inlet Fitting of Mechanical Fuel Pump b-“TEE”-fitting c-Vacuum Gauge d-Fuel Supply Hose - From Fuel Tank Page 3B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Vacuum (Lift) Troubleshooting Condition Cause Correction Fuel system vacuum (lift) above specification Restricted anti-siphon valve Refer to “Checking for Restricted Fuel Flow caused by Anti-Siphon Valves” preceding Plugged fuel tank pick-up screen Clean/replace fuel pick-up screen Pinched/collapsed fuel hose Inspect/replace fuel hose(s) Dirty/plugged water separating fuel filter Clean/replace water separating fuel filter Restriction in fuel line thru-hull fitting Clean/replace fitting Restriction in fuel tank switching valve Clean/replace valve Restriction within primer bulb Rebuild/replace primer bulb Fuel system vacuum (lift) below ifi tispecifications Low fuel level in fuel tank Fill tank with fuel Hole/cut in pick-up tube of fuel tank Replace fuel pick-up tube Loose fuel line connection Check/tighten all connections Hole/cut is fuel line Inspect/replace fuel hose(s) Loose fuel pump screws Torque screws to specification Fuel pump gasket(s) worn or leaking Rebuild/replace fuel pump Fuel pump check valves/seals leaking Rebuild/replace fuel pump Leaky fuel pump diaphragm Rebuild/replace fuel pump Worn/broken fuel pump springs Rebuild/replace fuel pump Leaky fuel pump seals Rebuild/replace fuel pump Fuel filter bowl loose Tighten fuel filter bowl Fuel filter gasket cut/worn Replace gasket Fuel vaporization Check for plugged fuel pump water cooling circuit 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-7 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Pressure Test Fuel system pressure troubleshooting can be performed using piece of clear fuel hose 4 in. (10 cm) long, a pressure gauge, and a “TEE” fitting. 1. Conduct test with water to the engine cooling system using one of the following methods: • In a test tank • With boat/outboard lower unit in water 2. Disconnect fuel hose from outlet fitting of mechanical fuel pump. 3. Connect clear fuel hose onto the inlet fitting of pump. 4. Install “TEE” fitting onto clear fuel hose. 5. Connect pressure gauge and fuel outlet hose (to VST) onto “TEE” fitting. 6. Start engine and run at 1000 RPM, normal fuel system pressure should be to specifications. Normal Fuel System Pressure @ 1000 RPM Pressure should exceed 2 psi (13.7 kPa) 7. To isolate the mechanical fuel pump from the rest of the fuel system: a. Pinch off/restrict the fuel hose between the “TEE” fitting and the VST. b. The mechanical fuel pump pressure should be to specifications. c. If pressure reading for the pump is below specifications, the pump needs rebuilding. Mechanical Fuel Pump Pressure @ 1000 RPM Pressure should exceed 3 psi (20.7 kPa) 8. If fuel pressure reading is below specifications, refer to “Fuel Pressure Troubleshooting” table. 9. Stop engine, remove gauge/clear hoses and reconnect fuel line to outlet fitting of fuel pump. c d b a a-Clear Hose - From Mechanical Fuel Pump Outlet to “Tee” Fitting b-“TEE”-fitting c-Fuel Pressure Gauge d-Fuel Hose - To VST Page 3B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Fuel Pressure Troubleshooting Condition Cause Correction Fuel system pressure below specification Restricted anti-siphon valve Refer to “Checking for Restricted Fuel Flow caused by Anti-Siphon Valves” preceding Low fuel level in fuel tank * Fill tank with fuel Plugged fuel tank pick-up screen Clean/replace fuel pick-up screen Hole/cut in pick-up tube of fuel tank * Replace fuel pick-up tube Loose fuel line connection * Check/tighten all connections Hole/cut in fuel line * Inspect/replace fuel hose(s) Fuel line primer bulb check valves not opening Replace fuel line primer bulb Fuel hose/line internal diameter too small Use 5/16 in. (8mm) fuel hose Restriction in fuel line thru-hull fitting Clean/replace fitting Restriction in fuel tank switching valve Clean/replace valve Restriction within primer bulb Rebuild/replace primer bulb Pinched/collapsed fuel hose Inspect/replace fuel hose(s) Dirty/plugged water separating fuel filter Clean/replace water separating fuel filter Fuel filter bowl loose * Tighten fuel filter bowl Fuel filter gasket cut/worn * Replace gasket Loose fuel pump screws * Torque screws to specification Fuel pump gasket(s) worn or leaking * Rebuild/replace fuel pump Fuel pump check valves/seals leaking Rebuild/replace fuel pump Leaky fuel pump diaphragm * Rebuild/replace fuel pump Worn/broken fuel pump springs Rebuild/replace fuel pump Leaky fuel pump seals Rebuild/replace fuel pump Fuel vaporization Check for plugged fuel pump water cooling circuit NOTE: * Air bubbles may also be visible as fuel passes through the clear fuel (test) hose installed between the mechanical fuel pump outlet fitting and the VST. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-9 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS EFI System Troubleshooting The ECM is designed such that if a sensor fails the ECM will compensate so that the engine does not go into an over-rich condition. Because of this, disconnecting a sensor for troubleshooting purposes may have no noticeable effect. Using the Digital Diagnostical Terminal (DDT) IMPORTANT: Any sensor that is disconnected while the engine is running will be recorded as a fault in the ECM Fault History. Use the DDT to view and clear the fault history when troubleshooting/repair is completed. a b c d e a-Digital Diagnostic Terminal (91-823686A2) b-Software Cartridge (91-880118--2) c-DDT Reference Manual (90-881204--2) d-DDT Cable 10ft. (3.05m) Extension (84-825003A1) e-Adaptor Harness (84-822560A5) The Quicksilver Digital Diagnostic Terminal (DDT) has been developed specifically to help technicians diagnose and repair Mercury Marine 2 and 4 cycle engines. Attach the diagnostic cable to the ECM diagnostic connector and plug in the software cartridge. You will be able to monitor sensors and ECM data values including status switches. The ECM program can help diagnose intermittent engine problems. It will record the state of the engine sensors and switches for a period of time and then can be played back to review the recorded information. Refer to the Digital Diagnostic Terminal Reference Manual for complete diagnostic procedures. Page 3B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IGNITION DDT Functions – 4-Stroke EFI Models Software Version 1.2 (P/N 91-880118-2) IGNITION INJECTOR PUMP SENSORS SWITCHES MISCELLANEOUS RPM LIMIT BREAK–IN SmartCraft Monitor 1 – Mercury Marine 2 – Tool Setup Select Auto Test: 1 – STATIC TEST Select Fault Hist: 1 – FREEZE FRAME 2 – FAULT SECONDS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FAULT LIGHTS FAULT LIGHTS Any fault will turn on fault light. Refer to Fault Status to identify fault MAT INPUT HI or LO Manifold Air Temperatrure (engine) sensor input is high or low BATT VOLT HI or LOW Battery voltage is high or low ECT INPUT HI or LO Engine Coolant Temperature sensor input is high or low EST 1 thru 4 SHORT or OPEN Electronic spark trigger signal (1 thru 4) is short or open circuit FINJ 1 thru 4 SHORT or OPEN Fuel injector (1 thru 4) is short or open circuit GUARDIAN Guardian system activated MAP INPUT HI or LO MAP sensor input high or low MPRLY BACKFEED Main Power Relay is Receiving a Current Back feed MPRLY OUTPUT Main Power Relay Output OVERSPEED Overspeed is activated COOL TMP OVRHT Engine overheat TPS1 CKT HI or LO TPS #1 sensor input is high or low TPS1 NO ADAPT ECM is unable to adapt to the current position of the TPS TPS1 RANGE HI or LO TPS #1 is above or below the allowable range WARNING HORN Warning horn fault 02MY EFI xx HP 747cc ECM #859613-X CODE SPARK PLUG CHAMPION RA8HC GAP 0.040 (1 mm) FIRING ORDER 1 - 2 - 3 BATV 12.6 - 15.0 IGNITION TIMING: IDLE ECM CONTROL 1800 - 2000 17° BTDC 6000 RPM 28° BTDC STATOR 0.2 - 0.3 ohm CPS 300 - 500 ohm IGN SEC 3 - 7 K ohm FINJ 10.0 - 13.5 ohm PWR RLY 81 - 99 ohm IAC 24 - 30 ohm MAT/ECT 10 K ohm @ 77F/25C RPM LIMIT 6200 PROP RPM 5500 - 6000 TYPICAL TPS RANGE TPI 0.39 - 1.00v IDLE 3.66 - 4.80v WOT MAP 3.5 - 15 psi 24 - 103 kPa FUEL 42 - 44 psi 290 - 303 kPa 1 FUSE - BUS +12 V 2 FUSE - INJ/IAC/PMP 3 FUSE - MAIN RELAY 4 FUSE - IGN COIL OVERTEMP/LOW OIL PRESSURE LIMITS ARE CONTROLLED BY ENGINE GUARDIAN ENGINE RPM BATTERY VOLTS PWR 1 VOLTS MAP PSI TRIGGER ERR AVAILABLE PWR % IAC PWM % SPARK ANG _TDC ECT °F TPS 1 VOLTS TPS % MAT °F RUN TIME HR. RPM 0 – 799 RPM 800 – 1499 RPM 1500 – 1999 RPM 2000 – 2999 RPM 3000 – 3999 RPM 4000 – 4499 RPM 4500– 4999 RPM 5000 – 5999 RPM 6000 + BREAK-IN LEFT RPM LIMIT Sec GRD LIMIT Sec CTS TMP Sec Fault Status List Select Load Test: 1 -IGNITION 2 -FUEL INJECTOR 3 -DIRECT INJECTOR 4 -OIL PUMP 5 -FUEL PUMP 6 -HORN 7 -MISCELLANEOUS 1 -IDLE AIR CONTROL 8 -TACHOMETER 9 -RELAYS 1 -MAIN POWER RELAY 2 -FUEL PUMP RELAY Select Function: 1 -OIL PUMP PRIME 2 -CYLINDER MISFIRE 3 -OUTPUT LOAD TEST 4 -RESET BREAK-IN OIL 5 -CHANGE FUEL OFFSET 6 -ENGINE LOCATION 7 -TRIM LIMIT THIS ENGINE IS A xx MY EFI xxx HP xxxcc PRESS 1 to CONTINUE Select Function: 1 -DATA MONITOR 2 - FAULT STATUS 3 -SYSTEM INFO 4 -HISTORY 5 -SPECIAL FUNCTIONS Select Function: 1 -FAULT HISTORY 2 -RUN HISTORY 3 -CLEAR FAULT HIST 4 -CLEAR RUN HIST FREEZE FRAME BUFFERS Selected Buffer: x - xxxxx BARO PSI BATT VOLTS BLOCK PSI BOAT SPEED AIR TMP °F COOL TMP °F DEMAND % ENGINE RPM ENGINE STATE FPC TOTAL FREQ COUNTER FUEL LEVEL % SHIFT LAKE/SEA TMP °F LOAD% MPRLY REQ MAP PSI OIL LEVEL % PORT TAB POS AVAILABLE PWR % RUN TIME STAR TAB POS TPI % TRIM POSITION FAULT SECONDS BATT VOLT HIGH BATT VOLT LOW BLOCK PSI LOW COMP OVERHEAT ETC MOTOR OPEN ETC MOTOR SHORT FUEL PSI IN HI FUEL PSI IN LO GUARDIAN KNOCK SENS1 KNOCK SENS2 OIL PSI STR OIL REMOTE STR OIL RESERVE STR MAP INPUT HI MAP INPUT LO MAP IDLE CHECK OIL PUMP OVERSPEED PORT OVERHEAT STAR OVERHEAT WARNING HORN H2O IN FUEL Select Function: 1 - AUTO SELF TEST 2 - MANUAL TEST FREEZE FRAME BUFFERS 0 thru 9 Note: Select Desired Buffer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-11 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Troubleshooting Without Digital Diagnostic Terminal Troubleshooting without the DDT is limited to checking resistance on some of the sensors. Typical failures usually do not involve the ECM. Connectors, set-up, and mechanical wear are most likely at fault. • Verify spark plug wires are securely installed (pushed on) on the coil tower. • The engine may not run or may not run above idle with the wrong spark plugs installed. • Swap ignition coils to see if the problem follows the coil or stays with the particular cylinder. NOTE:ECMs are capable of performing a cylinder misfire test to isolate problem cylinders. Once a suspect cylinder is located, an output load test on the ignition coil or fuel injector can be performed using the DDT. • Any sensor or connection can be disconnected and reconnected while the engine is operating without damaging the ECM. Disconnecting the crank position sensor will stop the engine. IMPORTANT: Any sensor that is disconnected while the engine is running will be recorded as a Fault in the ECM Fault History. Use the DDT to view and clear the fault history when troubleshooting/repair is completed. • If all cylinders exhibit similar symptoms, the problem is with a sensor or harness input to the ECM. • If problem is speed related or intermittent, it is probably connector or contact related. Inspect connectors for corrosion, loose wires or loose pins. Secure connector seating; use dielectric compound. • Inspect the harness for obvious damage: pinched wires, chaffing. • Secure grounds and all connections involving ring terminals (coat with Liquid Neoprene). • Check fuel pump connections and fuel pump pressure. Guardian Protection System The guardian protection system monitors critical engine functions and will reduce engine power accordingly in an attempt to keep the engine running within safe operating parameters. IMPORTANT: The Guardian System cannot guarantee that powerhead damage will not occur when adverse operating conditions are encountered. The Guardian System is designed to (1) warn the boat operator that the engine is operating under adverse conditions and (2) reduce power by limiting maximum rpm in an attempt to avoid or reduce the possibility of engine damage. The boat operator is ultimately responsible for proper engine operation. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-13 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Warning Horn/Guardian System Operation Sound Condition Description One Beep on key up Normal System Test Six Beeps on key up, or during a running failure. Failure detected with MAP, MAT *, TPS, or Flash Check Sum (ECM) Engine should run well however, service will be required. Three Beeps every 4 Minutes. Failure detected with: • Battery Voltage * • EST *- Open detected at key up. Short detected with engine running • Fuel Injector - Detected while cranking/running * • Coolant Sensor * • IAC ** Engine will start hard, run rough and/or stall. Utilizing the neutral fast idle feature may assist starting. Service is required. Intermittent Beeps Failure detected with: • Fuel Pump - May start momentarily ** • Main Power Relay - No start ** • ECM Reference Voltage to MAP/TPS - Starts but stalls under load Engine may or may not start. If engine starts it easily stalls. Service is required. Continuous Engine Overheat Engine Guardian System is activated. Power limit will vary with level of overheat. Stop engine and check water intake for obstruction. Advancing throttle above idle may provide additional cooling. Low Oil Pressure Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 10% of maximum. Stop engine and check oil level. Add oil if necessary. Battery Voltage Less Than 10v or More Than 16v Engine Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 75% of maximum. Coolant Sensor Failure Engine Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 50% of maximum. Engine overheat protection is compromised. Engine Speed Limiter Exceeding 6200 rpm cuts spark/injection on cylinder #2 to reduce engine speed. Exceeding 6350 rpm cuts spark/injection on all cylinders to reduce engine speed. * Horn Beeps once on key up, plus failure code. ** Sticky Fault requires key off to reset. Page 3B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS EFI System Troubleshooting Guide IMPORTANT: In all instances check wiring harness integrity (especially ground connections) in boat and on engine. Condition Cause/Fault Warning Mode Check Engine cranks but will not startbut will not start Lanyard stop switch is in the “OFF” position None Set lanyard stop switch to “RUN” Weak battery or bad starter motor. Battery voltage drops below 8 volts while cranking (ECM cuts out below 6 volts) (Fuel pump requires 8 volts). 3 Beeps every 4 minutes for low battery voltage. Check condition of battery/starter solenoid terminals and cables. Charge/replace battery. Inspect condition of starter motor. Blown Fuse None Replace fuse. Inspect engine wiring harness and electrical components. Fuse #2 - Fuel Injectors/IAC/Fuel Pump Fuse #3 - Main Power Relay/Accessory Fuse #4 - Ignition Coils Main Power Relay Intermittent Beeps Listen for relay to “click” when key switch is turned to “ON” 81 - 99 ohms Between pin #22 (YEL/PUR) of port ECM connector and (RED/BLU) wire of fuse #3 (fuse removed) - or Between pin #85 and pin #86 of relay Crank Position Sensor (CPS) None Note: No rpm reading at tachometer 300 – 350 ohms Between pin #5 (RED) and pin #6 (WHT) of starboard ECM connector. - or Between pin #1 (RED) and pin #2 (WHT) of CPS connector. Electric fuel pump Intermittent Beeps Listen for pump. Fuel pump should run 2 seconds after key switch is turned to “RUN” position. 32 - 41 ohms Between pin #19 (BLK/BLU) and pin # 23 (RED/BLU) - or Between pins of fuel pump connector. Flywheel misaligned None Remove flywheel and inspect flywheel key/key way Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ECT sensor resistance chart Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Advancing the remote control fast idle feature or advancing the tiller handle throttle grip half way may assist starting. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-15 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS IMPORTANT: In all instances check wiring harness integrity (especially ground connections) in boat and on engine. Condition Cause/Fault Warning Mode Check Engine cranks, starts and stalls Remote control to engine wiring harness connection is poor None Clean and inspect male and female connections. Air in fuel system/lines None Crank and start engine several times. Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor 6 Beeps at key up or failure See MAP sensor resistance chart Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) 6 Beeps at key up or failure Typical TPI range with DDT: Idle 0.39-1.0 volts, WOT 3.66-4.80 volts. Idle Air Control (IAC) 3 Beeps every 4 minutes 20 - 24 ohms Between pin #20 (WHT/ORG) and pin #23 (RED/BLU) of starboard ECM connector. - or Between pin A and pin B of IAC. ECM reference voltage to MAP/TPS Intermittent Beeps 5 volts Between PUR/YEL pin of MAP sensor wiring harness connector and engine ground (key switch to “RUN”). Fuel pressure at VST fitting None See fuel pressure test - Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Flywheel misaligned None Remove flywheel and inspect flywheel key and key way Engine Idles Fast after warm- up (900-1100rpm) Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ECT sensor resistance chart Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Poor off idle or WOT running quality Fuel injector 3 Beeps every 4 minutes 10.0 - 13.5 ohms Between fuel injector pin #1 and pin #2. - or Between (removed) fuse #2 (RED/BLU) wire and port ECM connector: Pin #17 (PNK/BRN) Fuel Injector #1 Pin #2 (PNK/RED) Fuel Injector #2 Pin #1 (PNK/ORG) Fuel Injector #3 Ignition coil (EST) *** 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ignition coil resistance chart Section 2A “IGNITION” Fuel pressure at VST fitting None See fuel pressure test - Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Fuel filter plugged None Replace fuel filter Improper spark plugs None Use recommended resistive spark plugs Loose grounds None Check all ground connections. Flywheel timing tooth pattern None Check tooth pattern for partially missing or damaged teeth Fouled spark plug(s) None Replace spark plug(s). Page 3B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS IMPORTANT: In all instances check wiring harness integrity (especially ground connections) in boat and on engine. Condition Cause/Fault Warning Mode Check Poor idle quality Crank Position Sensor (CPS) None 300 - 350 ohms Between pin #5 (RED) and pin #6 (WHT) of starboard ECM connector. - or Between pin #1 (RED) and pin #2 (WHT) of CPS connector. Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor 6 Beeps at key up or failure See MAP sensor resistance chart - Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) 6 Beeps at key up or failure Typical TPI range with DDT: Idle 0.39-1.0 volts, WOT 3.66-4.80 volts. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ECT sensor resistance chart Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) sensor 6 Beeps at key up or failure See MAT sensor resistance chart –Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Fuel injector 3 Beeps every 4 minutes 10.0 - 13.5 ohms Between fuel injector pin #1 and pin #2. - or Between (removed) fuse #2 (RED/BLU) wire and port ECM connector: Pin #17 (PNK/BRN) Fuel Injector #1 Pin #2 (PNK/RED) Fuel Injector #2 Pin #1 (PNK/ORG) Fuel Injector #3 Ignition coil (EST) *** 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ignition coil resistance chart Section 2A “IGNITION” Idle Air Control (IAC) 3 Beeps every 4 minutes 20 - 24 ohms Between pin #20 (WHT/ORG) and pin #23 (RED/BLU) of starboard ECM connector. - or Between pin A and pin B of IAC. Fuel pressure at VST fitting. None See fuel pressure test - Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION”. Loose grounds None Check all ground connections. Fouled spark plug(s) None Replace spark plug(s). *** The ECM will only monitor the EST connection to the ignition coil, use resistance tests and/or spark gap test to confirm an ignition coil failure. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-17 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS IMPORTANT: In all instances check wiring harness integrity (especially ground connections) in boat and on engine. Condition Cause/Fault Warning Mode Check Engine runs rich Fuel pressure regulator None 42 - 44 psi (290 – 303 kPa) at VST fitting - Section 3B “ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION” Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor 3 Beeps every 4 minutes See ECT sensor resistance chart - Section 3B Electronic Fuel Injection Thermostat stuck open None Remove and inspect thermostat. Section 4A “CYLINDER HEAD” Speed Reduction Engine RPM Limited to 2000 Low oil pressure or grounded oil pressure switch lead GUARDIAN Continuous Horn Above 10% Power Setting Check engine oil level and add oil as needed. Remove oil pressure switch and install oil pressure gauge, (warm engine) oil pressure should be: Above 2.9 psi (20.0 kPa) at idle 30-40 psi. (207-278 kPa) at 3000 rpm. See Oil Pressure Switch test Section 4B “Cylinder Block/Crankcase”. Check for short between pin #7 (BLU) of starboard ECM connector and open connector of oil pressure switch. Speed Reduction Engine RPM Limited Engine Overheat GUARDIAN Continuous Engine Guardian System is activated. Power limit will vary with level of overheat. Stop engine and check water intake for obstruction. Advancing throttle above idle may provide additional cooling. Battery Voltage Less Than 10v or More Than 16v GUARDIAN Continuous Horn Above 75% Power Setting Engine Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 75% of maximum. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Failure GUARDIAN Continuous Horn Above 50% Power Setting Engine Guardian System is activated. Engine power is limited to 50% of maximum. Engine overheat protection is compromised Page 3B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Component Resistance Tests NOTE: Refer to section1C General Information(powerheadreferenceviews)for location of sensors. NOTE:If using DMT 2000 turn the selector switch toW .. Allow the meter to auto-range. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor 1. Place the engine coolant temperature sensor in a container filled with water. 2. Place a thermometer in the water and slowly heat the water. 3. Measure the resistance when the specified temperature is reached. If the reading is out of specification, replace the sensor. a Test Water Temperature (F ) ° a-Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor 270 255 240 225 210 195 180 165 150 135 120 105 90 75 60 45 30 15 0 Temperature Sensor 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 Resistance (k) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-19 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Fuel Injector b a METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1RX1 10 13 5 10 - 13.5PIN A PIN B Main Power Relay 85 86 METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1RX1 81 9181 - 91PIN 85 PIN 86 Page 3B-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TROUBLESHOOTING AND DIAGNOSTICS Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor a b c a-Black/Orange b-Yellow c-Purple/Yellow METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1K 95 - 105 K95 105 K 3.9 - 4.3 K3.9 4.3 K 95 - 105 K PIN A PIN B PIN A PIN C PIN B PIN C Crank Position Sensor METER TEST LEADS METER SCALE (ANALOG) READING () RED BLACK RX1RX1 300 350300 - 350RED WHT 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3B-21 SERVICE PROCEDURES ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION Section 3C - Service Procedures Table of Contents Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-1 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2 Intake Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-4 Vapor Separator Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-6 Vapor Separator Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-8 Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-10 Fuel Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-12 Torque Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-14 Intake Manifold Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-15 Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High-Pressure Fuel Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-15 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-16 Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-19 Throttle Body Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . 3C-23 Idle Air Control (IAC) Removal/Installation . . 3C-24 Fuel Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-25 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-25 Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-26 Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-27 Fuel Distribution Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-28 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-28 Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-29 Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-30 Specifications Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-31 ECM Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-32 Crank Position Sensor (CPS) Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-33 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-34 Low Pressure Fuel Line/Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . 3C-35 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-35 Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-36 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-37 Cleaning/Inspection/Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-38 Check Valve Inspection/Replacement . . . 3C-38 Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-39 Fuel Filter Disassembly/Assembly . . . . . . . . . 3C-41 Vapor Separator (VST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-42 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-42 Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-43 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-44 Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-46 Pressure Regulator Removal/Installation . . . 3C-48 High Pressure Fuel Line Removal/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-49 3 C FUEL SYSTEM Fuel Pump Type Fuel Pump: Pressure Fuel Tank Capacity Mechanical Water Cooled (Plunger/Diaphragm) 3-6 psi Accessory FUEL INJECTION Fuel Injector System Idle rpm (Out Of Gear) Idle rpm (In Forward Gear) Wide Open Throttle rpm (WOT) Range Fuel Pump Pressure - Electric Batch 775 ± 25 rpm 775 ± 25 rpm 5500–6000 42-44 psi (290-303 kPa) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-1 SERVICE PROCEDURES Special Tools 1. DMT 2000 Digital Tachometer Multi-meter P/N 91-854009A1. 2. Digital Diagnostic Terminal P/N 91-823686A2 3. DDT Cartridge 91-822608-2 4. Fuel Injector Cap Tool 91-883877A1 58816 Page 3C-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-3 5. Clamp Tool Kit 91-803146A2 57316 a a - Clamp Tool 91-803146T 6. Fuel Pressure Gauge 91-16850A7 or Fuel Pressure Gauge 91-852087A3. 91-16850A7 SERVICE PROCEDURES INTAKE MANIFOLD 66 66 66 Loctite 242 Page 3C-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES INTAKE MANIFOLD REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 INTAKE MANIFOLD 2 3 GASKET 3 1 SCREW 31 3.5 4 1 BRACKET 5 1 NUT 75 8.5 6 1 IDLE AIR CONTROL (IAC) 7 1 FUEL DISTRIBUTION MANIFOLD 8 3 INJECTOR 9 2 SCREW 31 3.5 10 3 SCREW 31 3.5 11 3 CLIP 12 1 HOSE 13 1 THROTTLE BODY 14 1 GASKET 15 2 SCREW 31 3.5 16 1 THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR (TPS) 17 2 SCREW 18 2 18 1 MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (MAP) SENSOR 19 1 MANIFOLD AIR TEMPERATURE (MAT) SENSOR 12.5 1.4 20 1 O RING 21 1 SOUND ATTENUATOR 22 4 SCREW (M6 X 25) 75 8.5 23 1 BREATHER HOSE 2424 1 RESTRICTOR (50) 1 RESTRICTOR (40) 25 1 SCREW (M6 X 30) 75 8.5 26 3 STA-STRAP 27 1 SCREW (10-16 X .625) Drive Tight 28 1 RETAINER 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-5 SERVICE PROCEDURES VAPOR SEPARATOR COMPONENTS 11 12 13 3 4 2 14 15 1 2 116 7 8 9 10 11 22 17 1620 21 5 24 23 19 12 18 1226 25 27 29 28 43 44 46 45 33 30 31 42 37 36 38 35 39 32 34 33 40 41 Loctite 242 Loctite PST Pipe Sealant 9 9 9 9 66 9 66 66 66 Page 3C-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES VAPOR SEPARATOR COMPONENTS REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 COVER KIT 2 2 FITTING 3 1 ELECTRICAL PASS-THRU KIT 45-55 5.1-6.2 4 1 O RING 5 1 RETAINER 6 1 FITTING 45-55 5.1-6.2 7 1 FITTING 45-55 5.1-6.2 8 1 DIAGNOSTIC VALVE 40-50 4.5-5.7 9 1 CAP 10 1 DRAIN TUBE 11 5 SCREW 35-40 4-4.5 12 6 SCREW 20-24 2.3-2.7 13 1 REGULATOR 14 1 O RING 15 1 O RING 16 1 SEAL KIT 30-35 3.4-4 17 1 GASKET 18 1 FLOAT KIT 19 1 FLOAT SHAFT 20 1 INLET NEEDLE KIT 21 1 VENT HOSE 22 1 STA STRAP 23 1 FUEL BAFFLE 24 1 HARNESS 25 1 PUMP KIT 26 1 SLEEVE 27 1 GROMMET 28 1 FUEL BOWL KIT 29 1 GASKET 30 1 DRAIN SCREW 30-35 3.4-4 31 1 FITTING Press to Shoulder 32 1 FUEL COOLER BODY KIT 33 4 CLAMP 34 2 FITTING 45-55 5.1-6.2 35 5 PLUG 36 2 ELBOW FITTING Install 5 to 7 Turns 37 1 ELBOW FITTING 45-55 5.1-6.2 38 1 SCREW 10.812.5 14.717 39 1 GASKET 40 1 HOSE (1-5/8) 41 1 HOSE (4-1/2) 42 1 DRAIN HOSE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-7 SERVICE PROCEDURES VAPOR SEPARATOR COMPONENTS 11 12 13 3 4 2 14 15 1 2 116 7 8 9 10 11 22 17 1620 21 5 24 23 19 12 18 1226 25 27 29 28 43 44 46 45 33 30 31 42 37 36 38 35 39 32 34 33 40 41 Loctite 242 Loctite PST Pipe Sealant 9 9 9 9 66 9 66 66 66 Page 3C-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES VAPOR SEPARATOR COMPONENTS REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 43 3 BUSHING 44 3 GROMMET 45 3 SCREW (M6 X 25) 45 5.1 46 3 WASHER 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-9 SERVICE PROCEDURES FUEL PUMP 21 A B A = TO VAPOR SEPARATOR COVER B = TO VST COOLER C = TO TELL TALE C 20 22 1923 18 15 13 1324 11 10 16 1313 17 13 14 13 1 13 12 25 13 8 9 2 1 33 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 7 66 Loctite 242 66 Page 3C-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES FUEL PUMP REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 FUEL PUMP 2 4 SCREW 3 1 DIAPHRAGM/O-RING KIT 4 1 SPRING 5 4 NUT 6 1 SPRING 7 1 CAP 8 1 COWL DEFLECTOR 9 2 SCREW (M6 X 30) 75 8.5 10 1 TUBING (29 IN.) 11 1 TUBING (16 IN.) 12 1 TUBING (6 IN.) 13 AR STA STRAP 14 1 TUBING (8 IN.) 15 1 FUEL FILTER 16 1 TUBING (38 IN.) 17 1 FUEL CONNECTOR 18 1 BUSHING 19 1 GROMMET 20 1 WASHER 21 1 NUT (M6) 45 5.1 22 1 BRACKET 23 2 SCREW (M6 X 13) 75 8.5 24 1 CONDUIT (13 IN.) 25 1 CONDUIT (26 IN.) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-11 SERVICE PROCEDURES FUEL LINES 1 2 3 4 5 1 Page 3C-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES FUEL LINES REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 CONDUIT (22 IN.) 2 1 FUEL LINE 3 1 FUEL FILTER 4 1 PROTECTIVE SLEEVE 5 1 FUEL LINE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-13 SERVICE PROCEDURES Torque Sequence INTAKE MANIFOLD FLANGE 1 6 4 3 2 5 Page 3C-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-15 Intake Manifold Assembly WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High-Pressure Fuel Line 1. Install the fuel pressure gauge onto the pressure check valve. 2. Place the drain hose into a container. 3. Push the relief button and release the pressure. 91-16850A7 b c a a - Fuel Pressure Gauge b - Pressure Relief Button c - Drain Hose SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Removal 4. Push in on the fuel injector harness connector retaining clip and unplug the harness from each fuel injector. It is not necessary to remove the retaining clip from the connector. 5. Unplug the Idle Air Control (IAC) connector. 6. AFTER RELIEVING PRESSURE disconnect the high pressure fuel line from the fuel distribution manifold by depressing the locking tab and pulling back on the fuel line. 7. Remove the flywheel cover. f e b g 58983 d c a a - Fuel Injector (4) b - Harness Connector Retaining Clip c - Idle Air Control (IAC) Connector d - Throttle Air Bypass Hose e - High Pressure Fuel Line f - Locking Tab g - Flywheel Cover SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-17 8. Remove intake assembly mounting screws and remove intake assembly. 58981 c b a a - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw (4) M6 x 25 b - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw (1) M6 x 30 c - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw (2) M6 x 40 9. Disconnect throttle link rod from the throttle body ball socket. a b a - Throttle Link Rod b - Throttle Body Ball Socket SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 10. Disconnect ECM harness connectors. 11. Remove the ECM mounting screws and washers. Remove the ECM from the mounting plate. c a b b d b c e 58811 a - ECM Harness Connectors b - ECM Mounting Screw (3) M6 x 25 c - ECM d - J-Clip e - Washers (3) 12. Disconnect the following sensors: Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP), Manifold Air Temperature (MAT), and Throttle Position Sensor (TPS). 13. Cut sta-strap and remove crankcase breather hose from sound attenuator. Remove intake assembly from engine. b c d a f g e 58978 a - Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor b - MAP Sensor Retaining Clip c - Screw (10-16 x .625) d - Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Connector e - Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Connector f - Crankcase Breather Hose g - Sound Attenuator SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-19 Installation 1. Install intake manifold assembly to engine. Make sure O-rings are in place. Tighten screws (in sequence shown) to specified torque. 58981 c b 1 6 4 3 2 5 a 66 Loctite 242 66 66 a - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw (4) M6 x 25 b - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw M6 x 30 c - Intake Assembly Mounting Screw (2) M6 x 40 Intake Assembly Mounting Screw Torque 75 lb-in (8.5 Nm) 2. Connect throttle link rod to the throttle body ball socket. IMPORTANT: Check for proper throttle link rod adjustment as outlined in section 7A. b a a - Throttle Link Rod b - Throttle Body Ball Socket SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 3. Connect the following sensors: Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP), Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor, and Throttle Position Sensor (TPS). 4. Install MAP sensor retaining clip and tighten screw. 5. Install crankcase breather hose into sound attenuator. Secure with sta-strap. b c a d f g e 58978 a - Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor b - MAP Sensor Retaining Clip c - Screw (10-16 x .625) d - Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor e - Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) f - Crankcase Breather Hose g - Sound Attenuator SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-21 6. Connect the fuel line to the fuel distribution manifold. Push on until locked into place. 7. Route injector harness as shown and plug-in the fuel injector and IAC connectors. 8. Install flywheel cover. Tighten screws to specified torque. f e g 58983 d c a b a - Fuel Injector (3) b - Fuel Injector Connector (3) c - Idle Air Control (IAC) Connector d - Throttle Air Bypass Hose e - Fuel Line f - Locking Tab g - Flywheel Cover Flywheel Cover Screw Torque 75 lb-in (8.5 Nm) SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 9. Install ECM to mounting plate. Tighten mounting screws to specified torque. 10. Plug in ECM harness connectors. c a b b d b c e 58811 a - ECM Harness Connectors b - ECM Mounting Screw (3) M6 x 25 c - ECM d - J-Clip e - Washers (3) ECM Mounting Screw Torque 45 lb-in (5.1 Nm) SERVICE PROCEDURES Throttle Body Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Remove the intake manifold assembly. Refer to Intake Manifold Assembly Removal. 2. Remove throttle body mounting screws and remove throttle body assembly from the intake assembly. INSTALLATION 1. Lubricate O-ring and install throttle body to intake assembly. Tighten screws to specified torque. 2. Install the intake assembly. Refer to Intake Assembly Installation. a c bd a-Throttle Body Mounting Screws (2) 25mm long b-Throttle Body Assembly c-Seal d-Intake Assembly Throttle Body Mounting Screw Torque 31 lb-in (3.5 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-23 SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Idle Air Control (IAC) Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Disconnect the IAC harness connector. 2. Remove IAC mounting screw. 3. Disconnect the throttle air bypass hose and remove the IAC valve. INSTALLATION 1. Install IAC and secure with mounting screw. 2. Connect IAC harness connector and bypass hose. b a c d a - IAC Mounting Screw b - IAC Harness Connector c - Throttle Air Bypass Hose d - Idle Air Control (IAC) Valve IAC Mounting Screw Torque 31 lb-in (3.5 Nm) SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-25 Fuel Injectors WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. Removal 1. Remove fuel injector cap retaining clips and screws. 2. Push in on the harness connector retaining clip and unplug the harness from each fuel injector. 3. Using service tool 91-883877A1, pry injector cap from the injector. 4. Remove fuel injectors from intake manifold. 91-883877A1 c d b a e a - Fuel Injector (3) b - Fuel Injector Cap (3) c - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Clip (3) d - Screw (3) e - Harness Connector Retaining Clip (3) SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Installation 1. Install fuel injector cap by pushing it on the fuel injector until it bottoms out. 2. Lubricate O-rings and install fuel injectors into intake manifold. 3. Install fuel injector cap retaining screws and tighten to specified torque. Install fuel injector cap retaining clips so that the locking teeth line up with the locking rib on the fuel injector (as shown). 4. Connect the harness connectors to each fuel injector. Push the connector on until the retaining clip locks in place. 91-883877A1 e 58823 g h f c d b a a - Fuel Injector (3) b - Fuel Injector Cap (3) c - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Clip (3) d - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Screw (3) e - Fuel Injector Harness Retaining Clip (3) f - Fuel Injector Harness Connector (3) g - Locking Teeth h - Locking Rib Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Screw Torque 31 lb-in (3.5 Nm) SERVICE PROCEDURES Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Remove the intake assembly. Refer to Intake Assembly Removal. 2. Remove the MAP sensor retaining screw and bracket. Remove the MAP from the intake by pulling and twisting simultaneously (pulls out hard). INSTALLATION 1. Lubricate seal and push MAP into intake assembly. 2. Install retaining clip and screw. Tighten screw securely. 3. Install intake assembly. Refer to Intake Assembly Installation. b c 58978 a a-MAP Sensor b-Retaining Clip c-Screw 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-27 SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Fuel Distribution Manifold WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. Removal 1. Remove fuel injector cap retaining screws. 2. Remove the fuel injector cap retaining clips. 3. Using service tool 91-883877A1, pry the fuel injector cap off of each fuel injector. 4. Remove fuel distribution manifold mounting screws. 5. AFTER RELIEVING FUEL PRESSURE disconnect the high pressure fuel line by depressing the locking tab and pulling back. Remove fuel distribution manifold. f g 58983 91-883877A1 c b a e d a - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Screw (3) b - Fuel Injector Cap (3) c - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Clip (3) d - Fuel Distribution Manifold Mounting Screw (2) e - Fuel Distribution Manifold f - High Pressure Fuel Line Locking Tab SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-29 Installation 1. Install fuel distribution manifold and tighten mounting screws to specified torque. 2. Push fuel injector cap onto the fuel injector until the cap bottoms out on the injector. 3. Install fuel injector cap retaining screws and tighten securely. Install fuel injector cap retaining clips so that the locking teeth line up with the locking rib on the fuel injector (as shown). 4. Connect high pressure fuel line. Push on until locking tab snaps in place. f g 58983 c b a e d a - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Screw (3) b - Fuel Injector Cap (3) c - Fuel Injector (3) d - Fuel Injector Cap Retaining Clip (3) e - Fuel Distribution Manifold Mounting Screw (2) f - Fuel Distribution Manifold g - High Pressure Fuel Line Mounting Screw Torque 31 lb-in (3.5 Nm) SERVICE PROCEDURES Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Remove the intake manifold assembly. Refer to Intake Manifold Assembly Removal. 2. Disconnect manifold air temperature (MAT) sensor connector. 3. Unscrew MAT sensor from the intake manifold assembly. Inspect o-ring and replace if necessary. INSTALLATION CAUTION Overtightening the manifold air temperature (MAT) sensor can lead to failing the plastic threads. Be sure to tighten to the specified torque. 1. Lubricate O-ring and screw in air temperature sensor. Tighten to specified torque. 2. Connect MAT sensor connector. 3. Install the intake manifold assembly. Refer to Intake Manifold Assembly Installation. 58978 a c b a-Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor b-MAT Sensor Connector c-O-ring Air Temperature Sensor Torque 12.5 lb-in. (1.4 Nm) Page 3C-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Removal/Installation REMOVAL 1. Remove the intake manifold assembly. Refer to Intake Manifold Assembly Removal. 2. Disconnect throttle position sensor (TPS) connector. 3. Remove mounting screws and remove throttle position sensor. INSTALLATION 1. Install throttle position sensor. Tighten screws to specified torque. 2. Connect throttle position sensor connector. 3. Install the intake manifold assembly. Refer to Intake Manifold Assembly Installation. 58978 b c a a-Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) b-TPS Connector c-TPS Mounting Screws(2) 15 mm long Throttle Position Sensor Mounting Screw Torque 18 lb-in (2 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-31 SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 ECM Removal/Installation Removal 1. Remove ECM harness connectors. 2. Remove the ECM mounting screws and washers. Remove the ECM from the mounting plate. Installation 1. Install ECM onto mounting bracket (position the j-clip as shown). Install screws and washers. Tighten screws to specified torque. 2. Connect ECM harness connectors. c a b b d b c e 58811 a - ECM Harness Connectors b - ECM Mounting Screw (3) M6 x 25 c - ECM d - J-clip e - Washers (3) ECM Mounting Screw Torque 45 lb. in. (5.1 N·m) SERVICE PROCEDURES Crank Position Sensor Removal/Installation 1. Disconnect sensor from wiring harness. 2. Remove sensor mounting screws. 3. Reverse steps for installation. Tighten screws to specified torque. a b c 58228 a-Crank Position Sensor b-Harness Connector c-Screw (2) M5x16 Crank Position Sensor Mounting Screw Torque 45 lb. in. (5.1 N·m) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-33 SERVICE PROCEDURES Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Removal/Installation 1. Disconnect sensor from wiring harness. 2. Remove sensor from exhaust cover. 3. Reverse steps for installation. Tighten to specified torque. CAUTION Over-tightening the coolant temperature sensor can lead to failing the plastic threads. Be sure to tighten to the specified torque. b c 58225 a a-Harness Connector b-Temperature Sensor c-Exhaust Cover Temperature Sensor Mounting Torque 15 lb. in. (1.7 N·m) Page 3C-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-35 Low Pressure Fuel Line/Fuel Pump Removal 1. Cut sta-straps and remove fuel pump inlet/outlet hoses, and fuel cooler water inlet/outlet hoses. 2. Remove fuel pump mounting bolts and cowl deflector. 3. Separate fuel pump from cylinder head cover. e g f d c a b 58974 a - Inlet Fuel Hose (from filter) b - Outlet Fuel Hose (to VST) c - Fuel Cooler Water Inlet Hose (from VST fuel cooler) d - Fuel Cooler Water Outlet Hose (to tell-tale outlet) e - Mounting Screw (2) M6 x 30 f - Cowl Deflector g - Fuel Pump SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Installation 1. Secure fuel pump and cowl deflector to cylinder head cover with screws. Tighten to specified torque. 2. Connect fuel lines to pump and secure with new sta-straps. a b c e h i d j e f g d c a b 58974 66 Loctite 242 66 a - Inlet Fuel Hose (from fuel filter) b - Outlet Fuel Hose (to VST) c - Fuel Cooler Water Inlet Hose (from VST fuel cooler) d - Fuel Cooler Water Outlet Hose (to tell-tale outlet) e - Mounting Screw (2) M6 x 30 f - Cowl Deflector g - Fuel Pump h - Conduit (13 in.) i - Conduit (21 in.) j - Sta-strap Fuel Pump Mounting Screw Torque 75 lb. in. (8.5 N·m) SERVICE PROCEDURES Disassembly IMPORTANT: Before separating fuel pump components mark each component with an awl or marker. This will ensure the components are oriented correctly during reassembly. 1. Remove screws to separate pump cover, cover seal, diaphragm and valve body from pump base. 28378 c d b a e f g a-Screws (4) b-Pump Cover c-Cover Seal d-Diaphragm h e-Valve Body f-Pump Base g-Nuts (4) h-I.D. Marks (Create These) 2. Rotate plunger to line up slots. 53615 a b a-Slots Offset b-Slots Aligned 3. Compress pump assembly to free spring load on pin. 4. Tilt assembly to allow pin to slide out. 53617 a a-Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-37 SERVICE PROCEDURES Cleaning/Inspection/Repair 1. Inspect springs for damage, replace if necessary. 2. Inspect cover seal and diaphragm, replace if damaged. ab a-Cover Seal b-Diaphragm Check Valve Inspection/Replacement 1. Inspect the check valves for damage, replace if necessary. REMOVAL 2. If replacement is needed remove old check valves by grabbing the seal and pulling. 58831 a a-Check Valve/Seal Assembly (2) Page 3C-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES INSTALLATION 1. Fabricate an installation tool to the dimensions specified. 2. Lubricate the end of the seal and push the assembly into the valve body. NOTE:Drill into the handle using a 5/64 in. (2mm) drill bit. Insert the peg into the drilled hole until 0.312 in. (8mm) remains exposed. 58831 .312 in. ±0.010 in. a c b (7.7 - 8.2mm) 58832 5/64 in. dia. 0.375 in. dia. (2mm) (9.5mm) a-Check Valve/Seal Assembly (2) b-Installation Tool (make yourself) c-Valve Body Assembly 1. Assemble springs, diaphragm, and plunger onto pump base. a b c d e a-Diaphragm b-Diaphragm Spring c-Pump Body d-Spring e-Plunger 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-39 SERVICE PROCEDURES 2. Line up slots and compress assembly. 3. Insert pin into hole. a b c a-Pump Body c-Pin b-Slots 4. Rotate plunger 90° to offset slots. 53615 a b a-Slots Aligned b-Slots Offset 5. Assemble valve body, diaphragm, seal, and cover to pump base. Be sure to line up I.D. marks that were made before disassembly. Apply Loctite 242 to screws and secure with nuts. NOTE:Seal installs in one direction only. h 66 Loctite 242 b-Pump Cover c-Cover Seal d-Diaphragm 66 28378 c d b a e f g a-Screws (4) M5 x 40 e-Valve Body f-Pump Base g-Nuts (4) h-I.D. Marks Fuel Pump Cover Screw Torque 30 lb. in. (3.5 N·m) Page 3C-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 SERVICE PROCEDURES 6. Inspect O-ring and replace if necessary. Install onto fuel pump assembly. 53620 a a-O-ring Fuel Filter Disassembly/Assembly DISASSEMBLY 1. Unscrew fuel filter cup and remove fuel filter element and o-rings. 2. Inspect o-rings and replace if necessary. 3. Clean fuel filter cup and replace fuel filter element if needed. ASSEMBLY 1. Lubricate o-rings and install fuel filter element. 2. Install fuel filter cup and hand tighten. b c d e a a-Fuel Filter Assembly b-Fuel Filter Cap c-Fuel Filter Element d-O-ring e-Fuel Filter Cup 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-41 SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Vapor Separator (VST) WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. Removal 1. Release fuel pressure. Refer to Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High Pressure Fuel Line. 2. Remove the lower cowl. Drain the fuel from the VST into a suitable container. 3. Disconnect fuel lines, water lines and high pressure fuel pump harness connector. 4. Remove vapor separator (VST) mounting screws and remove VST from engine. a b e 66 Loctite 242 58986 f h 66 c g i d a - VST Drain Valve b - VST Drain Hose c - Fuel Hose (Mechanical Fuel Pump to VST) d - High Pressure Fuel Hose (Fuel Cooler to Fuel Distribution Manifold) e - Water Hose (VST Fuel Cooler to Mechanical Fuel Pump Fuel Cooler) f - Water Hose (Exhaust Cover to Fuel Cooler) g - VST Vent Hose h - High Pressure Fuel Pump Harness Connector i - Vapor Separator Mounting Screws (3) M6 x 25 SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-43 Installation 1. Tighten drain valve and install VST to engine. Tighten mounting screws to specified torque. 2. Connect fuel and water hoses as shown below. Secure with sta-straps. 3. Plug in high pressure fuel pump harness connector. a b e 66 Loctite 242 58986 f h 66 c g i d a - VST Drain Valve b - VST Drain Hose c - Fuel Hose (Mechanical Fuel Pump to VST) d - High Pressure Fuel Hose (Fuel Cooler to Fuel Distribution Manifold) e - Water Hose (VST Fuel Cooler to Mechanical Fuel Pump Fuel Cooler) f - Water Hose (Exhaust Cover to Fuel Cooler) g - VST Vent Hose h - High Pressure Fuel Pump Harness Connector i - Vapor Separator Mounting Screws (3) M6 x 25 Vapor Separator Mounting Screw Torque 45 lb. in. (5 N·m) SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-44 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Disassembly 1. Remove fuel cooler mounting screw. 2. If removal of fuel cooler is required (because of damaged/plugged hoses or fuel cooler replacement), cut metal hose clamps and remove fuel hoses from VST cover. Remove fuel cooler. 3. Remove VST cover screws and remove cover assembly. a b c d e c a - Fuel Cooler Mounting Screw (1) M6 x 25 b - Fuel Cooler c - Metal Hose Clamp d - VST Cover Screws (5) e - VST Cover Assembly SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-45 4. Disconnect high pressure fuel pump connectors and remove high pressure fuel pump. 5. Inspect and clean high pressure fuel pump screen. b a c a - Connectors b - High Pressure Fuel Pump c - Screen 6. Loosen float pin retaining screw and remove float assembly. 7. Remove baffle plate (if desired). 8. Remove and inspect seat. 9. Inspect and clean VST float chamber. a d e c f b g h i a - Float Pin Retaining Screw b - Float c - Float Shaft d - Clip e - Needle f - Baffle Plate g - VST Float Chamber h - Seat i - Gasket SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-46 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Assembly 1. Apply Loctite 242 to screws and install baffle plate (if removed). Tighten screws to specified torque. 2. Install seat (with new gasket) and tighten. 3. Install float assembly as shown. Install float pin and tighten retaining screw to specified torque. a d c g f b e h 66 66 Loctite 242 a - Float Pin Retaining Screw b - Float c - Float Shaft d - Clip e - Needle f - Baffle Plate Screw (3) g - Seat h - Gasket Screw Torque 22 lb. in. (2.5 N·m) 4. Connect the high pressure fuel pump connectors. Push the nozzle into the rubber grommet (lubricate with light oil if necessary). Make sure the alignment pin is positioned properly and lines up with hole in the high pressure fuel pump. b a c a - Connectors b - High Pressure Fuel Pump c - Alignment Pin SERVICE PROCEDURES 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-47 5. Install grommet to the bottom of the high pressure fuel pump. 6. Lightly clamp the VST float chamber in a vise. Position the VST cover assembly so the high pressure fuel pump is horizontal. This will prevent the grommet from falling off. 7. Install VST cover assembly and new gasket, into float chamber. Push the cover and float chamber together, this will compress the grommet and allow the screws to be threaded in. 8. Install VST cover screws and tighten to specified torque. a b d e c 91-803146T f g h i g a - Grommet b - Gasket c - VST Float Chamber d - High Pressure Fuel Pump e - VST Cover Assembly f - VST Cover Screws (5) g - Metal Hose Clamp (4) h - Fuel Cooler Mounting Screw(1) M4 x 20 i - Fuel Cooler Screw Torque 32 lb. in. (3.5 N·m) SERVICE PROCEDURES Page 3C-48 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Pressure Regulator Removal/Installation WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. NOTE: The pressure regulator vent is an open fitting that does not require a hose to be attached. Removal 1. Release fuel pressure. Refer to Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High Pressure Fuel Line. 2. Remove fuel pressure regulator mounting screws and remove regulator from VST cover. 3. Inspect o-rings. Replace if necessary. Inspect and clean screen. Installation 1. Lubricate o-rings with light lubricant and reassemble the pressure regulator to the VST cover (twist while pushing in). 2. Apply Loctite 242 to mounting screws and tighten to specified torque. a b c d 66 Loctite 242 66 a - Mounting Screw (2) b - Fuel Pressure Regulator c - O-rings d - Vent (no hose) Pressure Regulator Mounting Screw Torque 22 lb. in. (2.5 N·m) SERVICE PROCEDURES High Pressure Fuel Line Removal/Installation WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. REMOVAL 1. Disconnect the fuel line from the fuel distribution manifold by depressing the locking tab. 2. Disconnect the fuel line from the fuel cooler by depressing the locking tab. 3. Remove the high pressure fuel line assembly. 4. Inspect filter for cracks/debris. Replace if necessary. INSTALLATION 1. Connect fuel lines as shown. a b c d e f g a-Locking Tab b-Fuel Filter c-Fuel Line (to VST fuel cooler) d-Fuel Line (to fuel distribution manifold) e-Protective Sleeve f-Conduit g-Conduit 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3C-49 EMISSIONS ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION Section 3D – Emissions Table of Contents Exhaust Emissions Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 Emissions Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6 What Are Emissions? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 Manufacturer’s Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6 Hydrocarbons – HC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 Dealer Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6 Carbon Monoxide – CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 Owner Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6 Oxides of Nitrogen - NOx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 EPA Emission Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-7 Controlling Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2 Decal Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-8 Stoichiometric (14.7:1) Air/Fuel Ratio . . . 3D-3 Service Replacement Certification Label . . . 3D-9 Outboard Hydrocarbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-3 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-9 Emissions Reductions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-3 Date Code Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-9 Stratified Vs Homogenized Charge . . . . . . . . 3D-4 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-9 Homogenized Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-4 Decal Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-9 Stratified Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-5 3 D 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3D-1 EMISSIONS Exhaust Emissions Standards Through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the federal government has established exhaust emissions standards for all new marine engines sold in the U.S. What Are Emissions? Emissions are what comes out of the exhaust system in the exhaust gas when the engine is running. They are formed as a result of the process of combustion or incomplete combustion. To understand exhaust gas emissions, remember that both air and fuel are made of several elements. Air contains oxygen and nitrogen among other elements; gasolene contains mainly hydrogen and carbon. These four elements combine chemically during combustion. If combustion were complete, the mixture of air and gasoline would result in these emissions: water, carbon dioxide and nitrogen, which are not harmful to the environment. But combustion is not usually complete. Also, potentially harmful gases can be formed during and after combustion. All marine engines must reduce the emission of certain pollutants, or potentially harmful gases, in the exhaust to conform with levels legislated by the EPA. Emissions standards become more stringent each year. Standards are set primarily with regard to three emissions: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Hydrocarbons – HC Gasoline is a hydrocarbon fuel. The two elements of hydrogen and carbon are burned during combustion in combination with oxygen. But they are not totally consumed. Some pass through the combustion chamber and exit the exhaust system as unburned gases known as hydrocarbons. Carbon Monoxide – CO Carbon is one of the elements that make up the fuel burned in the engine along with oxygen during the combustion process. If the carbon in the gasoline could combine with enough oxygen (one carbon atom with two oxygen atoms), it would come out of the engine in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2). CO2 is a harmless gas. But carbon often combines with insufficient oxygen (one carbon atom with one oxygen atom). This forms carbon monoxide, CO. Carbon monoxide is the product of incomplete combustion and is a dangerous, potentially lethal gas. Oxides of Nitrogen - NOx NOx is a slightly different byproduct of combustion. Nitrogen is one of the elements that makes up the air going into the engine. Under extremely high temperatures it combines with oxygen to form oxides of nitrogen (NOx). This happens in the engine’s combustion chambers when temperatures are too high. NOx itself is not harmful, but when exposed to sunlight it combines with unburned hydrocarbons to create the visible air pollutant known as smog. Smog is a serious problem in California as well as many other heavily populated areas of the United States. Controlling Emissions There are two principle methods of reducing emissions from a two-stroke-cycle marine engine. The first method is to control the air/fuel ratio that goes into the combustion chamber. The second is to control the time when this air/fuel mixture enters the combustion chamber. Timing is important, to prevent any unburned mixture from escaping out of the exhaust port. Page 3D-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 EMISSIONS Stoichiometric (14.7:1) Air/Fuel Ratio In the search to control pollutants and reduce exhaust emissions, engineers have discovered that they can be reduced effectively if a gasoline engine operates at an air/fuel ratio of 14.7:1. The technical term for this ideal ratio is stoichiometric. An air/fuel ratio of 14.7:1 provides the best control of all three elements in the exhaust under almost all conditions. The HC and CO content of the exhaust gas is influenced significantly by the air/fuel ratio. At an air/fuel ratio leaner than 14.7:1, HC and CO levels are low, but with a ratio richer than 14.7:1 they rise rapidly. It would seem that controlling HC and CO by themselves might not be such a difficult task; the air/fuel ratio only needs to be kept leaner than 14.7:1. However, there is also NOx to consider. As the air/fuel ratio becomes leaner, combustion temperatures increase. Higher combustion temperatures raise the NOx content of the exhaust. But, enrichening the air/fuel ratio to decrease combustion temperatures and reduce NOx also increases HC and CO, as well as lowering fuel economy. So the solution to controlling NOx - as well as HC and CO - is to keep the air/fuel ratio as close to 14.7:1 as possible. OUTBOARD HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS 8 1/3%  PER YEAR OVER 9 MODEL YEARS 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 96 97 98 99200001 02 03 04 05 06 07 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3D-3 EMISSIONS STRATIFIED VS HOMOGENIZED CHARGE DFI engines use a stratified charge inside the combustion chamber to aid in reducing emissions. All other models use a homogenized charge. The difference between the two is: Homogenized Charge A homogenized charge has the fuel/air particles mixed evenly throughout the cylinder. This mixing occurs inside the carburetor venturi, reed blocks and crankcase. Additional mixing occurs as the fuel is forced through the transfer system into the cylinder. The homogenized charge is easy to ignite as the air/fuel ratio is approximately 14.7:1. Page 3D-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 EMISSIONS Stratified Charge A stratified charge engine only pulls air through the transfer system. The fuel required for combustion is forced into the cylinder through an injector placed in the top of the cylinder (head). The injector sprays a fuel/air mixture in the form of a bubble into the cylinder. Surrounding this bubble is air supplied by the transfer system. As the bubble is ignited and burns, the surrounding air provides almost complete combustion before the exhaust port opens. A stratified charge is hard to ignite, the fuel/air bubble is not evenly mixed at 14.7:1 and not easily ignited. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3D-5 EMISSIONS Emissions Information Manufacturer’s Responsibility: Beginning with 1998 model year engines, manufacturers of all marine propulsion engines must determine the exhaust emission levels for each engine horsepower family and certify these engines with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A certification decal/emissions control information label, showing emission levels and engine specifications directly related to emissions, must be placed on each engine at the time of manufacture. Dealer Responsibility: When performing service on all 1998 and later outboards that carry a certification, attention must be given to any adjustments that are made that affect emission levels. Adjustments must be kept within published factory specifications. Replacement or repair of any emission related component must be executed in a manner that maintains emission levels within the prescribed certification standards. Dealers are not to modify the engine in any manner that would alter the horsepower or allow emission levels to exceed their predetermined factory specifications. Exceptions include manufacturers prescribed changes, such as that for altitude adjustments. Owner Responsibility: The owner/operator is required to have engine maintenance performed to maintain emission levels within prescribed certification standards. The owner/operator is not to modify the engine in any manner that would alter the horsepower or allow emissions levels to exceed their predetermined factory specifications. Exceptions: • Carburetor jets may be changed for high altitude use in accordance with factory recommendations. • Single engine exceptions may be allowed with permission from the EPA for racing and testing. Page 3D-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 EMISSIONS EPA Emission Regulations: All new 1998 and later outboards manufactured by Mercury Marine are certified to the United States Environmental Protection Agency as conforming to the requirements of the regulations for the control of air pollution from new outboard motors. This certification is contingent on certain adjustments being set to factory standards. For this reason, the factory procedure for servicing the product must be strictly followed and, whenever practicable, the product must be returned to the original intent of the design. The responsibilities listed above are general and in no way a complete listing of the rules and regulations pertaining to the EPA laws on exhaust emissions for marine products. For more detailed information on this subject, you may contact the following locations: VIA U.S. POSTAL SERVICE: Office of Mobile Sources Engine Programs and Compliance Division Engine Compliance Programs Group (6403J) 401 M St. NW Washington, DC 20460 VIA EXPRESS or COURIER MAIL: Office of Mobile Sources Engine Programs and Compliance Division Engine Compliance Programs Group (6403J) 501 3rd St. NW Washington, DC 20001 EPA INTERNET WEB SITE: http:/www.epa.gov/omswww 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3D-7 EMISSIONS CERTIFICATION LABEL: The certification label must be placed on each engine at the time of manufacture and must be replaced in the same location if damaged or removed. Shown below is a typical certification label and is not representative of any one model. Label shown below is not to scale; (shown at twice the normal size). EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO 2002 CALIFORNIA AND U.S. EPA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SPARK IGNITION MARINE ENGINES IDLE SPEED (IN GEAR): 725 ±25 RPM TIMING (IN DEGREES): NOT ADJUSTABLE Spark Plug: NGK DPR6EA-9 Gap: 1.0 mm (0.035,) Intake: 0.15 – 0.25 REFER TO OWNERS MANUAL FOR REQUIRED MAINTENANCE. FAMILY: 2M9XM.7472G0 FEL: 18.0 g/kW-hr 30 HP 747 cc JAN 2001 Cold Valve Clearance (mm) Exhaust: 0.25 – 0.35 c b d e f g h i a a-Family Example b-FEL: Represents (Mercury Marine) statement of the maximum emissions output for the engine family c-Timing specifications when adjustable d-Recommended spark plug for best engine performance e-Valve Clearance (Four Stroke engines only) f-Date of Manufacture g-Cubic Centimeter h-Engine Horsepower rating i-Idle Speed (In Gear) 1 M9X M. 747 2 G 0 E=EFI Fuel System 0=Unspecified 3=Ultra Clean California Rated Eng. Model Year Regulation Technology type 1=2001 M=Marine 1=Existing Application 2=New Manufacturer C=2 Stroke 3=Sport Jet Mercury Marine E=EFI Sport Jet Displacement G=4 Stroke Liter H=Hi-Perf. Cubic Inch J=Sport Jet Decal Location Model Service Part No. Location on Engine 2002 Merc/Mar 747 cc 37-883927AO2 Flywheel/Rewind Cover Page 3D-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 EMISSIONS Service Replacement Certification Label IMPORTANT: By federal law, it is required that all 1998 and newer Mercury Marine outboards have a visible and legible emission certification label. If this label is missing or damaged, contact Mercury Marine Service for replacement if appropriate. Removal Remove all remaining pieces of the damaged or illegible label. Do not install new label over the old label. Use a suitable solvent to remove any traces of the old label adhesive from the display location. Date Code Identification Cut and remove a “V” notch through the month of engine manufacture before installing the new label. The month of manufacture can be found on the old label. If the label is missing or the date code illegible, contact Mercury Marine Technical Service for assistance. EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO 2002 CALIFORNIA AND U.S. EPA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SPARK IGNITION MARINE ENGINES IDLE SPEED (IN GEAR): 725 ±25 RPM TIMING (IN DEGREES): NOT ADJUSTABLE Spark Plug: NGK DPR6EA-9 Gap: 1.0 mm (0.035,) Intake: 0.15 – 0.25 REFER TO OWNERS MANUAL FOR REQUIRED MAINTENANCE. FAMILY: 2M9XM.7472G0 FEL: 18.0 g/kW-hr 30 HP 747 cc Cold Valve Clearance (mm) Exhaust: 0.25 – 0.35 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC a b a-“V” Notch b-Month of Manufacture Installation Install the label on a clean surface in the original factory location. Decal Location: Model Service Part No. Location on Engine 2002 Merc/Mar 747 cc 37-883927AO2 Flywheel/Rewind Cover 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 3D-9 CYLINDER HEAD POWERHEAD Section 4A - Cylinder Head Table of Contents Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-1 Valve Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-26 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-2 Rocker Shaft and Rocker Arm . . . . . . . . . . 4A-27 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-5 Cleaning/Inspection/Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-28 Cylinder Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-6 Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-28 Camshaft/Oil Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-8 Cylinder Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-30 Intake/Exhaust Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10 Valve Guide inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-30 Torque Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-12 Valve Guide Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-31 Valve Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-13 Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-32 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-13 Valve Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-33 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-15 Valve Seat Reconditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-35 Valve Clearance Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-18 Valve Refacing Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-36 Checking Valve Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-18 Cylinder Head Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-37 Adjusting Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-19 Valve Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-37 Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-20 Camshaft Oil Seal Installation . . . . . . . . . . 4A-38 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-20 Camshaft Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-39 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-21 Oil Pump Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-40 Cylinder Head Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-22 Rocker Arm Shaft Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-40 Cylinder Head Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-24 Rocker Arm Shaft Installation . . . . . . . . . . 4A-41 Rocker Arm Assembly Removal . . . . . . . . 4A-24 Cylinder Head Gasket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-42 Oil Pump Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-24 Cylinder Head Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-43 Camshaft Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-25 4 A 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-1 CYLINDER HEAD Specifications CAMSHAFT Camshaft Dimensions Intake “A” Exhaust “A” Intake “B” Exhaust “B” Run-out Limit Camshaft Bearing Diameter “b” A B bb b b 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 - 26.10 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 - 26.10 mm) 0.0039 in. (0.1 mm) 1.4541 - 1.4549 in. (36.935 - 36.955 mm) VALVE SPRING Free Length “a” Tilt Limit “b” Compressed Pressure (Installed) Intake Exhaust Tilt Limit (Intake & Exhaust) Dir. of Winding (Intake & Exhaust) a b 1.491-1.569 in. (37.85-39.85 mm) Less than 0.060 in. (1.7 mm) 19.8 - 22.0 lbs. (9.0 - 10.0 kg) 19.8 - 22.0 lbs. (9.0 - 10.0 kg) 0.043 in. (1.1 mm) Left Hand Page 4A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-3 CYLINDER HEAD Warp Limit * Lines indicate straight edge measurement Camshaft Bore Inside Diameter “a” 56900 56899 a a a a 0.004 in. (0.1 mm) 1.4567 - 1.4577 in. (37.000 - 37.025 mm) VALVES Valve/Valve Seat/Valve Guides: Valve Clearance (cold) Intake Exhaust Valve Dimensions: “A” Head Diameter Intake Exhaust “B” Face Width Intake Exhaust “C” Seat Width Intake Exhaust “D” Margin Thickness Intake Exhaust Stem Outside Diameter Intake Exhaust Guide Inside Diameter Intake Exhaust Stem To Guide Clearance Intake Exhaust Stem Run-out Limit (max.) 0.006 - 0.010 in. (0.15 - 0.25 mm) 0.010 - 0.014 in. (0.25 - 0.35 mm) 1.256 - 1.264 in. (31.9 - 32.1 mm) 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.9 - 26.1 mm) 0.079 - 0.124 in. (2.00 - 3.14 mm) 0.079 - 0.124 in. (2.00 - 3.14 mm) 0.035 - 0.043 in. (0.9 - 1.1 mm) 0.035 - 0.043 in. (0.9 - 1.1 mm) 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) 0.2156 - 0.2161 in. (5.475 - 5.490 mm) 0.2150 - 0.2156 in. (5.460 - 5.475 mm) 0.2165 - 0.2170 in. (5.500 - 5.512 mm) 0.2165 - 0.2170 in. (5.500 - 5.512 mm) 0.0004 - 0.0015 in. (0.010 - 0.037 mm) 0.0010 - 0.0020 in. (0.025 - 0.052 mm) 0.0006 in. (0.016 mm) CYLINDER HEAD “A” “B” Valve Dimensions Head Diameter Face Width Seat Width “C” “D” Margin Thickness ROCKER SHAFT Outside Diameter 0.6288 - 0.6296 in. (15.971 - 15.991 mm) ROCKER ARM Inside Diameter of Bore 0.6299 - 0.6306 in. (16.000 - 16.018 mm) Page 4A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD Special Tools 1. Flywheel Holder P/N 91-83163M 2. Valve Guide Remover P/N 91-809495A1 3. Valve Guide Installer Bushing P/N 91-809496A1 4. Valve Guide Reamer P/N 91-809497A1 5. Valve Spring Compressor P/N 91-809494A1 6. Valve Seat Cutter Kit (Obtain Locally). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-5 CYLINDER HEAD CYLINDER HEAD 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil Page 4A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD CYLINDER HEAD REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb. in. lb. ft. N·m – 1 CYLINDER HEAD (ELECTRIC) 1 CYLINDER HEAD (MANUAL) 1 1 CYLINDER HEAD 2 6 GUIDE 3 3 SCREW M6 X 8 57 6.0 4 3 GASKET 5 1 OIL SEAL 6 5 PIPE PLUG 7 1 O RING 8 1 COVER 9 1 BREATHER PIPE 10 1 DECAL-Servicing Referral 11 1 DECAL-Engine Oil/Valve Clearance 12 8 SCREW (M9 x 1.5 x 95) 35.0 47 13 4 SCREW (M6 x 25) 106 12 14 1 GASKET 15 7 SCREW (M6 x 20) 70 8 16 1 BAFFLE PLATE 17 4 SCREW (M4 x 10) 18 1 ELBOW 19 1 BRACKET (HANDLE) 20 2 SCREW (M6 x 13) (HANDLE) 21 1 PLUG 22 1 O RING 2323 1 DECAL - HP ID (30) 1 DECAL - HP ID (40) 24 2 DOWEL PIN 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-7 CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CAMSHAFT/OIL PUMP 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 110 51 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 12 11 13 51 Loctite 222 7 CYLINDER HEAD CAMSHAFT/OIL PUMP REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb. in. lb. ft. N·m 1 1 SCREW (M8 x 40 x 1.25) 28 38 2 1 WASHER 3 1 BELT 4 1 GEAR-Driven 5 1 DOWEL PIN 6 1 CAMSHAFT (MANUAL) 7 1 CAMSHAFT (ELECTRIC) 8 1 PIN 9 1 OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY 10 1 O RING 11 1 O RING 12 1 O RING 13 4 SCREW (M6 x 35) 70 8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-9 CYLINDER HEAD INTAKE/EXHAUST VALVES 110 110 110 110 11 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil Page 4A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD INTAKE/EXHAUST VALVES REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb. in. lb. ft. N·m 1 3 EXHAUST VALVE 2 3 INTAKE VALVE 3 6 SEAT–Valve Spring 4 6 SEAL–Valve Stem 5 6 VALVE SPRING–Outer 6 6 RETAINER–Valve Spring 7 12 KEY 8 6 ROCKER ARM 9 6 SCREW 10 6 NUT 120 10 13.5 11 1 ROCKER SHAFT 12 2 PLUG 13 1 ROCKER ARM RETAINER 14 1 ROCKER ARM RETAINER 15 1 ROCKER ARM RETAINER 16 1 ROCKER ARM RETAINER 17 1 PIN - CAM THRUST 18 4 SCREW (M8 x 23) 160 13.3 18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-11 CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Torque Sequence 2 3 4 5 6 1 1 2 4 6 7 8 1 2 5 3 4 3 CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-13 Valve Cover Removal 1. Disconnect spark plug leads and remove spark plugs. 2. Remove flywheel cover. 3. Remove lower cowl (if desired) for easier access to lower screws. a b a - Screw (4) M6 x 25 b - Flywheel Cover CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 4. Disconnect the crankcase breather hose and vent hose, fuel pump input/output hose and fuel cooler in/out hoses. 5. Remove fuel pump from valve cover. WARNING Always release the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line before servicing the line or the vapor separator. If the fuel pressure is not released, pressurized fuel may spray out. 6. Disconnect high pressure fuel line from fuel distribution manifold by depressing locking tab. Refer to section 3C Releasing Fuel Pressure in the High Pressure Fuel Line. 7. Remove coil plate fasteners and swing the coil plate assembly to the side. 8. Loosen water separating fuel filter nut, pull the assembly from the mounting bracket and place it out of the way. 9. Remove valve cover. 58974 j c f a h g b k d e i a - Crankcase Breather Hose b - Crankcase Vent Hose c - Fuel Pump Output Hose d - Fuel Pump Input Hose e - Fuel Cooler IN Hose f - Fuel Cooler OUT Hose g - Valve Cover h - Screw (7) M6 x 20 i - Coil Plate Screw (& Washer) (3) M6 x 30 j - Fuel Pump k - Water Separating Fuel Filter CYLINDER HEAD Installation 1. Install valve cover seal into groove. 2. If removed, reinstall baffle plate. Tighten screws securely. a c b a-Baffle Plate b-Screw (4) M4 x 10 c-Cover Seal 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-15 CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 3. Reinstall the valve cover. Tighten screws to the specified torque. 4. Install water separating fuel filter onto bracket and tighten nut. 5. Install coil plate. Install screws (and washers) and tighten screws to specified torque. Be sure coil ground wires are secured with screws. 6. Install fuel pump. Refer to section 3C - Fuel Pump Installation. 7. Connect fuel pump in/out hoses, fuel cooler in/out hoses, crankcase breather and vent hose. Secure all with sta-straps. Connect high pressure fuel line to fuel distribution manifold. 8. Reinstall spark plugs and spark plug leads. 58974 j c f a h g b k d e i l a - Crankcase Breather Hose b - Crankcase Vent Hose c - Fuel Pump Outlet Hose d - Fuel Pump Inlet Hose e - Fuel Cooler IN Hose f - Fuel Cooler OUT Hose g - Valve Cover h - Screw (7) M6 x 20 i - Coil Plate Screw (& Washer) (3) M6 x 30 j - Fuel Pump k - Water Separating Fuel Filter l - Coil Ground Wire (2) Valve Cover Screw Torque 70 lb-in. (8 Nm) Coil Mount Plate Screw 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-17 9. Install flywheel cover. a b a - Flywheel Cover b - Screw (4) M6 x 25 Flywheel Cover Screw Torque 75 lb. in. (8.5 N·m) CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Valve Clearance Adjustment NOTE: Valve should be adjusted when the engine is cold. WARNING Engine could possibly start when turning flywheel during adjustment. To prevent this type of accidental engine starting and possible serious injury, always remove spark plug leads from spark plugs. Checking Valve Clearance 1. Remove valve cover as outlined in “Valve Cover Removal”. 2. Measure valve clearance with a feeler gauge. Adjust if out of specification. NOTE: When loosening lock nuts, hold the adjusting screw with a screw driver to prevent it from moving. Valve Clearance (Cold) Intake 0.006 - 0.010 in. (0.15 - 0.25 mm) Exhaust 0.010 - 0.014 in. (0.25 - 0.35 mm) a b d c a - Lock nut b - Adjusting Screw c - Intake Valve Clearance d - Exhaust Valve Clearance CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-19 Adjusting Valves 1. Perform the following adjustment steps: a. Turn the driven gear and align the “1 / D” mark on the driven gear with the “D” mark on the cylinder block. b. Adjust the intake and exhaust valve clearance for cylinder #1. c. Turn the driven gear 120° clockwise and align the “D” mark on the driven gear with the “D” on the cylinder block. d. Adjust the intake and exhaust valve clearance for cylinder #2 e. Turn the driven gear 120° clockwise and align the “D” mark on the driven gear with the “D” on the cylinder block. f. Adjust the intake and exhaust valve clearance for cylinder #3 a c 57191 b d 1 a - Cylinder Block “D” Mark b - Driven Gear “1 or D” Mark (Cylinder #1) c - Driven Gear “D” Mark at 120° (Cylinder #2) d - Driven Gear “D” Mark at 240° (Cylinder #3) 2. Tighten the lock nuts. NOTE: When tightening lock nuts, hold the adjusting screw with a screw driver to prevent it from moving. Valve Adjusting Lock Nut Torque 120 lb. in. (13.5 N·m) CYLINDER HEAD Timing Belt Removal 1. Remove flywheel and stator. Refer to section 2B Charging and Starting System. 2. Remove timing belt from driven gear and drive gear. a a-Timing Belt Page 4A-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-21 Installation Timing Belt Installation Notes: • Protect the timing belt from water and oil. • Use care not to scratch the belt. • Do not use any metal device to help stretch the belt onto the driven gear. 1. Align marks on drive and driven gear with marks on cylinder block as shown. 2. Install timing belt onto drive gear as shown. Numbers/letters on belt should be readable once belt is installed. 3. Install stator and flywheel. Refer to section 2B Charging & Starting System. 1 a b c c d e a - Drive Gear Mark b - Driven Gear Mark c - Cylinder Block Marks d - Timing Belt Installed Correctly e - Timing Belt Installed Incorrectly CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Cylinder Head Removal WARNING Engine could possibly start when turning flywheel during adjustment. To prevent this type of accidental engine starting and possible serious injury, always remove spark plug leads from spark plugs. 1. Remove valve cover. Refer to Valve Cover Removal. 2. Remove timing belt from driven gear. a b a - Timing Belt b - Driven Gear 3. Remove the throttle and shift levers from side of cylinder head. 4. Remove the cylinder head and intake manifold assembly mounting screws. NOTE: Cylinder head gasket is not reusable. d 58981 a c b a - Center Screw (8) M9 x 95 b - Flange Screw (4) M6 x 25 c - Intake Manifold Screw (6) d - Throttle/Shift Levers CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-23 5. Separate cylinder head from cylinder block. b a b a - Gasket (Discard) b - Dowel Pins (2) CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Cylinder Head Disassembly Rocker Arm Assembly Removal 1. Remove screws securing rocker arm shaft to cylinder head. Remove rocker arm assembly and retainers. a a a a b a - Screws (4) M8 x 30 b - Rocker Arm Assembly Oil Pump Removal 1. Refer to section 4C - Oil Pump Removal. CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-25 Camshaft Removal 1. Hold driven gear using tool (91-83163M) and loosen screw. Remove screw, washer, driven gear and dowel pin. NOTE: The camshaft can be removed from the top without removing the cylinder head from the engine. 91-83163M a b c d e a - Holder 91-83163M b - Driven Gear c - Screw M8 x 40 d - Washer e - Dowel Pin 2. Remove camshaft retaining pin and seal. 3. Remove oil seal and camshaft. a b c a - Oil Seal b - Camshaft c - Camshaft Retaining Pin with Seal CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Valve Removal VALVE COMPONENTS a b c d e a - Valve b - Valve Seal c - Valve Spring d - Spring Retainer e - Valve Keepers REMOVING VALVES NOTE: Anytime a valve is removed, replace the valve seal. 1. Compress valve springs using tool (91-809494A1). Remove valve keepers and valves. a b 58256 91-809494A1 a - Valve Spring Compressor (P/N 91-809494A1) b - Valve Keepers CYLINDER HEAD Rocker Shaft and Rocker Arm 1. Measure rocker shaft diameter. Replace shaft if out of specification. Rocker Shaft Diameter 0.6288 - 0.6296 in. (15.971 -15.991 mm) 2. Measure rocker arm inside diameter. Replace rocker arms if out of specification. 55804 Rocker Arm Inside Diameter 0.6299 - 0.6306 in. (16.000 -16.018 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-27 CYLINDER HEAD Cleaning/Inspection/Repair Camshaft Manual start models are equipped with a cam shaft featuring a compression release mechanism. The compression relief mechanism releases a percentage of the cylinder compression during engine cranking, which lowers the starter rope pull force. At cranking speeds (RPM) the cam shaft decompression levers rest against the side of the exhaust cam lobes, protruding out from the heal of the lobe. This protrusion contacts the exhaust valve rocker arms during the compression stroke, slightly opening the exhaust valve. With the increase of centrifugal force at engine running speeds, the decompression levers swing out of contact with the exhaust valve rocker arms, allowing the exhaust valves to operate normally (fully closed) during the compression stroke. b a a-Exhaust Valve Rocker Arm b-Decompression Lever 1. Inspect the camshaft for pitting, heat discoloration, or scratches, and for the following measurements. Replace camshaft if worn or not within specification. 2. Inspect the compression relief cam lever (if equipped) for free movement. Replace camshaft if necessary. a a-Compression Relief Cam Page 4A-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-29 3. Measure the cam lobe length (a) and width (b). a b Cam Lobe Specifications a Intake 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) Exhaust 1.214 - 1.222 in. (30.83 - 31.03 mm) b Intake 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 -26.10 mm) Exhaust 1.020 - 1.028 in. (25.90 -26.10 mm) 4. Measure the camshaft bore diameters (a) and camshaft bearing diameters (b). a b Camshaft Bore Inside Diameter “a” 1.4567 - 1.4577 in. (37.000 - 37.025 mm) Camshaft Bore Inside Diameter “a” 1.4567 - 1.4577 in. (37.000 - 37.025 mm) CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Cylinder Head 1. Inspect the cylinder head for the following conditions: • Mineral deposits/corrosion in water passage ways. • Carbon deposits in combustion chamber (use round scraper to clean away deposits). Be careful not to scratch or remove material. 2. Using a straight edge and a thickness gauge inspect cylinder head for warpage. Replace cylinder head if out of specification. Measure in locations illustrated. 56899 Cylinder Head Warpage Limit 0.004 in. (0.1 mm) Valve Guide inspection 1. Measure the valve guide bore (a). If valve guide wear is out of specification, replace the valve guide. a 58257 Valve Guide Inside Diameter Intake Valve 0.2165 - 0.2170 in. Exhaust Valve (5.500 - 5.512 mm) CYLINDER HEAD Valve Guide Replacement 1. Heat the cylinder head in an oven to 390° F (200° C). This will help to ease guide removal and installation and to maintain correct interference fit. 2. Remove the valve guide using a valve guide remover. a a-Valve Guide Remover (91-809495A1) 3. Install the new valve guide and circlip using a valve guide installer bushing along with the valve guide remover. a b a-Valve Guide Remover (91-809495A1) b-Valve Guide Installer Bushing (91-809496A1) 4. After installing the valve guide, ream the valve guide using a valve guide reamer to obtain proper stem-to-guide clearance. a a-Valve Guide Reamer (91-809497A1) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-31 CYLINDER HEAD Valves 1. Clean the carbon deposits from the valve. Discard any cracked, warped, or burned valves. 2. Measure the valve stem diameter to check for wear. Replace valves if not within specification. a Valve Stem Diameter Intake Valve 0.2156 - 0.2161 in. (5.475 - 5.490 mm) Exhaust Valve 0.2150 - 0.2156 in. (5.460 - 5.475 mm) 3. Check the valve face for pitting. Valves faces that are pitted must be refaced. NOTE:Several different types of equipment are available for refacing valves. Follow the equipment manufacturer’s instructions. NOTE:After refacing the valve seat or replacing the valve and valve guide, the valve seat and valve face should be lapped. 4. Check the margin thickness (a) of the valves after the valves have been ground. Any valve with a margin thickness of less than the specification, should be replaced. 45 ° a Margin Thickness “a” Intake Valve 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) Exhaust Valve 0.020 - 0.035 in. (0.5 - 0.9 mm) Page 4A-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD 5. Measure valve stem runout, replace if out of specification. Valve Stem Runout Limit (Max.) Intake Valve Exhaust Valve 0.0006 in. (0.016 mm) Valve Springs 1. Check each spring under load on a spring tester. Replace any weak springs. 2. Check free length limit of each spring. Replace valve springs if not in specification. Valve Spring Free Length 1.491 - 1.569 in. (37.85 – 39.85 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-33 CYLINDER HEAD 3. Check each spring on a flat surface using a square. Rotate spring and check space between the top coil and square. Replace valve springs if not in specification. a Valve Spring Tilt Specification “a” Less than 0.06 in. (1.7 mm) Page 4A-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD Valve Seat Reconditioning Clean the carbon deposits from the combustion chambers and valve seats and check for pitting. Several different types of equipment are available for reseating valve seats. Follow the equipment manufacturer’s instructions. Measure valve seat width (a). Resurface the valve seat if not in specification. Reface valve seat, use a 60°, 45°, 15° valve seat cutter. NOTE: When twisting cutter, keep an even downward pressure to prevent chatter marks. a Valve Seat Width Specification “a” Intake Valve 0.035 - 0.043 in.0.035 0.043 in. (0.9 - 1.1 mm)Exhaust Valve NOTE:If resurfacing the valve seats is required, resurface the valve seats to the specified angles shown in chart following. a b c Valve Seat Angle Specifications a 15° b 45° c 60° 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-35 CYLINDER HEAD Valve Refacing Steps Condition: The valve seat is centered on valve face but it is too wide. Valve Seat Cutter Set Desired Results Use Li htlLightly 15° Cutter To reduce valve seat idthwidth60° Cutter Condition: The valve seat is in the middle of the valve face but it is too narrow. Valve Seat Cutter Set Desired Results Use 45° Cutter To achieve a uniform valve idthseat width Condition: Valve seat is too narrow and it is near valve margin. Valve Seat Cutter Set Desired Results Use 15° Cutter, First To center the seat and to hi it Widthachieve its Width45° Cutter Page 4A-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD Condition: Valve seat is too narrow and is located near the bottom edge of the valve face. Valve Seat Cutter Set Desired Results Use 60° Cutter, First To center the seat and to in- it Widthcrease its Width45° Cutter Cylinder Head Reassembly Valve Installation INTAKE AND EXHAUST VALVE COMPONENTS a b c d e a-Valve b-Valve Seal c-Valve Spring d-Spring Retainer e-Valve Keepers 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-37 CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 INSTALLING VALVES NOTE: Always use new valve seals. 1. Apply engine oil to the valves and valve seats. 2. Compress the valve spring and retainer and install the valve keepers around the valve stem. You may have to tap lightly on the end of the valve to seat the keepers. NOTE: Valve springs are symmetrical and may be installed in either direction. 91-809494A1 b a a - Valve Spring Compressor Tool (91-809494A1) b - Valve Keepers Camshaft Oil Seal Installation 1. If removed, install new oil seal. Position seal so part number side is facing outward. Press seal in until it makes contact with the inside flat surface. a 58261 a - Upper Camshaft Oil Seal CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-39 Camshaft Installation 1. Apply engine oil to the main journals (4 places) on the camshaft. 2. Slide camshaft into cylinder head (threaded end towards driven gear). NOTE: Camshaft retaining pin groove must align with retaining pin hole in cylinder head. 3. Install camshaft retaining pin. Install seal over pin. 4. Place driven gear on camshaft so alignment pin is in hole. Hold gear with tool (91-83163M) and fasten with washer and screw. Tighten screw to the specified torque. 5. Remove any oil from the camshaft lobes and apply Moly Grease to the lift portion of the lobes. Obtain Moly Grease from a local source. NOTE: Rotate camshaft after assembly to ensure it rotates smoothly. d f e c 58287 58278 91-83163M b 58477 a b a - Camshaft b - Camshaft Retaining Pin w/Seal c - Alignment Pin d - Driven Gear e - Washer f - Screw M10 x 40 Driven Gear Screw Torque 28 lb-ft (38 Nm) CYLINDER HEAD Oil Pump Installation 1. Refer to section 4C - Oil Pump Removal. Rocker Arm Shaft Assembly 1. Apply engine oil to the rocker shaft and arms. 2. Locate the end of the rocker shaft that gets installed towards driven gear (oil holes will line-up with the mating oil holes in the cylinder head). 3. Slide the rocker arms onto rocker shaft as shown. 53739 a b 110 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil a-Rocker Shaft b-Rocker Arm (6) Page 4A-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-41 Rocker Arm Shaft Installation 1. Install the rocker arm shaft assembly as shown. 2. Install rocker arm retainers on rocker shaft as shown. Tighten screws to the specified torque. NOTE: Leave all adjustment screws loose at this time. a 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 58987 b d c e f a - Mounting Screw (4)-M8 x 30 b - Rocker Arm Retainer (1) c - Rocker Arm Retainer (2) Arrow Must Point Toward Driven Gear d - Rocker Arm Retainer (1) e - Rocker Arm Retainer (1) f - Rocker Arm Retainer (1) Arrow Must Point Toward Driven Gear Rocker Arm Shaft Mounting Screw Torque 160 lb. in. (18 N·m) CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Cylinder Head Gasket 1. Install new cylinder head gasket and dowel pins. a b b a - Gasket (New) b - Dowel Pin (2) CYLINDER HEAD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4A-43 Cylinder Head Installation 1. Apply engine oil to the threads of each screw and seat surface. 2. Fasten cylinder head with screws shown. Do not tighten. a 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 b a - Screw (8) M9 x 95 b - Flange Screw (4) M6 x 25 CYLINDER HEAD Page 4A-44 90-883064 JUNE 2001 3. Torque center screws (first) in sequence and in two steps. 4. Torque the cylinder head and EFI intake manifold screws in sequence and in two steps. 5. Refer to “Timing Belt Installation” preceding, and install timing belt. 6. Refer to “Valve Clearance Adjustment” preceding, to perform valve clearance adjustments. 7. Refer to “Valve Cover Installation” preceding, and install valve cover. 2 3 4 5 6 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 b a c a - Center Screw (8) M9 x 95 b - Flange Screw (4) M6 x 25 c - Intake Manifold Screw (6) M6 x 25 Intake Manifold Screw Torque 70 lb. in. (8 N·m) Cylinder Head Screw Torque Center Screw (Qty. 8) 1st: 17 lb-ft (23 Nm) 2nd: 35 lb-ft (47 Nm) Cyl. Head Flange Screw (Qty. 4) 1st: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) 2nd: 106 lb-in. (12 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE POWERHEAD Section 4B - Cylinder Block/Crankcase Table of Contents Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-1 Selecting New Main Bearings . . . . . . . . . . 4B-25 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-2 Main Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-26 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-3 Selecting New Connecting Rod Bearings 4B-27 Crankshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-4 Installing Connecting Rod Bearings . . . . . 4B-27 Cylinder Block And Crankcase . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-6 Connecting Rod Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-28 Torque Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-8 Piston Ring Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-29 Powerhead Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-9 Piston Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-30 Removing Powerhead Components . . . . . . . 4B-12 Crankshaft Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-30 Cylinder Block Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-13 Crankcase Cover Installation . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-32 Crankcase and Crankshaft Removal . . . . 4B-14 Thermostat and Exhaust Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-17 Cover Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-33 Cylinder Bore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-17 Drive Gear Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-34 Piston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-18 Installing Powerhead Components . . . . . . 4B-35 Piston Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-19 Engine Wiring Harness and Piston Rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-19 Ignition/Electrical Component Installation 4B-35 Crankshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-20 Ignition Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-35 Checking Main Bearing Clearance . . . . . . 4B-21 Charging and Starting Checking Connecting Rod System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-35 Bearing Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-23 Fuel Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-35 Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-24 Powerhead Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-36 Oil Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-24 Tiller Handle Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-39 Cylinder Block Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-25 4 B 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-1 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Specifications CYLINDER BLOCK Type Displacement Number of Cylinders 4 Stroke Cycle – Over Head Camshaft 45.6 cu. in. (747 cc) 3 STROKE Length 2.953 in. (75 mm) CYLINDER BORE Diameter Standard Oversize-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) Oversize-0.020 in. (0.50 mm) Taper/Out of Round Maximum Bore Type 2.5591 in. (65 mm) 2.5689 in. (65.25 mm) 2.5787 in. (65.5 mm) 0.003 in. (0.08 mm) Cast Iron PISTON Piston Type O.D. at Skirt Standard Oversize-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) Oversize-0.020 in. (0.50 mm) Aluminum 2.5570 - 2.5578 in. (64.950 - 64.965 mm) 2.5669 - 2.5675 in. (65.2 - 65.215 mm) 2.5768 - 2.5774 in. (65.450 - 65.465 mm) PISTON CLEARANCE Piston to Cylinder Clearance 0.0014 - .0026 in. (0.035 - 0.065 mm) RINGS Ring End Gap (Installed) Top Middle Bottom (Oil Ring) Side Clearance: Top Middle 0.006 - 0.012 in. (0.15 - 0.03 mm) 0.012 - 0.020 in. (0.30 - 0.50 mm) 0.008 - 0.028 in. (0.20 - 0.70 mm) 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) COMPRESSION RATIO Compression Ratio Cylinder Compression* (Electric Models Only, Cold Engine @ W.O.T.) 9.7:1 180 - 210 psi (Peak) PISTON PIN Piston Pin Diameter 0.6285 - 0.6287 in. (15.965 - 15.970 mm) CONNECTING ROD Oil Clearance (Big End) Small End Inside Diameter 0.0008 - 0.0020 in. (0.020 - 0.052 mm) 0.6293 - 0.6298 in. (15.985 - 15.998 mm) CRANKSHAFT Main Bearing Clearance Crankshaft Run-out 0.0005 - 0.0017 in. (0.012 - 0.044 mm) 0.0018 in. (0.046 mm) Page 4B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Special Tools 1. Oil Filter Wrench (P/N 91-802653) 2. Flywheel Holder (P/N 91-83163M) 3. Flywheel Puller (P/N 91-83164M) 4. Piston Ring Compressor (P/N FT2997) 5. Piston Ring Expander (P/N 91-24697) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-3 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CRANKSHAFT 1 2 9 5 4 6 7 10 8 11 3 12 110 4-stroke Outboard Oil 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 12 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE CRANKSHAFT REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 CRANKSHAFT 2 1 OIL SEAL 3 1 OIL SEAL 4 4 CONNECTING ROD 5 6 BOLT 150 12.5 17 6 6 BEARING (BROWN) 6 BEARING (BLACK) 6 BEARING (BLUE) 7 3 PISTON 8 3 PISTON RING (TOP) 9 3 PISTON RING (SECOND) 10 3 PISTON OIL RING 11 3 PISTON PIN 12 6 RETAINER 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-5 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE CYLINDER BLOCK AND CRANKCASE 4 Stroke Oil110 12 Loctite Master Gasket Loctite PST Pipe Sealant9 A = TO VST COOLER B = TO FITTING IN ADAPTOR PLATE Page 4B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE CYLINDER BLOCK AND CRANKCASE REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 CYLINDER BLOCK 2 2 DOWEL PIN 3 3 PLUG 79 9 4 1 PIPE PLUG (1/2-14) 24 33 5 1 PIPE PLUG (3/4-14) 24 33 6 8 BEARING (BROWN) 8 BEARING (BLACK) 8 BEARING (BLUE) 7 1 NIPPLE 29.5 40 8 8 SCREW (M8 X 82) 22 30 9 8 SCREW (M6 X 35) 102 12 10 1 GASKET 11 1 OIL FILTER 70 8 12 1 GASKET 13 1 EXHAUST COVER 14 1 PIPE PLUG Drive Tight 15 1 THERMOSTAT 16 1 GASKET 17 1 COVER 18 10 SCREW (M6 X 35) 106 12 19 1 ELBOW Drive Tight 20 3 STA STRAP 21 1 TUBING (10 IN.) 22 1 ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE (ECT) SENSOR 15 1.5 23 1 O RING 24 1 LIFTING EYE 25 1 SCREW (M8 X 35) 29 39.5 26 1 HOSE (19 IN.) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-7 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Torque Sequence Exhaust Cover Crankcase Cover 1 2 4 3 5 6 8 7 9 10 12 11 13 14 16 15 6 10 2 1 3 4 5 8 9 7 Intake Manifold Powerhead 2 3 4 5 6 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-9 Powerhead Removal WARNING The possibility exists that the engine could start when turning the flywheel. To avoid possible serious injury, always disconnect the battery and remove spark plug leads from spark plugs before working on motor. 1. On electric start models, disconnect the battery cables from the battery. Remove battery cables from engine. 2. Disconnect the power trim wires (if so equipped). 3. Remove the bottom cowls. c a b a - Screw (6) M6 x 30 b - Lower Cowl c - Screw M6 x 60 4. Drain the engine oil. 5. Remove the control cable anchor bracket screws (remote control models). 6. Remove the throttle/shift lever screw and swing the entire shift linkage to the side. REMOTE CONTROL MODEL (BIGFOOT) b a c 58810 a - Control Cable Anchor Bracket Screw (2) M6 x 16 b - Throttle/Shift Lever c - Shift Lever Screw (1) M8 x 70 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 7. Push retainer up and slide over to disengage the vertical shift shaft. REMOTE CONTROL MODEL (NON - BIGFOOT) a 1 2 a-Retainer 8. Remove the shift guide bracket screws. TILLER HANDLE MODEL 58479 a b a-Shift Guide Bracket b-Screw (2) M6 x 25 Page 4B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-11 9. Disconnect the crankcase vent hose. 10. Disconnect fuel supply hose from water separating fuel filter. 58974 a b a - Crankcase Vent Hose b - Fuel Supply Hose (to water separating fuel filter) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 11. Remove powerhead mounting bolts. 12. Lift powerhead from driveshaft housing. b 58979 a a - Powerhead Mounting Bolts (4 Each Side) M8 x 45 b - Hoist Removing Powerhead Components 1. Place powerhead on bench. 2. Remove intake assembly. Refer to section 3C Intake Assembly Removal. 3. Remove Vapor Separator Assembly. Refer to section 3C Vapor Separator Removal. 4. Remove flywheel, stator and starter. Refer to section 2B Charging & Starting System. 5. Disconnect/Remove components in the following order: ECM bracket screws(3), main harness ground wire screws (near bottom of starter), starter solenoid mounting screws, oil pressure switch, ECT sensor, regulator/rectifier mounting screws, crank position sensor mounting screws, ignition coil mounting screws. 6. Remove electrical components as an assembly. Disconnect wiring and cut sta-straps as necessary. 7. Remove cylinder head. Refer to section 4A Cylinder Head Removal. CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-13 Cylinder Block Disassembly 1. Remove the drive gear components. b a c a - Load Ring b - Drive Gear c - Woodruff Key 2. Remove exhaust cover and gasket. 3. Remove oil filter. a b d c e f 91-802653 h g a - Screw and Washer (10) M6 x 35 b - Thermostat Cover c - Gasket (Discard) d - Thermostat e - Exhaust Cover f - Gasket g - Oil Filter h - Oil Filter Wrench (91-802653) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Crankcase and Crankshaft Removal 1. Remove crankcase cover and dowel pins. 56875 a b c d a - Screw and Washer (8)-M8 x 82 b - Screw and Washer (8)-M6 x 35 c - Crankcase Cover d - Dowel Pin (2) 2. With a rubber or plastic hammer, lightly strike the crankcase cover in order to separate it from the block. If the cover will not separate, try prying it off with a screwdriver. Do not damage the split line sealing surface when prying the cover off. CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-15 3. Use a 5/16 in. 12 point socket and remove connecting rod bolts and caps. NOTE: Each connecting rod and cap are a matched set. They must not be interchanged. 4. Remove carbon ridge from the cylinder bore using a burr knife. Push out the connecting rod/piston assembly. Keep each piston, connecting rod, and cap together as an assembly. 56876 a b c a - Connecting Rod Screw (6) b - Connecting Rod Cap (3) c - Connecting Rod/Piston Assembly (3) NOTE: Scribe the cylinder number (1 thru 3) on the inside of each piston and connecting rod so they can be reinstalled in their original location. 5. Disassemble piston/connecting rod assembly. Remove circlips with a needle nose pliers. 6. Remove piston rings. Use piston ring expander tool 91-24697 to prevent rings from breaking during removal. NOTE: If reusing rings, mark their location (piston #1, #2, or #3) for correct installation. 53824 b a d c 91-24697 e a - Circlips b - Connecting Rod and Cap c - Scribe the Cylinder Number Here d - Connecting Rod Bearings e - Piston Rings CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 7. Remove crankshaft from block. 56877 a b c a - Crankshaft b - Upper Oil Seal c - Lower Oil Seal NOTE: Do not interchange main bearings, re-install in their original locations. 8. Remove main bearing halves from crankcase cover and cylinder block. 56878 a b a - Main Bearing Halves-Crankcase Cover (4) b - Main Bearing Halves-Cylinder Block (4) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Inspection Cylinder Bore MEASURING CYLINDER BORE 1. Measure the cylinder bore diameter at three locations in both X and Y axis. 2. If the cylinder bore is beyond the standard limits listed in the tables below, it will be necessary to re-bore the cylinder to accept the oversize piston. NOTE:Measure at three locations (L1, L2, and L3) in both X and Y axis (D1-6). L1=0.8 in. (20 mm) L2=1.6 in. (40 mm) L3=2.4 in. (60 mm) 1. Inspect: a. Water jacket for mineral deposits/corrosion, clean if necessary. b. Inner surface for score marks, repair if necessary. 2. Measure bore diameter with a cylinder gauge, re-bore or replace if necessary. 55837 D1,2 D3,4 D5,6 L1 L2 L3 Cylinder Bore Specifications Bore Size Maximum Taper/Out-of-Round Standard Bore 2.5591 in. (65 mm) 0.003 in.(0.08 mm) Oversize Bore-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) 2.5689 in. (65.25 mm) 0.003 in.(0.08 mm) Oversize Bore-0.020 in. (0.50 mm) 2.5787 in. (65.5 mm) 0.003 in.(0.08 mm) NOTE: Taper=(Maximum of D1 or D2)–(Minimum of D5 or D6) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-17 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Piston 1. Inspect piston wall wear/damage. Replace if necessary. 2. Measure the piston at a point 0.2 in (5.0 mm) from the bottom. Replace if out of specificaion. b a a-Piston Diameter b-0.2 in. (5.0 mm) Piston Diameter “a” Piston Size Diameter Standard 2.5570 - 2.5578 in. (64.950 - 64.965 mm) Oversize-0.010 in. (0.25 mm) 2.5669 - 2.5675 in. (65.2 - 65.215 mm) Oversize -0.020 in. (0.50 mm) 2.5768 - 2.5774 in. (65.450 - 65.465 mm) 3. Measure piston to cylinder clearance. If out of specification examine piston and cylinder bore further to determine repair/replacement. a. Piston to Cylinder Clearance can be defined by: MBM–MPM=PCC where: MBM=Minimum Bore Measurement MPM=Maximum Piston Measurement PCC=Piston to Cylinder Clearance Piston to Cylinder Clearance 0.0014 - 0.0026 in. (0.035 - 0.065 mm) Page 4B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Piston Pin 1. Measure piston pin diameter. Replace piston pin if out of specification. 55839 Piston Pin Diameter 0.6285 - 0.6287 in. (15.965 - 15.970 mm) 1. Place the piston pin into the connecting rod and check for free play. There should be no noticeable free play. 55840 2. Place the piston pin into the piston and check for free play. There should be no noticeable free play. 55841 Piston Rings PISTON RING SIDE CLEARANCE 1. Measure piston ring side clearance. Replace piston and/or piston rings if out of specification. 55842 Piston Ring Side Clearance Top 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) Middle 0.0008 - 0.0024 in. (0.02 - 0.06 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-19 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE PISTON RING END GAP CLEARANCE 1. Measure piston ring end gap clearance. Replace piston ring if out of specification. 53747 a a-Push Piston Rings into Cylinder 0.8 in. (20 mm) Deep. Push in the Rings Using the Piston. Piston Ring End Gap Top 0.006 - 0.012 in. (0.15 - 0.30 mm) 2nd 0.012 - 0.020 in. (0.30 - 0.50 mm) Oil 0.008 - 0.028 in. (0.20 - 0.70 mm) Crankshaft 1. Thoroughly clean crankshaft and inspect bearing surfaces. Replace crankshaft if bearing surfaces are pitted, scored, or discolored. 2. Measure Run-out. Replace crankshaft if out of specification. 3. Clean oil holes in crankshaft. Crankshaft Run-out 0.0018 in. (0.046 mm) Page 4B-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Checking Main Bearing Clearance IMPORTANT: Do not interchange the main bearings. Reinstall in their original position. 1. Clean all the old sealing material from the split line on the crankcase cover and cylinder block. 2. Clean all the oil from the following areas: • Main bearing surfaces on the cylinder block and crankcase cover. • Main bearings. • Crankshaft bearing surfaces. NOTE:Refer to instructions in Cylinder Block Reassemblyfor selecting and installing main bearings. 3. Install main bearings. 4. Place crankshaft into cylinder block. 53811 5. Place a piece of plastigauge onto each crankshaft bearing surface. 53812 a a-Plastigauge NOTE:Do not put plastigauge over the oil hole on the bearing surface of the crankshaft. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-21 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 6. Install crankcase cover. Apply oil to the cover bolts and torque cover bolts in sequence and in two steps. 12 34 56 78 910 1112 1314 1516 Crankcase Cover Bolt Torque Center Bolts Qty. 8Center Bolts Qty. 8 (M8x82) 1st Torque: 11 lb-ft. (15 Nm) 2nd Torque: 22 lb-ft. (30 Nm) Outer Bolts Qty. 8Outer Bolts Qty. 8 (M6x35) 1st Torque: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) 2nd Torque: 106 lb-in. (12 Nm) 7. Remove the crankcase cover. Measure the compressed plastigauge to check the main bearing clearance. Replace bearings if clearance is not in specification. 53751 Main Bearing Clearance 0.0005 - 0.0017 in. (0.012 - 0.044 mm) 8. If replacement of the main bearings is required, refer to Main Bearing Selection and Installation in Cylinder Block Reassembly. Page 4B-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Checking Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance IMPORTANT: Do not interchange used connecting rod bearings. Reinstall bearings in their original position. 1. Clean all the oil from the connecting rod bearing surfaces and connecting rod journals on the crankshaft. NOTE:Refer to instructions in Cylinder Block Reassemblyfor selecting and installing connecting rod bearings. 2. Place a piece of plastigauge on the connecting rod journals. 53751 a a-Plastigauge IMPORTANT: Do not rotate connecting rod when checking clearance. 3. Install the connecting rod to the respective journal. Tighten connecting rod bolts in sequence and in two steps to the specified torque. a b c c d a-Connecting Rod Cap b-Crankpin c-Scribe Marks on Cap and Rod d-Connecting Rod Bolts Connecting Rod Bolt Torque 1st Torque: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) 2nd Torque: 150 lb-in. (17 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-23 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 4. Remove the connecting rod cap. Measure the compressed plastigauge to check the connecting rod oil clearance. Replace bearings if oil clearance is not in specification. 53810 Connecting Rod Oil Clearance 0.0008 – 0.0020 in. (0.020 - 0.052 mm) Thermostat 1. Measure the lift of the thermostat at the operating water temperature listed. Water Temperature Valve Lift 118 - 123° F (48° - 51° C) Starts to Open Above 145° F (63° C) Minimum 0.12 in. (3 mm) Oil Pressure Switch 1. Check continuity of switch. 55845 Oil Switch Continuity Check Below 2.9 psi (20.0 kPa) Continuity Above 2.9 psi (20.0 kPa) No Continuity Page 4B-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-25 Cylinder Block Reassembly Selecting New Main Bearings 1. Locate the main bearing code letters on the cylinder block. 2. Refer to the following reference chart to select the correct main bearings. 3. Use the color coded main bearings that match the main bearing code letter. Main Bearing Code Letter Main Bearing Color Code A Blue B Black C Brown #1 #2 #3 A B C b a #4 a - Main Bearing Code Letters b - Main Bearing Identification Color Location CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Main Bearing Installation IMPORTANT: Do not interchange used main bearings. Reinstall in their original position. 1. Check clearance of each bearing, as outlined in Main Bearing Clearance procedure. 2. Clean all the oil from the main bearing surfaces on the cylinder block and crankcase cover. 3. Install main bearings. Make sure the locking tab on each bearing fits into its notch in the cylinder block. a b c d 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 a - Main Bearing Halves-Crankcase Cover (4) b - Main Bearing Halves-Cylinder Block (4) c - Projection in Bearing d - Notch in Cylinder Body/Crankcase CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Selecting New Connecting Rod Bearings 1. Locate the connecting rod bearing code letter that is scribed on the side of the connecting rod. 2. Refer to the following reference chart to select the correct connecting rod bearings. 3. Use the color coded connecting rod bearings that match the connecting rod bearing code letter. Connecting Rod Bearing Code Letter Connecting Rod Bearing Color Code A Blue B Black C Brown 53816 A B C a b a-Connecting Rod Bearing Code Letters b-Connecting Rod Bearing Identification Color Location Installing Connecting Rod Bearings IMPORTANT: Do not interchange used connecting rod bearings. Reinstall bearings in their original position. 1. Clean all the oil from the bearing surfaces on the connecting rod. 2. Install connecting rod bearings. Make sure the locking lug on each bearing fits into its notch. 53815 a b a-Connecting Rod Bearings b-Fit the Locking Lugs into the Notches 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-27 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Connecting Rod Installation 1. Lubricate the piston pin with oil and assemble the piston to the connecting rod. Always use new circlips. IMPORTANT: Install the split end of the circlip into the groove first, push the other end down until it snaps into the groove. If the shape of the circlip is permanently distorted when attempting installation, discard it and use a new one. IMPORTANT: Install side of connecting rod marked with a “Y” towards “UP” on piston face. IMPORTANT: Piston pin clip should be installed with end gap facing opposite of pry point. c d a b 110 e f 110 4-stroke Outboard Oil a-Connecting Rod b-Piston c-Piston Pin d-Piston Pin Clip (2) e-Piston Pin Clip End Gap f-Pry Point Page 4B-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Piston Ring Installation IMPORTANT: Use caution when installing piston rings to avoid scratching piston. 1. Install the oil ring components as shown. Spread rings just enough to slip over piston. 2. Install the second and top compression rings (“T” side up). Spread rings just enough to slip over piston. 3. Offset the piston ring end gaps. 110 a b c f e d 110 91-24697 110 4-stroke Outboard Oil UP 50° g h i j k a-Oil Ring Spacer b-Bottom Rail c-Top Rail d-Second Compression Ring (“T” side up) e-Top Compression Ring (“T” side up) f-“T” Mark Should Face Piston Crown g-End Gap – Top Compression Ring h-End Gap – Second Compression Ring i-End Gap – Upper Oil Ring Rail j-End Gap – Lower Oil Ring Rail k-End Gap – Oil Ring Spacer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-29 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Piston Installation NOTE: Cylinder bores must be clean before installing pistons. Clean with light honing, as necessary. After honing, clean cylinder bores with water and detergent. After cleaning, swab cylinder bores several times with engine oil and a clean cloth, then wipe with a clean dry cloth. 1. Lubricate pistons, rings. and cylinder walls with engine oil. 2. Install piston/connecting rod assembly using piston ring compressor tool. NOTE: Install used pistons in their original locations(cylinders). Install piston with “UP” mark on piston crown facing toward the flywheel end of block. P/N FT2997 a b ÎÎÎ ÎÎÎ ÎÎÎ a - Piston Ring Compressor (FT2997) b - Flywheel End Crankshaft Installation 1. Lubricate the crankshaft bearing surfaces, connecting rod journals, and oil seal lips with engine oil. 110 110 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil a b c a - Upper Oil Seal b - Lower Oil Seal c - Crankshaft Bearing Surface CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-31 2. Install upper and lower oil seals on crankshaft. Position oil seal lips as shown. 3. Carefully lower crankshaft into place. IMPORTANT: Make sure the lower oil seal notch is positioned into the groove in the crankcase. a b c 58273 b a - Upper Oil Seal b - Lower Oil Seal (Raised Rib) c - Oil Seal Groove 4. Assemble the connecting rods to the crankshaft. Install the connecting rod caps, aligning the code letter scribed on the connecting rod and cap. 5. Apply oil to the connecting rod bolts. Tighten bolts in sequence and in two steps to the specified torque. 110 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil c a b a - Connecting Rod Cap (3) b - Connecting Rod Bolt (6) c - Scribe Code Letter Connecting Rod Bolt Torque 1st Torque: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) 2nd Torque: 150 lb-in. (17 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Crankcase Cover Installation 1. Clean off all oil from the contacting surfaces of the crankcase cover and cylinder block. IMPORTANT: Make sure the contacting surface of the crankcase cover and cylinder block are clean before applying gasket sealant. 2. Apply a smooth even coat of Loctite Master Gasket Sealant to the contacting surfaces on the crankcase cover. Use a small (paint type) roller to spread out the sealant for a smooth even coverage. Instructions in gasket sealant kit must be followed exactly. NOTE: Do not apply gasket sealant to the main bearings or the bolt holes. 12 Loctite Master Gasket “514” a 12 b a - Apply Loctite Master Gasket Sealant b - Use a Roller to Apply a Smooth Even Coat 3. Install crankcase cover on cylinder block. Dowel pins will lineup the two mating surfaces, be sure they are installed. 4. Apply oil to screw threads. Torque the screws in the sequence shown below. Tighten to the 1st torque value specified below. Repeat this torque sequence for the 2nd torque value. a 110 4-Stroke Outboard Oil 110 1 2 4 3 5 6 8 7 9 10 12 11 13 14 16 15 a a - Dowel Pin (2) Crankcase Cover Screw Torque Center Screws Qty. 1st Torque: 11 lb-ft. (15 Nm) 8 (M8x82) 2nd Torque: 22 lb-ft. (30 Nm) Outer Screws Qty. 8 1st Torque: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) (M6x35) 2nd Torque: 106 lb-in. (12 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-33 Thermostat and Exhaust Cover Installation 1. Install oil filter. Tighten to specified torque using wrench p/n 91-802653. 2. Install exhaust cover along with the thermostat and thermostat cover. Use new gaskets. 3. Tighten screws to the first torque value in the sequence shown below. Repeat this procedure for the second torque value. h e c d 91-802653 g a b 6 10 2 1 3 4 5 8 9 7 f a - Exhaust Cover b - Gasket c - Thermostat d - Gasket e - Thermostat Cover f - Oil Filter g - Oil Filter Wrench h - Exhaust Cover Screw (10) M6 x 35 Exhaust and Thermostat Cover Screw Torque 1st Torque: 53 lb-in. (6 Nm) 2nd Torque: 106 lb-in. (12 Nm) Oil Filter Torque 70 lb-in. (8 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Drive Gear Installation 1. Install the drive gear components. NOTE:Load Ring is for one time use and must be replaced if flywheel is removed. b c a a-Load Ring b-Drive Gear c-Drive Key Page 4B-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-35 Installing Powerhead Components 1. Reinstall cylinder head. Refer to Section 4A Cylinder Head Installation. Engine Wiring Harness and Ignition/Electrical Component Installation 1. Install the wiring harness assembly to the powerhead in the same order removed. Refer to the appropriate section for each components torque value. Ignition Components 1. Refer to the appropriate section of the service manual for installation and torque values of the following ignition components. a. Timing Belt (section 4A) b. Ignition Coils (section 2A) c. ECM (section 3C) d. Crank Position Sensor (section 3C) Charging and Starting System Components 1. Refer to Section 2B for installation and torque values of the following components: a. Starter Motor b. Voltage Regulator c. Stator d. Flywheel Fuel Components 1. Refer to Section 3C for Intake Assembly/Vapor Separator Installation. CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Powerhead Installation CAUTION When lubricating the driveshaft splines do not allow any grease on top of the driveshaft. Grease on top of the driveshaft will force the shaft down when installing the gearcase, causing the pinion gear to bind with the forward gear. This can result in damage or failure of the gears. 1. Install powerhead and new base gasket. 2. Tighten the powerhead mounting bolts to the first torque value in the sequence shown below. Repeat this procedure for the second torque value. IMPORTANT: If the crank shaft splines do not line up with the driveshaft splines, shift the gearcase into forward, place a prop on the propshaft and rotate it counterclockwise. This will allow the splines to line up. b a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 c a - Powerhead Mounting Bolts (4 Each Side) M8 x 110 b - Hoist c - Base Gasket Powerhead Mounting Bolt Torque 1st Torque: 27.5 lb-ft. (37 Nm) 2nd Torque: 34 lb-ft. (46 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-37 3. Re-connect throttle/shift linkage and control cable anchor bracket. Torque fasteners to specified torque. Remote Control Model (Bigfoot Gearcase) b a c 58810 a - Control Cable Anchor Bracket Screw (2) M6 x 16 b - Throttle/Shift Lever c - Throttle/Shift Lever Screw (1) M8 x 70 Throttle/Shift Lever Mounting Screw Torque 100 lb-in. (11 Nm) Cable Anchor Bracket Mounting Screw Torque 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) 4. Install the shift guide bracket screws. Tighten to specified torque. Tiller Handle Model (Bigfoot Gearcase) 58479 a b a - Shift Guide Bracket b - Screw (2) M6 x 25 Shift Guide Bracket Mounting Screw Torque 70 lb-in. (8 Nm) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE Page 4B-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Non Bigfoot Model 5. Push retainer up and slide over to engage the vertical shift shaft. a 1 2 a - Retainer 6. Reconnect hoses. Use sta-straps to fasten all hose connections. b c a d e a - Crankcase Vent Hose b - Crankcase Breather Hose c - Fuel Hose (In) d - Fuel Hose (Out) e - Fuel Supply Hose (to water separating fuel filter) CYLINDER BLOCK/CRANKCASE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4B-39 7. Reconnect the power trim harness wires. 8. Install spark plugs 9. Install bottom cowl. Tighten screws to specified torque. c a b a - Screw (6)-M6 x 30 b - Lower Cowl c - Screw-M6 x 60 Bottom Cowl Screw Torque 60 lb-in. (7 Nm) 10. Connect battery cables to battery terminals (red goes to positive terminal). 11. Check engine oil level. Tiller Handle Models 1. Refer to section 7B for installation of throttle cables, shift rod and tiller handle wiring. LUBRICATION POWERHEAD Section 4C - Lubrication Table of Contents Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-1 Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-5 Camshaft/Oil Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-2 Oil Pump Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-6 Oil Pump Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-4 Oil Pump Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-7 Oil Pump Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4C-4 Specifications 4 CPump Type Trochoid LUBRICATION SYSTEM Engine Oil Pressure (Warm Engine) @ 3000 rpm Engine Oil Pan Capacity Oil Pump: Outer Rotor to Housing “a” Inner Rotor to Outer Rotor “b” Rotor to Housing “c” b a b c 30-40 psi (207-278 kPa) Either 3 Qts. or 3 Liters 0.0045 - 0.009 in. (0.11 - 0.23 mm) 0.005 in. (0.12 mm) 0.0015 - 0.003 in. (0.04 - 0.08 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4C-1 LUBRICATION CAMSHAFT/OIL PUMP Page 4C-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 LUBRICATION CAMSHAFT/OIL PUMP REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 CAMSHAFT 2 1 PIN 3 1 DOWEL PIN 4 1 OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY 5 1 O-RING 6 1 O-RING 7 1 O-RING 8 1 O-RING 9 2 SCREW (M6 X 16) 70 8.0 10 4 SCREW (M6 X 40) 70 8.0 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4C-3 LUBRICATION Page 4C-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Oil Pump Removal IMPORTANT: Do not twist/turn oil pump from side to side while removing it from cylinder head, as oil pump sealing o-rings will be cut. Pull oil pump away from cylinder head by inserting a screwdriver in the pry points on oil pump body. 1. Refer to section 4A for Cylinder Head Removal. 2. Remove oil pump mounting screws. Separate oil pump from cylinder head. a a - Mounting Screw (4) M6x40 Oil Pump Disassembly 1. If screws cannot be loosened with a screwdriver, heat them with a non-flame type heat source (heat lamp). This will loosen the Loctite sealant on the screw threads. Remove screws. a a - Screw (2) LUBRICATION 2. Disassemble Oil Pump. a b c d e a-Cover Seal b-Outer Rotor c-Inner Rotor d-Shaft e-Cross Pin Cleaning and Inspection Oil Pump 1. Check oil pump components for pitting, scratches, and for the following measurements. Replace oil pump if worn or out of specification. 2. Using a feeler gauge, measure the following oil pump clearances: a. Between outer rotor and pump housing (a). b. Between the inner rotor and outer rotor (b). c. Between the outer rotor and pump housing (c). 55803a b c Oil Pump Clearances a 0.0045 - 0.009 in. (0.11 - 0.23 mm) b 0.005 in. (0.12 mm) c 0.0015 - 0.003 in. (0.03 - 0.08 mm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4C-5 LUBRICATION Oil Pump Reassembly 1. Reassemble the oil pump assembly. 2. Lubricate the outer and inner rotors thoroughly with engine oil. a b c d e a-Cover Seal b-Outer Rotor c-Inner Rotor d-Shaft e-Cross Pin 3. Fasten cover with two screws. Apply Loctite 222 to threads. Tighten screws to the specified torque. a Loctite “222”51 51 a-Screw (2) M6 X 16 Oil Pump Cover Screw Torque 70 lb-in. (8 Nm) Page 4C-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 LUBRICATION Oil Pump Installation 1. Place O-ring seals on the oil pump. Lubricate the O-rings with oil. 2. Prime the oil pump by pouring approximately 1 fl oz (30 ml) of engine oil into the oil pump body. 58260 a b a a-O-Ring Seals b-30 ml of Engine Oil IMPORTANT: When the oil pump mounting surface gets close to the mating surface of the cylinder head, do not twist/turn oil pump from side to side. The sharp edges on the cylinder head will cut the oil pump sealing o-rings. 3. Align oil pump shaft with the camshaft and install the oil pump. 4. Fasten with 4 screws. Tighten screws to the specified torque. c b a d e a-Oil Pump Assembly b-Align Slot with Camshaft Projection c-Screw (4)-M6x40 d-Oil Pump Mounting Surface e-Cylinder Head/Oil Pump Mating Surface Oil Pump Mounting Screw Torque 70 lb-in. (8 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 4C-7 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING MID-SECTION Section 5A - Clamp/Swivel Brackets & Drive Shaft Housing Table of Contents Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-1 Driveshaft Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-6 Quicksilver Lubricants and Service Aids . . . . 5A-1 Adaptor Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-8 Transom Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2 Steering Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-10 Swivel Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-4 Bottom Cowl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-12 Specifications Transom Height: Long Shaft 20 in. (51 cm) Steering Pivot Range: MID-SECTION Tiller Remote 90° 60° Tilt Pin Positions 5 + Shallow Water Full Tilt Up Angle 69° Allowable Transom Thickness 2-3/4 in. (69.8 mm) 5 A 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-1 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Transom Bracket 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 2728 29 30 31 32 33 3435 36 37 38 39 40 41 11 22 42 95 95 95 95 2-4-C w/Teflon Page 5A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Transom Bracket REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 1 TRANSOM BRACKET (PORT) 2 1 GREASE FITTING 3 1 GROOVE PIN 4 1 TRANSOM BRACKET (STARBOARD) 5 1 TILT LOCK LEVER 6 1 SPRING 7 1 NYLINER 8 1 SPRING 9 1 KNOB 10 1 GROOVE PIN 11 2 WASHER 12 1 ANCHOR BRACKET 13 1 ANODE ASSEMBLY 14 2 SCREW (M6 x 25) 60 7 15 2 WASHER 1616 5 SCREW (30 MM) 1 SCREW (35 MM) 17 4 LOCKWASHER 18 2 NUT 19 1 TILT PIN ASSEMBLY NON POWER TRIM SPRING20 1 21 1 TILT TUBE 22 2 NUT Tighten nut to 32 lb. ft. and then back off 1/4 turn 23 1 SEAL KIT O RING NON-HANDLE SPACER 24 1 25 1 26 2 CLIP C-WASHER POWER TRIM SCREW 27 1 28 1 Drive Tight 29 4 SCREW Drive Tight 30 4 WASHER Drive Tight 31 4 NUT 32 1 LINK TILT LEVER BUSHING NON POWER TRIM WASHER WAVE WASHER TILT KNOB SCREW (.375-16 x .62) 33 1 34 1 35 1 36 1 37 1 38 1 18 25 39 2 SCREW (M10 x 40) 40 2 WASHER 41 2 NUT 42 1 DECAL-Tilt Lock 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-3 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Page 5A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Swivel Bracket A = TORQUE NUT 120 LB. (13.5 N_M) AND THEN BACK OFF 1/4 TURN. A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 95 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon 95 95 95 95 10 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Swivel Bracket REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 1 LINK ROD SCREW (1-1/2 IN.) WASHER NON HANDLE WASHER NUT (.375-24) PUCK 2 1 20 27.0 3 1 4 2 5 2 120 13.5 6 1 7 1 BUSHING 8 1 SWIVEL BRACKET 9 2 BEARING 10 2 GREASE FITTING (Quantity 3 required on Handle Versions) 11 1 DECAL-Co-Pilot 12 1 DECAL-Serial Overlaminate 13 1 BUSHING (LOWER) 14 1 SEAL 1515 1 SCREW (M8 x 10) (HANDLE) 1 SCREW (M8 x 25) NON HANDLE SEAL16 1 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-5 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Page 5A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Driveshaft Housing 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 25 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Driveshaft Housing REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 1 SEAL–water tube 22 1 DRIVESHAFT HOUSING (SHORT) 1 DRIVESHAFT HOUSING (LONG) 33 1 EXHAUST PIPE (SHORT) 1 EXHAUST PIPE (LONG) 4 8 SCREW–Adaptor Plate 33 45 5 5 SCREW (M8 x 45) 33 45 6 1 DRAIN PLUG 17.5 23.5 7 1 GASKET 8 2 BUMPER 9 1 GROMMET (LONG) 1010 1 STUD (NON-BIGFOOT) 12 16 1 STUD (BIGFOOT) 12 16 11 1 WASHER 12 1 NUT 40 54.5 1313 1 WATER TUBE (SHORT) 1 WATER TUBE (LONG) 14 1 GUIDE 15 1 BUMPER (LONG) 16 1 DRIVESHAFT HOUSING PLATE SCREW (M10 X 25) SPEEDOMETER PICK UP BIGFOOT CONNECTOR FITTING SPACER COUPLING BUSHING WASHER 17 1 18 1 19 1 20 1 21 1 22 1 23 1 24 1 25 2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-7 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Adaptor Plate 9 110 Loctite PST Pipe Sealant With Teflon 4 Stroke Outboard Oil Page 5A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Adaptor Plate REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 1 DIPSTICK 2 1 DIPSTICK TUBE 3 1 SEAL 4 1 ADAPTOR PLATE 5 1 PLUG 6 1 TUBING (17 IN.) 7 1 FITTING 8 AR STA-STRAP 9 2 STA-STRAP 10 1 SEAL–driveshaft (NON-BIGFOOT) 1 SEAL–driveshaft (BIGFOOT) 11 1 BUSHING (NON-BIGFOOT) 12 1 PLUG–oil passage 13 1 GROMMET (NON-BIGFOOT) 14 1 GASKET 15 1 O RING 16 3 SCREW (M6 x 20) 75 8.5 17 1 BODY–oil pressure relief 34 46 18 1 PLATE-Top Oil Pickup 19 1 HOSE-Oil Pickup 20 1 BAFFLE 21 2 CLAMP 22 1 SCREW (M6 x 55) 150 17 23 1 HEAT SHIELD 24 5 DOWEL PIN 25 1 ELBOW 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-9 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Page 5A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Steering Arm 94 1 2 3 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 29 94 Anti-Corrosion Grease 7 4 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 95 95 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Steering Arm REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 2 NUT 50 68 2 1 STRAP 3 2 MOUNT 4 2 WASHER (BIGFOOT) 5 8 SCREW (M6 x 20) 130 15 6 1 BUMPER 7 1 BUMPER (BIGFOOT) 8 1 RETAINING RING 9 1 STEERING ARM 10 1 BRACKET TAB WASHER NON HANDLE SCREW (M10 x 30) 11 1 12 2 32.5 44 13 2 SCREW (M12 x 154) 24 32.5 1414 1 SPACER (SHORT) 1 SPACER (LONG) 1515 1 SWIVEL TUBE (SHORT) 1 SWIVEL TUBE (LONG) 16 1 GROUND STRAP 17 1 GROUND STRAP 18 2 SCREW (M10 x 105) 32.5 44 19 1 BRACKET 20 3 SCREW(SELF–TAPPING) Drive Tight 21 2 NUT 32.5 44 22 1 NUT (.375-24) LEVER–Co-Pilot WASHER ROD (THREADED) HANDLE BRACKET PLATE DISC PLATE DISC SCREW (Hex Shoulder) 23 1 24 1 25 1 26 1 27 1 28 1 29 1 30 2 70 8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-11 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Bottom Cowl 95 2-4-C with Teflon Page 5A-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CLAMP/SWIVEL BRACKETS & DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING Bottom Cowl REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 11 1 BOTTOM COWL (SHORT-PORT) 1 BOTTOM COWL (LONG-PORT) 22 1 BOTTOM COWL (SHORT-STBD.) 1 BOTTOM COWL (LONG-STBD.) 3 6 SCREW (M6 X 30) 60 7 4 1 WASHER 5 1 SEAL 6 1 WASHER 7 1 GASKET 8 1 SCREW (M6 x 60) 60 7 9 1 FITTING-TELLTALE 10 1 BOOT 11 2 STA-STRAP 12 1 LEVER-COWL LATCH 13 2 BUSHING 14 2 WAVE WASHER 15 1 LATCH HOOK 16 1 SCREW (M6 x 16) 60 7 1717 1 GROMMET (NON POWER TRIM) 1 GROMMET (SPLIT - POWER TRIM) 18 1 PLUG- Trim Switch (NON POWER TRIM) 19 1 SWITCH (POWER TRIM) 20 1 RETAINER 21 1 GROMMET 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5A-13 POWER TRIM MID-SECTION Section 5B - Power Trim Table of Contents Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-2 Trim Motor Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-31 Power Trim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-4 Pump and Components Removal . . . . . . . 5B-31 Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-6 Manifold Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-32 Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-6 Shock Rod Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-33 Trimming Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-6 Shock Rod Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-33 Trailering Outboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-7 Memory Piston Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-36 Tilting Outboard Up and Down Manually . 5B-7 Cleaning/Inspection/Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-37 Power Trim Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-8 Trim Motor Electrical Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-37 Trim Up Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-8 Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-38 Tilt Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-10 O-Ring and Seal Placement . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-38 Maximum Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-12 O-ring Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-39 Down Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-14 Power Trim Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-41 Shock Function Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-16 Shock Rod Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-41 Shock Function Return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-18 Shock Rod Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-43 Manual Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-20 Trim Limit Assembly Installation . . . . . . . . 5B-44 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-22 Manual Release Valve Installation . . . . . . 5B-44 Preliminary Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-22 Manifold Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-45 Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Oil Pump Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-46 Flow Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-23 Pressure Operated Assembly Installation 5B-47 Troubleshooting the Power Trim Reservoir/Motor Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-48 Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-27 Bleeding Power Trim Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-49 Power Trim System Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-29 Installation of Power Trim System . . . . . . . . . 5B-49 Power Trim Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-30 5 B 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-1 POWER TRIM Special Tools 1. Spanner Wrench P/N 91-74951 2. Lock-Ring Pliers Snap-On P/N SRP2 3. Expanding Rod P/N CG 41-11* 4. Collet P/N CG 41-14* 5. Heat Lamp P/N 91-63209 Page 5B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Notes: 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-3 POWER TRIM Page 5B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Power Trim 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 6 11 6 11 6 11 17 15 11 11 11 6 11 A E D C D B F 66 Loctite 242 (92-809821) NOTE: Lubricate all O-rings using Power Trim and Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. NOTE: It is recommended that all O-rings be replaced when servicing tilt system. POWER TRIM Power Trim REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm – 1 POWER TRIM PUMP 1 1 SHOCK ROD KIT 2 1 MEMORY PISTON ASSEMBLY 3 1 O RING REBUILD KIT 4 2 O RING 5 1 CYLINDER ASSEMBLY 66 1 TRIM LIMIT VALVE KIT (NON-BIGFOOT) 1 TRIM LIMIT VALVE KIT (BIGFOOT) 7 1 PUMP ASSEMBLY 8 1 MOTOR KIT 9 1 RESERVOIR PLUG 10 1 MANUAL RELEASE ASSEMBLY 11 1 MANIFOLD KIT 12 1 SCREW KIT (MOTOR) 13 1 DRIVE SHAFT 14 1 FILTER KIT 15 1 P.O. CHECK ASSEMBLY KIT 16 1 CABLE – 1 O RING KIT (COMPLETE TRIM) 17 2 TRILOBE PIN 18 1 ANCHOR PIN 19 1 PIN A -Torque cylinder cap to 45 lb-ft (61 Nm) B -Torque screws to 80 lb-in. (9.0 Nm) C -Torque screws to 70 lb-in. (7.9 Nm) D -Torque plugs to 120 lb-in. (13.5 Nm) E -Torque screws to 100 lb-in. (11 Nm) F -Torque shock piston to 90 lb-ft (122 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-5 POWER TRIM Theory Of Operation The Power Trim system consists of an electric motor, pressurized fluid reservoir, pump and trim cylinder. The remote control (or trim panel) is equipped with a switch that is used for trimming the outboard “up” and “down”, and for tilting the outboard for shallow water operation (at slow speed) or for “trailering”. The outboard can be trimmed “up” or “down” while engine is under power or when engine is not running. Adjustments Trimming Characteristics NOTE: Because varying hull designs react differently in various degrees of rough water, it is recommended to experiment with trim positions to determine whether trimming “up” or “down” will improve the ride in rough water. When trimming your outboard from a mid-trim position (trim tab in neutral, straight fore-andaft, position), you can expect the following results: TRIMMING OUTBOARD “UP” (“OUT”) WARNING Excessive trim “out” may reduce the stability of some high speed hulls. To correct instability at high speed, reduce the power gradually and trim the motor “In” slightly before resuming high speed operation. (Rapid reduction in power will cause a sudden change of steering torque and may cause additional momentary boat instability.) • Will lift bow of boat, generally increasing top speed. • Transfers steering torque harder to left on installations below 23 in. transom height. • Increases clearance over submerged objects. • In excess, can cause porpoising and/or ventilation. • In excess, can cause insufficient water supply to water pump resulting in serious water pump and/or powerhead overheating damage. WARNING Excessive engine trim angle will result in insufficient water supply to water pump causing water pump and/or powerhead overheating damage. Make sure that water level is above gear housing water intake holes whenever engine is running. Operating “Up” circuit will actuate the “up” relay (located under engine cowl) and close the electric motor circuit. The electric motor will drive the pump, thus forcing automatic transmission fluid through internal passageways into the “up” side of the trim cylinder. The trim cylinder/trim rod will position the engine at the desired trim angle within the 20° maximum trim range. The power trim system is designed so the engine cannot be trimmed beyond the 20° maximum trim angle as long as engine RPM is above approximately 2000 RPM. The engine can be raised beyond the 20° maximum trim angle for shallow water operation, etc., by keeping the engine RPM below 2000 RPM. If engine RPM increases above 2000 RPM, the thrust created by the propeller (if deep enough in the water) will cause the trim system to automatically lower the engine back to the 20° maximum trim angle. Page 5B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM TRIMMING OUTBOARD “DOWN” (“IN”) WARNING Excessive speed at minimum trim “In” may cause undesirable and/or unsafe steering conditions. Each boat should be tested for handling characteristics after any adjustment is made to the tilt angle (tilt pin relocation). • Will help planing off, particularly with a heavy load. • Usually improves ride in choppy water. • In excess, can cause boat to veer to the left or right (bow steer). • Transfers steering torque harder to right (or less to the left). • Improves planing speed acceleration (by moving tilt pin one hole closer to transom). Operating “Down” circuit will actuate the “down” relay (located under engine cowl) and close the electric motor circuit (motor will run in opposite direction of the “Up” circuit). The electric motor will drive the pump, thus forcing automatic transmission fluid through internal passageways into the “down” side of the trim cylinder. The trim rod will move the engine downward to the desired angle. Trailering Outboard WARNING Excessive engine trim angle will result in insufficient water supply to water pump causing water pump and/or powerhead overheating damage. Make sure that water level is above gear housing water intake holes whenever engine is running. While operating “up” circuit, the cylinder rod will continue to tilt the outboard to a full up position for trailering. Tilting Outboard Up and Down Manually WARNING Before loosening the manual release valve, make sure all persons are clear of engine, as engine will drop to full “down” position when valve is loosened. With power trim installed, the outboard can be raised or lowered manually by opening the manual release valve 3 to 4 turns (counterclockwise). 55170 a a-Manual Release Valve 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-7 POWER TRIM Page 5B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Power Trim Flow Diagrams ÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Filtered Feed Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) mininmum Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a b c d e g f h i j k l m o g p q s r t u v w TRIM UP CIRCUIT n a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Trim Up When the trim switch is activated in the up position, the electric motor (c) begins to rotate the oil pump gears (j). The oil pump draws a small amount of oil through the filter (g) and through the up circuit suction port (i). The oil pump gear (j) rotation forces oil into the passages for the up circuit. Oil, under pressure, will slide the shuttle valve (m) against the down circuit pressure operated valve (f). The shuttle valve will mechanically open the down pressure operated valve, allowing oil from the down cavity of the trim cylinder to flow into the oil pump. This returning oil, from the down cavity, will supply most of the oil required for the up circuit. Oil in the up circuit is blocked from returning into the reservoir by the ball inside the down circuit suction port (k). The pressure of the oil will force the up circuit pressure operated valve (n) to open, allowing the oil to enter the passages inside the manifold (q) leading to the trim cylinder (w) up cavity. Oil is blocked from all other passages by the closed manual release valve (p). Oil under pressure will enter the trim cylinder below the memory piston (t). With an increasing amount of oil entering the cylinder, the memory piston contacts the shock piston (u) and forces the piston rod (a) up and out, raising the outboard motor. Oil on the top of the shock piston exits through a passage running down along the side of the cylinder and enters the manifold passages. The oil is drawn back into the pump (j) through the open down circuit pressure operated valve (f) and enters the pump as supply for the up circuit. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-9 POWER TRIM Page 5B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Tilt Circuit Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimun Reservoir Oil Filtered Feed Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil ÍÍ ÍÍ Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a b c d w u v t h e f g s r p o g m n j k i l q a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Tilt Up In the up mode, as the piston rod (a) extends from the cylinder (w), the memory piston (t) clears or uncovers the pressure relief passage. Oil from the up cavity will enter this passage, and if required, causes the tilt relief piston (s) to open the tilt pressure relief valve (r). This valve lowers the amount of pressure available to lift the outboard motor. With the engine in forward gear, and at high engine rpm, the oil pressure available will not be able to overcome the propeller thrust, limiting the trim range to below the pressure relief orifice. When the engine rpm falls or if engine is not in forward gear, the oil pressure is available to extend the piston rod (a) up into the tilt range. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-11 POWER TRIM Page 5B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Maximum Tilt Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimum ÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Filtered Feed Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a v t w b h c d e f g s r p o n g m i j k l u q a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Maximum Tilt With the piston rod at maximum travel, and due to no rod movement, the pressure inside of the trim cylinder (w) will increase to the pressure required to move the tilt relief piston (s). The tilt relief piston’s “pin” opens the tilt relief valve (r). Up pressure flows into the trim relief passage, and returns back into the reservoir. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-13 POWER TRIM Page 5B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Down Circuit Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimum ÍÍ ÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Filtered Feed Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a w b c d i j k l m n g o p s r h g f e t u v q a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Down Mode When the trim switch is activated in the down position, the electric motor (c) will rotate the pump (j) in the opposite direction. With the oil pump gears rotating backwards, the flow of oil is reversed. Oil is drawn through the filter (g), through the down circuit suction port (k) and into the oil pump (j). The pump forces pressurized oil into the down passages. Oil will slide the shuttle valve (m) into the up circuit pressure operated valve (n). The shuttle valve will mechanically open the up circuit pressure operated valve and allow oil, from the up cavity of the trim cylinder (w), to return into the oil pump. This returning oil, from the up cavity, will supply the oil required for the down circuit. The oil is blocked from returning into the reservoir by the ball (i) inside the up circuit suction port. Oil, under pressure, opens the down circuit pressure operated valve (f) and enters the down passages inside of the manifold (q). The manifold passage connects into the trim cylinder passage leading to the top of the cylinder. The cavity, inside the cylinder, above the shock piston (u) is the down cavity. As the down cavity fills with oil, the piston rod (a) retracts into the cylinder, lowering the outboard motor. Oil from the up cavity exits the cylinder and is drawn back into the pump through the open up circuit pressure operated valve (n). When the piston rod reaches full travel, the oil pressure inside the down circuit will rise until the down pressure regulating valve (e) opens, bypassing oil back into the reservoir. When the trim button is released, and the oil pump stops supplying pressure, both of the pressure operated valves (f & n) will close, and if open, the down pressure relief valve (e) will close. The closed valves will lock the fluid on either side of the shock piston (u) & memory piston (t), holding the outboard motor in position. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-15 POWER TRIM Page 5B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Shock Function Up Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimum ÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a b c w v u t h d e f g i j k l m n g o p q s r a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Shock Function Up Oil inside the down cavity is locked in a static position by the closed down circuit pressure operated valve (f), the manual release valve (p) and the manifold reverse suction valve (o). If the outboard strikes an underwater object while in forward gear, the piston rod (a) will try to rapidly extend from the cylinder (w), and the pressure increases inside the trim cylinder down cavity and connecting passages. When the pressure increases to the level required, the impact relief valves (v), located inside the shock piston (u), will open and allow the fluid to pass through it. As the fluid passes through the piston, the piston rod (a) will extend from the trim cylinder. The memory piston (t) is held in position by vacuum, created by the oil in the up cavity being locked in a static position. Therefore, oil passing through the shock piston is trapped between the memory piston (t) and shock piston (u). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-17 POWER TRIM Page 5B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Shock Function Return Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimum ÍÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Oil Under Pressure Return Oil Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a b c w v u t h d i j k l m n e f g g o p q s r a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Shock Function Return After the engine clears the under water object, the weight of the engine will increase the oil pressure between the memory piston (t) and shock piston (u) to the level required to open the shock return valve (h), inside the shock piston, allowing the oil to bleed back through the shock piston into the down cavity. If required, additional oil will enter the down cavity through the manifold reverse suction valve (o). This will return the engine back against the memory piston (t) and into the original running position. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-19 POWER TRIM Page 5B-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Manual Release ÍÍ ÍÍ Reservoir Oil Return Oil Filtered Oil Down Pressure 525880 psi Up Pressure 1625 psi (3060 hp) 2800 psi (75125 hp) minimum Tilt Relief Pressure 250400 psi (3060 hp) 500700 psi (4060 hp Bigfoot) 540990 psi (75125 hp) Impact Relief Pressure #22 8801110 psi (3060 hp) 12201420 psi (75125 hp) a b c w v u t h d i j k l m n g o p q s r e f g a - Piston Rod b - End Cap c - Electric Motor d - Reservoir Oil e - Down Circuit Pressure Relief Valve f - Down Circuit Pressure Operated Valve g - Filter (2 shown for clarity) h - Shock Return Valve i - Up Circuit Suction Port j - Oil Pump k - Down Circuit Suction Port l - Oil Fill Cap m - Shuttle Valve n - Up Circuit Pressure Operated Valve o - Manifold Reverse Suction Valve p - Manual Release Valve q - Manifold r - Tilt Relief Valve s - Tilt Relief Piston t - Memory Piston u - Shock Piston v - Impact Relief Valve w - Cylinder POWER TRIM Manual Tilt To manually tilt the outboard engine, the owner will need to back out the manual release valve (p) 3-4 turns. With the valve backed out, the internal passages inside the manifold are connected together. These passages connect both the cylinder down and up cavities together, along with the reservoir, allowing the engine to be raised or lowered. Piston rod (a) movement will continue until the manual release valve (p) is closed, locking the fluid inside of the cylinder and manifold. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-21 POWER TRIM Troubleshooting Support outboard with tilt lock pin when servicing power trim system. IMPORTANT: After debris or failed components have been found (during troubleshooting procedure), it is recommended that unit be disassembled completely and ALL O-rings be replaced. Check ball valve components and castings must be cleaned using engine cleaner and compressed air or replaced prior to re-assembly. IMPORTANT: Power trim system is pressurized. Outboard must be in the full “UP” position (trim rod fully extended) prior to fill/drain plug, or manual release valve removal. Refer to instructions following if disassembly is required when servicing. Follow preliminary checks before proceeding to troubleshooting flow diagrams (following). Preliminary Checks IMPORTANT: Operate Power Trim system after each check to see if problem has been corrected. If problem has not been corrected proceed to next check. 1. Check that manual release valve is tightened to full right (clockwise) position. 2. Check trim pump fluid level with outboard in full “UP” position and fill if necessary. Refer to “Bleeding Power Trim Unit”. 3. Check for external leaks in Power Trim system. Replace defective part(s) if leak is found. 4. Outboard not holding tilted position (falls down to trim position) indicates debris or defective components in trim assembly. Clean or replace components as required. Page 5B-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Flow Chart OUTBOARD WILL NOT HOLD TILTED POSITION DURING REVERSE AND/OR TRAILS OUT DURING HIGH SPEED DECELERATION. Inspect manual release valve.Manual release valve and O-ring damaged. Manual release valve and O-rings appear to be O.K. - Clean and reinstall manual release valve. Trim system holds re- verse thrust. Testing complete. Trim will not hold reverse thrust. Replace manual re- lease valve and O-rings. Trim system holds re- verse thrust. Testing complete. Remove and inspect pis- ton rod assembly for de- bris and/or shock ball hang up. Shock piston appears O.K. - Clean and reinstall piston rod assembly. Trim system holds re- verse thrust. Testing complete. Debris and/or shock ball hang up identi- fied. Replace piston rod assembly. Trim system holds re- verse thrust. Testing complete. Trim will not hold reverse thrust. Remove PO check valve assembly, inspect O-rings and seals for damage. Debris and/or dam- age identified. Replace PO check valve assembly. Trim system holds re- verse thrust. Testing complete. PO check valve appears O.K. - Clean and reinstall PO check valve assem- bly. Trim will not hold reverse thrust. Trim system holds reverse thrust. Test- ing complete. continued on next page 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-23 POWER TRIM Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Flow Chart continued Replace trim system. Replace suction seat assembly. Remove suction seat as- sembly and inspect for debris and/or damage. Debris and/or damage identified. Trim system holds reverse thrust. Test- ing complete. Trim will not hold reverse thrust. Suction seat assembly appears O.K. - Clean and reinstall suction seat assembly. Trim system holds reverse thrust. Test- ing complete. Page 5B-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Flow Chart TRIM SYSTEM LEAKS DOWN WITH MANUAL RELEASE VALVE CLOSED. Inspect manual release valve.Manual release valve and O-ring damaged. Replace manual re- lease valve and O-rings. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. Trim system leaks down. Manual release valve and O- rings appear to be O.K. - Clean and reinstall manual release valve. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. Remove tilt relief valving and inspect O-rings and seals for debris and/or damage. Debris and/or dam- age identified. Replace tilt relief valve- ing. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. Trim system leaks down. Tilt relief valving and O-rings appear to be O.K. - Clean and reinstall tilt relief valveing. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. Remove PO check valve assembly, inspect O- rings and seals for dam- age. Debris and/or dam- age identified. Replace PO check valve assembly. PO check valve appears O.K. - Clean and reinstall PO check valve assem- bly. continued on next page Trim system leaks down. Trim system does not leak down. Testing complete. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-25 POWER TRIM Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Flow Chart continued Replace trim system. Replace memory pis- ton and shock piston O-rings. Inspect memory pis- ton O-ring and cylinder bore. Cylinder bore appears smooth with no debris. Cylinder bore appears rough and/or debris found in cylinder. Trim leaks down. Trim system does not leak down. Test- ing complete. Page 5B-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Troubleshooting the Power Trim Electrical System LT.BLU/WHT GRN/WHT BLUE 14 BLK RED BLK DN UP RED RED/PUR DN UP GRN/WHT LT. BLU/WHT RED GRN/WHTBLU/WHT DN UP GRN/WHTBLU/WHT RED GRN/WHT or GRN BLU/WHT or PUR GRN 14 BLK RED BLK +– GRN/WHT LT. BLU/WHT RED/PUR a j k h g e f n d c b 1 2 3 4 i l m 15 1 2 3 4 a-Trim Switch (Remote Control Mounted) h-Up Relay b-Trim Switch (Panel Mounted) i-Solenoid c-Fuse Holder – Accessory j-Trim Pump Motor d-Remote Control Wiring Plug Connector k-Cowl Switch e-Battery l-Solenoid f-Starter Bolt m-3-Pin Connector g-Down Relay n-Main Fuse Holder - Fuse #3 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-27 POWER TRIM Troubleshooting the Power Trim Electrical System Refer to wiring diagram on preceding page for location of wire connections. Problem Possible Cause Remedy Trim Switch “UP” is inoperative, but the Cowl Switch “UP” does operate. 1. Open wire between Wire Connection (1) and Trim Switch. 2. Faulty Trim Switch. 1. Check for an open connection or cut wire. 2. Replace. Cowl Switch “UP” is inoperative, but the Trim Switch “UP” does operate. 1. Open wire between Wire Connection (2) and Solenoid. 2. Faulty Cowl Switch. 1. Check for an open connection or cut wire. 2. Replace. Trim Switch “UP” and Cowl Switch “UP” are both inop1. Open wire between Wire Connection (1) and the “Up” Relay. 1. Check for an open connection. erative. 2. Open BLK wire between ground and “UP” Relay. 2. Check for an open connection. 3. Open RED wire between Solenoid and “UP” Relay. 3. Check for an open connection. 4. Faulty “UP” Relay. 4. Replace. Trim Switch “DOWN” is inoperative, but the Cowl Switch “DOWN” does operate. 1. Open wire between Wire Connection (3) and Trim Switch. 2. Faulty Trim Switch. 1. Check for an open connection or cut wire. 2. Replace. Cowl Switch “DOWN” is inoperative, but the Trim Switch “DOWN” does operate. 1. Open wire between Wire Connection (2) and Solenoid. 2. Faulty Cowl Switch. 1. Check for a open connection or cut wire. 2. Replace Trim Switch “DOWN” and Cowl Switch “DOWN” are 1. Open wire between Wire Connection (3) and the “UP” Relay. 1. Check for an open connection. both inoperative. 2. Open BLK wire between ground and “DOWN” Relay. 2. Check for an open connection. 3. Open RED wire between Solenoid and “DOWN” Relay. 3. Check for an open connection. 4. Faulty “DOWN” Relay 4. Replace. Trim Switch “UP” and “DOWN” are both inoperative, but the Cowl Switch does operate. 1. 20 AMP Fuse blown. 2. Faulty trim switch. 3. Wire is open between fuse holder and solenoid. 4. Wire is open between fuse holder and trim switch. 1. Replace fuse. Locate the cause of the blown fuse. Check electrical wiring for a shorted circuit. 2. Replace. 3. Check for a open connection or cut wire. 4. Check for a loose or corroded connection. Trim Switch and Cowl Switch are both inoperative. 1. One of the Trim Pump Motor wires is open between the motor and the Relays. 2. Faulty trim pump motor. 1. Check wire connections (4) for loose or corroded condition. 2. If voltage is present at connections (4) when the appropriate trim button is pressed, then motor is faulty. Replace motor. Trim system operates (motor runs) without pressing the switches. 1. The Trim or Cowl switch is shorted. 1. Replace. Page 5B-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-29 Power Trim System Removal 1. Tilt outboard to the full up position and support with tilt lock pin. 2. Disconnect the power trim wire harness and remove clamp. 55264 b c 55464 a a - Tilt Lock Pin b - Power Trim Wire Harness Clamp c - Harness 3. Remove the upper trilobe pin. 4. Drive out the upper pivot pin. 5. Remove the sacrificial anode. 55331 c b a a - Upper Trilobe Pin b - Upper Pivot Pin c - Sacrificial Anode POWER TRIM 6. Use suitable punch to remove lower trilobe pin. Retain trilobe pin. 7. Use suitable punch to drive out lower pivot pin. 51144 51144 ba a-Lower Trilobe Pin b-Lower Pivot Pin Power Trim Disassembly IMPORTANT: Power trim system is pressurized. Trim rod must be in the full “UP” position (fully extended) prior to fill/drain plug, or manual release valve removal. 1. Remove reservoir cap. 2. Remove manual release valve assembly to drain oil. 55263 b a a-Reservoir Cap b-Manual Release Valve Page 5B-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-31 Trim Motor Removal 1. Secure power trim assembly in a soft jaw vise. 2. Remove four (4) screws to remove motor/reservoir. Remove reservoir seal and coupler. e d c b a a - Screw (4) b - Reservoir c - Reservoir Seal d - Coupler e - Manifold Assembly Pump and Components Removal 1. Remove pressure operated plugs on pump. Remove spring and check valve/poppet (both sides). Use special tool CG 41-11 and special tool CG 41-14 with 5/16, end to remove spool. d b a c a b d e c a - Plug (2) b - Spring (2) c - Check Valve/Poppet (2) d - Seat (2) e - Spool POWER TRIM Page 5B-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 IMPORTANT: Inspect poppet assembly for debris in the area shown. If debris is found on poppet replace poppet. 2. Remove three (3) screws to remove pump. Remove filter and filter seal under pump. Remove suction seat assembly. d c e f b a a - Debris Under Valve Tip b - Rubber Seat c - Screw (3) d - Filter Seal e - Filter f - Suction Seat Assembly Manifold Removal 1. Remove two (2) screws to remove manifold from cylinder. 2. Remove tilt relief components. 51146 a 51008 b c d e a - Screw (2) b - Spring c - Poppet d - Spool Housing e - Trim Limit Spool POWER TRIM Shock Rod Removal 1. Unscrew end cap assembly from cylinder using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. 2. Remove shock rod assembly from cylinder. Shock Rod Disassembly NOTE:The only serviceable items on the shock rod assembly are the O-rings and wiper ring. If shock rod requires any other repair, replace shock rod assembly. b b c a a-End Cap b-O-ring (2) c-Wiper Ring 1. Place shock rod assembly on clean work surface. 2. Remove three (3) screws and remove plate from shock rod piston. 51143 a b c a-Screw (3) b-Plate c-Shock Rod Piston 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-33 POWER TRIM 3. Remove check ball components from shock rod piston. 4. Remove o-ring from shock rod piston. 51147 d a b c a-Spring (5) b-Seat (5) c-Ball (5) d-O-ring CAUTION When removing shock piston, spanner wrench must have 1/4 in. x 5/16 in. long pegs to avoid damage to shock piston. 5. Place shock rod into soft jawed vise and apply heat to loosen piston using torch lamp (P/N 91-63209). 6. Loosen shock rod piston using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. 7. Allow shock rod piston to cool. Remove from shock rod. 51146 51146 a b a-Spanner Wrench b-Shock Rod Piston Page 5B-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM 8. Inspect check valve for debris; clean debris from check valve if found. If debris cannot be cleaned from check valve, replace shock piston as an assembly. 9. Clean shock and components with compressed air. 10. Remove inner o-ring from shock rod piston. 51199 a b a-Shock Piston b-O-ring 11. Remove cylinder end cap assembly from shock rod. 12. Inspect shock. If wiper (located in cap) has failed to keep rod clean, replace wiper. 13. Place end cap on clean work surface. 14. Remove rod wiper, inner o-ring, and outer o-ring. 51145 a b c a-Rod Wiper b-Inner O-ring c-Outer O-ring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-35 POWER TRIM Memory Piston Removal 1. Remove memory piston from cylinder using one of two methods: a. Using lock ring pliers (P/N 91-822778A3) or suitable tool. 51144 b. Blowing compressed air into manual release valve hole using air nozzle. WARNING Memory piston cup may be expelled at a high velocity when air pressure is applied. Failure to place cylinder as shown below could result in personal injury. NOTE: Point cylinder opening down and away. Use a shop rag or towel to avoid damage to the memory piston. 2. Remove o-ring from memory piston. 51144 d e 55466 a c b a-Adaptor/Air Hose b-Memory Piston Exit c-Shop Rag d-O-Ring e-Memory Piston Page 5B-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Cleaning/Inspection/Repair IMPORTANT: Components must be dirt and lint free. Slightest amount of debris in Power Trim system could cause system to malfunction. Clean shock rod and components with parts cleaner and dry with compressed air. It is recommended that all O-rings in trim system be replaced. Use O-Ring Kit 25-809880A1. Lubricate all o-rings with Quicksilver Power Trim Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. Trim Motor Electrical Tests 1. Connect a 12 volt supply to motor leads. If motor fails to run, replace pump motor. IMPORTANT: Trim Motor is not serviceable. If motor fails to run, replace motor assembly. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-37 POWER TRIM Page 5B-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Reassembly O-Ring and Seal Placement O-Rings and Seals are part of O-Ring Kit 25-809880A1. 3 21 22 3 19 21 22 4 5 1 20 8 9 10 18 9 7 6 15 16 17 8 9 10 14 13 11 12 1 2 11 3 6 5 8 10 16 19 21 O.D. I.D. Cutaway View of O-Ring Width O-RINGS SHOWN ARE ACTUAL SIZE 9 7 13 14 1 2 3 22 4 9 13 14 11 10 8 6 5 21 19 16 20 15 18 17 12 POWER TRIM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-39 O-ring Sizes POWER TRIM O-ring Description and Sizes O-Ring Description O-Ring I.D. O-Ring O.D. O-Ring Width 1 Wiper Ring 2 Cyl. Cap, Inner 0.671 in. (17.04 mm) 0.949 in. (24.10 mm) 0.139 in. (3.53 mm) 3 Cyl. Cap 1.864 in. (47.34 mm) 2.004 in. (50.90 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 4 Shock Piston 1.6 in. (40.64 mm) 2.02 in. (53.086 mm) 0.21 in. (5.334 mm) 5 Piston Bolt 0.676 in. (17.17 mm) .816 in. (20.726 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 6 Reservoir Plug 0.549 in. (13.94 mm) 0.755 in. (19.17 mm) 0.103 in. (2.616 mm) 7 Motor Seal 8 (2) P.O. Check Plug 0.489 in. (12.42 mm) 0.629 in. (15.97 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 9 (3) Poppet Assy. 10 (2) P.O. Check Seat 0.364 in. (9.25 mm) 0.504 in. (12.80 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 11 (2) Pump Port 0.145 in. (3.683 mm) 0.285 in. (7.239 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 12 Suction Seat 0.239 in. (6.07 mm) 0.379 in. (9.626 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 13 Filter Seal 14 Filter 15 Manual Release 0.114 in. (2.90 mm) 0.254 in. (6.451 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 16 Manual Release 0.176 in. (4.47 mm) 0.316 in. (8.026 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 17 Manual Release 0.239 in. (6.07 mm) 0.379 in. (9.626 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 18 Spool 0.239 in. (6.07 mm) 0.379 in. (9.626 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 19 (3) Spool Housing 0.301 in. (7.645 mm) 0.441 in. (11.20 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 20 Trim Limit Spool 0.114 in. (2.895 mm) 0.254 in. (6.451 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 21 (2) Manifold 0.208 in. (5.283 mm) 0.348 in. (8.839 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 22 Memory Piston 1.6 in. (40.64 mm) 2.02 in. (53.086 mm) 0.21 in. (5.334 mm) Page 5B-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Power Trim Reassembly IMPORTANT: Lubricate all o-rings with Power Trim Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. Shock Rod Reassembly 1. Install lubricated o-rings to end cap. 2. Install rod wiper. 3. Install lubricated o-rings to shock piston. 51199 f d e a b c 51145 a-Rod Wiper b-Inner O-ring c-Outer O-ring d-Shock Piston e-O-ring f-O-ring 4. Clamp shock rod in soft jawed vise. 5. Position cylinder end cap onto rod as shown. 51146 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-41 POWER TRIM CAUTION When installing shock rod piston, spanner wrench must have 1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs to avoid damage to shock rod piston. 6. Apply Loctite 271 to threads on shock rod. Install shock rod piston. 7. Tighten shock rod piston securely using spanner wrench (1/4 in. x 5/16 in. long pegs). If a torquing type spanner tool is used to tighten shock piston, tighten to specified torque. 51146 b a B Loctite 271 a-Shock Rod Piston b-Spanner Wrench Shock Rod Piston Torque 90 lb-ft (122 Nm) 8. Remove shock rod assembly from vise. 9. Install ball, seat, and spring (five sets) to shock rod piston. Secure components with plate. 51147 e d c a b a-Screw (3) b-Plate d-Seat (5) e-Ball (5) c-Spring (5) Screw Torque 35 lb-in (4.0 Nm) Page 5B-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Shock Rod Installation 1. Place trim cylinder in soft jawed vice. 2. Install lubricated o-ring to memory piston and place into cylinder. Push memory piston all the way to bottom. 3. Fill cylinder three inches (76.2 mm) from top of cylinder using Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. 4. Install shock rod into cylinder until power trim fluid flows through oil blow off ball passage. Fill remaining cylinder to just below the cylinder threads. c a b a-Memory Piston b-O-ring c-Oil Blow Off Ball Passage CAUTION End cap must not make contact with shock rod piston when tightening. Shock rod piston must be positioned in cylinder deep enough to avoid contact. 5. Tighten end cap securely using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. If a torquing type spanner tool is used to tighten end cap, then tighten to specified torque. End Cap Torque 45 lb-ft (61.0 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-43 POWER TRIM Trim Limit Assembly Installation 1. Lubricate all O-rings. Install spring, poppet, spool housing and trim limit spool into manifold. NOTE:There are three different size springs used in this manifold. The heavy spring is used on 75-125 hp outboards. The medium spring is used on 40-60 hp Bigfoot outboards. The light spring is used on 30-60 hp outboards. 51008 or a b c d or a-Spring b-Poppet c-Spool Housing d-Trim Limit Spool Manual Release Valve Installation 1. Install “E” clip (if removed) and lubricate o-rings to manual release valve. 2. Install manual release valve assembly into manifold. a b c a-Manifold b-Manual Release Valve c-E Clip Page 5B-44 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM Manifold Installation 1. Install dowel pin and two (2) lubricated o-rings into trim cylinder. b a a-O-Ring (2) b-Dowel Pin 2. Align the trim cylinder and pump/reservoir assembly together. 3. Install the two (2) long screws and tighten to specified torque. 51146 a b c a-Trim Cylinder Assembly b-Reservoir/Manifold Assembly c-Screw (2) Screw Torque 100 lb-in (11.0 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-45 POWER TRIM Page 5B-46 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Oil Pump Installation 1. Install spring, ball, lubricated o-ring and plastic seat to manifold. 2. Check to see that o-rings are placed on bottom of pump. 3. Install filter and filter seal under pump. Install pump onto manifold. Tighten screws to specified torque. b a a - Screw (3) b - Suction Seat Assembly Screw Torque 70 lb-ft (8.0 Nm) POWER TRIM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-47 Pressure Operated Assembly Installation IMPORTANT: Inspect poppet assembly for debris in the area shown. If debris is found on poppet, replace poppet. 1. Lubricate o-rings. 2. Install spool, seat (with o-ring), check valve/poppet, spring and plug (with o-ring) into pump. Repeat for other side. Tighten plugs to specified torque. d c d e c a b e f g f a - Debris Under Valve Tip b - Rubber Seat c - Plug (2) d - Spring (2) e - Check Valve/Poppet (2) f - Seat (2) g - Spool Plug Torque 120 lb-in (13.5 Nm) POWER TRIM Page 5B-48 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Reservoir/Motor Installation 1. Install coupler into top of pump. Make sure reservoir seal is in the reservoir groove and place reservoir onto pump/manifold assembly. Install ground strap under screw shown Tighten screws to specified torque. a b c d f e a - Screw (4) Torque to 80 lb-in. (9 Nm) b - Reservoir c - Reservoir Seal d - Coupler e - Manifold Assembly f - Ground Strap Screw Torque 80 lb-in (9.0 Nm) POWER TRIM Bleeding Power Trim Unit 1. Secure power trim unit in soft jawed vise. 2. Fill reservoir to bottom of fill hole using Power Trim and steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. 3. Close the manual release valve. (Turn full clockwise). 4. Using a 12 volt power supply, connect the positive lead to (blue) trim motor wire and negative lead to (green) trim motor wire and drive shock rod to the up position. Repeat three times. 5. Connect the positive lead to the (green) trim motor wire, and the negative lead to the (blue) trim motor wire and drive the shock rod to the down position. 6. Recheck fluid level, add fluid if required and repeat cycle until fluid level stays even with the bottom of the fill hole. 55263 a b 113 Power Trim & Steering Fluid 113 a-Reservoir Plug/Fill Hole b-Manual Release Valve Installation of Power Trim System 1. Lubricate lower pivot pin mounting holes with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with teflon. 2. Apply 2-4-C with teflon to lower pivot pin and start lower pivot pin into pivot pin bore. 51148 a 95 2-4-C With Teflon 95 a-Lower Pivot Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-49 POWER TRIM 3. Position trim cylinder assembly (bottom first) between clamp brackets. 4. Using a suitable punch, drive lower pivot pin into clamp bracket and trim cylinder assembly until pivot pin is flush with outside surface. 51147 95b 55467 a 95 2-4-C With Teflon a-Trim Cylinder Assembly b-Lower Pivot Pin 5. Using a suitable punch, drive lower trilobe pin into its hole until seated. a a-Lower Trilobe Pin Page 5B-50 90-883064 JUNE 2001 POWER TRIM 6. Apply 2-4-C with teflon to surface of upper pivot pin, pivot pin bore and trim ram bore. 51148 95 a b c 95 2-4-C With Teflon a-Pivot Pin b-Pivot Pin Bore c-Trim Ram Bore 7. Using a suitable mallet, drive upper pivot pin into swivel bracket and through trim ram until pivot pin is flush with swivel bracket. 8. Drive upper trilobe pin into its hole until seated. 55464 d 51148 b c a a-Pivot Pin b-Swivel Bracket c-Trim Ram d-Upper Trilobe Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5B-51 POWER TRIM 9. Install sacrificial aluminum anode to reservoir bracket placing ground strap between bracket and anode, as shown. 10. Route trim harness through clamp bracket and cowling. 55264 d 55465c b a a-Sacrificial Anode b-Ground Strap c-Bracket d-Trim Harness 11. Secure trim harness with clamp, as shown. 55264 a a-Clamp Page 5B-52 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST MID-SECTION Section 5C - Manual Tilt Assist Table of Contents Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-1 Valve Block Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-24 Manual Tilt Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-2 Memory Piston Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-25 Manual Trim Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-4 Valve Block Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-26 Up Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-4 Reassembly - O-Ring and Seal Placement . 5C-27 Down Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-6 Actual O-Ring Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-28 Slow Tilt Down Under High Thrust . . . . . . 5C-8 O-ring Description and Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-29 Under Water Strike (Valves Open) . . . . . . 5C-10 Manual Tilt System Cleaning and Inspection 5C-29 Shock Function (Valve Closed) . . . . . . . . . 5C-12 Manual Tilt System Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . 5C-29 Shock Function Return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-14 Valve Block Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-32 Hydraulic System Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . 5C-16 Shock Rod Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-33 Manual Tilt System Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-18 Shock Rod Installation and Fluid Manual Tilt System Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . 5C-20 Filling Procedure Option One . . . . . . . . . . 5C-35 Accumulator Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-20 Fluid Filling Procedure Option Two . . . . . 5C-37 Shock Rod Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-21 Manual Tilt System Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-40 Shock Rod Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-21 Manual Release Valve Adjustment . . . . . . 5C-43 5 C Special Tools 1. Spanner Wrench P/N 91-74951 2. Lock-Ring Pliers P/N SRP2 (Snap-On) 3. Heat Lamp P/N 91-63209 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-1 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Manual Tilt Components 7 Loctite 271 95 2-4-C With Teflon a b c d e f 7 95 95 NOTE: Lubricate all O-rings using Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. NOTE:It is recommended that all o-rings be replaced when servicing tilt system. Page 5C-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Manual Tilt Components REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm 1 1 SHOCK ROD ASSEMBLY 2 1 MEMORY PISTON ASSEMBLY 3 1 O RING REBUILD KIT-Cylinder 4 2 O RING 5 1 CYLINDER ASSEMBLY 6 1 SCREW AND SEAL KIT 7 1 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY 35 47 8 1 VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY 9 1 CAM KIT 10 1 VELOCITY VALVE KIT 11 1 CHECK SYSTEM REPAIR KIT – 1 O RING KIT 12 1 CABLE 13 2 PIN 14 2 TRILOBE PIN abcdef – Torque cylinder cap to 45 lb-ft (61 Nm) – Torque Accumulator to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm) – Torque Velocity Valve to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) – Torque Transfer Valve Plug to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) – Torque Screw to 100 lb-in. (11 Nm) – Torque Shock Piston to 90 lb-ft (122 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-3 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Manual Trim Flow Diagrams Up Circuit a b c d e f j i h g k l m n o p a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Up Circuit With the engine in the down position, the accumulator piston (d) will be at the top of the accumulator (c) with the gas at maximum pressure. To raise the engine, the camshaft lever (f) is rotated all the way down. The internal shaft connected to the camshaft lever will move the push rods, opening the accumulator check valve (e), both fast transfer valves (h & j) and the down circuit slow transfer valve (i). As the operator lifts the engine, oil, under pressure inside the accumulator, will flow around both the slow transfer valve (i) and the down circuit fast transfer valve (h). Oil flows into the bottom of the tilt cylinder forcing the memory piston (m) into the shock piston (n) and then forcing the shock rod up and out. Oil above the shock piston exits the cylinder (l) through an interconnecting passage along side of the cylinder and returns into the manifold (g). Inside the manifold the oil flows past the groove in the surge valve (k), through the up circuit fast transfer valve (j) and mixes with the oil flowing from the accumulator into the up cavity. With the engine in the correct position, the camshaft lever (f) is rotated up and the push rods allow the check valves (e, h, i, & j) to close. The closed check valves prevent the oil from traveling between cavities and locks the engine into position. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-5 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Down Circuit a b c d p o n m l j k i h g f e a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Down Circuit With the engine tilted up, the piston inside the accumulator piston (d) will be at the bottom of the accumulator (c) and the gas pressure is low. To lower the engine, the camshaft lever (f) is rotated down, the internal cam will cause the push rods to open the accumulator check valve (e), both fast transfer valves (h & j) and the down circuit slow transfer valve (i). The operator will have to press down on the engine cowl to overcome the pressure inside cylinder. Fluid will flow out of the bottom of the cylinder, past both the down circuit fast transfer valve (h) and down circuit slow transfer valve (i). Fluid will flow past the up circuit fast transfer valve (j), surge valve (k) and through the interconnecting passage into the top of the cylinder (l). Due to the shock rod (a), the tilt cylinder cavities differ in volume, the extra fluid from the up cavity [forced into the accumulator (c)] will cause the internal accumulator piston (d) to compress the gas. With the engine in the correct position, the camshaft lever is rotated up and the push rods allow the check valves (e, h, i, & j) to close. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-7 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Slow Tilt Down Under High Thrust a b p c d e f j i h g k l m n o a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Slow Tilt Down Under High Thrust To tilt the engine down under high thrust conditions [where the propeller thrust forces the shock rod down, creating higher pressure below the memory piston (m)], the camshaft lever (f) is rotated slightly downward. The internal shaft connected to the lever will open the down circuit slow transfer valve (i) allowing oil under pressure into the cavity around the shaft. The higher oil pressure will open the up circuit fast transfer valve (j) allowing oil from the bottom of the cylinder to flow above the shock piston (n) while lowering the engine. Additional oil will flow into the accumulator (c) as the internal pressure forces the accumulator check valve (e) to open. Oil flowing into the accumulator moves the accumulator piston (d) and compresses the gas. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-9 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Under Water Strike (Valves Open) a b p o n m l k j i h g f e d c a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Under Water Strike (Valves Open) Should the drive unit strike a submerged object while in forward motion, the shock rod (a) will extend from the tilt cylinder (l). Fluid will attempt to exit the cylinder through the interconnecting passage. The rapid fluid flow will increase the pressure below the surge valve (k), causing the valve to move, closing the oil return passage back into the accumulator (c). Oil inside the up cavity is locked in a static position by the closed surge valve. As the shock rod extends outward, the pressure inside the up cavity will reach sufficient pressure to open the shock valve (p) which opens at 880-1110 PSI. Oil will flow into the cavity created as the shock rod & shock piston (a & n) moves away from the memory piston (m). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-11 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Shock Function (Valve Closed) Accumulator Gas Pressure 400 PSI a b o n m p l k j i h g f d c e a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Shock Function (Valves Closed) Should the drive unit strike a submerged object while in forward motion, the shock rod (a) will extend from the cylinder (l). Oil inside the up cavity is locked in a static position by the closed up circuit fast transfer valve (j), the closed down circuit slow transfer valve (i) and closed down circuit fast transfer valve (h). Fluid will attempt to exit the cylinder through the interconnecting passage back into the accumulator (c). The closed up circuit fast transfer valve (j) will prevent the fluid return. As the shock rod extends outward, the pressure inside the up cavity will reach sufficient pressure to open the shock valve (p) which opens at 880-1110 PSI. Oil will flow into the cavity created as the shock rod & shock piston (n) moves away from the memory piston (m). 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-13 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Shock Function Return a b p o n m l j k i h g f e d c a - Shock Rod b - End Cap c - Accumulator d - Accumulator Piston e - Accumulator Check Valve f - Camshaft Lever g - Manifold h - Down Circuit Fast Transfer Valve i - Down Circuit Slow Transfer Valve j - Up Circuit Fast Transfer Valve k - Surge Valve l - Cylinder m - Memory Piston n - Shock Piston o - Shock Return Valve p - Impact Relief Valve MANUAL TILT ASSIST Shock Function Return After the drive clears the object, the shock return valve (o) will allow the oil to flow from between the shock piston (n) and memory piston (m) onto the down cavity as the drive returns to its original running position. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-15 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Hydraulic System Troubleshooting Refer to disassembly/reassembly instructions (following) if disassembly is required when servicing. IMPORTANT: After debris or failed components have been found (during troubleshooting procedure), it is recommended that unit be disassembled completely and all o-rings be replaced. Check ball components and castings must be cleaned using engine cleaner and compressed air or replaced prior to reassembly. Support outboard with tilt lock lever when servicing manual tilt system. 1. Check manual release cam adjustment. Cam must open and close freely. Adjust cam link rod as necessary. 51143 b a c a-Link Rod b-Manual Release Lever c-Accumulator Page 5C-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 2. Check for external leaks in the manual tilt system. Replace defective part(s) if leak is found. IMPORTANT: If cut or damaged o-rings are found, inspect machined surfaces for scoring, burrs or debris. 3. Check for discharged accumulator. 35 to 50 lb-ft (47-68 Nm) of pulling force must be attained when tilting outboard from full “down” to full “up” position. If more than 50 lb-ft (68 Nm) of force is required, replace accumulator. 50431 a b a-Weight Scale b-Valve Lever (open position) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-17 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Manual Tilt System Removal CAUTION Remove cowling and remove all spark plug leads from spark plugs to prevent accidental starting while servicing outboard. WARNING Service or installation of the tilt system may result in loss of pressure in the shock cylinder. If the outboard is not in the full down position, such loss of pressure will cause the engine to fall to the full down position with a potential for damaging engine or causing personal injury. To avoid such injury support outboard in the up position using tilt lock lever. WARNING Manual tilt system is pressurized. Accumulator must be removed when shock rod is in the full up position, prior to servicing, otherwise oil spray-back may occur. 1. Support outboard in the up position using tilt lock lever. 2. Remove link rod. 51143 b a a-Link Rod b-Accumulator Page 5C-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 3. Position piece of wood under transom bracket (instead of tilt lock) for access of removing pin. Use suitable punch to remove (DRIVE DOWN) upper trilobe pin. Retain trilobe pin. 4. Position tilt lock and remove piece of wood. Use suitable punch to drive out upper pivot pin. 51144 c d b a 51144 a-Pivot Pin b-Tilt Lock c-Trilobe Pin d-Wood 5. Remove the sacrificial anode. 6. Use punch to remove (Drive Down) lower trilobe pin. Retain trilobe pin. 7. Use suitable punch to drive out lower pivot pin. b c a a-Sacrificial Anode b-Trilobe Pin c-Pivot Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-19 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 8. Tilt shock absorber assembly (TOP FIRST) out from clamp bracket and remove assembly. 51144 b 1 2 a-Manual Tilt System Manual Tilt System Disassembly NOTE: Accumulator contains a high pressure nitrogen charge and is NOT SERVICEABLE. Replace if necessary. WARNING This tilt system is pressurized. Remove accumulator only when shock rod is in full up position. Accumulator Removal 1. Place manual tilt system in soft jawed vise. Position shock rod to full up position. 2. Open cam shaft valve (Down Position). 3. Loosen velocity valve enough to drip, wait until dripping stops. When fluid stops dripping, loosen and remove accumulator. 4. If plunger can be compressed into accumulator by hand, accumulator is defective. Replace accumulator. 51143 c b a a-Accumulator b-Cam Lever d 51143 c-Velocity Valve d-Plunger Page 5C-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 5. Once accumulator is removed, remove o-ring, conical spring, steel ball and plunger. 51145 d c b a a-Conical Spring b-Steel Ball c-Plunger d-O-ring Shock Rod Removal 1. Unscrew cylinder end cap assembly using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. long pegs]. 2. Remove shock rod assembly from cylinder. 91-74951 51145 Shock Rod Disassembly NOTE:The only serviceable items on the shock rod assembly are the O-rings and wiper ring. If shock rod requires any other repair, replace shock rod assembly. b c a a-End Cap b-O-ring (2) c-Wiper Ring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-21 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 1. Place shock rod assembly on clean work surface. 2. Remove three (3) screws and remove plate from shock rod piston. 51143 a b c a-Screw (3) b-Platec-Shock Rod Piston 3. Remove check ball components from shock rod piston. 4. Remove o-ring. 51147 d c b a a-Spring (5) b-Seat (5) c-Ball (5) d-O-ring Page 5C-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST CAUTION When removing shock piston, spanner wrench must have 1/4 in. x 5/16 in. long pegs to avoid damage to shock piston. 5. Place shock rod into soft jawed vise and apply heat to loosen piston using torch lamp (P/N 91-63209). 6. Loosen shock rod piston using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. 7. Allow shock rod piston to cool. Remove from shock rod. b a 91-74951 91-63209 a-Spanner Wrench b-Shock Rod Piston 8. Inspect check valve for debris; clean debris from check valve if found. If debris cannot be cleaned from check valve, replace shock piston as an assembly. 9. Clean shock and components with compressed air. 10. Remove inner O-ring. 51199 b a a-Shock Piston b-O-ring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-23 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 11. Remove cylinder end cap assembly from shock rod. 12. Inspect shock. If wiper (located in cap) has failed to keep rod clean, replace wiper. 13. Place end cap on clean work surface. 14. Remove rod wiper, inner o-ring, and outer o-ring. 51145 51147 c b a a-Rod Wiper b-Inner O-ring c-Outer O-ring Valve Block Removal 1. Remove two screws from the shock rod cylinder to separate the valve block. 2. Remove o-rings and dowel pins. b c a a-Screw b-Valve Block c-Shock Rod Cylinder d-O-ring (2) e-Dowel Pin (2) d e 51146 Page 5C-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Memory Piston Removal 1. Remove memory piston from cylinder using one of two methods: a. Using lock ring pliers. Snap-On SRP2 51144 b. Blowing compressed air into center o-ring hole. WARNING Memory piston cup may be expelled at a high velocity when air pressure is applied. Failure to place cylinder as shown below could result in personal injury. NOTE: Point cylinder opening down and away. Use a shop rag or towel to avoid damage to the memory piston. Fluid will blow out also. 2. Remove O-ring from memory piston. 51144 e d 55466 a c b a-Adaptor/Air Hose b-Memory Piston Exit c-Shop Rag d-O-Ring e-Memory Piston 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-25 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Valve Block Disassembly 1. Remove check retainer plug and components. 2. Remove hydraulic oil transfer valve plugs and components. 3. Remove surge valve assembly. d c e f 51142 a b a - Transfer Valve Plug Assembly (2) b - Check Retainer Plug or Screw Assembly c - Spool d - Spring e - O-ring f - Velocity Valve 4. Remove screw and remove cam assembly. a b c d e a - Spacer Retainer Clip b - Retainer Clip c - Screw d - Shaft Seal e - Cam MANUAL TILT ASSIST 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-27 Reassembly - O-Ring and Seal Placement 1 2 3 5 4 14 6 7 9 11 12 10 13 8 NOTE: Lubricate all O-rings using Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. NOTE: It is recommended that all o-rings be replaced when servicing tilt system. MANUAL TILT ASSIST Actual O-Ring Sizes 1 29 3 42 142 52 102 O.D. I.D. Cutaway View of O-Ring Width 11 13 (2) 62 72 12 (2) 82 O-RINGS SHOWN ARE ACTUAL SIZE Page 5C-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST O-Ring Description and Sizes O-Ring Description O-Ring I.D. O-Ring O.D. O-Ring Width 1 Wiper Ring 2 Cyl. Cap, Inner 0.671 in. (17.04 mm) 0.949 in. (24.10 mm) 0.139 in. (3.53 mm) 3 Cyl. Cap 1.864 in. (47.34 mm) 2.004 in. (50.90 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 4 Shock Piston 1.6 in. (40.64 mm) 2.02 in. (53.086 mm) 0.21 in. (5.334 mm) 5 Piston Bolt 0.676 in. (17.17 mm) .816 in. (20.726 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 6 (2) Manifold Split Line 0.208 in. (5.283 mm) 0.348 in. (8.839 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 7 Slow Valve 0.114 in. (2.90 mm) 0.254 in. (6.451 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 8 (2) Plug 0.489 in. (12.42 mm) 0.629 in. (15.97 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 9 Accumulator 2.114 in. (53.69 mm) 2.254 in. (57.25 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 10 Lip Seal 11 Cam Shaft 0.301 in. (7.645 mm) 0.441 in. (11.20 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 12 Back Up Ring 13 Surge Valve 0.301 in. (7.645 mm) 0.441 in. (11.20 mm) 0.07 in. (1.78 mm) 14 Memory Piston 1.6 in. (40.64 mm) 2.02 in. (53.086 mm) 0.21 in. (5.334 mm) Manual Tilt System Cleaning and Inspection 1. It is recommended that all o-rings exposed during disassembly be replaced. 2. Clean components, filter, and check valve seats using engine cleaner and compressed air. Do not use cloth rags. 3. Inspect all machined surfaces for burrs or scoring to assure o-ring longevity. 4. Inspect shock rod. If scraper (located in cap) has failed to keep rod clean, replace scraper. Manual Tilt System Reassembly IMPORTANT: Components must be dirt and lint free. Slightest amount of debris in tilt system could cause system to malfunction. Apply Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid to all o-rings during reassembly. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-29 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Page 5C-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 CAM SHAFT REASSEMBLY IMPORTANT: Cam shaft O-ring must be lubricated using 2-4-C with Teflon. 1. Install lubricated o-ring and back up seal to cam. 2. Install shaft seal in valve block with lips facing out. 3. Install cam shaft assembly in valve block. 4. Secure cam shaft in place using insulator, retainer plate, and screw. Tighten screw securely. 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 a b c d e f g a - Spacer Retainer Clip b - Retainer Clip c - Screw d - Shaft Seal e - O-ring f - Back up Seal g - Cam VALVE BODY CHECK REASSEMBLY 1. Install lubricated o-ring, plunger, steel ball and conical spring to valve block. 51145 a b c d a - Conical Spring b - Steel Ball c - Plunger d - O-ring MANUAL TILT ASSIST VELOCITY VALVE REASSEMBLY 1. Install spool, spring, lubricated o-ring and screw plug (surge valve assembly) into valve block. 2. Torque velocity valve to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm). d c b a a-Spool b-Spring c-O-ring d-Velocity Valve - Torque to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) CHECK RETAINER REASSEMBLY 1. Install plunger, spring (large), ball, spring (small), and plug into valve block. a b c d e 51142 a-Plunger b-Spring (Large) c-Ball d-Spring (Small) e-Plug 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-31 MANUAL TILT ASSIST VALVE PLUG REASSEMBLY 1. Install plunger, steel ball, spring, lubricated o-ring and screw plug. Torque screw plugs to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm). 51142 a b c d e a-Plunger (2) b-Steel Ball (2) c-Spring (2) d-O-ring (2) e-Screw Plug (2) Torque to 75 lb-in. (8.5 Nm) Valve Block Installation 1. Install lubricated O-rings and dowel pins. 2. Install valve block to shock rod cylinder. Insert screws to shock rod cylinder and torque to 100 lb-in. (11 Nm). 51146 51148 1 a b c d e a-O-ring (2) b-Dowel Pin (2) c-Valve Block d-Screw (2) Torque to 100 lb-in. (11 Nm) e-Shock Rod Cylinder Page 5C-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Shock Rod Reassembly 1. Install lubricated o-rings to end cap. 2. Install rod wiper. 3. Install lubricated o-rings to shock piston. 51199 f e d51145 a b c a-Rod Wiper b-Inner O-ring c-Outer O-ring d-Shock Piston e-O-ring f-O-ring 4. Clamp shock rod in soft jawed vise. 5. Position cylinder end cap onto rod, as shown. 51146 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-33 MANUAL TILT ASSIST CAUTION When installing shock rod piston, spanner wrench must have 1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x8mm) long pegs to avoid damage to shock rod piston. 6. Apply Loctite 271 to threads on shock rod. 7. Install shock rod piston. 8. Tighten shock rod piston securely using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. If a torquing type spanner tool is used to tighten shock piston, then torque to 90 lb-ft (122 Nm). 7 a b 91-74951 7 Loctite 271 51146 a-Spanner Wrench b-Shock Rod Piston - Torque to 90 lb-ft (122 Nm) 9. Install ball, seat, and spring (five sets) to shock rod piston. 10. Secure components with plate. Torque screws to 35 lb-in. (4.0 Nm). 11. Remove shock rod assembly from vise. 51147 e d c a b a-Screw (3) Torque to 35 lb-in. (4.0 Nm) b-Plate c-Spring (5) d-Seat (5) e-Ball (5) Page 5C-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Shock Rod Installation and Fluid Filling Procedure - Option One NOTE:There are two ways for the filling procedure. The first is the easiest and less time consuming. 1. Place trim cylinder in soft jawed vice. 2. With manifold cam lever closed (Up Position), fill cylinder and manifold to top with Quicksilver Power trim and steering fluid, or (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. Let bubbles disperse. 3. Install lubricated o-ring to memory piston. 4. Using lock ring pliers (P/N SRP2 Snap-On). Set memory piston in top of cylinder then open cam lever (Down Position) and push memory piston down just below cylinder treads. Close cam lever (Up Position). 51144 5. Fill top of cylinder again with fluid to top and install shock rod assembly on top memory piston. Open cam lever (Down Position) and push shock rod assembly down to 1/8, below cylinder threads. Close cam lever (Up Position). 6. Fill top of shock rod assembly with fluid to top of cylinder. Open cam lever (Down Position) and screw cylinder cap down. 7. Tighten end cap securely using spanner wrench [1/4 in. x 5/16 in. (6.4mm x 8mm) long pegs]. If a torquing type spanner tool is used to tighten end cap, then torque the end cap to 45 lb-ft (61.0 Nm). Close cam lever (Up Position). 51145 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-35 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 8. Open and close cam lever, watching for bubbles coming from accumulator check ball hole. When bubbles stop, fill accumulator opening to top with fluid. Grease threads on accumulator and opening with 2-4-C with Teflon. Start accumulator in threads and open cam lever (Down Position). Torque accumulator to 35 lb–ft (47 Nm). 51143 ba a-Accumulator b-Cam Lever (Down Position) NOTE: If filling procedure is done correctly, it should be hard to turn cylinder rod assembly by hand. Page 5C-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST Fluid Filling Procedure - Option Two INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAKING RETAINING TOOL 3/8 in. x 13 in. (10 mm x 33 cm) Threaded Rod 3/16 in. x 3 in. (5 x 7.5 cm) Steel Plate 4in. x 1/4 in. min. (10cm x 6.4 mm) minimum Channel Iron 1 in. (25mm) 10 in. (25 cm) 8 in. (20 cm) 2 holes, 7/16 in. dia. (11 mm) 3 in. (76mm) 5 in. (125mm) 1 1/4 in. dia. (30m) 20 in. (508mm) 8 in. (203mm) 6 in. (152mm) 4 in. (100 mm) 2 in. (50mm) 3/8 in. dia. 2 holes 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-37 MANUAL TILT ASSIST FILLING AND BLEEDING PROCEDURE IMPORTANT: While bleeding tilt system, time must be allowed between each stroke to allow air bubbles to dissipate. 1. With shock rod in the full up position and manifold cam lever open (facing down), secure tilt system to retaining tool and container. (A No. 10 can or 3 lb coffee can could be used.) 2. Fill container to near full level using Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid. If not available, use automotive (ATF) automatic transmission fluid. IMPORTANT: Fluid level must remain above accumulator opening during bleeding process. 50447d e a b c a a-Retaining Tool b-Tilt System c-Container d-Cam Lever e-Accumulator Opening 3. Bleed unit by pushing rod down slowly (18-20 seconds per stroke) until stopped at base. Wait until all air bubbles exit accumulator base. 50432 Page 5C-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 4. During up stroke, pull up on rod slowly 3 in. (76 mm) from base. 5. Wait until all air bubbles to exit accumulator base. 50433 6. Slowly cycle unit 5-8 times (round trip per cycle) using short strokes 3 in. (76 mm) from base allowing bubbles to disappear during each stroke. 7. Allow unit to stand five minutes, then proceed to cycle unit 2-3 more times using short strokes. No air bubbles should appear from accumulator port at this time. 8. With oil level well above accumulator port, slowly pull rod to full up position. 9. Install accumulator making sure air bubbles do not enter system. 10. Tighten accumulator snugly at this time. 50432 50432 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-39 95 95 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 11. With cam lever remaining open (facing down), remove tilt assembly from oil and secure in soft jawed vise. Torque accumulator to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm). 50433 Manual Tilt System Installation 1. Lubricate lower pivot pin mounting holes with 2-4-C with Teflon. 2. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to lower pivot pin and start lower pivot pin into pivot pin bore. a 51148 95 2-4-C With Teflon a-Lower Pivot Pin Page 5C-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 2 1 b 2 1 b MANUAL TILT ASSIST 3. Reinstall manual tilt system, bottom first. Reconnect release valve link rod. 4. Using a suitable punch, drive lower pivot pin into clamp bracket and trim cylinder assembly until pivot pin is flush with outside surface. 51147 a 2-4-C with Teflon 51144 95 a-Lower Pivot Pin b-Manual Tilt System 5. Using a suitable punch, drive lower trilobe pin into its hole until seated. a a-Trilobe Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-41 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 6. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to surface of upper pivot pin, pivot pin hole and shock rod hole. 7. Using a mallet, drive upper pivot pin into swivel bracket and through shock rod until pivot pin is flush with swivel bracket. 51148 95 b c a 95 2-4-C with Teflon a-Pivot Pin b-Pivot Pin Bore c-Shock Rod Bore d-Pivot Pin e-Swivel Bracket f-Shock Rod 8. Drive upper trilobe pin into its hole until seated. 51148 f e d 51147 a a-Trilobe Pin Page 5C-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 MANUAL TILT ASSIST 9. Install sacrificial anode. 55465 a a-Sacrificial Anode 10. Check manual release cam adjustment. Cam must open and close freely. Adjust link rod as necessary. Manual Release Valve Adjustment 1. With outboard in full up position, place tilt lock lever forward. 2. Lift cam lever (with link rod) to full up position. 51143 b a c a-Tilt Lock Lever b-Cam Lever c-Link Rod 3. Link rod end must snap onto ball of tilt lock lever without moving tilt lock lever or cam lever. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 5C-43 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING LOWER UNIT Section 6A - Non-Bigfoot Gear Housing Table of Contents Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-1 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2 Gear Housing (Driveshaft - 2:1) . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-6 Gear Housing (Prop Shaft - 2:1) . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-8 General Service Recommendations . . . . . . . 6A-10 Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-10 Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-10 Draining and Inspecting Gear Lubricant . . . . 6A-11 Gear Housing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-12 2-Stroke Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-12 4-Stroke Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-13 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-15 Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-15 Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft . . . . . 6A-17 Pinion Gear, Drive Shaft, and Forward Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-18 Water Pump Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-21 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-23 Drive Shaft Upper Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-23 Pinion Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-24 Pinion Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-24 Forward Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-24 Specifications Shift Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-27 Propeller Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-28 Propeller Shaft and Carrier Inspection . . . . . 6A-29 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-29 Cam Follower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-29 Reverse Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-29 Reverse Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-30 Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-31 Gear Housing Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-35 Shift Shaft Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-35 Pinion Bearing Race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-36 Forward Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-37 Pinion Gear/Drive Shaft Assembly . . . . . . 6A-38 Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-39 Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-41 Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-42 Gear Housing Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-45 Gear Housing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-46 2-Stroke Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-47 4-Stroke Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-47 Trim Tab Adjustment and Replacement . . . . 6A-49 Filling Gear Housing with Lubricant . . . . . 6A-50 6 A GEAR HOUSING (2.00:1) Gear Ratio Gearcase Capacity Lubricant Type Forward Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Height Forward Gear Backlash Water Pressure (Warm Engine) @ 800 rpm @ 6000 rpm (WOT) Leak Test Pressure 2.00:1 14.9 fl oz (440 mL) Quicksilver Gear Lube-Premium Blend 26 Spiral/Bevel 13 Spiral/Bevel 0.025 in. (0.64 mm) No Adjustment 2–4 psi (14-28 kPa) 12-17 psi (69-103 kPa) 10-12 psi (68-83 kPa) for 5 Minutes 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-1 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Special Tools 1. Bearing 31-85560 54978 2. Driver 91-13779 3. Bearing Puller & Installation Tool 91-31229A7 a. Nut 11-24156 b. Washer (2) 12-34961 c. Plate 91-29310 d. Shaft 91-31229 4. Bearing Puller Tool 91-27780 5. Mandrel 91-36571 Page 6A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Universal Puller Plate 91-37241 7. Driver Head 91-37312 8. Driver 91-817011 9. Driver Rod 91-37323 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-3 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 10. Drive Shaft Holding Tool a. 2-stroke models 91-825196 b. 4-stroke models 91-83180M 11. Mandrel 91-825197 12. Driver 91-817007 13. Mandrel 91-825198 14. Pilot 91-825199 15. Spring Hook 91-825200A1 Page 6A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 16. Driver 91-826872 17. Leakage Tester FT8950 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-5 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing (Driveshaft)(2:1 Gear Ratio) 7 74 87 92 95 Loctite “271” Loctite “405” (Purchase Locally) Premium Gear Lubricant Loctite Primer “7649” 2-4-C with Teflon 23 24 22 87 95 7 95 28 25 14 27 7 29 12 13 95 95 30 95 15 95 31 2621 32 33 16 235 17 34 18 36 95 3 20 37 38 19 1 11 3.44 IN./135MM TORPEDO DIA. 9 10 4 5 8 6 7 Page 6A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 87 92 7 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing (Driveshaft)(2:1 Gear Ratio) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm – 1 GEAR HOUSING (SHORT) – 1 GEAR HOUSING (LONG) 1 1 GEAR HOUSING (BASIC) 2 1 SEAL/PLATE KIT 3 1 PLATE (Part Of Ref #2) 4 1 SCREW (.375-16 x .25) 60 7 5 1 WASHER-Sealing 6 1 DRAIN SCREW 60 7 7 1 WASHER-Sealing 8 1 NUT 50 68 9 1 PINION GEAR (13 TEETH) 10 1 BEARING ASSEMBLY-Roller 11 1 CUP (Part Of Ref #10) 12 4 SCREW (M6 x 16) 60 7 13 1 WATER PUMP ASSEMBLY 1414 1 SEAL-Water Tube (SHORT - 1-3/4) 1 SEAL-Water Tube (LONG - 2-1/4) 15 1 WASHER 16 1 KEY 17 1 WASHER 18 1 GASKET 19 1 GASKET (LOWER) 20 1 BASE PLATE 21 1 IMPELLER 22 1 WATER PUMP BASE ASSEMBLY 23 1 SEAL-Oil 24 1 SEAL-Oil 25 1 O RING 2626 1 DRIVESHAFT (SHORT) 1 DRIVESHAFT (LONG) 27 1 BALL BEARING 28 1 CABLE TIE 29 1 BOOT-Shift Shaft 30 1 RETAINER-Shift Shaft 31 1 O RING 32 1 O RING 33 1 WASHER 34 3434 1 SHIFT SHAFT (SHORT) 1 SHIFT SHAFT (LONG) 35 1 WASHER 36 1 ROLL PIN 37 1 CAM-Shift 38 1 PIN 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-7 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing (Propeller Shaft)(2:1 Gear Ratio) 3.44 IN./135MM TORPEDO DIA. 42 1 95 95 87 95 87 7 95 87 87 3940 41 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 5354 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 6465 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 39 Loctite “271” 7 95 87 Premium Gear Lubricant 2-4-C with Teflon Page 6A-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing (Propeller Shaft)(2:1 Gear Ratio) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in. lb-ft Nm – 1 GEAR HOUSING (SHORT) GEAR HOUSING (LONG)– 1 1 1 GEAR HOUSING (BASIC) 39 2 DOWEL PIN 40 1 GASKET Water Tube 41 1 TUBE 42 1 PLUG–RUBBER 43 1 SCREEN–Water Inlet 44 1 TRIM TAB 45 1 SCREW (M8 x 20) 16 21.5 46 1 WASHER 47 1 FORWARD GEAR ASSEMBLY (26 TEETH) 48 1 ROLLER BEARING ASSY. 49 1 CUP 50 1 ROLLER BEARING 51 1 FOLLOWER–Cam 52 1 SPRING 53 1 PIN–Cross 54 1 CLUTCH 55 1 SPRING 56 1 PROPELLER SHAFT 57 1 REVERSE GEAR (26 TEETH) 58 1 BALL BEARING 59 1 BEARING CARRIER 60 1 O RING 61 1 NEEDLE BEARING 62 1 OIL SEAL 63 1 OIL SEAL 64 2 WASHER 65 2 SCREW (M8 x 25 - Cap Screw) 16.5 22.5 66 2 THREADED INSERT 67 1 DECAL (2:1) 68 1 THRUST HUB 69 1 PROP NUT KIT THESE REPLACEMENT PARTS 55 75 70 1 TAB WASHER ARE NOT INCLUDED WITH 71 4 SCREW COMPLETE GEAR HOUSING 40 54 72 4 WASHER REPLACEMENT 73 1 PLUG 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-9 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING General Service Recommendations There may be more than one way to “disassemble” or “reassemble” a particular part(s), therefore, it is recommended that the entire procedure be read prior to repair. IMPORTANT: Read the following before attempting any repairs. In many cases, disassembly of a sub-assembly may not be necessary until cleaning and inspection reveals that disassembly is required for replacement of one or more components. Service procedure order in this section is a normal disassembly-reassembly sequence. Threaded parts are right hand (RH), unless otherwise indicated. When holding, pressing or driving is required, use soft metal vise jaw protectors or wood for protection of parts. Use a suitable mandrel (one that will contact only the bearing race) when pressing or driving bearings. Whenever compressed air is used to dry a part, verify that no water is present in air line. Bearings All bearings must be cleaned and inspected. Clean bearings with solvent and dry with compressed air. Air should be directed at the bearing so that it passes through the bearing. DO NOT spin bearing with compressed air, as this may cause bearing to score from lack of lubrication. After cleaning, lubricate bearings with Quicksilver Gear Lubricant. DO NOT lubricate tapered bearing cups until after inspection. Inspect all bearings for roughness, catches and bearing race side wear. Work inner bearing race in-and-out, while holding outer race, to check for side wear. When inspecting tapered bearings, determine condition of rollers and inner bearing race by inspecting bearing cup for pitting, scoring, grooves, uneven wear, imbedded particles and/or discoloration from over-heating. Always replace tapered bearing and race as a set. Inspect gear housing for bearing races that have spun in their respective bores. If race(s) have spun, gear housing must be replaced. Roller bearing condition is determined by inspecting the surface of the shaft that the roller bearing supports. Check shaft surface for pitting scoring, grooving, imbedded particles, uneven wear and/or discoloration from overheating. The shaft and bearing must be replaced if such a condition exists. Seals As a normal procedure, all O-rings and oil seals should be replaced without regard to appearance. To prevent leakage around seals, apply Loctite 271 to outer diameter of all metal case seals. When using Loctite on seals or threads, surfaces must be clean and dry. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon on all O-rings and on I.D. of oil seals. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to external surfaces of bearing carrier. Page 6A-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Draining and Inspecting Gear Lubricant WARNING If gear housing is installed on outboard, disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before working near the propeller. 1. With gear housing in normal running position, place a clean pan under housing and remove vent plug and fill/drain plug (with gaskets). a b a-Vent Plug/Washer b-Fill/Drain Plug/Washer 2. Inspect gear lubricant for metal particles (lubricant will have a “metal flake” appearance). Drain lube into a clean pan/container. Presence of fine metal particles (resembling powder) in the gear lube indicates normal wear. The presence of metal chips in the gear lube indicates the need for gear housing disassembly and component inspection. 3. Note color of gear lubricant. White or cream color MAY indicate presence of water in lubricant. Gear lubricant which has been drained from a gear case recently in operation will have a yellowish color due to lubricant agitation/aeration. Gear lube which is mixed with assembly lubricant (Special Lube 101 or 2-4-C with Teflon) will also be creamy white in color. This is normal and should not be confused with the presence of water. If water is suspected to be present in gearcase, a pressure check of gearcase should be made (with no lubricant in gearcase). Gearcase should hold 10 to 12 psi of pressure for 5 minutes without leaking down. Pouring a portion of the gear lubricant into a glass jar and allowing the lubricant to settle will allow any water in the lube to separate and settle to the bottom of the jar. 4. Presence of water in gear lubricant indicates the need for disassembly and inspection of oil seals, seal surfaces, O-rings, water pump gaskets as well as gear housing components for damage. If gearcase is rebuilt, gearcase should be pressure checked before filling with lubricant. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-11 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing Removal WARNING To prevent accidental engine starting, remove (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before removing gear housing. 1. Remove (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs. 2. Shift into NEUTRAL. 2-Stroke Models MERCURY/MARINER 30/40, AND 40/50, FORCE 40/50 3. Loosen jam nut. Unscrew attaching nut to separate shift shaft. 52832 b a a-Jam Nut b-Attaching Nut Page 6A-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 4-Stroke Models MERCURY/MARINER 25, 30/40, AND 45/50 4. Disconnect shift shaft by un-snapping retainer to lower clip and sliding retainer to the left. a 1 2 b a-Retainer b-Lower Clip 5. Make a scribe line showing alignment of trim tab to gear case and remove trim tab screw and washer. 52835 a b a-Screw and Washer b-Scribe Line 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-13 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Remove nut and washer in trim tab cavity. 52835 a a-Nut and Washer 7. Remove mounting screws securing gear case to drive shaft housing. 52836 a a-Screw (4) Page 6A-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Disassembly Water Pump NOTE:If water tube seal remained in drive shaft housing, remove seal from housing and reinstall on water pump cover. 1. Remove screws securing pump cover. 52830 a b a-Water Tube Seal b-Screw (4) NOTE:Replace cover if thickness of steel at discharge slots is 0.060 in. (1.524 mm) or less, or if groove(s)(other than impeller sealing groove) in cover roof are more than 0.030 in. (0.762 mm) deep. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-15 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 2. Remove cover, washer (above impeller), impeller, key and washer (below impeller). 3. Remove cover gasket, base plate and base gasket. 52692 a b c d e f g h a-Cover b-Nylon Washer (above impeller) c-Impeller d-Key e-Nylon Washer (below impeller) f-Cover Gasket g-Face Plate h-Base Gasket 4. Inspect impeller. Replace impeller if any of the following conditions exist: • Impeller blade(s) are cracked, torn, or worn. • Impeller is glazed or melted (caused by operation without sufficient water supply). • Rubber portion of impeller is not bonded to impeller hub. Page 6A-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 5. Remove and/or replace exhaust deflector plate if damaged. 52832 a a-Deflector Plate Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft 1. Remove bearing carrier attaching bolts and locking tab washers or flat washers. Discard tab washers. b a a-Screw (2), Tab Washer (2) or Flat Washer (2) b-Tab Washer (2) Style 2 2. Using Puller (91-27780), remove carrier assembly from gear case. 52829 91-27780 a a-Puller (91-27780) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-17 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING NOTE: When removing propeller shaft assembly, cam follower may dislodge. Retrieve follower from gear housing. 3. Remove propeller shaft assembly. a 52864 a-Propeller Shaft Models Drive Shaft Holding Tool 4-Stroke Mercury/Mariner 25, 30/40, and 45/50 91-83180M 2-Stroke Force 40/50 Mercury/Mariner 30/40, 40/50 91-825196 Pinion Gear, Drive Shaft, and Forward Gear 1. Remove pinion nut. 52864 51043 b c a a-Drive Shaft Holding Tool b-Pinion Nut c-Pinion Gear Page 6A-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 2. Remove drive shaft assembly and pinion gear. 3. Remove forward gear. 52870 a a-Forward Gear 4. Remove shift shaft assembly. 52841 a a-Shift Shaft Assembly 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-19 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 5. Insert pinion bearing race puller (91-825200A1) through gear case and position inside of pinion bearing race. Insert driver (91-13779) into puller through drive shaft cavity and drive out race. 52844 b a a-Puller (91-825200A1) b-Driver (91-13779) 6.Remove forward bearing race with puller (91-27780). 91-13779 91-825200A1 53838 91-27780 b a a-Raceb-Puller (91-27780) Page 6A-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Water Pump Seals NOTE:All gaskets, seals and o-rings should be replaced as a normal repair procedure during gear case disassembly. NOTE: DO NOT use a screwdriver to remove seals from carrier, as carrier may be damaged. 1. Using a suitable mandrel, press both seals from carrier. a b c d a-Neoprene Ribbed Seal b-Metal Cased Seal c-Carrier d-O-ring 2. Apply Loctite 271 to the O.D. of the metal cased seal. With seal lip facing away from the large shoulder of mandrel (91-825197), press seal into carrier until mandrel bottoms on carrier. 91-825197 ab Loctite “271”7 7 a-Seal (Metal Cased) Lip Facing Down b-Mandrel (91-825197) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-21 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. With lip of ribbed neoprene O.D. seal facing towards small shoulder of Mandrel (91-825197), press seal into carrier until mandrel bottoms on carrier. 52853 91-825197 b a a-Seal (Ribbed Neoprene) Lip Facing Up b-Mandrel (91-825197) 4. Install a new o-ring on the carrier. Apply a light coat of 2-4-C with Teflon to the new o-ring. Apply a liberal amount of grease on the new seal lips. 52825 a b 95 95 2-4-C with Teflon a-O-ring b-Seals Page 6A-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Inspection Drive Shaft Upper Bearing 1. Inspect bearing for rust, roughness or discoloration from lack of lubricant. 2. DO NOT remove bearing from drive shaft unless bearing must be replaced, as removal process will damage bearing. 3. If bearing must be replaced, position drive shaft assembly in vise (jaws of vise supporting only bearing) and while holding drive shaft, strike top of drive shaft with lead hammer and drive bearing off. a a-Bearing 4. To install new bearing, thread old pinion nut 3/4 way onto drive shaft. Position Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) under bearing and press on pinion nut while holding drive shaft until bearing seats against shoulder. 52387 91-37241 a b c a-Old Pinion Nut (Nut Should be Above Drive Shaft) b-Bearing c-Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-23 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Pinion Gear Bearing 1. Inspect bearing for rust, roughness or discoloration from lack of lubricant. 2. If bearing is damaged, bearing and race must be replaced as an assembly. 3. If race appears to have spun in drive shaft bore, gear case housing must be replaced. 52823 b a a-Bearing b-Race Pinion Gear 1. Inspect pinion gear teeth for rust, chipping, excessive wear (teeth are sharp edged), and signs of teeth breaking. 2. If pinion gear teeth are damaged, also inspect forward and reverse gear teeth for damage. 3. Replace gears as required. 52839 Forward Gear 1. Inspect forward gear teeth for rust, chipping, excessive wear (teeth are sharped edged), or broken teeth. 2. Inspect forward gear clutch jaws for wear. Rounded jaws indicate the following: • Improper shift cable adjustment. • Engine idle speed too high. • Shifting too slowly. 52874 Page 6A-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Inspect propeller shaft forward gear bearing surface to determine condition of forward gear needle bearing. If bearing surface is discolored (from lack of lubricant), pitted or worn, propeller shaft and bearing should be replaced. 52846 52874 b a a-Bearing Surface b-Bearing 4. Use a suitable mandrel to press needle bearing out of forward gear. 52873 a b a-Mandrel (14 mm Socket) b-Bearing 5. Use Driver 91-826872 to press new needle bearing into forward gear. Press on numbered side of bearing. Apply gear lubricant to bearing before pressing into gear. 52847 91-826872 a b Premium Gear Lubricant 87 87 a-Driver (91-826872) b-Bearing 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-25 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Inspect forward gear tapered bearing and race for rust, roughness or excessive wear (looseness). 7. If bearing is in serviceable condition, DO NOT remove bearing from gear, as removal process will damage bearing. 8. If bearing must be replaced, remove bearing from gear using Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) and suitable mandrel. 91-37241 b a REMOVAL a-Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) b-Mandrel (15/16 in. socket) 9. Replace bearing and race as a set. Use suitable mandrel to press bearing onto gear. PRESS ONLY ON INNER RACE when installing bearing. a INSTALLATION a-Mandrel (1-1/8 in. socket) Page 6A-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Shift Shaft 1. Inspect shift cam for wear or galling. Replace cam if necessary. 2. If cam is worn, inspect cam follower in end of propeller shaft for wear. 52845 b a a-Cam Follower b-Shift Cam 3. Inspect shift shaft boot for deterioration. 4. Inspect shift shaft carrier o-ring for cuts or abrasions. It is a good service procedure to replace all o-rings, seals and gaskets regardless of appearance. 52828 a b a-Boot b-O-ring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-27 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Propeller Shaft Disassembly 1. Remove propeller shaft from carrier and disassemble shaft. c e a b f d a-Prop Shaft b-Retaining Spring c-Clutch Dog d-Cross Pin e-Cam Follower Spring f-Cam Follower 2. Remove reverse gear and bearing from carrier with Puller (91-27780). 91-27780 a b a-Reverse Gear and Bearing b-Puller (91-27780) 52840 Page 6A-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Propeller Shaft and Carrier Inspection Clutch 1. Inspect clutch jaws for chips or rounding off. 2. If wear is present, inspect corresponding forward or reverse gear matching jaws for similar wear. Replace appropriate components as required. 52824 Cam Follower 1. Inspect cam follower for wear or galling. 2. If wear is present, inspect corresponding shift cam for wear. Replace if worn. 52822 Reverse Gear 1. Inspect reverse gear teeth for rust, chipping, excessive wear (teeth have sharp edges) or broken teeth. 2. Inspect reverse gear clutch jaws for wear. Rounded jaws indicate the following: • Improper shift cable adjustment. • Engine idle speed too high. • Shifting too slowly. 52875 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-29 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Reverse Gear Bearing 1. Inspect bearing for rust, roughness or excessive wear (looseness). 2. If bearing is in serviceable condition, DO NOT remove bearing from gear as removal will damage bearing. 3. If bearing must be replaced, remove bearing from gear using Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) and Driver (91-37312). REMOVAL 91-37312 91-37241 d a b c a-Bearing b-Reverse Gear c-Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) d-Driver (91-37312) 4. Apply gear lubricant to I.D. of bearing. Install new bearing using a suitable mandrel. PRESS ONLY ON INNER RACE when installing bearing. a b INSTALLATION 52867 87 87 Premium Gear Lubricant a-Mandrel (1-1/4 in. socket) b-Bearing Page 6A-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Bearing Carrier NEEDLE BEARING 1. The condition of the carrier needle bearing can be determined by inspecting its running surface on the propeller shaft. 2. If the shaft is discolored (from lack of oil) or pitted, replace bearing and shaft. 3. Bearing can be removed by using Driver Rod (91-37323) and Driver (91-37312). Removing bearing will also remove both propeller shaft seals. 51264 91-37312 91-37323 a b c d a-Driver Rod (91-37323) b-Driver (91-37312) c-Needle Bearing d-Seals 4. Apply gear lubricant to O.D. of bearing. 5. Install bearing using Mandrel 91-817011. 6. Press bearing into carrier until mandrel bottoms on carrier. 87 91-817011 a b 52861 87 Premium Gear Lubricant a-Bearing b-Mandrel (91-817011) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-31 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 7. Apply Loctite 271 to O.D. of small diameter seal. 8. With seal lip facing away from large shoulder of Mandrel 91-817007, press seal into carrier until mandrel bottoms on carrier. 52862Loctite “271” 91-817007 b a 7 7 a-Seal b-Mandrel (91-817007) Page 6A-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 9. Apply Loctite 271 to O.D. of large diameter seal. 10. With seal lip FACING TOWARDS SMALL SHOULDER of Mandrel 91-817007, press seal into carrier until mandrel bottoms on carrier. 7 91-817007 b a 52863 Loctite “271” 7 a-Seal b-Mandrel (91-817007) Installation Note: If service tools are not available, the following reference dimensions apply for installing bearing and seals to proper depths. 51275 .82 in. (20mm) a a-Bearing 51275 .04 in. (1mm) .44 in. (11mm) a b a-Oil Seal (Install with Lip Down) b-Oil Seal (Install with Lip Up) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-33 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 11. Bearing carrier o-ring should be inspected for cuts and abrasions. NOTE:It is a good repair procedure to replace all o-rings and seals regardless of appearance. 12. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to O.D. of bearing carrier and also to o-ring. Install o-ring onto bearing carrier. 13. Using suitable mandrel, press reverse gear assembly into carrier. 52827 95 b c a 2-4-C with Teflon 95 a-O-ring b-Mandrel (3/4 in. Socket) c-Reverse Gear Assembly Page 6A-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing Reassembly IMPORTANT: This gear case assembly does not have have any shims for the gear assemblies. Backlash cannot be adjusted. The mechanic must verify that all bearing races are firmly seated in the gear case during reassembly and that all gear case components are in serviceable condition. Prior to installing the seal carrier and water pump assembly on the drive shaft, the FORWARD gear should be held stationary (with a screw driver or similar tool). While pulling up on the drive shaft, lightly turn the shaft back and forth. A light “clicking” sound should be heard indicating the presence of backlash between FORWARD and PINION gears. If this backlash is not present, the pinion gear race and/or forward gear race are not fully seated. Races should be removed and inspected for debris. Reinstall races and check backlash. If backlash is still not present, replace gear housing. Shift Shaft Assembly 1. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to new o-rings and install o-rings on shift shaft and carrier. 2. Install carrier on shift shaft. IMPORTANT: When installing shift shaft assembly into gear housing, DO NOT BOTTOM OUT SHAFT IN HOUSING. Pull up on shift shaft until shift boot is not deformed. If shaft is bottomed out, cross pin in clutch dog will be bent by cam follower when tightening carrier bolts. 3. Install shift shaft/carrier assembly into gear housing. 4. Secure boot to carrier with sta-strap. 5. Position shift shaft so ramp faces towards propeller shaft. 52841 e d b c a 2-4-C with Teflon 95 95 a-O-rings b-Carrier c-Boot d-Sta-strap e-Ramp 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-35 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Pinion Bearing Race 1. Apply Premium Gear Lubricant to O.D. of race. 2. Position race in gear housing (NUMBERS UP - TAPERED SIDE FACING DOWN). 3. Draw race up into housing until seated. 52842 91-29310 12-34961 91-825198 91-31229 11-24156 31-85560 91-825199 b e g d a f c Premium Gear Lubricant87 87 a-Threaded Rod (91-31229) b-Washer(2) (12-34961) c-Bearing (31-85560) d-Plate (91-29310) e-Pilot (91-825199) f-Nut (11–24156) g-Mandrel (91–825198) Page 6A-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Forward Gear 1. Apply Premium Gear Lubricant to O.D. of race. Install forward gear bearing race into housing using Mandrel 91-36571 and propeller shaft. Use a lead hammer on prop shaft to prevent damage to threads. Bearing carrier should be installed to keep prop shaft centered while seating race. 52843 91-36571 b a 87 Premium Gear Lubricant87 a-Race b-Mandrel (91-36571) NOTE: Remove drain plug/magnet assembly from gear case (if installed) to prevent possible breakage of magnet if struck by forward gear. 2. Install forward gear and bearing assembly into forward gear race. a 52870 a-Forward Gear Assembly 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-37 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Pinion Gear/Drive Shaft Assembly 1. Clean drive shaft and pinion nut threads with Loctite Primer or suitable degreaser. 2. Position pinion bearing into race while installing drive shaft and pinion gear into housing. 3. Apply Loctite 271 to pinion nut threads. 4. Install new pinion nut, with recessed shoulder toward the pinion gear. Models Drive Shaft Holding Tool 4-Stroke Mercury/Mariner 25, 30/40, and 45/50 91-83180M 2-Stroke Force 40/50 Mercury/Mariner 30/40, 40/50 91-825196 5. Using Drive Shaft Holding Tool to hold drive shaft, torque pinion nut to 50 lb-ft (67.8 Nm). 7 Loctite “271” a c 7 d b a-Pinion Nut [Torque to 50 lb-ft. (67.8 Nm)] b-Pinion Gear c-Pinion Bearing d-Drive Shaft Holding Tool 52864 Page 6A-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Propeller Shaft 1. Slide clutch (short shoulder faces forward gear) over propeller shaft aligning cross pin hole with slot in propeller shaft. 2. Insert cam follower spring into propeller shaft. a b d e f c a-Prop Shaft b-Retaining Spring c-Clutch Dog d-Cross Pin e-Cam Follower Spring f-Cam Follower 3. Using a 3/16 in. allen wrench or similar device, compress the follower spring enough to insert the cross pin partially through clutch. 4. Remove wrench and press cross pin through clutch and propeller shaft until flush. 52851 c a b a-Short Shoulder b-Allen Wrench c-Cross Pin 5. Install spring. DO NOT allow spring coils to overlap each other. a a-Spring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-39 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING NOTE: Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to cam follower before installation into the propshaft. This will prevent the cam follower from falling out during installation of the propshaft assembly into the gearcase. 6. Install cam follower. 95 a 52826 95 2-4-C with Teflon a-Cam Follower 7. Install propeller shaft assembly into gear case. a a-Propeller Shaft Assembly 52864 Page 6A-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Bearing Carrier 1. Install carrier into gear case. 2. Discard the original tab washers or the thin 0.063 in. (1.60 mm) flat washers and the 25 mm long screws on models listed. Install thicker flat washers and longer screws. 25 (2 Cylinder - 4 Stroke) USA 0G621670 and below 45/50 (4 Cylinder - 4 Stroke) Non Big Foot USA 0G621709 and below 30/40 (2 Cylinder - 2 Stroke) USA 0G650736 and below Belgium . . . . NA 40/50 (3 Cylinder - 2 Stroke) USA 0G650699 and below Belgium . . . . NA Force 40/50 (2 Cylinder - 2 Stroke) USA 0E323508 and below a cb a-Screw 25 mm Long - Discard b-Tab Washer - Discard c-Thin Flat Washer 0.063 in. (1.60 mm) thick - Discard 3. Install thicker flat washers and longer screws. a b a-Screw (10-855940-30) 1.18 in. (30 mm) Long b-Washer (12-855941) 0.090 in. (2.29 mm) Thick 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-41 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 4. Tighten screws to specified torque. a7 Loctite “271” 7 a-Screw (2) Bearing Carrier Screw Torque 225 lb-in. (25 Nm) Water Pump 1. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to seal carrier o-ring and seal lips. Install seal carrier. 2. Install exhaust deflector plate (if removed). 52832 b a 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 a-Seal Carrier b-Exhaust Deflector Page 6A-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Install base gasket, base plate, pump cover gasket (NEOPRENE STRIP FACES UP), nylon washer and impeller key. 52868 a b c e f d a-Base Gasket b-Base Plate c-Cover Gasket d-Neoprene Strip e-Nylon Washer f-Key IMPORTANT: If the old impeller is re-used it must be installed in original (clockwise) direction of rotation. 4. Install impeller and nylon washer. 52869 a b a-Impeller b-Nylon Washer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-43 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 5. Lubricate I.D. of impeller housing with 2-4-C with Teflon. 6. Rotate drive shaft clockwise while pushing impeller housing cover down over impeller. 7. Apply Loctite 271 to bottom threads of screws. Install screws and tighten to specified torque. 7b a 7 Loctite “271” 95 2-4-C with Teflon a-Cover b-Screw (4) Bearing Carrier Screw Torque 60 lb-in. (7.0 Nm) 52830 Page 6A-44 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing Pressure Test 1. Remove vent plug and install pressure test gauge. Tighten securely. 2. Pressurize housing to 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) and observe gauge for 5 minutes. 3. Rotate drive shaft, prop shaft and move shift rod while housing is pressurized to check for leaks. 4. If pressure drop is noted immerse housing in water. 5. Re-pressurize to 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) and check for air bubbles. 6. Replace leaking seals as necessary. Retest housing. NOTE:It should hold 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) for 5 minutes. 7. Remove tester from housing and install vent plug. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-45 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing Installation WARNING Disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads before installing gear housing onto drive shaft housing. 1. Position shift lever in NEUTRAL gear position. 2. Tilt engine to full “Up” position. Engage tilt lock lever. 3. Shift gear housing into NEUTRAL. Propeller shaft will rotate freely in either direction. CAUTION Do not lubricate top of driveshaft. Excess lubricant will not allow driveshaft to fully engage crankshaft. Tightening the gear housing fasteners (if excess lubricant is on top of driveshaft) will load the driveshaft/crankshaft and may damage either or both powerhead and gear housing. Wipe the top of driveshaft free of lubricant. 4. Lightly apply 2-4-C with Teflon onto the driveshaft splines. 5. Position drive shaft into drive shaft housing. Move gear housing upwards in drive shaft housing while aligning both shift shafts, water tube seal and drive shaft splines. NOTE: If the drive shaft splines will not align with the crankshaft splines, rotate flywheel slightly while pushing gear housing into drive shaft housing. 6. Install 4 screws and washers, (two each side). Tighten screws to specified torque. a-Screw and Washers (2 each side) 52836 a Gear Housing Screw Torque 40 lb-ft (54 Nm) Page 6A-46 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 2-Stroke Models MERCURY/MARINER 30/40, AND 40/50, FORCE 40/50 7. Reconnect shift shaft with coupler nut and jam nut. Tighten jam nut against coupler nut. NOTE:After reconnecting shift shaft, bottom of jam nut should be approximately flush with top of spray plate. 52834 a c b a-Coupler Nut b-Jam Nut c-Spray Plate 4-Stroke Models MERCURY/MARINER 25, 30/40, AND 45/50 8. Connect shift shaft by sliding retainer to the right and snapping into upper “locked” position. 53859 a b a-Retainer b-Clip 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-47 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 9. Install locknut and washer. Torque nut to specified torque. 52833 a a-Locknut and Washer Nut Torque 40 lb-ft (54 Nm) 10. Check shift operation. a. In NEUTRAL, propeller shaft should turn freely in either direction. b. In FORWARD, propeller shaft SHOULD NOT TURN COUNTERCLOCKWISE. c. In REVERSE, propeller shaft SHOULD NOT TURN IN EITHER DIRECTION. IMPORTANT: If shift operation is not as described, remove the gear housing and correct the shift operation. Page 6A-48 90-883064 JUNE 2001 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Trim Tab Adjustment and Replacement IMPORTANT: The trim tab is made of a special alloy to aid in protecting the drive shaft housing and gear housing from galvanic corrosion (corrosion and pitting of metal surfaces). Do not paint or place protective coating on the trim tab, or trim tab corrosion protection function will be lost. TRIM TAB REPLACEMENT Replace trim tab if damaged or 50% (or more) is corroded. Mark location of old trim tab on anti-ventilation plate before removal; install new trim tab in same location. TRIM TAB ADJUSTMENT NOTE:The trim tab provides a means to offset (balance) some of the steering load that is caused by propeller torque at higher operating speeds. NOTE:Loosen trim tab screw sufficiently to allow trim tab to disengage from locking ridges in gear case before attempting to move tab. DO NOT strike trim tab with a hard object to make adjustments. 1. Shift engine control into NEUTRAL and turn ignition key to OFF position. 2. If at higher speeds the boat turns more easily to the left, loosen screw, move the trim tab (trailing edge) to the left (when viewed from behind). Tighten retaining screw to specified torque. 3. If the boat turns more easily to the right, loosen screw, move the trim tab (trailing edge) to the right (when viewed from behind) turn trim tab (trailing edge) to the right . Tighten retaining screw to specified torque. 52835 a b c a-Trim Tab b-Anti-Ventilation Plate c-Trim Tab Screw and Washer Trim Tab Screw Torque 16 lb-ft (21.0 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6A-49 NON-BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Filling Gear Housing with Lubricant NOTE:Gear housing lubricant capacity is approximately 14.9 fl oz (440 ml). WARNING If gear housing is installed on outboard, disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before working near the propeller. CAUTION Do not use automotive grease in the gear housing. Use only Quicksilver Gear Lube. 1. Remove any gasket material from “Fill” and “Vent” plugs and gear housing. Install new gaskets on “Fill” and “Vent” plugs. IMPORTANT: Never add lubricant without removing “Vent” plug. Gear housing cannot be filled because of trapped air. Fill gear housing when driveshaft is in a vertical position. 2. Remove “Fill” plug and gasket. 3. Insert lubricant tube in “Fill” hole, then remove “Vent” plug and gasket. 4. Fill until excess lubricant flows out of “Vent” hole. 5. Replace this “Vent” plug and gasket. 6. Install “Fill” plug and gasket. a a-“Vent” Plug 7. Tighten “Fill” and “Vent” screws to specified torque. Fill and Vent Screw Torque 55 lb. in. (6.0 N·m) Page 6A-50 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING LOWER UNIT Section 6B - Bigfoot Gear Housing Table of Contents Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-1 Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-2 Quicksilver Lubricants and Service Aids . . . . 6B-5 Gear Housing (Drive Shaft - 2.31:1) . . . . . . . 6B-6 Gear Housing (Prop Shaft - 2.31:1) . . . . . . . . 6B-8 General Service Recommendations . . . . . . . 6B-10 Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-10 Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-10 Draining and Inspecting Gear Lubricant . . . . 6B-11 Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-12 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-13 Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-13 Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft . . . . . 6B-16 Pinion Gear, Drive Shaft, and Forward Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-21 Upper Drive Shaft Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-24 Oil Sleeve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-25 Lower Drive Shaft Bearing Race . . . . . . . . 6B-26 Shift Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-27 Forward Gear Bearing Race . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-29 Specifications Reassembly/Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-30 Forward Gear Bearing Race . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-30 Shift Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-30 Bearing Carrier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-33 Forward Gear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-37 Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-39 Drive Shaft Wear Sleeve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-40 Drive Shaft Lower Bearing Race . . . . . . . . 6B-42 Oil Sleeve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-43 Drive Shaft Upper Bearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-43 Forward Gear, Drive Shaft Lower Bearing Pinion Gear, and Drive Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-45 Pinion Gear Depth and Forward Gear Backlash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-46 Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft . . . . . 6B-51 Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-53 Gear Housing Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-57 Filling Gear Housing With Lubricant . . . . . . . 6B-58 Gearcase Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-59 Trim Tab Adjustment and Replacement . . 6B-64 6 B GEAR HOUSING BIGFOOT (2.31:1) Gear Ratio Gearcase Capacity Lubricant Type Forward Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Gear Number of Teeth Pinion Height Pinion Gear Locating Tool Flat Number Disc Number Forward Gear Backlash Backlash Indicating Tool Mark Number Water Pressure @ 800 rpm @ 6000 rpm (WOT) Leak Test Pressure 2.31:1 24.0 fl oz (710 mL) Quicksilver Gear Lube-Premium Blend 30 Spiral/Bevel 13 Spiral/Bevel 0.025 in. (0.64 mm) 91-12349A2 #8 #3 0.012 - 0.019 in. (0.30 - 0.48 mm) 91-78473 #4 2-6 psi (14-41 kPa) 12-25 psi (83-172 kPa) 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) for 5 Minutes 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-1 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Special Tools 1. Pinion Gear Locating Tool (91-12349A2) 55079 Disc 3 Disc1 Disc 2 2. Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945) 3. Oil Seal Driver (91-13949) 4. Bearing Race Tool (91-14308A1) 5. Bearing Installation (91-14309A1) 6. Wear Sleeve Installation Tool (91-14310A1) Page 6B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 7. Bearing Preload Tool (91-14311A2) 8. Mandrel (91-15755)* 73815 9. Backlash Indicator Tool (91-19660--1) 2.07:1 Gear Ratio (14/29) 19660-1 10. Mandrel (91-31106) 11. Oil Seal Driver (91-31108) 12. Treaded Rod (91-31229) and Nut (91-24156)* 13. Slide Hammer (91-34569A1) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-3 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 14. Mandrel (91-36569)* 15. Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) 73652 16. Driver Rod (91-37323)* 74184 17. Mandrel (91-37350) 18. Puller Jaws (91-46086A1) 19. Driver Shaft Holding Tool (91-56775, 2-Stroke), (91-56775, 40/50 4-Stroke, 747cc/935cc), (91-877840A1, 40/50/60 4-Stroke, 995cc), (91-804776A1, 75/90 4-Stroke) 20. Dial Indicator (91-58222A1) Page 6B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 21. Backlash Indicator Tool (91-78473) 2.31:1 Gear Ratio (13/30) 22. Puller Bolt (91-85716) 23. Dial Indicator Adaptor Kit (91-83155) 24. Bearing Puller Assembly (91-83165M) 25. Bearing Installation Tool (91-856875A1) 56783 26. Bearing Installation Tool (91-877321A1) * From Bearing Removal and Installation Kit (91-31229A7) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-5 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING GEAR HOUSING (DRIVE SHAFT)(2.31:1 GEAR RATIO) 7 95 7 95 87 7 7 95 95 7 7 4.25 IN./107.95MM TORPEDO DIA. BIGFOOT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 12 5 5 4 18 4 7 95 95 95 7 Loctite 271 87 Premium Gear Lubricant 95 2-4-C With Teflon Page 6B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING GEAR HOUSING (DRIVE SHAFT)(2.31:1 GEAR RATIO) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. – 1 GEAR HOUSING 1 1 GEAR HOUSING ASSEMBLY 2 1 DOWEL PIN (FRONT) 3 1 OILER TUBE 4 3 DRAIN SCREW 60 7 5 3 WASHER-Sealing 6 1 DOWEL PIN (REAR) 7 1 TRIM TAB 8 1 SCREW (.437-14 x 1.25) 22 30 9 1 WASHER 10 1 CARRIER 11 1 NEEDLE BEARING 12 2 ANODE 13 1 NUT 14 1 SCREW (M6 x 40) 60 7 15 1 PINION GEAR (13 TEETH) 16 1 NUT 70 95 17 1 SHIFT CAM 18 1 TAPERED ROLLER BEARING 19 AR SHIM ASSEMBLY (SIZES 006 THRU 048) 20 1 DRIVE SHAFT ASSEMBLY 21 1 WEAR SLEEVE ASSEMBLY 22 1 RING SEAL 23 1 COVER ASSEMBLY 24 1 GASKET 25 1 GASKET 26 1 OIL SEAL (LOWER) 27 1 OIL SEAL (UPPER) 28 1 GASKET 29 1 WATER PUMP ASSEMBLY 30 1 FACE PLATE 31 4 SCREW (M6x30) 60 7 32 1 SEAL 33 1 KEY 34 1 IMPELLER 35 6 SCREW 60 7 36 1 SHIFT SHAFT ASSEMBLY 37 1 E-RING 38 1 BUSHING ASSEMBLY 39 1 O-RING 40 1 OIL SEAL 41 2 SCREW (M6 x 1) 60 7 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-7 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING GEAR HOUSING (PROP SHAFT)(2.31:1 GEAR RATIO) 4.25 IN./107.95MM TORPEDO DIA. BIGFOOT50 4947 48 70 44 691 45 46 42 43 67 68 68 75 74 57 55 54 53 52 51 72 73 71 60 59 58 66 64 65 56 61 63 95 95 87 95 7 95 77 95 95 95 87 62 7 87 95 Loctite 271 Premium Gear Lubricant 2-4-C With Teflon Page 6B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING GEAR HOUSING (PROP SHAFT)(2.31:1 GEAR RATIO) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 GEAR HOUSING ASSEMBLY 42 1 TAPERED ROLLER BEARING ASSEMBLY 43 1 CUP 44 1 FORWARD GEAR (30 TEETH) 45 1 ROLLER BEARING 46 1 RETAINING RING 47 1 CAM FOLLOWER ASSEMBLY 48 3 BALL 49 1 SLIDE 50 1 SPRING 51 1 CLUTCH 52 1 CROSS PIN 53 1 SPRING 54 1 PROPELLER SHAFT 55 1 REVERSE GEAR (30 TEETH) 56 1 BEARING CARRIER ASSEMBLY 57 1 O-RING 58 1 ROLLER BEARING 59 1 OIL SEAL (INNER) 60 1 OIL SEAL (OUTER) 61 1 ROLLER BEARING 62 1 THRUST WASHER 63 1 THRUST BEARING 64 2 STUD 100 135 65 2 WASHER 66 2 NUT 22 30 67 AR SHIM ASSEMBLY (SIZES 006 THRU 038) 68 2 THREAD INSERT 69 1 DECAL 70 1 DECAL-PROP OPERATION 71 1 THRUST HUB ASSEMBLY PROPELLER NUT ASSEMBLY SERVICE ITEMS TAB WASHER 72 1 73 1 74 4 SCREW 40 54 75 4 WASHER 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-9 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING General Service Recommendations There may be more than one way to “disassemble” or “reassemble” a particular part(s), therefore, it is recommended that the entire procedure be read prior to repair. IMPORTANT: Read the following before attempting any repairs. In many cases, disassembly of a sub-assembly may not be necessary until cleaning and inspection reveals that disassembly is required for replacement of one or more components. Service procedure order in this section is a normal disassembly-reassembly sequence. Threaded parts are right hand (RH), unless otherwise indicated. When holding, pressing or driving is required, use soft metal vise jaw protectors or wood for protection of parts. Use a suitable mandrel (one that will contact only the bearing race) when pressing or driving bearings. When compressed air is used to dry a part, verify that no water is present in air line. Bearings All bearings must be cleaned and inspected. Clean bearings with solvent and dry with compressed air. Air should be directed at the bearing so that it passes through the bearing. DO NOT spin bearing with compressed air, as this may cause bearing to score from lack of lubrication. After cleaning, lubricate bearings with Premium Gear Lubricant. DO NOT lubricate tapered bearing cups until after inspection. Inspect ball bearings for roughness, catches and bearing race side wear. Work inner bearing race in-and-out, while holding outer race, to check for side wear. When inspecting tapered bearings, determine condition of rollers and inner bearing race by inspecting bearing cup for pitting, scoring, grooves, uneven wear, imbedded particles and/or discoloration from over-heating. Always replace tapered bearing and race as a set. Inspect gear housing for bearing races that have spun in their respective bores. If race(s) have spun, gear housing must be replaced. Roller bearing condition is determined by inspecting the surface of the shaft that the roller bearing supports. Check shaft surface for pitting, scoring, grooving, imbedded particles, uneven wear and/or discoloration from overheating. The shaft and bearing must be replaced if such a condition exists. Seals As a normal procedure, all O-rings and oil seals should be replaced without regard to appearance. To prevent leakage around seals, apply Loctite 271 to outer diameter of all metal case seals. When using Loctite on seals or threads, surfaces must be clean and dry. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon on all O-rings and on I.D. of oil seals. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to external surfaces of bearing carrier. Page 6B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Draining and Inspecting Gear Lubricant WARNING If gear housing is installed on engine, to avoid accidental starting, disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before working near the propeller. 1. With gear housing in normal running position, place a clean pan under housing and remove the two vent screws and one fill/drain screw (with gaskets). 53922 a c b a-Fill/Drain Screw b-Oil Level Screw c-Vent Screw 2. Inspect gear lubricant for metal particles (lubricant will have a “metal flake” appearance). Drain lube into a clean pan/container. Presence of fine metal particles (resembling powder) in the gear lube indicates normal wear. The presence of metal chips in the gear lube indicates the need for gear housing disassembly and component inspection. 3. Note color of gear lubricant. White or cream color MAY indicate presence of water in lubricant. Gear lubricant which has been drained from a gear case recently in operation will have a yellowish color due to lubricant agitation/aeration. Gear lube which is mixed with assembly lubricant (Special Lube 101 or 2-4-C with Teflon) will also be creamy white in color. This is normal and should not be confused with the presence of water. If water is suspected to be present in gearcase, a pressure check of gearcase should be made (with no lubricant in gearcase). Gearcase should hold 10 to 12 psi of pressure for 5 minutes without leaking down. Pouring a portion of the gear lubricant into a glass jar and allowing the lubricant to settle will allow any water in the lube to separate and settle to the bottom of the jar. 4. Presence of water in gear lubricant indicates the need for disassembly and inspection of oil seals, seal surfaces, O-rings, water pump gaskets as well as gear housing components for damage. If gearcase is rebuilt, gearcase should be pressure checked before filling with lubricant. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-11 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Removal WARNING To prevent accidental engine starting, remove (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before removing gear housing. IMPORTANT: 90 hp (4-Stroke) models, when removing or installing gearcase carefully guide driveshaft through drive shaft bushing to avoid scoring bushing surface. 1. Remove (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs. 2. Shift engine into forward gear. 3. Tilt engine to full “Up” position. 4. Remove 4 fasteners. 5. Remove locknut and washer. 6. Remove gear housing. 53992 b a a-Fasteners (2 Each Side) b-Locknut and Washer Page 6B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Disassembly Water Pump NOTE:If water tube seal stayed on water tube (inside of drive shaft housing) when gear housing was removed, pull water tube seal from water tube. NOTE:Newer models will not have the isolators installed on the water pump. 1. Replace water tube seal, if damaged. 2. Remove 4 screws (2 on each side of water pump housing), washers, and isolators. 3. Remove cover. 19212 a b c a-Water Tube Seal b-Screw, Washer, Isolator (4 each) c-Cover IMPORTANT: The circular groove formed by the impeller sealing bead should be disregarded when inspecting cover and face plate, as the depth of the groove will not affect water pump output. 4. Replace cover if thickness of steel at the discharge slots is 0.060 in. or less, or if groove(s) (other than impeller sealing bead groove) in cover roof are more than 0.030 in. (0.762 mm) deep. 5. Lift impeller, drive key, and gasket from drive shaft. a bc 19220 a-Impeller b-Drive Key c-Gasket 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-13 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Inspect impeller. Replace impeller if any of the following conditions exist: • Impeller blade(s) are cracked, torn, or worn. • Impeller is glazed or melted (caused by operation without sufficient water supply). • Rubber portion of impeller is not bonded to impeller hub. 7. Remove face plate and gasket. 8. Replace face plate if groove(s) (other than impeller sealing bead groove) in plate are more than 0.030 in. (0.762 mm) deep. 19219 a b c a-Face Plate b-Gasket c-Impeller Sealing Groove 9. Remove screws and washers. a 19217 a-Screws and Washers (6 each) Page 6B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 10. Remove water pump base using flat screwdrivers to lightly pry up on base. 19226 a a-Water Pump Base 11. Remove (and discard) seals (IT MAY BE BENEFICIAL TO CLAMP THE WATER PUMP BASE IN A VISE WHILE REMOVING SEALS). 19195 a a-Seals 12. Remove gasket. 19218 a a-Gasket 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-15 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft 1. Remove fasteners. 51117 a a a-Fasteners 2. With propeller shaft horizontal, pull carrier (using tool shown) to break seal with gear housing. 3. Remove bearing carrier/propeller shaft components as an assembly by pulling back on the propshaft. Take care not to lose cam follower or 3 metal balls in end of propeller shaft. 4. Remove propeller shaft from bearing carrier. a b c d e a-Bearing Carrier b-Puller Jaws (91-46086A1) c-Puller Bolt (91-85716) d-Thrust Hub e-Propeller Shaft 51116 Page 6B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 5. Lift reverse gear, thrust bearing and thrust washer from bearing carrier. Replace thrust bearing and thrust washer if rusted or damaged. 6. Replace reverse gear if gear teeth or clutch teeth on reverse gear are rounded or chipped. If reverse gear must be replaced, pinion gear and sliding clutch should be inspected for damage. 19202 a b c a-Reverse Gear b-Thrust Bearing c-Thrust Washer 7. If reverse gear radial bearing is rusted or does not roll freely, replace bearing. If the bearing needs to be replaced remove it using Slide Hammer (91-34569A1). 91-34569A1 a 19205 a-Radial Bearing 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-17 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 8. If propshaft roller bearing is rusted or does not roll freely, replace bearing. If replacement is necessary, remove bearing and oil seals using Mandrel* (91-36569) and Driver Rod* (91-37323). Discard oil seals. NOTE:*From Bearing Removal and Installation Kit (91-31229A7). a b c 91-37323 91-36569 58205 a-Propshaft Roller Bearing b-Mandrel (91-36569) c-Driver Rod (91-37323) 9. Remove propeller shaft seals (if not removed with bearing) and bearing carrier O-ring. 51263 a a-O-ring Page 6B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 10. Remove spring. 51876 a a-Spring 11. Apply constant pressure to cam follower in order to prevent it and internal components from ejecting out of the propeller shaft during removal of the cross pin from the clutch. 51800 a b a-Cross Pin b-Cam Follower 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-19 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 12. Remove components from propeller shaft. 13. Replace cam follower if worn or pitted. 14. Replace sliding clutch if jaws are rounded or chipped. Rounded jaws indicate one or more of the following: • Improper shift cable adjustment. • Engine idle speed too high while shifting. • Shifting from neutral to reverse (or forward) too slowly. 51265 a b c de f a-Cam Follower b-Metal Balls (3) c-Guide Block d-Spring e-Sliding Clutch f-Jaws 15. Replace propeller shaft if any of the following exist: • Splines are twisted or worn. • Bearing surfaces of propeller shaft are pitted or worn. • Oil seal surface is grooved. • Shaft has a noticeable “wobble” or is bent more than 0.009 in. (0.228 mm). Prop shaft trueness should be measured with a dial indicator with prop shaft on V-blocks. a bc b 51877 a-V-Blocks b-Bearing Surfaces c-Measure with Dial Indicator at This Point Page 6B-20 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Pinion Gear, Drive Shaft, and Forward Gear 1. Hold drive shaft using Drive Shaft Holding Tool. Remove (and discard) pinion nut. Model Drive Shaft Holding Tool 40/50 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 747cc/935cc) 91-56775 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 995cc) 91-877840A1 75/90/115 EFI (4-Stroke) 91-804776A1 60 Bigfoot (2-Stroke) 91-56775 75/90/100/115/125 (2-Stroke) 91-56775 2. Remove drive shaft, pinion gear, pinion bearing and forward gear. 3. Replace pinion gear if it is chipped or worn. 4. Replace pinion bearing and race if either are rusted, pitted or damaged; or if bearing does not roll freely. To remove race, refer to “Lower Drive Shaft Bearing Race,” following. 5. Replace forward gear if gear teeth or clutch teeth are chipped or worn. 19175 a b c d e f a-Drive Shaft Holding Tool b-Pinion Nut c-Drive Shaft d-Pinion Gear e-Pinion Bearing f-Forward Gear 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-21 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Page 6B-22 90-883064 JUNE 2001 6. Replace forward gear needle bearing if it is rusted or does not roll freely. 7. Use suitable tools (screwdriver and awl) to remove retaining ring. Use a punch and hammer to remove bearing. 57905 19203 a b a - Retaining Ring b - Forward Gear Needle Bearing 8. Replace forward gear bearing and race if either are rusted, pitted or damaged, or if bearing does not roll freely. Remove bearing from gear using Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) and mandrel. To remove race, refer to “Forward Gear Bearing Race,” following. 51119 a b c 91-37241 a - Forward Gear Bearing b - Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) c - Mandrel BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 9. Replace drive shaft if splines are worn or twisted. 10. If bearing surface is damaged, replace drive shaft and corresponding bearing. IMPORTANT: Do not tighten vise against drive shaft. 11. If wear sleeve is deeply grooved allowing water to enter gear case, remove (and discard) sleeve using Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) and mallet. 19710 c f a 91-37241 e a b 75/90/115 4-stroke d a-Crankshaft/Driveshaft Splines b-Oil Pump Drive Splines 75/90 4-Stroke Only c-Bearing Surface d-Wear Sleeve e-Universal Puller Plate (91-37241) f-Mallet 12. Remove (and discard) rubber ring. 19152 a a-Rubber Ring 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-23 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Upper Drive Shaft Bearing 1. Replace upper drive shaft bearing and sleeve if either are rust stained, or if bearing will not roll freely. Remove bearing and then sleeve using Puller Assembly (91-83165M) with suitable jaws. 19177 OR a b 91-83165M c a-Upper Drive Shaft Bearing b-Sleeve c-Puller Assembly (91-83165M) IMPORTANT: Upper drive shaft bearing/sleeve must be removed prior to oil sleeve removal. Refer to “Upper Drive Shaft Bearing,” preceding. Page 6B-24 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Oil Sleeve 1. Remove oil sleeve (if necessary) using Puller Assembly (91-83165M) with suitable jaws. 19222 a 91-83165M b a-Oil Sleeve b-Puller Assembly (91-83165M) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-25 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Lower Drive Shaft Bearing Race IMPORTANT: Upper drive shaft bearing/sleeve and oil sleeve do not have to be removed for lower drive shaft bearing race removal. IMPORTANT: Retain shim(s) for reassembly. 1. Remove bearing race and shim(s) using bearing race tool (91-14308A1). 19171 a b c 91-14308A1 a-Bearing Race b-Shim(s) c-Bearing Race Tool (91-14308A1) Page 6B-26 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Shift Shaft 1. Remove shift shaft coupler and nylon spacer. 75 (2-Stroke) Tiller Model Shown 53925 a b a-Shift Shaft Coupler b-Spacer 2. Remove shift shaft bushing screws. 53926 a a-Screw (2) M6 x 1 NOTE:Remove rough edges from shift shaft splines before removing shift shaft bushing. 3. Remove shift shaft bushing and shift shaft. 53927 a b a-Bushing b-Shift Shaft 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-27 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 4. Remove shift cam from housing. 5. Replace shift cam if worn. 60 (2-Stroke) Bigfoot Shown 51117 a a-Shift Cam 6. Remove shift shaft bushing and clip from shift shaft. 7. Replace shift shaft if splines are worn or shaft is twisted. 8. Remove (and discard) O-ring. 53928 a b c ded a-Bushing b-Clip c-Shift Shaft d-Splines e-O-ring 9. Remove (and discard) seal. (Lightly clamp the bushing in a vise when removing seal.) 53929 a a-Seal Page 6B-28 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Forward Gear Bearing Race IMPORTANT: Retain shim(s) for reassembly. If shims are damaged, replace with new shims of equal thickness. 1. Remove race and shim(s) using Slide Hammer (91-34569A1). 27653 a b 91-34569A1 c a-Race b-Shim(s) c-Slide Hammer (91-34569A1) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-29 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Reassembly Forward Gear Bearing Race NOTE:Propshaft should be vertical when installing bearing race. 1. Place shim(s) (retained from disassembly) into housing. If shim(s) were lost, or a new gear housing is being assembled, start with 0.010 in. (0.254 mm) shim(s). 2. Assemble components as shown using mandrel (91-31106). Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to O.D. of race. Drive race into housing by striking propeller shaft end with lead hammer. NOTE:Install a nut on the end of the propshaft to prevent damage to the propshaft threads while performing step 2. 19179 b de a c 91-31106 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 a-Shim(s) d-Disassembled Propeller Shaft b-Race e-Assembled Bearing Carrier c-Mandrel (91-31106) Shift Shaft 1. Apply Loctite 271 on O.D. of new seal. 2. Press seal into shift shaft bushing until seal is seated against shoulder. 3. Install new O-ring. 4. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon on O-ring and I.D. of seal. 53930b 7 Loctite “271” 7 95 95 a c 2-4-C with Teflon a-Seal b-Bushing c-O-ring Page 6B-30 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-31 5. Assemble components as shown. 53928 a b c a - Shift Shaft b - “E” Clip c - Shift Shaft Bushing 6. Install shift cam. Align hole in shift cam with shift shaft pilot bore in gear housing. 60 Bigfoot, 75/90/100/115/125 (2-Stroke) 51117 a b a - Shift Cam (marked with “UP” and part number) b - Shift Shaft Pilot Bore 60 Bigfoot, 75/90/100/115/125 (2-Stroke) & 75/90/115EFI (4-Stroke) 51117 a b a - Shift Cam (marked with part number only) b - Shift Shaft Pilot Bore BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 40/50 Bigfoot (4-Stroke,747cc/935cc), 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 995cc) 51117 850307 a b a-Shift Cam (Numbers Down) b-Shift Shaft Pilot Bore 7. Install shift shaft assembly. Insert splines into shift cam. 53932 a b a-Shift Shaft Assembly b-Splines 8. Apply Loctite 271 to bottom half of threads on each screw. Install screws and tighten to specified torque. 53926 a 7 7 Loctite “271” a-Screw (2) Screw Torque 60 lb-in. (7.0 Nm) Page 6B-32 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Bearing Carrier Reassembly 1. Lubricate O.D. of bearing and bearing carrier bore with 2-4-C with Teflon. 2. Protect lip on forward side of bearing carrier, using bearing installation tool (91-13945). 3. Press propeller shaft needle bearing (number side toward mandrel 91-15755) into carrier, until bearing bottoms out. 21042 b c 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 91-13945 91-15755 a a-Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945) b-Mandrel (91-15755) c-Suitable Driver Rod 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-33 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 4. Place smaller diameter seal on longer shoulder of Oil Seal Driver (91-31108) with seal lip away from shoulder. 5. Protect lip on front side of bearing carrier using Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945). Apply Loctite 271 on O.D. of seal. Press seal into carrier until tool bottoms. 21040 a b c 7 Loctite “271” 7 91-31108 91-13945 a-Seal b-Oil Seal Driver (91-31108) c-Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945) 6. Place larger diameter seal on shorter shoulder of Oil Seal Driver (91-31108) with seal lip toward shoulder. 7. Protect lip on front side of bearing carrier using Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945). Apply Loctite 271 on O.D. of new seal. Press seal into carrier until tool bottoms. 21041 c 91-31108 91-13945 7 Loctite “271” 77 a b a-Seal b-Oil Seal Driver (91-31108) c-Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945) Page 6B-34 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 8. Install O-ring. Lubricate O-ring and propshaft seal lips with 2-4-C with Teflon. 9. Lubricate outside diameter of reverse gear bearing and bearing carrier bore with a light coating of 2-4-C with Teflon. 10. Press bearing into carrier until tool bottoms. 19163 a b c 95 95 91-13945 2-4-C with Teflon a-O-ring b-Bearing, Numbered Side Toward Tool c-Bearing Installation Tool (91-13945) 11. Install thrust washer. Coat thrust washer with Premium Gear Lubricant. 19167 a 87 87 Premium Gear Lubricant a-Thrust Washer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-35 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 12. Install thrust bearing. Coat thrust bearing with Premium Gear Lubricant. 19168 87 87 a Premium Gear Lubricant a-Thrust Bearing 13. Apply Premium Gear Lubricant to bearing surface of reverse gear and install reverse gear. 19202 a 87 Premium Gear Lubricant 87 b a-Reverse Gear b-Bearing Surface Page 6B-36 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Forward Gear Reassembly 1. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to the I.D. of the bearing. Press bearing onto gear using suitable mandrel (press only on inner race of bearing). Because the gear hub is longer than the bearing, a tube type mandrel should be used to install the bearing. This will allow the bearing to bottom out on the gear. 51869 a b 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 a-Mandrel (91-37350) b-Bearing 2. Inspect reverse gear end of clutch to determine the number of jaws. Refer to chart, following, for tool end selection. Model Installation End Bearing Position Tool Stamped 3 Jaw Reverse 91-856875A 1 3 0.155 in. (3.94mm) Clutch below surface 6 Jaw Reverse Clutch 91-856875A 1 6 Flush with surface FORWARD GEAR NEEDLE BEARING INSTALLATION 3 Jaw Reverse Clutch c a b a-Stamped “3” b-Numbered end of Needle Bearing c-3 Jaw Reverse Clutch 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-37 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6 Jaw Reverse Clutch 56784 c a b a b87 91-877321A1 a-Stamped “6” b-Numbered end of Needle Bearing c-6 Jaw Reverse Clutch 3. Apply Premium Gear Lubricant to I.D. of forward gear, and O.D. of needle bearing. Press needle bearing into forward gear (using forward gear bearing installer tool) until tool bottoms out on gear. 87 Premium Gear Lubricant a-Forward Gear Bearing Installer (91-877321A1) b-Needle Bearing, Numbered Side Toward Installer Tool 4. Install retaining ring into groove of forward gear by starting at one end of retaining ring and working it around until seated in groove. 57905 a b a-Retaining Ring b-Groove in Forward Gear Page 6B-38 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Propeller Shaft Reassembly 1. Install components into propeller shaft in sequence shown. NOTE:When installing the clutch make sure the ratcheting clutch teeth (angled) are toward forward gear, and non-ratcheting (square on both sides) are toward reverse gear. 51265a b cd e gf 95 95 2-4-C with Teflon Assembly Sequence a-Spring b-Guide Block c-Clutch d-3 Metal Balls e-Cam Follower f-Forward Clutch Teeth g-Reverse Clutch Teeth 2. Align the hole in the clutch with the hole in the guide block, install cross pin. a b 51800 a-Apply Pressure in This Direction b-Cross Pin 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-39 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Install spring. DO NOT allow spring coils to overlap each other. 51876 a a-Spring Drive Shaft Wear Sleeve Installation 1. Install new rubber ring. 2. Apply a light coat of Loctite 271 on outside diameter of rubber ring. a 7 Loctite “271” a-Ring 3. Insert sleeve into holder*. *Component of Wear Sleeve Installation Tool (91-14310A1). 19169 a 91-14310A1 b 19152 a-Sleeve b-Holder Page 6B-40 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 4. Press sleeve onto driveshaft using Wear Sleeve Installation Tool (91-14310A1). Continue pressing until the upper and lower part of the tool make surface to surface contact. 5. Remove excess Loctite from assembled shaft. 19166 a b b 91-14310A1 c d a-Drive Shaft b-Wear Sleeve Installation Tool (91-14310A1) c-Upper part of tool (Surface C) d-Lower part of tool (Surface D) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-41 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Drive Shaft Lower Bearing Race Installation 1. Lubricate O.D. of bearing race with 2-4-C with Teflon. 2. Install shim(s) and bearing race into housing. If shim(s) were lost or a new gear housing is being assembled, start with 0.025 in. (0.635 mm) shim(s). NOTE:Verify shim(s) are not cocked when drawing up race. Once shims and bearing cup are in place, position gearcase assembly so the driveshaft is vertical. This will aid in preventing the bearing cup from becoming cocked in the bore. a b c d f 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 91-14309A1 f d c e 58207 a-Shim(s) (Retained From Disassembly) b-Bearing Race c-Mandrel* (13780) d-Mandrel* (13781) e-Threaded Rod** (91-31229) f-Nut** (11-24156) *From Bearing Installation Tool (91-14309A1) **From Bearing Removal and Installation Kit (91-31229A7) Page 6B-42 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Oil Sleeve Installation 1. Install oil sleeve with tab positioned as shown. 53934 a b a-Oil Sleeve b-Tab Drive Shaft Upper Bearing Installation 1. Lubricate I.D. of bearing sleeve and O.D. of bearing with 2-4-C with Teflon. 2. Press bearing into sleeve using mandrel from bearing installation tool (91-14309A1). 19164 a b c d 95 2-4-C with Teflon 91-1378195 a-Bearing Sleeve b-Tapered End c-Bearing; Numbered Side Toward Mandrel d-Mandrel* (91-13781) *From Bearing Installation Tool (91-14309A1) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-43 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Install bearing/sleeve into housing. IMPORTANT: Oil sleeve must be installed prior to upper driveshaft bearing installation. IMPORTANT: Lower driveshaft bearing cup pilots the mandrel (13780) during installation of the upper driveshaft bearing/sleeve. Lower bearing cup must be installed prior to installing upper bearing/sleeve. 91-14309A1 a c b d e e f 58206 a-Bearing/Sleeve b-Tapered End Of Sleeve c-Mandrel* (13781) d-Mandrel* (13780) e-Threaded Rod** (91-31229) f-Nut** (11-24156) *From Bearing Installation Tool (91-14309A1) **From Bearing Removal and Installation Kit (91-31229A7) Page 6B-44 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Forward Gear, Drive Shaft Lower Bearing, Pinion Gear, and Drive Shaft Installation 1. Install components per assembly sequence shown. 19175 a b c d e f d 87 Premium Gear Lubricant 7 Loctite “271” 7 87 Assembly Sequence: a-Forward Gear/Bearing: Apply Premium Gear Lube to bearing rollers. b-Drive Shaft Lower Tapered Roller Bearing: Apply Premium Gear Lube to bearing rollers. c-Pinion Gear d-Drive Shaft e-Drive Shaft Holding Tool f-Pinion Nut (New): Clean nut and driveshaft threads with Loctite Primer or suitable de-greaser. Apply Loctite 271 to threads (not necessary if using a new nut with drylock patch on threads) during final assembly (after pinion gear depth and forward gear backlash have been set), tighten to specified torque. Model Drive Shaft Holding Tool 40/50 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 747cc/935cc) 91-56775 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 995cc) 91-877840A1 75/90/115EFI (4-Stroke) 91-804776A1 60 Bigfoot/75/90/100/115/125 (2-Stroke) 91-56775 Pinion Nut Torque 70 lb-ft (95 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-45 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Pinion Gear Depth and Forward Gear Backlash DETERMINING PINION GEAR DEPTH NOTE:Read entire procedure before attempting any change in shim thickness. IMPORTANT: Forward gear assembly pilots the end of the pinion gauge and must be installed in gear housing when checking pinion gear depth. Without it an inaccurate measurement will be obtained. 1. Clean the gear housing bearing carrier shoulder and diameter. 2. With gear housing positioned up right (drive shaft vertical), install Bearing Preload Tool (91-14311A2) over drive shaft in sequence shown. a b c d e f g h h a-Adaptor: Bearing surfaces clean and free of nicks b-Thrust Bearing: Oiled and able to move freely c-Thrust Washer: Clean and free of nicks and bends d-Spring e-Nut: Threaded all-the-way onto bolt f-Bolt: Held snug against spring g-Sleeve: Holes in sleeve must align with set screws h-Set Screw (2): Tightened against drive shaft, bolt should not slide on drive shaft. 3. Measure distance between top of nut and bottom of bolt head. 4. Increase distance by 1 in. (25.4 mm). 5. Rotate drive shaft 5 to 10 revolutions. This should properly seat drive shaft tapered roller bearing. 19884 a b c a-1 in. (25.4 mm) c-Bolt Head b-Nut Page 6B-46 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Assemble Pinion Gear Locating Tool (91-12349A2) as shown. Do not tighten collar retaining screw at this time. Install gauging block with numbers away from split collar. a b c d e f c a-Arbor d-Split Collar b-Gauging Block e-Collar Retaining Screw c-Screw (2) f-Snap Ring 7. Insert tool into forward gear assembly. Position gauging block under pinion gear as shown. 22067 a a-Gauging Block 8. Remove tool, taking care not to change gauging block position, and tighten collar retaining bolt. 9. Insert tool into forward gear assembly. Position proper numbered flat (from chart) of gauging block under pinion gear. MODEL 40/50 Bigfoot (4-stroke, 747cc/935cc) 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-stroke, 995cc) GEAR RATIO (PINION GEAR TEETH/REVERSE GEAR TEETH) 2.31:1 (13/30) 2.31:1 (13/30) USE FLAT NO. 8 8 LOCATING DISC NO. 3 3 60 Bigfoot/60 Seapro 60 Marathon 75/90/115EFI (4-stroke) 2.31:1 (13/30) 2.07:1 (14/29) 8 2 3 3 75-thru-90 (3 Cylinder) 2.31:1 (13/30) 8 3 100/115/125 (4 Cylinder) 2.07:1 (14/29) 2 3 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-47 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 10. Install locating disc against bearing carrier shoulder in gear housing. 11. Position access hole as shown. 24643 b a Disc 3 a-Locating Disc b-Access Hole 12. Determine pinion gear depth by inserting a feeler gauge thru access hole in locating disc. 13. The correct clearance between gauging block and pinion gear is 0.025 in. (0.64 mm). 14. If clearance is correct, leave Bearing Preload Tool on drive shaft and proceed to “Determining Forward Gear Backlash,” following. 15. If clearance is more than 0.025 in. (.064 mm) add shims behind the bearing race. If clearance is less than 0.025 in. (.064 mm) remove shims from behind the bearing race. When reinstalling pinion nut, apply Loctite 271 on threads of nut. NOTE:Clean driveshaft and pinion nut threads with Loctite Primer or suitable de-greaser before applying Loctite. 24643 a b c d 7 Loctite “271” 7 a-Feeler Gauge b-Gauging Block c-Pinion Gear d-Bearing Race Page 6B-48 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING DETERMINING FORWARD GEAR BACKLASH NOTE:Read entire procedure before attempting any change in shim thickness. 1. To obtain correct pinion gear depth, refer to “Determining Pinion Gear Depth,” preceding. 2. Install Bearing Preload Tool (91-14311A2) on drive shaft. Refer to “Determining Pinion Gear Depth,” preceding. 3. Install components as shown. 4. While holding the driveshaft (to prevent from turning), torque the puller bolt to 45 lb-in. 5. Rotate driveshaft 5-10 revolutions. This should properly seat the forward gear tapered roller bearing. Repeat step 4. a bd c a-Propeller Shaft* b-Bearing Carrier* (Assembled) c-Puller Jaws (91-46086A1) d-Puller Bolt (91-85716) Puller Bolt Torque 45 lb-in. (5 Nm) 53936 *Refer to “Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft Installation,” following. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-49 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 6. Install components as shown. 51117 a b d e f c c a-Threaded Rod (Obtain Locally) b-Washers c-Nuts d-Dial Indicator Adaptor Kit (91-83155) e-Dial Indicator (91-58222A1) f-Backlash Indicator Tool 7. Position Dial Indicator on appropriate line (from chart below) marked on Backlash Indicator Tool. Make sure the dial indicator is perpendicular (^) to the indicator tool or an inaccurate reading will be obtained. MODEL BACKLASH INDICATOR TOOL ALIGN POINTER of DIAL INDICATOR with MARK 40/50 Bigfoot (4-stroke, 747cc/935cc) 91-78473 4 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-stroke, 995cc) 91-78473 4 75/90/115EFI (4-Stroke) 91-19660--1 1 60 Seapro/60 Marathon 60 Bigfoot 91-78473 4 75-thru-90 (3 Cylinder) 91-78473 4 100/115/125 (4 Cylinder) 91-19660--1 1 Page 6B-50 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 8. Grasp the driveshaft pre-load tool bolt head and lightly turn drive shaft back-and-forth (no movement should be noticed at propeller shaft). 9. Dial Indicator registers amount of backlash, which must be between specification shown in chart. MODEL DIAL INDICATOR MINIMUM READING MAXIMUM 40/50 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 747cc/935cc) 0.012 in. (0.30 mm) 0.019 in. (.48 mm) 40/50/60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke, 995cc) 0.012 in. (0.30 mm) 0.019 in. (.48 mm) 75/90/115EFI (4-Stroke) 0.013 in. (0.38 mm) 0.019 in. (.55 mm) 60 Bigfoot 0.012 in. (0.30 mm) 0.019 in. (.48 mm) 75-thru-90 (3 Cylinder) 0.012 in. (0.30 mm) 0.019 in. (.48 mm) 100/115/125 (4 Cylinder) 0.013 in. (0.38 mm) 0.019 in. (0.55 mm) 10. If backlash is less than the minimum specification, remove shim(s) from in front of forward gear bearing race. If backlash is more than the maximum specification, add shim(s) in front of forward gear bearing race. When reinstalling pinion nut, apply Loctite 271 on threads of nut. NOTE: By adding or subtracting 0.001 in. (0.025 mm) shim, the backlash will change approximately 0.001 in. Bearing Carrier and Propeller Shaft Installation 1. Insert propeller shaft assembly into bearing carrier. 2. Before installing bearing carrier assembly into gear housing, obtain locally a 6 in. (152.4 mm) long by 1-1/4 in. – 1-1/2 in. (31.7 – 38.1 mm) diameter piece of PVC pipe. Install the PVC pipe over the prop shaft and secure the pipe against the bearing carrier assembly with the propeller nut and tab washer. This holds the reverse gear and thrust bearing tight against the bearing carrier preventing possible bearing damage during installation. 21043 d a b c e a-Bearing Carrier Assembly b-PVC Pipe c-Propeller Nut d-Prop Shaft e-Tab Washer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-51 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Generously lubricate O-ring, bearing carrier, and gear housing mating surfaces with 2-4-C with Teflon. 4. Install bearing carrier and propeller shaft into housing with the word “TOP” (located on flange) toward top of housing. 5. Install bearing carrier fasteners and tighten to specified torque. 21044 a 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 b a-O-ring b-TOP NOTE:Use thick 0.090 in. (2.29mm) washers (12-855941) under fasteners if not previously installed. Washer Thickness Fastener Torque 0.090 in. (2.29mm) 22 lb-ft (30 Nm) 0.060 in. (1.53mm) 25 lb-ft (34 Nm) b a a-Washers b-Fasteners (If using Screws Apply Loctite 271 on Threads) Page 6B-52 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Water Pump Reassembly and Installation 1. Place water pump base upper seal on longer shoulder side of Oil Seal Driver (91-13949) with seal lip away from shoulder. 2. Apply Loctite 271 on O.D. of seal. Press seal into water pump base until tool bottoms. 51553 c 91-13949 7 a d e b 7 Loctite “271” a-Seal - Lip Faces UP (when water pump base is installed on gearcase) b-Spring - Faces UP (when water pump base is installed on gearcase) c-Oil Seal Driver (91-13949) d-Longer Shoulder Side of Oil Seal Driver e-Shorter Shoulder Side of Oil Seal Driver 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-53 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 3. Place water pump base lower seal on shorter shoulder side of Oil Seal Driver (91-13949) with seal lip toward shoulder. 4. Apply Loctite 271 on O.D. of seal. Press seal into water pump base until tool bottoms. 5. Lubricate lip of each seal with 2-4-C with Teflon. 51553 c 91-13949 7 Loctite “271”7 95 a b e d 95 2-4-C with Teflon a-Seal - Lip Faces DOWN (when water pump base is installed on gearcase) b-Spring - Faces DOWN (when water pump base is installed on gearcase) c-Oil Seal Driver (91-13949) d-Longer Shoulder Side of Oil Seal Driver e-Shorter Shoulder Side of Oil Seal Driver 6. Install gasket. a 19218 a-Gasket Page 6B-54 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING IMPORTANT: To prevent cutting the seal lips remove any burrs or sharp edges from the driveshaft splines before installing water pump base assembly. 7. Install components as shown. Apply Loctite 271 on bottom half of screw threads and tighten to specified torque (in sequence shown). 19217 a 7 Loctite “271” 1 2 3 4 5 6 b a-Water Pump Base b-Screw (6) M6 x 1 and Washers(6) Screw Torque 60 lb-in. (6.8 Nm) 8. Install gasket and plate. 19219 a b a-Gasket b-Plate IMPORTANT: If the old impeller is re-used it must be installed in original (clockwise) direction of rotation. 9. Install gasket, drive key and impeller. 19220 a b c a-Gasket b-Drive Key c-Impeller 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-55 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 10. Lubricate I.D. of cover with 2-4-C with Teflon. 11. Rotate drive shaft clockwise and push impeller housing down (over impeller) until it contacts water pump base. 12. Apply Loctite 271 to bottom threads of cover screws. Install cover screws and tighten to specified torque. b a 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 b 19212 a-Impeller Housing b-Screw (4) M6 x 30 Screw Torque 60 lb-in. (6.8 Nm) NOTE:It is recommended that the gearcase be pressure tested for leaks after reassembly andBEFOREgear lube is added. Gearcase should hold 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) for 5 minutes. Page 6B-56 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Gear Housing Pressure Test 1. Remove vent plug and install pressure test gauge. 2. Pressurize housing to 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa)and observe gauge for 5 minutes. 3. Rotate drive shaft, prop shaft and shift shaft while housing is pressurized to check for leaks. 4. If pressure drop is noted, immerse housing in water. 5. Re-pressurize to 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa)and check for air bubbles. 6. Replace leaking seals as necessary. Retest housing. NOTE:Gearcase should hold 10-12 psi (69-83 kPa) for 5 minutes. 7. Remove tester from housing and install vent plug and sealing washer. Tighten to specified torque. Vent Screw Torque 60 lb. in. (7.0 Nm) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-57 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Filling Gear Housing With Lubricant NOTE:Gear housing lubricant capacity is 24 fl oz (710 mL). WARNING If gear housing is installed on engine, to avoid accidental starting, disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before working near the propeller. CAUTION Do not use automotive grease in the gear housing. Use only Quicksilver Premium Blend Gear Lube. 1. Remove any gasket material from “Fill/Drain” and “Vent” screws and gear housing. 2. Install new sealing washer on “Fill/Drain” and “Vent” screws. IMPORTANT: Never apply lubricant to gear housing without first removing “Vent” screws or gear housing cannot be filled because of trapped air. Fill gear housing only when driveshaft is in a vertical position. 3. Remove lubricant “Fill/Drain” screw and sealing washer from gear housing. 4. Insert lubricant tube into “Fill” hole, then remove “Vent” screws and sealing washer. 5. Fill gear housing with lubricant until excess starts to flow out of one (first) “Vent” screw hole. 6. Install this “Vent” screw and sealing washer only and tighten to specified torque. Continue filling until excess starts to flow out of second “Vent” screw hole. 7. Rotate driveshaft clockwise approximately 10 revolutions. Let gearcase sit for at least one minute to allow any trapped air to settle out, then top off lubricant level. 53922 a c b a-Vent Screw b-Fill/Drain Screw c-Oil Level Vent Screw 8. Install second lubricant “Vent” screw and sealing washer. Tighten to specified torque. IMPORTANT: Do not lose more than one fluid ounce (30cc) of gear lubricant while reinstalling “FILL/DRAIN” screw. 9. Remove lubricant tube and install Fill/Drain screw and sealing washer. Tighten to specified torque. Fill/Drain and Vent Screw Torque 60 lb. in. (7.0 N·m) Page 6B-58 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-59 Gearcase Installation WARNING Disconnect (and isolate) spark plug leads from spark plugs before installing gear housing onto drive shaft housing. Failure to follow this warning could result in accidental engine starting and possible injury. 1. Position outboard shift linkage into forward gear position. Models 40-60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke EFI) a Remote Control Model Shown a - Shift Lever Models 40-60 Bigfoot (4-Stroke Carb) a Remote Control Model Shown a - Shift Lever BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Models 60 Bigfoot (2-Stroke) a a-Shift Block Models 75/90/100/115/125 (2-Stroke) 19879 a b a-Shift Block; Front of Block MUST Extend 1/8 in. (3.2 mm) Past Front of Rail. b-Rail Models 75/90/115EFI (4-Stroke) a NRF a-Shift Block Page 6B-60 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 2. Tilt engine to full up position and engage tilt lock lever. 3. Shift gear housing into neutral position. Propeller shaft will rotate freely in either direction. 4. Install water tube seal. Apply 2-4-C with Teflon to I.D. of seal. 5. Apply a bead of RTV Sealer as shown. NOTE:For ease of gear housing installation, install water tube seal (labyrinth end) onto water tube in drive shaft housing. Tapered end of water tube seal goes onto water pump. 53938 95 2-4-C with Teflon 78 95 a b G. E. RTV Sealant 78 a-Water Tube Seal b-RTV Sealer 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-61 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING CAUTION Do not use lubricant on top of drive shaft. Excess lubricant, that is trapped in clearance space, will not allow drive shaft to fully engage with crankshaft. Subsequently, tightening the gear housing fasteners (while lubricant is on top of drive shaft) will load the drive shaft/crankshaft and damage either or both the power head and gear housing. Top of drive shaft is to be wiped free of lubricant. 6. Apply a light coat of 2-4-C with Teflon onto drive shaft splines. 7. Apply a light coat of 2-4-C with Teflon on gear case shift shaft splines and upper shift shaft splines. Do not use lubricant on ends of shift shafts. 8. Install components as shown in appropriate photo. ALL MODELS EXCEPT 75 (2-STROKE) W/MECHANICAL REVERSE LOCK a c b a-Nylon Spacer b-Shift Shaft Coupler c-Bushing 40-60 Bigfoot 4–Stroke Only 75 (2-STROKE) W/MECHANICAL REVERSE LOCK 53925 a b c a-Nylon Spacer b-Shift Shaft Coupler c-Flat; MUST BE Positioned Toward Front of Gear Housing Page 6B-62 90-883064 JUNE 2001 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING 9. Shift gear housing into forward gear position. In forward gear the gear housing will ratchet when propeller shaft is turned clockwise. Resistance will be felt when propeller shaft is rotated counterclockwise. 10. Apply Loctite Grade 271 on threads of gear housing retaining screws. NOTE:During installation of gear housing, it may be necessary to move the shift block (located under cowl) slightly to align upper shift shaft splines with shift shaft coupler splines. NOTE:On 75/90 hp (4-Stroke)models. If, while performing Step 11, the drive shaft splines wil llnot align with the oil pump splines, place a propeller onto propeller shaft and turn it counterclockwiseas the gear housing is being pushed toward drive shaft housing. Continue rotating the propshaft until the driveshaft splines align with the crankshaft splines. IMPORTANT: 75/90 hp (4-Stroke) models, when removing or installing gearcase, carefully guide driveshaft through driveshaft bushing to avoid scoring bushing surface. 11. Position gear housing so that the driveshaft is protruding into driveshaft housing. 12. Move gear housing up toward driveshaft housing, while aligning upper shift shaft splines with shift shaft coupler splines, water tube with water tube seal, and crankshaft splines with driveshaft splines. 13. Install 4 fasteners and washers (two each side). Install locknut and washer. 14. Torque bolts and locknut (or nuts only if applicable) to specified torque. 53922 ab 7 Loctite “271” 7 a-Fasteners and Washers (2 Each Side) b-Locknut and Washer Screw or Nut Torque 40 lb-ft (54 Nm) 15. Check shift operation as follows: • Place shift lever in forward gear. Gear housing should ratchet when propeller shaft is turned clockwise. Resistance should be felt when propeller shaft is turned counterclockwise. • Place shift lever in neutral. Propeller shaft should rotate freely in either direction. • While rotating propeller shaft, place shift lever in reverse gear. Resistance should be felt when propeller shaft is rotated in either direction. IMPORTANT: If shift operation is not as described above, the gear housing must be removed and the cause of the problem corrected. 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 6B-63 BIGFOOT GEAR HOUSING Trim Tab Adjustment and Replacement IMPORTANT: The trim tab is now painted and does NOT aid in protecting the drive shaft housing and gear housing from galvanic corrosion (corrosion and pitting of metal surfaces). Side anodes now provide protection. Do not paint or place protective coating on the side anodes, or corrosion protection function will be lost. TRIM TAB REPLACEMENT 1. Replace trim tab if damaged. Mark location of old trim tab on anti-ventilation plate before removal. Install new trim tab in same location. TRIM TAB ADJUSTMENT NOTE:The trim tab provides a means to offset (balance) some of the steering load that is caused by propeller torque at higher operating speeds. NOTE:Loosen trim tab bolt sufficiently to allow trim tab to disengage from locking ridges in gear case before attempting to move tab. DO NOT strike trim tab with a hard object to make adjustments. 1. Shift engine control into NEUTRAL and turn ignition key to OFF position. 2. If at higher speeds the boat turns more easily to the left, loosen screw, move the trim tab (trailing edge) to the left (when viewed from behind). Tighten retaining screw to specified torque. 3. If the boat turns more easily to the right, loosen screw, move the trim tab (trailing edge) to the right (when viewed from behind) turn trim tab (trailing edge) to the right . Tighten retaining screw to specified torque. 53931ab c a-Trim Tab b-Anti-Ventilation Plate c-Retaining Screw and Washer Retaining Screw Torque 22 lb-ft (29.8 Nm) Page 6B-64 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE ATTACHMENTS/CONTROL LINKAGE Section 7A - Throttle/Shift Linkage Table of Contents Linkage (Non Bigfoot). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2 Throttle Link Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-6 Linkage (Bigfoot) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-4 Maximum Throttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-7 7 A 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7A-1 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE LINKAGE (NON BIGFOOT) 66 Loctite 242 95 2-4-C With Teflon Page 7A-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE LINKAGE (NON BIGFOOT) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 SCREW (M8 X 70) 100 11.3 2 1 SCREW (M6 X 60) 3 1 NUT 4 1 THROTTLE LEVER 5 1 RETAINER (NON HANDLE) 6 2 SCREW (M6 X 40) 75 8.5 7 1 CAP 8 1 THROTTLE ARM 9 1 THROTTLE CAM 10 1 BUSHING 11 1 SCREW (10-16 X .625) Drive Tight 12 1 BUSHING 13 1 BRACKET (NON HANDLE) 14 1 LATCH (NON HANDLE) 15 2 SCREW (M6 X 16) (NON HANDLE) 75 8.5 16 2 SLEEVE (NON HANDLE) 17 1 SHIFT ROD (NON HANDLE) 18 1 RETAINER (NON HANDLE) 19 1 SHIFT LEVER (NON HANDLE) 20 1 BUSHING 21 1 THROTTLE LINK 22 1 SOCKET 23 1 HORIZONTAL SHIFT SHAFT 24 1 RETAINER 25 1 WASHER 26 1 COTTER PIN 27 1 SPRING 28 2 SPRING 29 1 PLATE 30 2 SCREW (M5 X 16) 45 5 31 1 SWITCH (ELECTRIC HANDLE MODELS) 32 2 SCREW (M3 X 20) (ELECTRIC HANDLE MODELS) 20 2 33 1 PLATE-SWITCH (ELECTRIC HANDLE MODELS) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7A-3 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE LINKAGE (BIGFOOT) 95 2-4-C With Teflon Page 7A-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE LINKAGE (BIGFOOT) REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 SCREW (M8 X 70) 100 11.3 2 1 SCREW (M6 X 60) 3 1 NUT 4 1 THROTTLE LEVER 5 1 RETAINER 6 2 SCREW (M6 X 40) 75 8.5 7 1 CAP 8 1 THROTTLE ARM 9 1 THROTTLE CAM 10 1 BUSHING 11 1 SCREW (10-16 X .625) Drive Tight 12 1 BUSHING 13 1 BRACKET 14 1 LATCH 15 2 SCREW (M6 X 16) 75 8.5 16 2 SLEEVE 17 1 SHIFT ROD 18 1 RETAINER 19 1 SHIFT LEVER 20 1 BUSHING 21 1 THROTTLE LINK 22 1 SOCKET 23 1 SHIFT LINK 24 2 NYLINER 25 2 WASHER 26 1 NUT 27 1 COTTER PIN 28 1 SHIFT SHAFT LEVER 29 1 BUSHING 30 1 GUIDE-SHIFT ROD 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7A-5 THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE Page 7A-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Throttle Link Adjustment Adjustment NOTE: For remote control models, remove remote control throttle cable during throttle link adjustment. For tiller handle models, throttle cables remain attached and throttle twist grip should be used to advance throttle during throttle link adjustment. 1. Lightly hold throttle body arm against idle stop. 2. Slowly push throttle lever forward until you feel the throttle body start to move. The center of throttle arm roller should line up with the throttle cam alignment mark. If adjustment is needed proceed to next step. Tolerance may range from mark to 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) after mark. 3. Remove lower cowl. Refer to Cowl Removal section 5A. 4. Disconnect the throttle link rod from the throttle arm and throttle body arm. 5. If the throttle body arm engages (throttle shutter opens) before the center of the roller aligns with the throttle cam alignment mark, shorten the link rod by turning the socket clockwise. If the throttle body arm engages after the roller aligns with the throttle cam alignment mark, lengthen the link rod by turning the socket counterclockwise. 6. Snap socket onto throttle body arm and push rod end into throttle arm. 7. Repeat steps 1 & 2. Adjust if necessary. a b d c f g h e f g a - Throttle Body Arm b - Throttle Lever c - Throttle Arm Roller d - Throttle Cam Alignment Mark e - Correct f - Shorten Link Rod g - Lengthen Link Rod h - Alignment Tolerance - 1/8 inch (3.2mm) THROTTLE/SHIFT LINKAGE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7A-7 Maximum Throttle 1. With throttle cable(s) attached, advance throttle (remote control handle or throttle twist grip) to wide open throttle position. 2. Throttle stop should lightly contact adjoining surface. To ensure the throttle shutter is fully open, back the throttle stop screw out until there is a gap between the throttle stop screw and adjoining surface (at WOT position). Keep turning the throttle stop screw “in” until the throttle stop lightly contacts the adjoining surface. a b c a - Throttle Lever b - Throttle Stop Screw c - Throttle Stop TILLER HANDLE ATTACHMENTS/CONTROL LINKAGE Section 7B - Tiller Handle Table of Contents Tiller Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7B-2 Cleaning/Inspection/Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7B-8 Tiller Handle Assembly Removal . . . . . . . . . . 7B-4 Tiller Handle Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7B-9 Tiller Handle Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7B-6 Tiller Handle Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7B-14 7 B 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-1 TILLER HANDLE TILLER HANDLE 95 2-4-C With Teflon Page 7B-2 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TILLER HANDLE TILLER HANDLE REF REFREF . NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION TORQUE lb-in lb-ft Nm. 1 1 COVER KIT 2 1 PULLEY 3 1 CASE 4 1 SCREW (10-16 x 1/2 IN. Self Tapping) 20 2.3 5 1 THROTTLE CABLE (30-1/2 IN.) 6 1 THROTTLE CABLE (41-1/2 IN.) 7 1 SLEEVE 8 2 SCREW (M8 x 25) 135 15.3 9 1 COVER 10 1 BUSHING 11 1 ARM–Steering Handle 12 1 RETAINER 13 1 SCREW (M5 x 16) 35 3.9 14 1 SCREW (M6 x 25) 15 1 LOCK–Throttle 16 1 SPRING 17 1 KNOB–Throttle 18 1 TILLER TUBE 19 1 DECAL 20 1 HANDLE–Throttle 21 1 GRIP 22 1 SWITCH (STOP) 23 1 SHIFT ROD 24 1 TAB WASHER 25 2 SCREW (M10 x 90) 35 47.5 26 2 CLIP 27 1 SWITCH (STOP) 28 1 RETAINER 29 1 BRACKET–Tiller 30 1 WAVE WASHER 31 1 BUSHING 32 1 WASHER 33 1 CONDUIT 34 1 CABLE TIE 35 1 DECAL-Shift (F-N-R) 36 1 LANYARD SWITCH 37 1 SCREW (M8 x 35) 100 11.3 38 1 SHIFT HANDLE 39 1 BUSHING 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-3 TILLER HANDLE Page 7B-4 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Tiller Handle Assembly Removal 1. Remove lower cowl. a b a - Screws-M6x30 (6) b - Screw-M6x60 2. Remove shift handle. a b c a - Shift Handle b - Bushing c - Screw-M8x35 TILLER HANDLE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-5 3. Loosen the jam nuts and disconnect the throttle cables from the throttle lever. 58829 a b a - Throttle Cable (Long) b - Throttle Cable (Short) 4. Disconnect the tiller handle wiring. 5. Remove two screws (b) securing the tiller handle. Remove the tiller handle assembly from the outboard. 54272 b c a BLK/YEL BLK BLK BLK/YEL BLK/YEL BLK BLK a - Disconnect Tiller Handle Wires b - Screws-M10x90 (2) c - Tab Washer TILLER HANDLE Tiller Handle Disassembly 1. Pry the two clips out of the hand grip. 2. Remove the side cover. a b a-Clips (2) b-Side Cover 3. Pull the tiller arm, along with the throttle cables and wiring, from the tiller bracket. a b c a-Tiller Arm b-Throttle Cables/Wiring c-Tiller Bracket Page 7B-6 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TILLER HANDLE 4. Remove retainer and slide out the tiller tube assembly. 5. Remove the throttle friction knob assembly. a b c a a-Retainer b-Throttle Friction Knob Assembly c-Tiller Tube Assembly 6. Use a flat tip screwdriver to pry/push the rubber grip off the handle. 7. Pull out the stop switch harness. a-Stop Switch Harness 8. Push the tiller tube out of the handle. b c b-Tiller Tube c-Handle 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-7 TILLER HANDLE 9. Remove cover and disconnect throttle cables from pulley. c b a a-Cover b-Throttle Cables c-Pulley Cleaning/Inspection/Repair 1. Inspect throttle cables for bending/damage and replace if necessary. 2. Inspect steering handle arm for cracks/damage and replace if necessary. Page 7B-8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TILLER HANDLE Tiller Handle Reassembly 1. Wrap cables around pulley as shown a c b a-Short Throttle Cable (30-1/2 in.) Place in Top Groove b-Long Throttle Cable (40-1/2 in.) Place in Bottom Groove c-Pulley 2. Place pulley and cables into case. Install cover with screw. c a b a-Pulley b-Cover c-Screw 10-16x1/2 in. Pulley Cover Screw Torque 20 lb. in. (2.3 Nm) 3. Match tiller tube end with slots in the handle. Pull the tube end into the handle until it bottoms out. 4. Install the throttle friction knob components on tiller tube. a b c c d e f g a-Tiller Tube b-Handle c-Slots In Handle d-Screw M6x25 e-Lock f-Spring g-Knob 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-9 TILLER HANDLE 5. Check to make sure tiller tube is recessed in the end of the handle 7/8 in. (22.2mm). 7/8 in. (22.2mm) a a-7/8 in. (22.2 mm) 6. Insert the engine stop switch harness through the tiller tube. a a-Engine Stop Switch Harness 7. Place the stop switch into end on handle. a a-Stop Switch 8. Align the grooves inside the rubber grip with the ridges on the handle. Push the rubber grip onto the handle. NOTE:Applying a soap/water solution to the inside of the rubber grip will ease installation. ab a-Rubber Grip b-Handle Page 7B-10 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TILLER HANDLE 9. Place pulley assembly into arm. 10. Slide the tiller tube into the arm. Position the throttle friction knob into its slot. 11. Match the end of the tiller tube with the slots in the pulley assembly. Insert the tiller tube end into the pulley assembly. 12. Secure tiller tube with retainer. 13. Snap the engine start switch on the tiller tube. a cd b a-Pulley Assembly b-Throttle Friction Knob c-Retainer d-Screw-M5x16 Tiller Tube Retainer Screw Torque 35 lb. in. (3.9 Nm) 14. Place bushing components on the arm mounts. a b c d 95 2-4-C with Teflon 95 95 a-Flat Washer b-Bushing c-Wave Washer (1) d-Bushing 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-11 TILLER HANDLE 15. Pull the throttle cables and wiring into the bracket. a a-Tiller Bracket 16. Push the arm into the tiller bracket. Secure the arm by installing the cover and screws. Tighten screws to specified torque. abc a-Arm b-Cover c-Screw (2) M8 x 25 Arm Cover Screw Torque 135 lb. in. (15.3 Nm) Page 7B-12 90-883064 JUNE 2001 TILLER HANDLE CAUTION Wiring passing through the hand grip opening must be protected from chaffing or being cut, by using the wiring conduit described in the following steps. Failure to protect wiring as described could result in electrical system failure. 17. Place the throttle cables through the hand grip opening as shown. 18. Place all wiring inside the wiring conduit. 19. Route the wiring through the hand grip opening and position the wiring conduit inside the opening so that at least 1/2 in. (12.7mm) extends past each end of the opening. 20. Push the wiring and throttle cables down into the handle grip and hold in place with two clips. 1/2 in. (12mm) 1/2 in. (12mm) b d c a e c a-Hand Grip Opening b-Wiring Conduit (Place all Wiring Inside – See CAUTION above) c-Wiring Conduit 1/2 in extending past opening d-Throttle Cables (Position toward outer side) e-Clips (2) 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-13 TILLER HANDLE Page 7B-14 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Tiller Handle Installation 1. Install tiller handle, new tab washer, and screws. Tighten screws to specified torque. 2. Bend tabs onto flats of screws. b c a a - Tiller Handle b - Tab Washer c - Screw (2) M10 x 90 Tiller Handle Mounting Screw Torque 35 lb. ft. (47.5 Nm) 3. Connect wires as shown in wiring diagram (on next page). 4. Secure wires at connectors with cable tie as shown. a a - Cable Tie TILLER HANDLE ELECTRIC START TILLER HANDLE WIRING DIAGRAM-40/50/60 (4-STROKE) –+ 87654321 – + 12 34 56 78BLK_YELBLK_YELBLK_YELGRY BLK_YELPPLYEL_BLK BLK BLK BLK BLK BLK RED YEL_RED BLK BLK TAN_LTBLU GRY BLK_YEL BLK_YELBLK_YEL BLK BLK BLK_YEL BLK_YEL BLK_YEL BLK_YEL PPL PPL BLK YEL_RED BLK_YEL RED YEL_BLK PPL TAN TAN_LTBLUBLKYEL_RED TANBLKYEL_REDRED BLK BLKBLK BLK = Black BLU = Blue BRN = Brown GRY = Gray GRN = Green ORN = Orange PNK = Pink PUR = Purple RED = Red TAN = Tan WHT = White YEL = Yellow LIT = Light DRK = Dark a b c d e f g h i j k l m n YEL_RED BRN BLK PPL PPL o a-Ground Harness below Starter Motor M6x16 h-Push Button Stop Switch screw i-Battery b-Harness Extension j-Starter Motor c-Harness Connection k-Voltage Regulator/Rectifier d-Key Switch Assembly Transom Mount l-Start Solenoid e-Key Switch m-Neutral Start Switch f-Horn n-ECM g-Lanyard Stop Switch o-In-line Diode 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-15 TILLER HANDLE Page 7B-16 90-883064 JUNE 2001 5. Rotate throttle grip to idle position. 6. Insert the anchor on the shorter throttle cable into the anchor slot on the throttle lever. 7. Secure cable in position by tightening jam nuts onto bracket (finger tighten only). 8. Insert anchor on remaining cable into the anchor slot on the throttle lever. 9. Secure cable in position by tightening jam nuts onto bracket (finger tighten only). 58829 a c e d e b a - Throttle Lever b - Anchor of Shorter Throttle Cable c - Jam Nut d - Anchor of Longer Throttle Cable e - Jam Nut 58829 TILLER HANDLE 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 7B-17 10. Rotate throttle grip to the wide open throttle position. The throttle stop screw should be contacting the plate. If there is a gap between the throttle stop screw and plate, loosen the jam nut on the shorter throttle cable, turn the adjustment nut clockwise, tighten the jam nut finger tight, and rotate the throttle grip to full throttle. Keep adjusting until the throttle stop screw lightly contacts the plate. NOTE: No free-play should exist in throttle grip handle once the throttle stop screw has hit the plate. If this condition exists, re-adjust jam nuts on appropriate throttle cable. b 58830 a a - Throttle Stop Screw Hitting Plate b - No Free play should exist in throttle grip handle past full throttle once throttle stop screw has hit plate. If this condition exists re-adjust jam nuts. IMPORTANT: After installation, cycle the throttle grip a few times from the idle position to the wide-open-throttle position. Make sure the throttle stop is still contacting the plate. If it is not, re-adjust the jam nuts. 11. Install lower cowl. c a b a - Screw (6)-M6x30 b - Lower Cowl c - Screw-M6x60 Bottom Cowl Bolt Torque 60 lb. in. (7 N·m) TILLER HANDLE Page 7B-18 90-883064 JUNE 2001 12. Cables, wires, and shift rod should be routed through grommet as shown. Seat grommet between cowl halves. a c b d e f a - Fuel Connector b - Battery Cables c - Throttle Cables d - Shift Rod e - Tiller Handle Harness Wires f - Remote Key Harness 13. Assemble the shift rod into the shift handle by sliding the rod into the hole. a b a - Shift Rod b - Shift Handle 14. Install shift handle assembly, bushing, and screw. Tighten screw to specified torque. 95 95 2-4-C with Teflon a b c a - Handle Assembly b - Screw M8 x 35 c - Bushing Shift Handle Screw Torque 100 lb. in. (11.3 N·m) COLOR DIAGRAMS COLOR DIAGRAMS Section 8 Table of Contents 30/40 (4-Stroke) Tiller Handle Electric30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Fuel Flow Diagram . . . . . . 8-9 Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Oil Flow Diagram . . . . . . . . 8-11 30/40 (4-Stroke) Remote Control Electric30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Water Flow Diagram . . . . 8-13 Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5 30/40 (4-Stroke) Typical SmartCraft (CAN) Installation Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 8 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-1 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) TILLER HANDLE ELECTRIC COLOR WIRING DIAGRAM 2002 MODELS 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-3 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Tiller Handle Electric 2002 Models 1. ECM 2. Starboard ECM Connector 3. Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor 4. Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor 5. Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) 6. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor 7. Crank Position Sensor (CPS) 8. Oil Pressure Switch 9. Idle Air Control (IAC) Valve 10. Ignition Coil (EST) #1 11. Ignition Coil (EST) #2 12. Ignition Coil (EST) #3 13. Main Power Relay 14. SmartCraft Data Bus Circuit - 15 amp. fuse 15. Fuel Pump/IAC/Injector Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 16. Main Power Relay/Accessory Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 17. Ignition Coil Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 18. Voltage Regulator/Rectifier 19. Stator 20. Start Solenoid 21. Starter 22. To Trim Motor 23. Trim Down Relay 24. Trim Up Relay 25. To 12 Volt Battery 26. Cowl Mounted Trim Switch 27. To Trim Connections on Remote Control Harness 28. Suppression Diode 29. Vapor Separator Tank (VST) 30. Engine Harness Connection 31. Data Bus (10 pin) Control Area Network (CAN) 32. DDT Connection 33. Fuel Injector #1 34. Fuel Injector #2 35. Fuel Injector #3 36. Port ECM Connector 37. Neutral Start Switch 38. 12 Volt Switched Auxiliary Power Source 39. Key Switch 40. Warning Horn 41. Push Button Stop Switch 42. Lanyard Stop Switch 43. Tachometer Signal 44. Tiller Handle Harness Connection 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 9 17 8 24 1 9 17 8 24 16 16 59089 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 35 34 33 36 37 38 39 41 40 42 43 44 22 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) REMOTE CONTROL ELECTRIC COLOR WIRING DIAGRAM 2002 MODELS 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-5 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Remote Control Electric 2002 Models 1. ECM 2. Starboard ECM Connector 3. Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor 4. Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor 5. Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) 6. Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor 7. Crank Position Sensor (CPS) 8. Oil Pressure Switch 9. Idle Air Control (IAC) Valve 10. Ignition Coil (EST) #1 11. Ignition Coil (EST) #2 12. Ignition Coil (EST) #3 13. Main Power Relay 14. SmartCraft Data Bus Circuit - 15 amp. fuse 15. Fuel Pump/IAC/Injector Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 16. Main Power Relay/Accessory Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 17. Ignition Coil Circuit - 20 amp. fuse 18. Voltage Regulator/Rectifier 19. Stator 20. Start Solenoid 21. Starter 22. To Trim Motor 23. Trim Down Relay 24. Trim Up Relay 25. To 12 Volt Battery 26. Cowl Mounted Trim Switch 27. To Trim Connections on Remote Control Harness 28. Suppression Diode 29. Vapor Separator Tank (VST) 30. Engine Harness Connection 31. Data Bus (10 pin) Control Area Network (CAN) 32. DDT Connection 33. Fuel Injector #1 34. Fuel Injector #2 35. Fuel Injector #3 36. Port ECM Connector 37. Neutral Start Switch 38. 12 Volt Switched Auxiliary Power Source 39. Key Switch 40. Warning Horn 41. Push Button Stop Switch 42. Lanyard Stop Switch 43. Tachometer Signal 44. Tiller Handle Harness Connection 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 9 17 8 24 1 9 17 8 24 16 16 59090 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 22 28 27 29 30 31 32 35 34 33 36 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) TYPICAL SMARTCRAFT (CAN) INSTALLATION 2002 MODEL YEAR 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-7 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Typical SmartCraft (CAN) Installation 2002 Models 1. System Tachometer (can be used in place of System Monitor and System Link Tachometer 2. System Monitor 3. System Link Tachometer 4. System Link Series Connections 5. 2-1/4 in. System Link Gauges (Engine Temperature and Battery) 6. Series Connection for Additional System Link Gauges 7. 4000 Series Mechanical Panel Control (MPC 4000) 8. Connections for Lanyard Stop Switch 9. Connections for Power Trim Switch 10. Connections for Neutral Start Safety Switch 11. Ignition Key Switch 12. Analog Tachometer Harness (Not Used on CAN Installation) 13. Warning Horn 14. Analog Temperature Gauge Connection 15. Connection for Analog Temperature Sender 16. Connections to Trim Relays 17. Connection for Analog Trim Sender 18. Remote Control Harness Connects to Engine Harness 19. 10-Pin Control Area Network (CAN) Harness, Connect to Data Bus 10-Pin CAN Harness on Engine 20. Resistors within CAN Harness (120 1/4W 5%) 21. Connections for Auxiliary Warning Horn for Depth Sensor 22. 10-Pin Control Area Network (CAN) Connection to System Monitor or System Tachometer 19 19 1 2 3 4 20 4 5 4 5 6 15 16 17 20 21 22 C D E A B 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 18 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) FUEL FLOW DIAGRAM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-9 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Fuel Flow Diagram 1. From Boat Fuel Tank 2. Fuel Filter Assembly 3. Low Pressure Mechanical Fuel Pump 4. Vapor Separator Tank (VST) “Low-Pressure In” 5. Float Valve 6. High-Pressure Electric Fuel Pump 7. Schrader Valve for Testing Fuel Pressure 8. Fuel Cooler 9. Fuel Pressure Regulator 10. Vapor Separator Tank (VST) “High-Pressure Out” 11. High Pressure Fuel Filter 12. Fuel Distribution Manifold 13. Fuel Injectors 59092 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 7 8 9 10 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) OIL FLOW DIAGRAM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-11 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Oil Flow Diagram 1. Sump 2. Oil Pick-up 3. Oil Passages in Adapter Plate 4. Oil Passages in Cylinder Block 5. Oil Passages In Cylinder Head 6. Oil Pump 7. Oil Pressure Regulator 8. Oil Filter 9. Crankshaft 10. Piston, Rod, Wrist-Pin 11. Rocker Arm Shaft 12. Rocker Arms 13. Camshaft 14. Return to Sump 59091 2 1 4 3 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 8 14 14 COLOR DIAGRAMS 30/40 EFI (4-STROKE) WATER FLOW DIAGRAM 90-883064 JUNE 2001 Page 8-13 30/40 EFI (4-Stroke) Water Flow Diagram 1. Water Inlet 2. Water Pump 3. Driveshaft Housing 4. Water Tube 5. Adapter Plate 6. Cylinder Block 7. Cylinder Head 8. Water Jacket Cover 9. Thermostat 10. Fuel Cooler 11. Fuel Pump 12. Tell-Tale 13. Water Discharged with Exhaust 59088 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13